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29.11.2011: INES 20th Anniversary

Militarization and Conflicts

19. December 2012

Soon to be released film: "The Man Who Saved The World"

A new film tells the incredible story of Stanislav Petrov and his courageous decision to disobey the chain of nuclear launch commands, thus changing the fate of the world as we know it. Few people know of him, but it is conceivable that hundreds of millions of people are alive because of him. Currently, a crowd funding campaign on kickstarter.com is being run to release the film this winter.See the trailer of this moving film here


18. December 2012

Pentagon to Double Size of Worldwide Spy Network

The US military plans to send hundreds more spies overseas as part of a plan that will more than double the size of its espionage network. The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the Pentagon's military intelligence unit, is aiming to recruit 1,600 intelligence "collectors" – up from the several hundred overseas agents it has employed in recent years. Combined with the enormous growth in the CIA since 9/11 attacks, the recruitment drive will create an unprecedented spy network.
The news is likely to heighten concerns about the accountability of the US military's clandestine programmes amid mounting concerns about the CIA-controlled drone programme. Read the artciel by Dominic Rushe here: www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/dec/02/pentagon-double-spy-network-cia


Source: nytimes.com

18. December 2012

Defense Spending: Costliest Jet, Years in Making, Sees the Enemy: Budget Cuts

The F-35 was conceived as the Pentagon’s silver bullet in the sky — a state-of-the art aircraft that could be adapted to three branches of the military, with advances that would easily overcome the defenses of most foes. But the ambitious aircraft instead illustrates how the Pentagon can let huge and complex programs veer out of control. With all the delays — full production is not expected until 2019 — the military has spent billions to extend the lives of older fighters and buy more of them to fill the gap. At the same time, the cost to build each F-35 has risen to an average of $137 million from $69 million in 2001. The jet is likely to become a target for budget cutters. Read on here: www.nytimes.com/2012/11/29/us/in-federal-budget-cutting-f-35-fighter-jet-is-at-risk.html


18. December 2012

Campaign to ban killer robots

Human Rights Watch fired the first salvo in its bid to establish an international ban on autonomous "killer robots". The NGO argues that the rapid push to field armed and autonomous robot planes, boats, and ground vehicles will place civilian lives at risk and make it easier for countries possessing such weapons to go to war, while eroding the ability to punish war crimes. "We believe these systems would not be able to comply with international humanitarian law standards and would pose unacceptable dangers to civilians during armed conflict," says Stephen Goose, executive director of arms programs at HRW "Human Rights Watch is calling for a preemptive ban for the development, production, and use of fully autonomous weapons."
Find a new publication by HRW here: Losing Humanity - The Case against Killer Robots


18. December 2012

Small Arms Survey, New Research Note: Urban Armed Violence

With the majority of the world’s population now living in cities, and with levels of violence very often higher in urban than rural areas, urban armed violence has become increasingly critical to securing human security and safety. Urban Armed Violence, a new Research Note by the Small Arms Survey and the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, surveys the state of research into urban armed violence, and explores some of the main debates on this subject. Urban Armed Violence briefly introduces the research findings on sub-national and city-level armed violence, with a particular focus on lethal violence and the use of firearms. The Research Note concludes with a set of recommendations for further research and policy development. Read the note here: www.smallarmssurvey.org/about-us/highlights/highlight-rn23.html


Source: Wikipedia

5. December 2012

U.S. Missile Defenses in Europe Evokes Sharp Reaction from Russia

In response to U.S. plans to place elements of a missile defense system in Eastern Europe, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin stated that Russia will retaliate "in the sharpest manner" should any U.S. Aegis-equipped warships approach Russian waters.
The U.S. views the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense technology as a crucial component of its sea-based missile defense system in Europe, ostensibly aimed at protecting the continent from potential ballistic missile strikes from Iran or North Korea.

Russia strongly opposes the planned fielding of missile interceptors around Europe, viewing it as a U.S.-NATO scheme to undermine Russia's long-range nuclear missile forces. "We have never placed our interceptor missiles near U.S. borders on ridiculous fabricated pretexts such as 'protecting our American friends from Canada and Honduras,"stated Rogozin. "But they do, on the pretext of protecting us and Europe from 'bad guys in Iran and North Korea."
"Russia Vows Pointed Response to Encroaching U.S. Aegis Warships," Global Security Newswire, November 12, 2012.


5. December 2012

A New U.S. Defense Strategy for a New Era

A new report published by the Defense Advisory Committee convened by the Stimson Center concludes that the U.S. should "reduce the size of its nuclear forces as rapidly as possible, preferably through a new treaty with Russia, and make commensurate reductions in planned nuclear modernization programs."
The report focuses on U.S. defense planning and spending in light of the possible cuts to the Pentagon budget through automatic sequestration. To read the full report, click here.


Source: Wikipedia

5. December 2012

U.S. Bomb Refurbishment Project Will Cost Billions More

According to an independent cost assessment, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has severely underestimated the cost needed to refurbish the U.S. stockpile of B61 nuclear bombs by billions of dollars. Already facing problems with its current budget, the NNSA will need to come up with an additional $1 billion every year for the next few years to meet the goals of its refurbishment project.

The U.S. deploys approximately 180 B61 nuclear bombs in five European countries under the auspices of NATO. In total, an estimated 400 B61 bombs would require refurbishment. In 2010, the NNSA stated that refurbishing the bombs would cost $3.9 billion. Since then, the agency has refused to release updated projects costs, but independent assessments show that the projected cost has nearly doubled.

Read the article by John Fleck "Billions More Needed to Refurbish Bombs," ABQ Journal, November 4, 2012.


29. November 2012

Opportunity Costs: Military Spending and the UN Development Agenda

The International Peace Bureau (IPB) wrote a position paper entitled Opportunity Costs: Military Spending and the UN's Development Agenda. It makes the case that military spending should be taken into consideration in the debate now under way on the UN's Post-2015 Development Agenda (following on from the Millennium Development Goals). In IPB's view, militarization is a significant factor in the sustainable development equation, often undermining the security of citizens. At the same time, the massive resources devoted to the military sector could - if even a small portion were reallocated - make a major contribution to meeting the challenges of mass poverty, unemployment and climate change.Download the paper here: www.ipb.org/web/index.php

29. November 2012


War Profiteers' News November edition now available

War Profiteer of the Month: Monsanto


  • Monsanto and the parliamentary coup d’etat in Paraguay
  • Fake Corporate Social Responsibility against the financing of arms
  • We won't let the weapons industry silence us!
  • Keep Space for Peace Week
  • Success! We disarmed the Gallery!
  • Italians protest weapons sales to Israel at Alenia Aermacchi Headquarters
  • War Profiteer of the Month: Monsanto
  • Campaign of the Month: The Outcry Campaign: Stop the arms trade!

Read the Newsletter here: wri-irg.org/publications/war_profiteers


28. November 2012

Counting the Cost - The economics of peace: Al Jazeera interviews

Al Jazeera had a look at two countries in the process of making peace. Colombia, aside from the advances it has made with rebel group the FARC, has seen some remarkable growth in the last decade. In fact, Colombia is Latin America's third-largest economy, worth some $378bn in 2012. As a nation blessed with mineral wealth, it could be even more prosperous if it was able to successfully conclude peace talks with the FARC rebels. In the Philippines there has been a peace agreement between the government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), looking to end a decades-long conflict. The country's economy is worth $225bn - smaller than local rivals, but almost triple what it was a decade ago. Unemployment rates have improved, but poverty remains the country's most critical problem. Watch the video on that topic here: www.aljazeera.com/programmes/countingthecost/2012/10/2012102773853786999.html


28. November 2012

The decline of UK military R&D

Latest official statistics show that UK government spending on military research and development has fallen considerably over the last ten years. Scientists for Global Responsibility, SGR, has been calling for that. While in Russia and other former Soviet countries spending cuts of about 90% took place directly after the Cold War, in the West cuts were much more limited. The UK situation demonstrated this well. After a slow decline, the UK's military expenditures grew rapidly again after September 11, 2001. Nevertheless, starting in 2002, the budget for military research and development was cut considerably. This downward trend is likely to continue until at least 2015. Download the article here: www.sgr.org.uk/resources/decline-uk-military-rd


28. November 2012

Peace Dividend Proclamation

The Albany County Legislature, New York, USA recently passed a Peace Dividend Proclamation, which calls upon Congress to bring U.S. troops home from Afghanistan, cut the U.S. military budget, and use the savings to fund vital public programs at home. Within the past year or so, the U.S. Conference of Mayors passed a similar resolution, as did the governments of numerous cities, including Pittsburgh, Los Angeles, Cleveland, Hartford, and Portland. Even so, the idea of “moving the money” from war to peace had largely fallen off the political radar screen. The Albany County Peace Dividend Proclamation, as it was soon dubbed, has helped bring it back to public attention. Read more here: www.fpif.org/articles/fighting_for_peace_at_the_local_level


28. November 2012

Online petition against the French military budget 2013

Le Mouvement de la Paix appeals to civilians and organisations to sign the online petition against the French military budget 2013. The French defense budget 2013 of more than 39 milliards euros is as high as the one of 2012. According to Le Mouvement de la Paix a budget of this size is not coherent within a modern economy in a globalized world. Money should be invested in humanitarian needs instead. Le Mouvement de la Paix invites people to sign the petition, to download the form and collect signatures, and to spread the word to others. Read the petition and sign here: www.mvtpaix.org/utils/petitionbudget2013defense.php


Source: http://www.defensenews.com

28. November 2012

Special Report: Worldwide Spending and Priorities

Defense spending by Europe’s four biggest military powers is set to steadily fall over the next few years as continuing financial strains force further austerity measures. Britain, France, Germany and Italy have all been in retreat on defense spending for some time. France, Europe’s second biggest defense spender, is in a budgetary holding pattern as the government prepares a defense and security white paper for publication at the end of the year. With British government finances still likely to be in poor shape by 2015, defense here could take a further spending hit after combat troops are withdrawn from Afghanistan by the end of 2014. In Germany, the government’s defense draft budget for 2013 envisages a nominal increase of around 1.4 billion euros [$1.8 billons] on this year. In the medium term, the German defense budget is supposed to decline to around 32.5 billion euros [$42.2 billion] by 2015. To read on please click here.


