The INES Global Responsibility Newsletter reports and comments – from a global perspective – on political, technical and societal developments and comprises of regular internal news sections.
New INES Youth and Student Project Coordinator: Fatih Oeczan
6. August 2010 Appeal from Hiroshima Conference in Japan: 65 Years After the First Atomic Bomb Dropping are the Outlawing and Abolition of Weapons of Mass Destruction More Urgent Than Ever.
By Reiner Braun
The abolition of nuclear weapons is now again on the agenda of international politics – fundamentally not more than ever, despite the disappointing outcome of the review conference of the Non-Proliferation Treaty in May 2010 in New York. That was the commonly held point of view at the international congress from 2.-4. August in Hiroshima. More than 300 activists from 27 countries took part in this congress.
They showed a different perspective of the international situation, which connected with the European perspective, and made it clear actually how dangerous the use of nuclear weapons in Asia is. The conflict in and around Korea touched on the question, to what level of escalation will the US be prepared at to use nuclear weapons. But also: How far is North Korea going to drive its verbal nuclear war threat? When will provocations, which also serve as a political distraction in South Korea, be set back by diplomacy and détente? Read on here: www.inesglobal.com/appeal-from-hiroshima.phtml
6. August 2010 Silence in Hiroshima - Memorial Service 65 Years after the Dropping of the Atomic Bomb: First Participation of the UN Secretary-General and a U.S. Representative.
By Reiner Braun
Friday morning 7:30 a.m. It is hot and humid in Hiroshima. There is silence with the tens of thousands of people in the Peace Park – all with candles or flowers. Young and old, men and women: all who come from different occupational groups and social strata. The traffic is still, in the otherwise loud, roaring atmosphere of the Japanese city of millions. For several minutes there is silence, which works in an almost spooky way in the peace park. The warning pictures and sculptures have an effect on everyone. Hardly a word is heard among the many people who are gathered there.
On August 6, 1945, at 8:14 a.m., two U.S. aircraft planes appeared in the blue sky. They seemed to carry “no risk”, recalls one survivor – in Japanese, hibakusha – from his memory. Read on: www.inesglobal.com/Silence-in-Hiroshima.phtml
2. August 2010 Science Conference Against Nuclear Weapons
To begin the array of events on the occasion of the 65 anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japan Scientists’ Association (JSA) held an impressive “Scientists Forum” in Shizuoka.
More than 150 participants reaffirmed their principle rejection of all nuclear weapons and their unequivocal support behind a Nuclear Weapons Convention, as co-developed by INES and the IALANA.
The forum, held by the program director of INES, Reiner Braun, who introduced a definitive call for civil clauses at a side event at the NPT Review Conference in May 2010 in New York, called on all universities worldwide to adopt a single focus of research and education for civilian purposes in their university statutes and rules. “Military research is banned from many universities precisely because of the painful years of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which were a result of the scientifically and military-oriented Manhattan Project”, said Braun. The Japanese science organization JSA, which is a member of INES, mutually supported a worldwide campaign for the civil clauses and began to collect signatures at the conference.
1. August 2010 Message for Hiroshima Day 2010
By David Krieger The Nuclear Age has entered its 65th year. The first test of a nuclear device took place on July 16, 1945 at the Alamogordo Test Range in New Mexico’s Jornada del Muerto Desert. The Spanish name of this desert means “Journey of Death,” a fitting name for the beginning point of the Nuclear Age. Just three weeks after the test, the United States destroyed the city of Hiroshima with a nuclear weapon, followed by the destruction of Nagasaki three days later. By the end of 1945, the Journey of Death had claimed more than 200,000 human lives and left many other victims injured and suffering.
2. August 2010 The World Future Council and INES have compiled an overview of appeals for nuclear disarmament made by scientific networks throughout the Nuclear Age.
On July 16th, 1945, the first atom bomb exploded at the Trinity Test Site in the New Mexico desert. Less than a month later atomic bombs would be dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing more than 250,000 people. A week before the 10 year commemoration of the Trinity Test, on July 9th 1955, Albert Einstein and Bertrand Russell published the Russell-Einstein Manifesto in London in which they urged world leaders to abolish nuclear weapons and make an end to war. To draw attention to the global responsibility of scientists and engineers, the World Future Council and the International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) have compiled an overview of relevant appeals made by scientific networks throughout the Nuclear Age.
2. August 2010 Appeal to the Indian Parliament to declare the entire South Asian sub-continent as a Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone.
