The INES Global Responsibility Newsletter reports and comments – from a global perspective – on political, technical and societal developments and comprises of regular internal news sections.
Speech by Prof. Dhirendra Sharma at Doon University, Dehradun (India)
There is no civil defense against a nuclear bomb. No hospitals, schools, factories, nursing homes, police -or government offices, fire engines, ambulances, metros, cars, moving and stationary vehicles, homes, temples, mosques, and churches and airports, – all and every thing moveable and immoveable would be instantly engulfed in the thousands Celsius flaming tsunami. The petrol-pump depots would add to the exploding firewalls. Read on
6.-9. August 2012
Remembering Hiroshima & Nagasaki
No More Hiroshima: No More Nagasaki
INES members organized an exhibition in the Peace Museum in Nagpur, India
29. February 2012
Critics of nuclear deals serve foreign interests
By Dhirendra Sharma
Dr. Manmohan Singh has criticed the critics of nuclear deals as serving the foreign interests. It is unbecoming of the prime minister to play politcs when the nuclear issue is not political but calls for science policy assessment.
The scientific community in India and abroad working in atomic establishments had voiced serious doubts about the reliability of nuclear power systems. IAEA reports have said there "will be no nuclear reatcor made in USA." Nuclear power had no future. Therefore, probity demands that the concerned ministries - Energy, Planning Commisison, and Medical Health Council - be invited to assess the advantages and disadvantages for the future generations.
A reactor's designed life is 40-50 years. Thereafter long-term management of decommissioned nuclear plants is a costly and hazardous commitment. Which government would pay for maintenance of useless but dangerous nuclear power plants, say, 50 years from now? Besides, we do not have sufficient qualified and trained human resource to operate the foreign-made reactors.
Still if the Prime Minister thinks it necessary to commit the nation to long-term nuclear programme, Dr. Singh must assure the nation that in the Nuclear deals no "commission" had been paid to any political or individual entity in India or abroad.
Dhirendra Sharma, Centre for Science Policy/Concerned, Scientists & Philosophers,"Nirmal-Nilay", Dehradun 248009 (India). www.psaindia.org
3. February 2012
Post Pokharan: Indian Science, Technology & Society Policy
Article in the Garwhal Post, 3.2.2012, by Dhirendra Sharma
Today, every aspect of life offers an opportunity to see the inter-relations and mutual dependence of three essential human enterprises, namely Science, Technology and Society. All of socio-economic and industrial activities, planning for homes, towns and cities, building schools, hospitals, shopping malls, roads, transport and bridges, river water management, electricity generation, communication, as well as IT and E-governance, call for direct intervention of Science-Techno professionals. The same goes for disaster management, rescue operations and rehabilitation of citizens, the public health services, and all other civic and Defence (War) activities require qualified technical human resources. Read the whole article as pdf:
People's Movement Against the Koodankulam Nuclear Power Project
Over 3000 villagers are on the roads, protesting against a nuclear power plant in Koodankulam. Located in Tirunelveli South Tamilnadu, the plant is gearing up to commission its first two reactors. The 1.000 MW VVER type reactors have been announced in the final stages of an ambitious project that has been touted as the answer to the severe power shortage in Tamil Nadu. But villagers in and around the nuclear plant are on an indefinite strike demanding the complete shutdown of the project. About one hundred of them have been fasting since Monday. Women, men and even children say they have seen the haunting images of the Fukushima nuclear disaster. They now fear for their lives and livelihood and are not ready to face a similar disaster. To read on and see CNN video footage click here.
By September 13th 7,000 residents from coastal areas of Idinthakarai and other villages joined the strikers. To read on click here.
The People’s Movement Against Nuclear Energy produces a field report on the South Asia Citizens Web. To read the field report click here.
We are having a Dharna (sit-in protest) on 27th September 2011 at 3-5 PM in front of the Colachel Municipality to support the agitation going on against Koodamkulam Nuclear Plant, in Idinthakarai.
On this Hiroshima Day, we appeal to India and Pakistan to declare the South Asian Community Nuclear Weapons-Free!
By Dhirendra Sharma
Nuclear Bombs are the Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs). If a nuclear war started either by mistake or with intention, it would lead to mutual assured destruction. There will be no victor, no vanquished. Still the super patriots and the preachers believed that they were responsible people to continue with building the atom bombs for “self-defense”. They claimed that they were sincerely working for peaceful democratic world order. In fact, “ the WMDs for self-defense” is an irrational political reasoning.
Meeting: 10:00 -12:30
Venue: The Manthan Sabhagar, Dilaram Bazar (near Madhuban Hotel), Dehradun, India
With the development of Hydrogen bombs and Ballistic missiles, the humans have become an endangered species. Concerned scientists had concluded that in a nuclear war, there will be no victor, no vanquished. There is No-Self Defense or Civil Defense against the nuclear weapons. For in a Nuclear war, the Defense Forces would not be able to perform their patriotic duty for which they were trained. No Nation State, therefore, can claim Sovereign right to mortgage life and liberties of future generations.