Source: http://www.information.dk

19. November 2012

We have created a militaristic culture

Every eight dollars in U.S.'s huge defense budget is spent on research and development. This has created an unhealthy alliance between the defense, research and industry and a one billion waste of public money.

Interview with Subrata Ghoshroy of MIT in the Danish newspaper “Information”. (Translation by http://translate.google.com/)

President Dwight D. Eisenhower warned since 1961 against the military and arms industry's growing power in American society. Today the United States a small proportion of its GDP on defense than in Eisenhower's time. The 700 billion dollars Americans spend on defense, still represent half the world's total defense budget. Of those going well every eight dollars to research and development, making the military and the whole industry to major players in the U.S. research community, explains Subrata Ghoshroy, who is a senior fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and has recently visited Denmark.w are asking questions about it." Read on


16. November 2012

The Missile Crisis that Never Went Away

By Steven Starr, David Krieger & Daniel Ellsberg

Fifty years after the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis, and more than 20 years after the end of the Cold War, the US and Russian nuclear confrontation continues. Both nations still keep a total of approximately 800 intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), armed with more than 1,700 strategic nuclear warheads at launch-ready status, able to be launched with only a few minutes warning.

The US now has 450 land-based Minuteman III missiles that carry 500 strategic nuclear warheads. As their name implies, they require at most several minutes to be launched. The US also has 14 US Trident submarines and normally 12 are operational. Each Trident now carries about 96 independently targetable warheads and 5 Tridents are reportedly kept in position to fire their missiles within 15 minutes. This adds another 120 missiles carrying 480 warheads that qualify as being "launch-ready."

The missiles and warheads on the Trident subs have been "upgraded" and "modernized" to make them accurate enough for first-strike weapons against Russian ICBM silos. Missiles fired from Trident subs on patrol in the Norwegian Sea can hit Moscow in less than 10 minutes. To read on please click here.


9. November 2012

Referendum for Peace and Justice: Massachusetts voters were called to vote on an anti-austerity and anti-war referendum.

The Presidential elections in the USA were utilized by a group of civil society organizations of Massachusetts to ask the people of the state to vote on issues of economic justice, military spending, and the immediate withdrawal from Afghanistan.

By a three to one margin, Massachusetts voters sent a clear message to both Democrats and Republicans in Washington about the federal budget crisis and the impending “fiscal cliff”. The Budget for All (B4A) ballot question passed by 661,033 to 222,514 votes. It calls for no cuts to Social Security, Medicare, or other vital programs; investment in useful jobs; an end to corporate tax loopholes and to the Bush cuts on taxes on high incomes; withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan now; and redirection of military spending to domestic needs and job creation. The question passed by a wide margin in every district and all 91 Massachusetts cities and towns where it appeared on the ballot and was initiated by 80 community peace, labour and faith groups of the state of Massachusetts. Read on.


Photo: Vandenberg Witness

3. November 2012

Daniel Ellsberg and 14 Nuclear Protestors Are Victorious in Federal Court

U.S. government dismisses case before trial begins

October 24, 2012: Federal Magistrate judge Rita Federman  allowed the U.S. government to dismiss all trespassing charges against the "Vandenberg 15," a group of citizens who in February conducted a civil disobedience action at Vandenberg Air Force Base. The group was attempting to stop a testing of the Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile that later reached a target in the Marshall Islands (without a nuclear warhead). The group was urging the base commander to stop the testing of thermonuclear warhead delivery vehicles and to eliminate land-based missiles in the U.S.

The Vandenberg 15 included prominent leaders of the anti-nuclear movement - Daniel Ellsberg, a former Pentagon nuclear weapons strategist, (who also released the Pentagon Papers to the press in 1971); Father Louis Vitale, a Franciscan monk and co-founder of the Nevada Desert Experience; Cindy Sheehan, founder of the Gold Star Families for Peace, whose son, Casey, was killed in the Iraq war; and David Krieger, president of Nuclear Age Peace Foundation (NAPF), member of Veterans for Peace, Chair of the INES Executive Committee, etc. To read on please click here.


25. October 2012

Peace Movement in the U.S. – After NATO Actions: Activities against the War in Afghanistan

Speech of Joseph Gerson at the International Peace Congress: Stop the war - roads to peace in Afghanistan in Bonn, Germany, October 13-14, 2012

Read the speech 

Read Guersons' complete report of the Congress here.

Read an article on "Reinforcing Washington’s Asia-Pacific Hegemony" by Joseph Gerson here: www.asiapacificinitiative.org/reinforcing-washingtons-asia-pacific-hegemony/
A speech "The U.S. Asia Pacific hegemony, a world-war time bomb in the offing?" was held in at a public event of IALANA and INES in Berlin on October 10, 2012. To read a report of the event please click here.


24. October 2012

UN Disarmament Yearbook 2011 - Part II Now Available

The yearbook is a rich source of historical knowledge of developments, trends and achievements of multilateral disarmament for more than 30 years. Part I contains an annual compilation of text and statistics of disarmament-related resolutions and decisions of the General Assembly. Part II presents the main topics of multilateral consideration during the year and a convenient issues-oriented timeline. Download it here: www.un.org/disarmament/HomePage/ODAPublications/Yearbook/2011/DYB2011-Part-II-web.pdf


24. October 2012

New report looks at the cost of Violence Containment to the US - $2.16 trillion per year

The Institute for Economics and Peace IEP released a report, which estimated that in 2010, 15% of the GDP of the U.S. economy ($2.16 trillion) or U.S. $15000 per taxpayer was spent on containing violence. By defining a new industry as the 'Violence Containment Industry', the IEP was able to aggregate all expenditure incurred related to the containment or consequences of violence. Such expenses could be on police, military, homeland security, private security industry, insurance etc. The research indicated that as a percentage of the U.S. GDP, this industry had expanded by 25% in the past ten years. As a result, it could account as the largest industry in the U.S. economy. Consequently, efforts should be undertaken to reduce violence related expenditure, because even a 5% reduction for 5 years would provide $326 billion, which could be spent to create vital social services like energy and schools infrastructure development. To read more please click here.


Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk

24. October 2012

Defence firms 'not open about anti-corruption measures'

By Caroline Wyatt, Defence Correspondent, BBC News

Transparency International looked at firms from the 10 largest arms exporting nations including those from UK, US, Russia, Germany, France and China. The 129 firms it studied are worth more than $10tn (£6tn) and are responsible for over 90% of global arms sales. It concluded that two-thirds of the world's biggest defence companies do not provide enough evidence about how they fight corruption. It was found that one of the reasons the defence industry has been prone to corruption in the past is that so many defence contracts have been kept a secret, with little public pressure brought to bear. Read the article here: www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-19824473


24. October 2012

Louder than words, An agenda for action to end state use of child soldiers

The report “Louder than words: An agenda for action to end state use of child soldiers” is published by Child Soldiers International to mark the tenth anniversary year of the entry into force of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict. It examines the record of states in protecting children from use in hostilities by their own forces and by state-allied armed groups. It finds that, while governments’ commitment to ending child soldier use is high, the gap between commitment and practice remains wide. Research for the report shows that child soldiers have been used in armed conflicts by 20 states since 2010, and that children are at risk of military use in many more. Download the report here: www.child-soldiers.org/global_report_reader.php

24. October 2012

The Burden of Pentagon Spending

By Melvin A. Goodmann

In 2012, the defence budget exceeded $600 billion, nearly equalling the combined defence spending of the rest of world. The Pentagon was allotted these amounts with little congressional monitoring or internal oversight. With more than 46 million Americans living in poverty, income inequality rising and unemployment levels remaining high, the U.S. should reduce its defence expenditure, so as to improve its economic situation. President Dwight Eisenhower had warned that US defence spending would become a “cross of iron” that would limit spending on domestic needs. It is time to act on that warning by making significant defence cuts and applying the savings to health care, education, infrastructure and the environment. Read the article here: www.middle-east-online.com/english/

10. October 2012

No to the dictator and no to war! The enactment should be withdrawn!