By Dhirendra Sharma
On 6 August 1945, in total disregard of the basic tenets of science and civilization, the first Atom Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, which created a new war paradigm: destroy an entire city. On 9 August, the second atom bomb destroyed the city of Nagasaki. The sole purpose of creating the nuclear war science was to destroy and dominate other human beings. The Law of War, for 5000 years human history, avoided killing unarmed civilians and women, children, the sick and wounded were always protected. But at that hour, thousands of wounded soldiers and the sick civilians were in Hiroshima and Nagasaki hospitals. Tens of thousands of unarmed citizens – Buddhist and Christians, irrespective of gender, region and religion were killed instantly. The law of warfare was thus violated by a technically advanced democratic state that swore In God We Trust and claimed to follow the Christian morality.
No to nuclear weapons also means rejection of the new NATO strategy. A comment by the INES Program Director Reiner Braun
The 8th NPT review conference happened only a few short months ago, and in a few months is the next NATO summit. All would agree with me, that the NATO states and their politics influenced the NPT conference and not in terms of saving this precious planet from nuclear weapons.
Quite clearly, undiplomatically, and in conclusion: For those who want a world without nuclear weapons, the NPT Review Conference was a disappointment – although I will not forget the positive elements of the conference.
With this unsatisfactory result, there are leaders who would much rather just follow NATO, their headquarters, and the larger countries in NATO – including my own federal government.
It is now even more important that we as the peace movement look and see what needs to be done before the 61st NATO summit.
23. July 2010 Scientists Condemn Government over Cuts to Environmental Watchdogs.
Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR) today condemned the government's decision to withdraw funding for the Sustainable Development Commission and abolish the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution.
Dr Stuart Parkinson, Executive Director of SGR, said "The Sustainable Development Commission and the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution have been highly influential watchdogs on environmental issues. Their robust reports have led to major changes in thinking within government and across British society. The announcement by the Environment Secretary is, in effect, saying that the government's environmental policies no longer need the level of scrutiny that these independent, expert bodies provided. This thoroughly undermines the government's claimed commitment to sustainable development."
Contact: Dr Stuart Parkinson +44 (0) 7941 953640
SGR is a member of INES and is an independent UK-based membership organisation of about 1,000 natural and social scientists, engineers, IT professionals and architects. It promotes science, design and technology that contribute to peace, social justice, and environmental sustainability.
For more information, see: www.sgr.org.uk/
INES is a sponsor of this workshop. INES treasurer Prof. Claus Montonen will participate as INES representative and will give a a lecture.
Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP-10)
The program for the COP-10 which will take place in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, in Japan from 18 to 29 October 2010 is now available here: www.inesglobal.com/download.php
The INES member organisation VDW (Federation of German Scientists) is co-organizor of the conference.
No to war – No to NATO, International Conference, 17.-19. November 2010, Portugal
After the successful strategy conference from 16.-18. October 2009 in Berlin the "No to war – No to NATO" -Network prepares a huge alternative conference from 17.-19. November 2010 in Portugal. INES is a co-founder of this Network. Jointly with Portuguese peace-groups actions of civil disobedience and a huge demonstration are being discussed.
The focus of critique remains NATO’s politics of war and the development of a new strategy which is based on military interventions and the first strike of nuclear weapons.
The new NATO strategy will be launched at the NATO summit in Lisbon between 19. and 21. November. Recently published documents of Madeleine Albright and former NATO General Naumann call for the expansion of capabilities of intervention around the world and further expansion of NATO towards the borders of China. Furthermore modernization of nuclear weapons is demanded. The impact of NATO’s expansion towards Russia and the destabilizing effect of this kind of politics show most evitable in Georgia: The war in this region demands a civil conflict resolution of many interconnected problems.
New Youth and Student Project Coordinator
In July 2010 INES had the pleasure to win Mehmet Fatih Oezcan as a new staff member coordinating programs for youths and students of INES. Fatih Oezcan is a student of Political Science and English-Speaking Cultures at the University of Bremen and will work on a voluntary basis for the first half year.
Fatih Oezcan has interned at various organisations and companies such as FGS (Federation of German Scientists), IALANA and IMAP Düsseldorf (Intercultural Management and Policy Advice).
During the NGO session of the 8th NPT Review Conference 2010 in New York, he gave the youth speech initiated by the Ban All Nukes Generation (BANg Europe) to all participating diplomats. He also spoke at the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Day in Cologne (Germany) specifically about the impressions and experiences of the German youth delegation at the NPT Review Conference.
In September 2010 Fatih Oezcan is going to attend the “Youth Future Project” in Bonn (Germany) the student conference adjoining the Right Livelihood Award celebrations and conference. See: www.rightlivelihood.org/jugendkonferenz.html
Well known keynote speakers, Alternative Nobel Prize laureates, young people and students will participate in various issue-related workshops in the areas such as sustainability, nuclear disarmament and human rights.