Therefore, this Hiroshima Day, we affirm our resolve to make the World nuclear-free and call upon India and Pakistan to give up the Weapons of Mass Destruction and make the South Asian Community Free of the Nuclear Weapons.
Contact: Dhirendra Sharma, Centre for Science Policy/Concerned Scientists & Philosophers, "Nirmal-Nilay", Dehradun 248009 (India).
+(0135) 2735 627.Mob. 989788 3741, www.psaindia.org
29. 4. 2011
Nuclear Power is a Science Policy Issue. Stop the Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant
By Dr. Dhirendra Sharma
On April 26th as the science community commemorated the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986 we tried to re-assess the feasibility and sustainability of nuclear power.
The Fukushima nuclear tragedy in Japan also warned the world against the nuclear path. Many anti-nuclear marches took place around the world. In India thousands marched from the disabled Tarapur Nuclear Plant to the proposed Jaitapur opposing the nuclear power project. But the Minister for Environment and Forests Jairam Ramesh made a highly irresponsible and irrational statement that “the Jaitapur nuclear project was a fait accompli.” As the Man Mohan Singh government had refused to halt the project. Read on
14. December 2010
The Indian Committee for Sane Nuclear Policy demands cancellation of the French Areva Nuclear reactor agreement
By Dhirendra Sharma
Two days before French President Nicolas Sarkozy’s visit to Mumbai, thousands of villagers from Jaitpur nuclear project site, marched against setting up of the French nuclear power plant on their agricultural land. Thousands of peaceful members of various trade unions and concerned citizens led by Konkan Bachao Samiti (KBS) and
Janahit Seva Samiti protested against the French Nuclear deals.
Some two thousand protestors were arrested, including a former HighCourt Judge Mr. B.G. Kolse-Patil, and the convenor of the KBS, Ms.Vaishali Patil.
Long term Nuclear Deals completed today will adversely affect life and liberty of next generations.
By Dhirendra Sharma
“There is no issue more urgent than the democratic control of nuclear power which was born in secrecy for destruction purposes,” said Mr. Tony Benn, Former British Energy Minister (1974-79).
It is for the constitutional probity, therefore, to be strictly operate to see that nuclear business does not violate the rights and liberty of future generations. The Indian government now announced its long-term nuclear commitment to generate 40,000 megawatts by 2030. The Prime Minister describes the Nuclear Deal as an attractive offer to help India meet its high-energy demands. But the Government, in formulating the Nuclear Deals, had not conducted interdepartmental discussions with the concerned ministries - Energy, Planning, Finance, Environment, and the Department of Science & Technology.
Appeal to the Indian Parliament to declare the entire South Asian sub-continent as a Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone.
By Dhirendra Sharma
On 6 August 1945, in total disregard of the basic tenets of science and civilization, the first Atom Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, which created a new war paradigm: destroy an entire city. On 9 August, the second atom bomb destroyed the city of Nagasaki. The sole purpose of creating the nuclear war science was to destroy and dominate other human beings. The Law of War, for 5000 years human history, avoided killing unarmed civilians and women, children, the sick and wounded were always protected. But at that hour, thousands of wounded soldiers and the sick civilians were in Hiroshima and Nagasaki hospitals. Tens of thousands of unarmed citizens – Buddhist and Christians, irrespective of gender, region and religion were killed instantly. The law of warfare was thus violated by a technically advanced democratic state that swore In God We Trust and claimed to follow the Christian morality.
A Concerned Citizens’ Memorandum on Nuclear Policy to the Prime Minister of India
By Dhirendra Sharma
No Parliamentary Committee had discussed the reliability and performance of a “Peaceful Nuclear” programme. Yet, our government has been negotiating nuclear deals with seven countries, including the United States and France, costing the nation more than US$ 150 billion. In view of the Bhopal fiasco, we, the young citizens and scientists ask the government to re-assess the social cost of the long-term Nuclear Power programme.
The post-Chernobyl accident (1986) studies and research have “reaffirmed what an abyss will open if nuclear (accident or) war befalls mankind. Inherent in the nuclear arsenals stockpiled are thousands upon thousands of potential disasters far more horrible than the Chernobyl one,’ concluded Dr. Mould in “Chernobyl: The Real
Story”(March 1988; ISBN-13: 978-0080357188).
In Europe thousands of animals were destroyed and helicopters, vehicles, buildings, machines, tools, roads, soil, trees, and forests were contaminated and abandoned.
The recent visit of the Japanese Prime Minister Mr. Yukio Hatoyama offered an opportunity for India to lead the United Nations towards a Nuclear weapons free world order. Japan and India can respond to challenges of the 21st century. It is an historical irony that the Japanese premier, asked New Delhi to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and to accept the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
The A-bomb dome in Hiroshima Photo: Alexander Warnolf/www.sxc.hu
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Rememberance Events in India
The Indian Institute for Peace, Disarmament & Environmental Protection (IIPDEP) in collaboration with INES and International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) is organizing events on the occasion of remembering Hiroshima - Nagasaki Bombing Days, from 6th August to 9th August 2008 at Nagpur, India.