Statement put out by the Global Peace and Justice Coalition (BAK)*, Turkey.

While we have been mourning for our brothers and sisters who were killed by shells thrown from Syria in the Akçakale district of Urfa province, all of a sudden we found ourselves in the screams of warmongers. Turkey answered by hitting Syria, and the Turkish government demanded authorization of cross border military operations from the parliament. The demand was voted in a secret session in the parliament and it passed with the votes of AKP (Justice and Development Party – government party) and MHP (Nationalist Action Party – fascist party).

We know that Assad is a killer and dictator. He has been bombing his own people for months. As a result of attacks of the regime, thirty two thousand people were killed in 18 months and approximately one million people emigrated.

No dictatorship can live forever. If there is anything which can prolong a life of a dictatorship it is a foreign military operation.

We, as peace activists, say that only Syrian people can determine their own destiny. Turkey, USA, NATO or Iran, Russia and Qatar have certainly no right to interfere in Syria.

We are with the Syrian people and against the Assad dictatorship!

Any military action to Syria will transform the region into a blood bath. So we demand our government to withdraw the authorization of military action immediately. We are against any military action not only against Syria but also against north of Iraq. Having military actions in the region means worsening the Kurdish question as well.

We call on all the people who are against war to support the Syrian people!

We call on all the people who are against war to support the Kurdish people!

No to War!

Yildiz Onen

On behalf of the Global Peace and Justice Coalition Turkey, 5th October 2012

* BAK is a partner in the Global Day of Action on Military Spending.

8. October 2012

CTBTO Interview with Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev was General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party from 1985 to 1991 and the Soviet Union’s only President from 1990 until its dissolution in 1991. Both his internal reforms (Glasnost and Perestroika) and his new approach to international détente, in particular his pursuit of far-reaching nuclear disarmament measures, played an important role in ending the Cold War.
The summit of Reykjavik, Iceland, from 11 to 12 October 1986, was the second meeting between Gorbachev and U.S. President Ronald Reagan. As we now know from declassified documents, the two leaders came close to an agreement to abolish all nuclear weapons.
On the eve of the summit’s 26th anniversary, Gorbachev reflects on the paradigm shift that Reykjavik brought about and on the status of nuclear weapons today: "Twenty-five years ago many believed that it was impossible to put an end to confrontation, to stop the arms race and to begin eliminating the huge stockpiles of weapons of war."

CTBTO Faces is a new website collection of interviews with personalities whose work, lives and expertise place them in the forefront of nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and verification issues. Interview partners range from scientists to film makers, diplomats to civil society leaders. Their insights and opinions set the context for past, present and future global efforts to foster international peace and security. 


19.September 2012

Opportunity costs: Military spending and the UN's development agenda

A view from the International Peace Bureau

Ever since the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted by the United Nations in 2000, there has been an intense debate around the world. How to finance them? How to organise development programmes to ensure that the targets are met? How to evaluate progress? And so on.

The deadline in 2015 for achieving the MDGs is fast approaching. Governments have only 3 more years to halve poverty, to reduce by three-quarters the maternal mortality rate, to halt the spread of HIV, etc. Only a few of the 8 MDG targets have been achieved, and only for some states. None of the fragile and conflict-affected countries have achieved any of them. For many of the poorest people in the world, conflict and violence make the development of their region impossible.

As the thinking develops on what will be the follow-up to the MDGs, a new debate is under way. Some governments and NGOs are promoting the idea of a fresh set of targets called the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). There is some rather preliminary language on this in the Rio+20 Outcome Document ‘The Future We Want’. But neither in the original Millennium Development Goals nor in the proposed SDG principles can we find any mention of either Disarmament or Peace. To read the complete statement please click here.


Source: http://www.the-monitor.org

19.September 2012

Cluster Munition Monitor 2012

The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor (The Monitor) has released the third Cluster Munition Monitor report, the sister publication to the Landmine Monitor report, which has been issued annually since 1999. Cluster Munition Monitor 2012 provides a global overview of efforts to eliminate cluster munitions with a focus on developments in 2011 and the first half of 2012. It covers global developments in cluster munition ban policy, use, production, trade, and stockpiling, and also includes information on cluster munition survey and clearance of cluster munition remnants, victim assistance and casualties, as well as funding support. Download the report here: www.the-monitor.org/index.php/publications/display



Source: wikipedia.org

6. September 2012

Russia's Putin calls for army modernization drive

Russian President Vladimir Putin has demanded a new armament drive. His goal is to modernise the defence industry of Russia as comprehensively as it was done in the 1930s by Stalin. Frustrated at the military, churning out products such as tanks and weapons system that cost more than their Western rivals while often failing in reliability tests, Putin added that efficiency might be improved if private players were allowed to acquire stakes in military production. Putin would like to make military purchases a focal point of his third term. This plan of modernising the military has put pressure on the other sectors of Putin's budget.Read on here: english.sina.com/world/2012/0902/502550.html




6. September 2012

Making Ammunition Stockpiles Safer with UN Saferguard

New Slide Show on UNODA Homepage
There has been a rise in the number of accidental explosive events in ammunitions depot worldwide. 46 such events were reported in 2011, as compared to the 18 events reported in 2001. Therefore, the accumulation of conventional ammunition stockpiles in surplus is of great concern as resulting explosions invariably result in the loss of many lives. In addition, high rates of diversion of ammunition from poorly secured stockpiles in or close to conflict or high crime areas have been taking place. Diverted ammunition are primarily being used by groups involved in intra-state conflict and for making improvised explosive devices (IEDs) which are used in acts of terrorism. The United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), under its UN SaferGuard programme, engaged the assistance of a highly qualified ammunition expert and a Technical Review Panel consisting of experts from United Nations Member States to develop the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG) in close collaboration with the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS). Read more about the program here: www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/Ammunition/


6. September 2012

ICBL Afghan campaigner wins Emerging Peace Champion award 2012

N-Peace which is a multi-country network to strengthen the role of women in building and restoring peace, declared Ms. Amina Azami from Afghanistan as the winner of the Emerging Peace Champion Award 2012. Ms. Azami is the co-founder of the ICBL Governance Board member-organisation called Afghan Landmine Survivors Organisation (ALSO) and founder of the Women with disabilities Advocacy Committee (WAAC) which is engaged in the promotion and protection of the rights of women and girls with disabilities in Afghanistan.

The award aims to support the emerging leadership of young women who can motivate other young people to get involved. Read on here: www.icbl.org/index.php/icbl/Library/Afghan-campaigner-wins-award


5. September 2012

The World Is Over-Armed and Peace Is Under-Funded

By Ban Ki-moon

Last month, competing interests prevented agreement on a much-needed treaty that would have reduced the appalling human cost of the poorly regulated international arms trade. Meanwhile, nuclear disarmament efforts remain stalled, despite strong and growing global popular sentiment in support of this cause.

The failure of these negotiations and this month’s anniversaries of the atomic bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki provide a good opportunity to explore what has gone wrong, why disarmament and arms control have proven so difficult to achieve, and how the world community can get back on track towards these vitally important goals. Read the article in Eurasia Review here: www.eurasiareview.com/27082012-the-world-is-over-armed-and-peace-is-under-funded-oped/


Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk

24. August 2012

Arms Trade Firms Fund Elite Universities With £83m Over Three Years

Britain’s top universities have received at least £83m worth of funds from firms involved in the arms trade over the last three years, The Huffington Post UK can disclose.
Data released by the Campaign Against The Arms Trade (CAAT) has revealed the elite Russell Group universities, including Oxford and Cambridge, gain millions in research and sponsorship money from companies which manufacture weapons.
The figures come amid concerns among activists that cash-starved institutions are helping to promote the manufacture of weapons by accepting such funding.
But the Russell Group said universities took pains to make sure all partnerships were "appropriate". Read the article here: www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2012/08/21/arms-companies-russell-group-universities-83m-ethical-investment-campaign-against-the-arms-trade_n_1818747.html

Comment by Dr Stuart Parkinson, Executive Director SGR: The point that doesn't come out very clearly in this article - which Scientists for Global Responsibility UK (SGR) has made in its previous reports on this issue - is that the military funding makes up a large fraction of the funding received by the engineering departments of the universities in question - and so has far greater influence than implied by the universities.

See also: The arms trade mapped: www.caat.org.uk/resources/mapping/

7. August 2012

Stop the war in Syria – No intervention

Statement of the International Coordinating Committee of the network No to War - No to NATO

The ominous signs of impending war with Syria are escalating. A nightmare is unfolding across the country and has now reached the streets of Damascus and Aleppo. As we are writing these lines, the Minister of Defence Dawoud Raha and Assad’s brother in-law Assef Shawkat have just been assassinated, supposedly by terrorist attack. And we all sense how the story will probably end: Thousands of soldiers and civilians killed,
towns and families destroyed, and President Assad and his family beaten to death in a ditch. Read on.


4. August 2012

North Korea Proposes Treaty to Officially End Korean War

North Korea has called on the United States to formally accept a peace treaty that would replace the armistice agreement that ended hostilities in the 1950-53 Korean War. North Korea frequently demands a peace treaty with the United States and justifies its nuclear weapons program on the grounds that it is technically still at war with the U.S.

A North Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman said that North Korea "will never abandon nuclear deterrent first as long as the U.S., the biggest nuclear weapons site in the world, remains hostile toward the former."

"North Korea Calls for Unconditional Peace Treaty with U.S.," Global Security Newswire, July 26, 2012.


Büchel base

4. August 2012

NATO and U.S. Missile Defense in Europe Are a Serious Political Concern

By Steven Starr

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists recently published an article by Pavel Podvig, "Point of Distraction," which categorizes the ongoing US/NATO deployment of an integrated missile defense system in Western, Eastern and Southeastern Europe as an "overblown distraction" to U.S.-Russian relations. Given that Podvig's first reference is to recent public threats made by Russia's most senior military commander to launch military attacks against US/NATO missile defense bases, and that these threats have also been publicly made by Russian President Medvedev, Podvig's assertions seem very abstracted from current political realities.

What is striking about Podvig's analysis is that he omits any reference to the fact that US missile defense is being deployed in Europe via NATO. In fact, the word NATO does not appear anywhere in the article, and thus the entire issue of NATO is avoided. This is unfortunate and misleading, because Russia has always viewed the NATO military alliance, which was set up to "keep the Russians out," as a real threat to Russian security. Ballistic Missile Defense and its deployment by NATO are inseparable issues from any realistic political point of view.

To read more, click here: www.wagingpeace.org/articles/db_article.php


1. August 2012

Egyptian women continue the struggle

By Randa El Tahawy

One of the iconic images of Egypt’s revolution was that of men and women standing together, united for positive change. But since then, women have struggled with sexual harassment and been side-lined in the political transition. Egyptian women, however, have never stopped fighting – and today they are finding many new allies.

Some Egyptians argue that democracy needs to come first, before worrying about women’s rights. Overcoming women’s marginalisation first, though, is actually essential to creating a truly democratic Egypt. The core issue is not only about women’s equality with men, but also about justice.
All too often, women have been treated as second class citizens and subject to injustice – they face harassment on the street, have been victims of virginity tests by the military, and are shut out of many opportunities to be involved in politics. For instance, women’s rights activists are not being consulted in the constitution drafting process. Even though women can legally hold positions as judges or high-ranking political offices, social pressure often means women are unable to attain them.Read on here: www.commongroundnews.org/article.php

1. August 2012

CTBTO interview with nuclear physicist Patricia Lewis

Patricia Lewis has headed some of the world's most prestigious think-tanks and institutions dealing with arms-control, disarmament and international verification. From 1997-2008, Lewis was Director of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) in Geneva. Earlier in her career, she was Executive Director at the Verification Research, Training and Information Centre (VERTIC) in London. Before taking up her current post at Chatham House, Lewis spent more than three years as Deputy-Director and Scientist-in-Residence of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, California. In a broad-ranging interview conducted in Vienna during the May 2012 Preparatory Committee for the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference, Lewis reflected on her career to date, challenges for the future, and her hopes for a nuclear weapons-free world. (Source: CTBTO Faces)

CTBTO Faces is a new website collection of interviews with personalities whose work, lives and expertise place them in the forefront of nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and verification issues. Interview partners range from scientists to film makers, diplomats to civil society leaders. Their insights and opinions set the context for past, present and future global efforts to foster international peace and security.


12. July 2012

Who supplies the world’s weapons?

Did you know just six* countries supply a whopping 74 percent of the world’s weapons?
Last year, when protesters throughout the Arab world demanded change, military forces in Egypt, Syria, Bahrain and beyond responded with deadly force, staining the streets with the blood of more than 8,000 people.
This could happen because countries including US, Russia, UK and France have been exporting bombs, bullets and other weapons into the region for years -- putting their own multi-billion-dollar profits above the value of human lives. Read more and share the infographic here: www.amnesty.org.au/armstrade/comments/28384/

* USA, Russia, Germany, UK, China, France


28. June 2012

War Profiteers' News, June 2012


  • Banks in the Business of War
  • Stop financing the arms trade: Protest against War Profiteer EADS
  • South Africa: Ceasefire Campaign calls for reconsideration of the Defence Review
  • Ahava: Tracking the Trade Trail of Settlement Products
  • Antimilitarist protest against arms fair in Alicante
  • Bristol Against the Arms Trade Take the Fight to the Fair
  • "Boycott Samsung" demonstration in London
  • War Profiteer of the Month: Veolia Environment
  • Campaign of the Month: Stopping the Proliferation of Lethal Killing Drones and Spy Drones

Now online available here: wri-irg.org/epublish/19/488


26. June 2012

Global Day of Action on Military Spending (GDAMS), 2012: final report now available

GDAMS 2.0 was a huge success! We had more than 140 actions take place in some 43 countries around the world! Our final report is now available by pdf here.


Source: google.com

25. June 2012

Your Tax Dollars at War

"The most enormous war machine the world has ever known".
US radio host Dennis Bernstein and investigative reporter Dave Lindorff illustrate just how much US tax money goes towards the country's war chest.
"People have to realize that 53 cents of every dollar that they are paying into taxes is going to the military to an astonishing figure there is an enormous, enormous amount of money being blown on war an killing and destruction." See the film here: www.informationclearinghouse.info/article31690.htm

The focus of the video is on the US but of course the problem is worldwide. That's why the International Peace Bureau has established the Global Day of Action on Military Spending.


20. June 2012

As NATO Coalition Unravels in Afghanistan, Global Activists Question Military Alliance’s Existence

Listen to an Interview by Amy Goodman with Reiner Braun on Democracy Now!, taken at the NATO- Counter Summit for Peace and Economic Justice in Chicago, USA on May 21, 2012.
Democracy Now! is a national, daily, independent, award-winning news program hosted by journalists Amy Goodman and Juan Gonzalez. Pioneering the largest public media collaboration in the U.S., Democracy Now! is broadcast on Pacifica, NPR, community, and college radio stations; on public access, PBS, satellite television and on the internet. DN!’s podcast is one of the most popular on the web.

Source: Democracynow!
See press coverage on the NATO-Counter summit here: www.no-to-nato.org/
See photos here: www.flickr.com/photos/lucaswirl/sets/72157629775167690/

18. June 2012


Report on Spanish military expenditure 2012

The Centre Delàs has released its annual report on Spanish military expenditure: "Military expenditure in Spain 2012: A chance to reduce the crisis", written by Pere Ortega. This report shows that the reduction of 6.33% in the Spanish military expenditure in 2012 National Budget is much smaller than other ministries with more social and "welfare" features. The report provides also an analysis of arms trade: Spain has doubled its arms exports and its destinations include countries affected by armed conflict. Read the report here: www.centredelas.org/images/stories/informes/Military%20expenditure%20in%20Spain%202012.pdf


Source: http://www.army.gov.au

17. June 2012

Huge cuts to the Australian Defence budget

In May, Australian military has faced $5.5 billions in cuts, the largest since the end of the Korean War. The Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) reports that, after a decade of huge growth in its budget, Defense would face a major downturn in resources. Mark Thomson, an expert from the ASPI, said that due to the economic crisis "every dollar spent on defense imposes a visible opportunity cost elsewhere". To read the article by Dylan Welch in the Sydney Morning Herald click here.  


16. June 2012

Report on war and poverty

In April 2012, the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) published a report on War and poverty. In the paper, Patricia Justino aims at identifying potential channels of transmission linking civil war and poverty that may lead to the persistence of cycles of poverty and armed conflicts. She focuses on the notion of individual (and group) agency during civil wars, as well as constraints faced by populations affected by violence. To read the report please click here.


Photograph: Joe Chan / Reuters/REUTERS

21. May 2012

Military spending: how much does the military cost each country

Is the global arms trade recession-proof?
The latest arms trade numbers show the US is still number one, but with China and Russia catching up fast.
Is the global arms trade recession-proof? Almost, it appears. While government spending is being cut across the globe, military spending is staying remarkably steady.The world's countries spent $1.7trillion on their militaries last year, according to new figures published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri). It's barely changed from the year before, masking decreases in the west countered by big increases in China, Russia and some Middle eastern countries.Read on here: www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2012/apr/17/military-spending-countries-list


21. May 2012

130 actions in 40 countries on GDAMS

The International Peace Bureau (IPB) and the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) are delighted to report that the Global Day of Action against Military Spending (GDAMS) was a tremendous success worldwide: around 130 actions were organized in about 40 countries on and around April 17. See the documentation of events around the globe here: demilitarize.org/gdams-2012-event-reports-photos/


Source: SIPRI

21. May 2012

Germany to Greece: Cut Safety Nets for Citizens But Keep Buying Our Weapons

German 'Hypocrisy' Over Greek Military Spending has Critics Up in Arms
As Germany insists that Greece submit to harsh austerity measures leaving pensions cut, unemployment soaring and the healthcare system slashed, one area it believes needn't be cut is Greece's weapons purchases, provided in great part by and benefiting Germany.
In April the Guardian's Helena Smith reported from Athens that both Germany and France, while pushing Greece to make cuts to its healthcare program, were trying to seal lucrative arms deals with the country.Smith writes: "Speculation is rife that international aid for the country was contingent on Greece following through on agreements to purchase military hardware from Germany and France." Read on here: www.commondreams.org/headline/2012/04/19-5


21. May 2012

A New Global Peace and Justice Movement is Rising

Final statement of the Network of the Free Future Counter Summit for Peace and Economic Justice
Chicago, Illinois, USA on May 18 & 19, 2012

The NATO-Free Future gathering in Chicago coincides with a rising global movement against war, militarism, inequality and poverty. We represent the pro-peace and justice majority, the global 99%.

We heed the wisdom of Dr.Martin Luther King Jr.’s call to challenge the “triple evils” of poverty, racial inequality and militarism.

The rising global peace and justice movement works from the premise that poverty, inequality and militarism are forms of violence that constitute an endless cycle that can and must be broken for the survival of humanity. Each feeds off the other, and all must be challenged.

These “triple evils” are embodied in the NATO military alliance and its relationship to the actions of many of the wealthiest countries. We are convinced that to overcome these evils we must oppose wars, embrace peace, and demand that the drive for empire be replaced by an understanding of our global interdependence and a flowering of genuine democracy. And that democracy, in turn will foster greater inclusion, equity and justice for all. Read on.
Find information on the conference and the No-to-NATO-Network here: www.natofreefuture.org


"Leopard-2A4 tank.Source:SIPRI

17. April 2012

World military spending levels out after 13 years of increases, says SIPRI

World military expenditure in 2011 totalled $1.74 trillion, almost unchanged since 2010 in real terms, according to figures released today by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

The small rise of just 0.3 per cent in 2011 marks the end of a run of continuous increases in military spending between 1998 and 2010, including an annual average increase of 4.5 per cent between 2001 and 2009. 

Six of the world’s top military spenders—Brazil, France, Germany, India, the United Kingdom and the United States—made cuts in their military budgets in 2011, in most cases as part of attempts to reduce budget deficits. Meanwhile other states, notably China and Russia, increased their military spending markedly. 

‘The after-effects of the global economic crisis, especially deficit-reduction measures in the USA and Europe, have finally brought the decade-long rise in military spending to a halt—at least for now’, stated Dr Sam Perlo-Freeman, head of the SIPRI Military Expenditure Project. The comprehensive annual update of the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database is accessible from today at www.sipri.org.


6. April 2012

Global study reveals who's financing nuclear arms makers

Don't bank on the bomb: the global financing of nuclear weapons producers
The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) published its report Don't bank on the bomb: the global financing of nuclear weapons producers. It identifies more than 300 banks, pension funds, insurance companies and asset managers in 30 countries with substantial investments in nuclear arms producers. It calls on financial institutions to stop investing in the manufacture, maintenance and modernization of nuclear armed countries. Please find the report on the don't bank the bomb website


Photo: Lockheed

6. April 2012

Pentagon: Trillion-Dollar Jet on Brink of Budgetary Disaster

The Government Accountability Office reveals recently that the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, “the most expensive conventional weapon ever”, could need additional years of work and billions of dollars more investment. It is bad news for this program that is already almost a decade late and hundreds of billions of dollars over its original budget. Read the article by David Axe here:www.wired.com/dangerroom/2012/03/f35-budget-disaster/




Photograph: Aris Messinis/AFP/Getty Images

6. April 2012

Greece's austerity doesn't extend to its arms budget

While the Greek are facing austerity measures that have reduced living standards by 30%, the government continues to spend the most on arms in the EU as percentage of GDP and remains one of the biggest weapons importers in the world. The supposed threat from Turkey and the role of armed forces in controlling illegal immigration are presented as explanations for such a high military budget. Paul Haydon of the guardian argues that the main reason for these huge amounts of money spent on the military is the lucrative arms deals between Greece, France, and Germany.
Read the article here: www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/mar/21/greece-austerity-measures-military-spending


6. April 2012

Making Peace photo exhibition available

Making Peace is a major outdoor photo exhibition (100 panels in 5 sections) that pays tribute to the people who — all over the world — devote their time, energy and resources to the cause of peace. When the exhibition was inaugurated along Lake Geneva in 2010, over fifty NGO/GO representatives participated (as part of an 'International Village') with 35.000 people visiting the exhibition over a four week period.
For informartion and booking please visit: www.makingpeace.org



19. March 2012

Rise in international arms transfers is driven by Asian demand, says SIPRI

The volume of worldwide arms transfers in 2007–2011 was 24 per cent higher than in 2002–2006 and the five largest arms importers in 2007–2011 were all Asian states, according to new data on international arms transfers published today by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

Read the press release here: www.sipri.org/media/pressreleases/rise-in-international-arms-transfers-is-driven-by-asian-demand-says-sipri


Source: AP

6. March 2012

Retired US Generals to Obama: 'No War of Choice in Iran'

Several former high-ranking military, intelligence and State Department officials took out an ad in the Washington Post on March 6, 2012 urging President Obama to stand fast against political and lobbying pressure to attack Iran over claims it is trying to develop nuclear weapons.

The letter, signed by five retired generals, two senior intelligence analysts and a senior State Department official, is accompanied by a photo and quotes from other current military and defense officials warning against such an attack.

Note that this link includes a copy of the actual advert published today in the Washington Post: readersupportednews.org/news-section2/330-131/10317-retired-us-generals-to-obama-no-war-of-choice-in-iran


Source: Paul Wellman

28. February 2012

Arrests Protesting Vandenberg Minuteman Missile Launch

On February 25, the Chair of the INES Executive Committee and President of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation David Krieger, along with his wife Carolee, Daniel Ellsberg, Cindy Sheehan and 11 others, were arrested at Vandenberg Air Force Base while protesting the test launch of a Minuteman III Intercontinental Ballistic Missile. About 100 people came to Vandenberg to protest the launch that, as usual, happened under the cover of darkness. Read the interview with David Krieger "Sense of Urgency Leads to Civil Disobedienc" here: wagingpeacetoday.blogspot.com/2012/02/sense-of-urgency-leads-to-civil.html


13. February 2012 (updated on 27.3.2012)

The dangers of a military attack on Iran’s nuclear programme

By Stuart Parkinson
There are increasingly vocal demands for military action to halt Iran’s alleged nuclear weapons programme. Stuart Parkinson, ED of the INES member organisation Scientists for Global Responsibility UK, takes a critical look at the evidence for such a programme and argues that any military attack is likely to make matters considerably worse.

In November, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the UN’s nuclear watchdog, published its latest report on Iran’s nuclear programme. [1] It expressed “serious concerns regarding possible military dimensions to Iran’s nuclear programme”. Economic sanctions against Iran – especially by Western nations – are being ramped up to try force the Iranian government to comply with all IAEA recommendations. Iran, however, protests that its nuclear programme is peaceful and it is being unfairly criticised. Some leading political voices – especially in Israel and the USA – have responded by calling for military strikes to damage or destroy the Iranian programme with the aim being to stop any activity that might lead to Iran acquiring nuclear weapons.

But is Iran really building a nuclear weapon? And, if it were, would a military attack stop it? Or would it just make matters worse?Read on.


13. February 2012

War Against Iran, Sheer Insanity

President of the Global Security Institute Jonathan Granoff said waging war against Iran is a "sheer insanity," the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) reported.

Criticizing the US war-seeking media atmosphere, Granoff told the Iranian news agency that they try to portray a bad picture of the peace-loving Iranian nation.

Referring to Iran's ancient history, the American lawyer said the Iranian nation has been attacked by several world countries, while the country has never initiated any war against any nation.

He believed that the US officials made mistakes during the 1980-88 Iraqi imposed war against Iran, saying Washington supported the Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.

He reiterated that they still make mistakes and instead of making up for their past mistakes, they seek threats and sanctions against the Iranian nation.

He further congratulated the Iranian nation and government on the 33rd victory anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

Source: bernama.com


13. February 2012

Stop the War protests against Iran and Syria intervention

On 28 January 2012 at the United States Embassy in London, Stop the War held a rally to launch the Don't Attack Iran campaign. Hundreds of anti-war protesters gathered in central London at a demonstration against Western intervention in Iran and Syria. The rally, organised by the Stop the War Coalition, took place outside the US embassy in Grosvenor Square. Protesters waved banners bearing the words "Don't attack Iran" and "Hands off Iran and Syria", while the crowd joined together in chanting: "One, two, three, four, we don't want another war. Five, six, seven, eight, stop the killing, stop the hate." Read on here: stopwar.org.uk/index.php/video/1078-stop-the-war-protests-against-iran-and-syria-intervention-

8. February 2012

Preventing War Saves More than Lives

A new fact sheet from the Friends Committee on National Legislation shows that preventing war is 60 times cheaper than fighting it.

Research has indicated that investing early to prevent conflicts from escalating into violent crises is, on average, 60 times more cost effective than intervening after violence erupts. Still, the world spends just $1 on conflict prevention for every $1,885 it spends on military budgets. In the U.S., less than 2% of income tax goes to civilian foreign affairs agencies, while 39% goes to the military.

Download the fact sheet:


13. January 2012

Pentagon’s New Strategic Guidance

Summary of Content & Implications
Prepared by Joseph Gerson

In early January the Obama Administration released the Pentagon’s new Guidance, Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense. Designed less to cut U.S. military spending that to reorder Pentagon priorities to ensure full spectrum dominance (dominating any nation, anywhere, at any time, at any level of force) for the first decades of the 21st century. As President Obama himself said, after the near-doubling of military spending during the Bush era, the Guidance will slow the growth of military spending, “but...it will still grow:, in fact by 4% in the coming year.”Read on.

3. January 2012

The real & propaganda war against Iran is on.

Interview with Ph.D., John Scales Avery

This video is a wonderful and heartening interview with John Avery, who gives us both knowledge and hope to avoid the current real danger of war, including nuclear war.

John Avery is an INES Council member and was part of a group associated with the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. He is chairperson of the Danish Peace Academy, and the author of numerous books.
See the interview with
TV Street Space Copenhagen herewww.youtube.com/watch


3.-5. December 2011

Give Peace a Chance - Troops Out of Afghanistan!

International Alternative Conference, Bonn, Germany

The German peace movement is calling for various actions to protest the war in Afghanistan. These will include a nation-wide demonstration (3.12.), an international conference (4.12.) as well as diverse protests against the inhumane policy of war (5.12.). The theme of the protests: "They talk peace, but wage war - Troops out of Afghanistan!". The goal: to make a powerful statement against the inhumane war in Afghanistan. Read on

Speakers at the international conference, December 4, 2011:
Tariq Ali (UK)
Reiner Braun (IALANA,INES,Ger)
Claire Chastain (Collectif national unitaire OTAN-Afghanistan, F)
Jeremy Corbyn (MP Labour Party, UK)
Taria Cronberg (MEP Green Party, Fin)
Arielle Denis (Mouvement de la Paix, F)
Joseph Gerson (American Friends Service Committee, USA)
Christine Hoffmann (Pax Christi, Ger)
Kate Hudson (Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, GB)
Tomas Magnusson (International Peace Bureau, SWE)
Mairead Maguire (Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, NIR)
Tobias Pflüger (Die Linke, Ger)
Monty Schädel (DFG-VK, Ger)
Michael Youlton (Irish Peace and Neutrality Alliance, IRL)

Read the final declaration of the conference.

Visit the website of the protest coalition.

16. December 2011

Science and the corporate university in Britain

Article by Stuart Parkinson, SGR, published as part of the debate on 'Capitalism and the University' on the openDemocracy website.

It has surprised few that since coming to power the Cameron government has pursued an agenda which included pressing for much stronger links between university and business. The justification given is a simple one – that, to enhance our economic competitiveness in these difficult times, we need to become better at commercialising scientific and other academic research to help fuel economic growth. This is a perspective that has been gaining increasing support among policy-makers in the UK (and elsewhere) for over 20 years. But there are many flaws in this thesis – with the strongest evidence of problems coming from academic research itself.

The full article can be accessed at:

24. November 2011

New report on Spanish arms trade

Delàs Center presents its report The controversial spanish arms trade, a secret business 2001-2010, which shows that the Spanish government has sold weapons to countries in an armed conflict situation.
The Spanish State, only in 2010, has sold 1,128 million euros in arms, many destined to countries in armed conflict, in a situation of tension and where Human Rights are violated.
Published by the Centre d'Estudis per a la Pau JM Delàs.
Download the report here:


23. November 2011

Occupy Wall Street

The Occupy movement is demonstrating its durability and perseverance.

By David Krieger

Like a Daruma doll, each time it is knocked off balance it serenely pops back up. The movement has been seeking justice for the 99 percent, and justice is an essential element of peace.
For decades, the United States has been in permanent preparation for war, spending over half of the total annual discretionary funds that Congress allocates on "defense," our euphemism for war. World military expenditures exceed $1.5 trillion annually, and the US spends more than half of this amount, more than the rest of the world combined. Read on
Photo source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/franciscodaum/with/6361442937/

Occupy Wall St - Demands to End War and Cut Military Spending

By Joana Racine, International Peace Bureau (published 20 Oct. 2011)
The Occupy Wall Street movement has defied all those predicting its early demise, exploding from a small protest into a worldwide movement. On October 15th, protests were held from North and South America to Asia, Africa and Europe, with over 1,500 events in 82 countries. A part of these protests was directed against super-sized military budgets (particularly in the US). They called attention to the unfairness of ever-higher military spending while spending on social welfare institutions and programmes is being cut. Download the report here:


Photo: Reuters

3. November 2011

IPB calls on Ban Ki-moon to act urgently in Syria

Council of the International Peace Bureau (IPB) statement.

The IPB Council meeting in Potsdam on 29-30 Oct. 2011, calls on the UN Secretary General to use all the non-violent tools of the UN to protect civilians in Syria, and in other places where people are striving for democracy and decent human conditions. IPB appeals to him to involve international expertise in peace-building and peaceful handling of conflicts, as well as the regional bodies, notably the Arab League and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference, in facilitating negotiations between the Syrian Government and those protesting against undemocratic and violent behaviour. IPB urges Ban Ki-moon to exert his influence on member states in order to avoid that the Security Council adopts a militaristic interpretation of the Responsibility to Protect doctrine, as we saw in Libya. Learn more about IPB.
INES is a member of the IPB.


2. November 2011

"Does Unmanned Make Unacceptable?

Exploring the Debate on using Drones and Robots in Warfare".

Drones and robots are an emerging military technology that has a growing impact on today’s warfare. The use of these types of military machinery has brought forward new challenges and discussions which needs to be analyzed and discussed thoroughly due to the nature of these weapons. The use of drones and robots raises military strategic, ethical and legal questions. This report will give an overview of the types of drones and robots which are used, who uses them and where the advantages and disadvantages and ethical and legal questions that came along with the increased use of these machines.

To download the report please visit the website of  IKV Pax Christi - a cooperation between the IKV and Pax Christi Netherlands: www.ikvpaxchristi.nl/UK/above_publications.htm


15.-16. October 2011

Action Conference: Give Peace a Chance - Troops Out of Afghanistan!

Preparation of the protests against Petersberg II.
Bonn, Germany

10 years since the outbreak of war in Afghanistan a new phase is to be ushered in. While (minimal) withdrawing troops and shifting the war on the Afghan army as well as backing-up of the civil-military elements and the drone-usage, the war is to be continued. There is no talk of ceasefire. Negotiations among the war parties are still controversial. The Governments of the NATO are continuing the war in Afghanistan and are now discussing how – the anti-war- and peace movement wants to end the war! We demand the immediate ceasefire and the comprehensive troop withdrawal from Afghanistan! The released money (in 2011 only in the German federal budget 1, 1 billion Euro are designated for the war) has to be used for the reconstruction and the approvement of the Afghan peoples living conditions and for their needs. For that reason we want to be increasingly active! Everyone can and should join us – even if you haven’t been involved yet.
Read the Call to Resistance and Protest against Petersberg II:  Give Peace a Chance - Troops Out of Afghanistan!

For further information contact Lucas Wirl coordinator of the preparatory group.


29. September - 2. October 2011

War Profiteering and Peace Movement Responses

Barcelona, Spain

Organised by War Resisters' International and the European Network Against Arms Trade.
The seminar will bring together activists from groups from all regions of the world, with and among which we see the potential to build long-lasting cooperation. That is, from groups that represent the spectrum of the movement against war profiteering. The seminar will analyse the different trends in war profiteering and its impact on local communities. We then plan to work, using participatory tools, on how to develop successful strategies in our campaigning against war profiteers and on how to strengthen the links between our groups. To read the program click here.

To read the Report of the International Seminar on War Profiteering and Peace Movement Responses please visit the War Resister's International website.


22. September 2011

New Activity Report 2010 of the International Peace Bureau.

The Report contains a brief overview of IPB's main programmes during the year:

  • Disarmament for Development
  • Nuclear Disarmament
  • Making Peace exhibition
  • Oslo conference: A Climate of Peace


5. July 2011

Final statement of the 59th Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs in Berlin, Germany

Conclusion: The Pugwash community draws inspiration from the positive legacy of the city of Berlin and looks to a future where we continue to create peace and security through dialogue and cooperation. If walls can come down here, there is hope for those who struggle elsewhere that it is possible to create common ground and a more secure world for future generations. The Council notes again the important role of young people in these discussions, and congratulates the International Student/Young Pugwash movement for promoting these issues among their peers.

Read the final statement here:

12. June 2011

Open letter on military research at universities to the International Association of University Presidents (IAUP)

INES addressed the leaders of the IAUP with an open letter on June 10, 2011 asking the  university leaders to stand up against the militarisation of universities across the world.

Read the letter:

20. May, 2011

Immediate Ceasefire and Negotiations on a Roadmap for Peace in Libya. Our support for the fight for democracy.

Statement of the INES Executive Committee

The continuing war in Libya shows unmistakably the dangers and impacts of a potentially long-lasting, bloody civil war. Military interventions from the air and from land intensify the bellicose actions: they are part of the war and not of a peaceful solution.

The catastrophe of a “second Afghanistan” can still be prevented.
International law should again be the guide to action. Questions remain regarding the compatibility of UN Security Council Resolution 1973 with the Charter of the United Nations. The double standards of NATO’s actions are evident.

Difficulties in realizing a ceasefire and the complexities of the road towards peace for Libya are challenges for the international community, for the United Nations, and for the forces for peace in general. To continue the war and the bombing will worsen the conflict with all its inhuman consequences.

Together with many governments and international organizations, like the African Union, we demand an immediate ceasefire and commencement of negotiations with all conflict parties on a peaceful solution for the future of Libya.
Cease-fire allows and is the pre-condition for humanitarian help, food support and human safety.

INES supports all peaceful and non-violent changes for democracy, freedom and (social) justice, like the national uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Bahrain, Libya, Syria, and others. We are supporting the people’s movement for freedom, independence and democracy. People should decide about their future without foreign intervention or repressions from dictators.


Statement of the International Coordinating Committee No to War – No to NATO (ICC) condemning the attacks on Libya

 The International Coordinating Committee No to War – No to NATO (ICC) strongly condemns the attacks of the USA, France, and Britain on Libya, to implement a so-called “no-fly zone”. The attacks, clearly prepared before the United Nations Security Council authorized the no-fly zone, do not contribute to a solution of the Libyan crisis, but only add further suffering. The ICC also strongly criticizes UN Security Council resolution 1973 from 17 March 2011, which authorizes military action against Libya.


Bite the bullet

Brilliant short video by the Australian Anti-Bases Campaign Coalition for the Global Day of Action on Military Spending.

See: www.youtube.com/watch


Military spending versus Millennium Development Goals

And short, powerful video by the Foundation for Peace in Barcelona.


Development for disarmament - Entwicklung statt Rüstung

Read article on yesterdays Global Day of Action on Military Spending in "junge Welt" (in German).


Arms conversion in the UK

Presentation by Stuart Parkinson, SGR, at the 'Welfare or Warfare' public meeting, London, 12 April 2011
Part of a series of events marking the Global Day of Action on Military Spending

See: www.sgr.org.uk/resources/arms-conversion-uk


12. April 2011

Global Day of Action on Military Spending

World military spending reached $1.6 trillion in 2010, biggest increase in South America, fall in Europe according to new SIPRI data.

Disarmament for Development: INES presents the SIPRI 2010 data and discusses this development with experts.

11:00 - 12:00 Press talk
Schützenstr. 6a, 1st floor
10117 Berlin

Wolfgang Gehrcke, Left party
Christine Hoffmann, Pax Christi
Reiner Braun, INES Program Director

World military expenditure in 2010 is estimated to have been $1630 billion, an increase of 1.3 per cent. The region with the largest increase in military spending was South America, with a 5.8 per cent increase, reaching a total of $63.3 billion, according to new data published today by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Read press release. The comprehensive annual update of the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database is accessible from today at www.sipri.org

Visit the website of the Global Day on Military Spending: demilitarize.org

Press release on GDAMS by Pax Christi International: paxChristiPR.pdf (48K)

February 2011

Analysis of military spending

The Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) looked at the price of militarism for the '16 days of activism against gender violence' in December 2010. WILPF gathered information about the military expenditures of countries from their member sections to highlight the enormity of the allocations given for security when looked at from a purely military perspective. The responses are a snapshot of the inequalities in budgetary allocation.

Read on

17. December 2010

Public Money May Fund European Arms

Brussels, Dec 17, 2010 (IPS) - Arms traders are seeking to convince the European Union that publicly-funded scientific research grants should help develop weapons for future wars.

In a series of secret discussions, Brussels officials and representatives of the arms industry are examining if the EU’s multi-billion euro "framework programme" for research can be used for projects of a military nature.

Read on here: www.ipsnews.net/news.asp

NATO Counter Summit  - International conference

19.-21. November 2010, Lisbon/Portugal

Anti-war activities during the NATO summit

The international network “No to War – No to NATO”, which comprises more than 650 organizations enforces its endeavors to use the NATO summit as a platform for protest against war and militarism.

Selected topics and speakers:

  • War and Peace (Sandra Monteiro, Le Monde Diplomatique, Portugal)
  • Relations between Russia and NATO (Vitaly Merkushew, Eurasian Network of Political Research, Russia)
  • The new NATO Strategy and Global Crisis (Vitor Lima, PAGAN, Portugal)
  • Nuclear weapons in the new NATO-Strategy (Joseph Gerson, AFSC, USA)
  • Missile Defense Systems in Eastern Europe/Russia (Jan Majicek, No Bases, CR)
  • NATO’s War in Afghanistan (Shams Arya, Afghanistan)

To see the complete program, all workshops and activities please visit: www.no-to-nato.org/

Video-Livestream Anti-NATO Summit November 2010 in Lisbon

During the Anti-NATO Summit we will constantly inform you about whats happening.

Find short and concise interviews on why people should oppose NATO and what they could do. You can watch the whole conference in our livestream, see the highlights of the day in short clips and get impressions of all the various actions that take place during the summit.

Find the life stream here:www.no-to-nato.org/en/video-livestream-anti-nato-summit-2010-in-portugal/

21. November 2010

INES and IALANA speaker was refused entry to Portugal to participate at the NATO - Counter summit.

From 19.-20. November NATO Heads of State's met in Lisbon to give itself a new perspective on the world. New threats and assignments were being tagged and declared to be in the realm of the self-called defender of freedom and democracy and western lifestyle. Parallel to the NATO Summit the international peace movement prepared a Counter Summit, criticizing NATO's politics of war, armament and obstruction for a nuclear weapons free world. As a project-related staff member of IALANA and INES, I was one of the main background organizers of this Counter Summit and one of its speakers in the workshop "Actions for Peace".

Also around - to be precise in the wake - of the NATO Summit in Lisbon the Schengen Treaty got suspended for one week (from 15. -22. November), restricting the freedom of movement in the European Union, enabling Portuguese authorities to strictly control the borders. Other "security measures" have been taken for the NATO Heads of State's meeting. But they work - like myself - in the background and usually are not visible and detectible.

Read on

NATO Counter Summit

Listen to radio interview  Reiner Braun, INES Program Director and member of the International Coordinating Committee (ICC) "No to NATO" here:www.youtube.com/watch

Read evaluations:: Lisbon-evaluating.pdf (65K)

icc-statement-no-nato.pdf (62K)

22. October  2010

Daniel Ellsberg interviewed on release of Iraq War docs

Amy Goodman from Democracy Now! interviewed whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg.

Ellsberg leaked the Pentagon Papers in 1971, which eventually led to President Richard Nixon's resignation.

He talked with Amy about WikiLeaks and whistleblowing. Watch the interview on Democracy Now! here: www.democracynow.org/2010/10/22/wikileaks_prepares_largest_intel_leak_in

Source: Right Livelihood Award Newsletter October 2010

19. October  2010

David Cameron has confirmed defence spending is to be cut by 8% in real terms over four years, as he unveils the strategic defence review.

See article in BBC News: www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-11570593

13. October  2010

Letter to David Cameron, regarding public science funding cuts and nuclear weapons research

Open letter to Prime Minister David Cameron, co-ordinated by the INES member organisation Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR) signed by 36 UK professors.

36 science professors have today written to the Prime Minister calling on him to protect core scientific research by cutting investment in developing new nuclear weapons.

The scientists, who include ex-Royal Society head, Sir Michael Atiyah and Nobel Prize winner, Sir Harold Kroto, highlight how £2bn a year, over 25% of the government's total scientific research and development budget, is currently spent by the Ministry of Defence.

Their objections focus on government funding of a multi-billion pound research programme at the Atomic Weapons Establishment at Aldermaston, aimed at developing new nuclear warheads. This year this science programme received an additional £1bn of government funding, and this level of 'additional investment' is set to continue until 2013

Read the letter here: www.sgr.org.uk/resources/letter-david-cameron-regarding-public-science-funding-cuts-and-nuclear-weapons-research#Text

See article in "The Guardian" here: www.guardian.co.uk/science/2010/oct/13/military-research-science-cuts-scientists

and in BBC News: www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11529367

6. August 2010

No to nuclear weapons also means rejection of the new NATO strategy.

A comment by the INES Program Director Reiner Braun

The 8th NPT review conference happened only a few short months ago, and in a few months is the next NATO summit. All would agree with me, that the NATO states and their politics influenced the NPT conference and not in terms of saving this precious planet from nuclear weapons.

Quite clearly, undiplomatically, and in conclusion: For those who want a world without nuclear weapons, the NPT Review Conference was a disappointment – although I will not forget the positive elements of the conference.

With this unsatisfactory result, there are leaders who would much rather just follow NATO, their headquarters, and the larger countries in NATO – including my own federal government.

It is now even more important that we as the peace movement look and see what needs to be done before the 61st NATO summit.

At the next NATO summit between November 19th and 21st in Lisbon, Portugal, the new NATO strategy will be adopted.
Read on

Read the wording of this text in the German Newspaper "Junge Welt" in German here www.jungewelt.de/2010/08-06/036.php

January 26, 2010

Afghanistan: War is not the Answer - More Troops Mean More War

Statement of INES on the occasion of the Afghanistan Conference in London on January 28th 2010


President Obama’s recent decision to send 30,000 additional US troops to Afghanistan is part of a larger trend of escalating violence in a country renowned for being a graveyard of empires.  Additional NATO troops are also being sent. The pressure on "not yet willing" NATO states has increased dramatically - especially on Germany which is supposed to increase its troops by 50 percent.

read on


M1A1 Abrams

July 9, 2009

Global Military expenditure set new record in 2008, says SIPRI

(Stockholm, 8 June 2009). Worldwide military expenditure in 2008 totalled an estimated US$1464 billion, according to new figures released today by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). This represents an increase of 4 per cent in real terms compared to 2007, and an increase of 45 per cent since 1999. SIPRI today launched the 2009 edition of its Yearbook on Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.
Read the press release here:


Abandonment of military research

(Press talk and public lecture in German)
Verzicht auf Militärforschung - Herausforderung und Chance.

Pressegespräch und Veranstaltung mit Subrata Ghoshroy, US-Wissenschaftler, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)


1. Dezember 2009

Pressegespräch am 11:00 im KIT / Uni Karlsruhe, UStA (Bespr.raum), Foyer der Mensa
Öffentlicher Vortrag: 17.30 Uhr, KIT, Uni Karlsruhe, Bau-Ing.-Hörsaal Geb. 10.50

Rüstungsforschung ist wieder in aller Munde: die Ausweitung ist sowohl im Koalitionsvertrag der neuen Bundesregierung als auch im Lissabon Vertrag der EU vorgesehen. An den Universitäten nimmt sie zu. In den USA ist sie tagtägliche, tödliche Normalität. Die Gefahren der Militarisierung öffentlichen Lebens und öffentlich geförderter Forschung sollen durch einen kompetenten Referenten, der aus der Rüstungsforschung ausstieg (Whistleblower) und in der Wissenschaft für den Frieden forscht, aufgezeigt werden.

Weiterlesen: KIT Hintergrund

Sonderseite zu KIT: www.gew-bw.de/Sonderseite_zu_KIT.html


Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Image: © www.kit.edu

May 25, 2009

Abandonment of Military Research. Support the University of Karlsruhe/Germany to keep their Civil Clause

The German publicly funded research is facing a crucial and exemplary decision: strengthening the civil orientation or pushing militarization?
It is about the merger of the large-scale research institution Karlsruhe Research Center (the former Nuclear Research Center, part of Helmholtz Society) and the University of Karlsruhe into the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) with together 8.000 scientists and employees and 18.000 students. Due to the German nuclear weapons ban the statute of the Karlsruhe Research Center con­tains the important term: “The society serves peaceful purposes only.” This civil clause forbids not only the sanctioned nuclear weapons research, but any military research, because the separableness of civil and military purposes for different research areas and thus of two contrary legal positions within one house was regarded as impossible.

See appeal: Appeal-Civil.pdf (212K)

See background information: Background_Appeal-Civil.pdf (301K)

See first signatories list: Signatories_List.pdf (81K)

Browse signatories

Sign the campaign online!

October 2008

International Preparatory Conferences for the “No to War - No to NATO” activities related to the 60th anniversary of NATO in April 2009

First preparatory conferences October 4-5 2008 in Stuttgart, Germany 

Sixty years of NATO are enough. NATO is the main driving force behind global war. NATO stands for the missile defence system, military bases around the world, nuclear weapons and military interventions and expenditure. NATO is a rival to the UN and the system of international law. NATO is intertwined with the European security and defence system. But NATO is not all powerful; indeed it is under extreme pressure right now in Afghanistan.


International Peace Bureau (IPB) International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) International Association of Lawyers against Nuclear Arms (IALANA Europe) war resisters’ international, Stop the War Coalition, Great Britain Stop the War Coalition, Greece Woman’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), Germany Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND), Great Britain Le Mouvement de la Paix, France, Cooperation for Peace, Germany Federal Committee Peace Council, Germany

Appeal No to War - No to NATO

On the occasion of the sixtieth anniversary of the NATO military organisation, we appeal to all people to come to Strasbourg and Kehl in April 2009, to protest against NATO’s aggressive military and nuclear policies, and assert our vision of a just world free of war.

NATO is an increasing obstacle to achieving world peace. Since the end of the Cold War, NATO has reinvented itself as a tool for military action by the “international community”, including the promotion of the so-called “war on terror”. In reality it is a vehicle for US-led use of force with military bases on all continents, bypassing the United Nations and the system of international law, accelerating militarisation and escalating arms expenditure –NATO countries account for 75% of global military expenditure. Pursuing that expansionist agenda since 1991, designed to advance strategic and resource interests, NATO has waged war in the Balkans, under the guise of so-called “humanitarian war”, and has waged seven years of brutal war in Afghanistan, where the tragic situation is escalating and the war has expanded into Pakistan.

In Europe NATO is worsening tensions, feeding the arms race with so-called “missile defence”, a massive nuclear arsenal and a nuclear first strike policy. EU policy is increasingly tied to NATO. NATO’s ongoing and potential expansion into Eastern Europe and beyond, and its “out of area” operations are making the world a more dangerous place. The conflict in the Caucasus is a clear indication of the dangers. Each advance of the NATO border increases the possibility of war, including the use of nuclear weapons.
To achieve our vision of a peaceful world, we reject military responses to global and regional crises – these are part of the problem not part of the solution. We refuse to live under the terror of nuclear weapons, and reject a new arms race. We must decrease military expenditure – directing resources instead to meeting human needs. We must close down all foreign military bases. We oppose all military structures used for military intervention. We must democratise and demilitarise the relations between peoples and establish new forms of peaceful cooperation to build a more secure and just world.
We call on you to spread this message in your communities and movements, to come to Strasbourg and Kehl and to make this vision a reality. We believe that a world of peace is possible.

No to war.  No to NATO

The activities during the anti-NATO protest will include a demonstration on Saturday
April 4, an international conference from Thursday April 2 to Sunday April 5, direct action and civil disobedience, and an international resistance camp from Wednesday 1st April to Sunday 5th April.

This appeal was agreed on in Stuttgart October 5, 2008.
For the preparatory committee: Reiner Braun / INES and Arielle Denis/ Mouvement de la Paix.

Call for signatures and for large distribution of the appeal
No to War - No to NATO

Anti war and peace organisations across Europe and beyond are calling for mass protests at the 60th Conference of NATO in Strasbourg Baden-Baden/ Kehl from 3 - 5 April 2009. ...read on


Behind Closed Doors

A Report on the Military Influence in UK Universities


Lab work
Photo: Jean Scheijen/sxc.hu

New report by INES member Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR) published June 12, 2008.

A report by UK scientists reveals the secrecy surrounding the growing influence of the military on the research agenda in British universities. Behind Closed Doors, published today by Scientists for Global Responsibility, is the result of an in-depth investigation into 16 of Britain's universities, including some of the most prestigious. Using new data gained under the Freedom of Information Act, the report's authors estimate that the average level of …

read on

National Peace Jirga of Afghanistan and the Cooperation for Peace (Germany)

Joint Declaration

Logos National Peace Jirga of Afghanistan and the Cooperation for Peace (Germany)

Peace is possible in Afghanistan, yet not by the continuation of the war and the repeated escalation of combat activities. Not only the USA plan reinforce their troops massively.
Since July 1st 2008 the first German combat group is on duty.

read on

07.06.2007 - Appeal to G-8 Summit Meeting

Act to Reduce Military Dangers

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility appeal to the leaders of the G-8 summit meeting in Heiligendamm to take the following critical steps for the benefit of all humanity:

Act immediately to return to the original purpose of the United Nations in assuring the prohibition of all warfare and the strengthening of international.

Read on: MerkelG8Appell.pdf (90K)


For a peaceful solution to the Iranian Nuclear Conflict

Initiated by IALANA (International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms)
INES (International Network of Scientists and Engineers for global Responsibility
IPPNW (International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War)
IPB (International Peace Bureau)

International Declaration of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

We, as representatives of NGOs,

  • are united in our demand for a peaceful solution to the current conflict relating to the Iranian nuclear program;
  • demand in accordance with International Law – specifically Article II, Section 4 of the UN Charter – from all parties involved in the conflict to forgo threats of military force and attacks in any phase of the conflict
  • oppose further proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, especially nuclear weapons;

Read on: IRANdeclaration.pdf (113K)


Stop the Outrageous War Against Lebanon!

To the International Peace Movements and Academic Communities

The world community has been highly alarmed by the Israeli all-out war against Lebanese communities and civilians. The Israeli military operations, as reported by the news media, have been totally disproportionate as a response to the capture of two fighting Israeli soldiers by the Hezbollah. The continuation of these Israeli military operations, tacitly supported by the USA, represents a collective punishment of the Lebanese population, a devastation of Lebanese villages and cities and an unprecedented destruction of the basic means of life. Not only were hundreds of civilians killed, but hundreds of thousands were also turned into homeless refugees. The tragedy inflicted on the village of Qana is but the.

Read on: Appeal_Lebanon.pdf (58K)