An agenda for engineering
This is the ﬁrst UNESCO report on engineering, and indeed the ﬁrst report on engineering at the international level. With a focus on development, the Report has been produced in response to calls to address what was perceived as a particular need and serious gap in the literature. The Report has been developed by UNESCO, the intergovernmental organization responsible for science, including engineering, in conjunction with individual engineers and the main international engineering organizations: the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), the International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences (CAETS) and the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC). Many distinguished engineers and engineering organizations were invited to contribute to the Report, and responded overwhelmingly with articles, photographs and their time on an entirely voluntary basis – underlining the commitment and enthusiasm of the engineering community to this pioneering enterprise.
The Report is a platform for the presentation and discussion of the role of engineering in development, with particular reference to issues, challenges and opportunities. Overall global issues and challenges include: the need to reduce poverty, promote sustainable social and economic development and address the other UN Millennium Development Goals; globalization; and the need to bridge the digital and broader technological and knowledge divides. Speciﬁc emerging issues and challenges include: climate change mitigation and adaptation and the urgent need to move to a low-carbon future; the recent ﬁnancial and economic crisis and recession – the worst since the 1930s; and calls for increased investment in infrastructure, engineering capacity and associated research and development. At the same time, many countries are concerned about the apparent decline in interest and enrolment of young people, especially young women, in engineering, science and technology. What eﬀect will this have on capacity and development, particularly in developing countries already aﬀected by brain-drain?
The Report sheds new light on the need to:
- develop public and policy awareness and understanding of engineering, aﬃrming the role of engineering as the driver of innovation, social and economic development;
- develop information on engineering, highlighting the urgent need for better statistics and indicators on engineering (such as how many and what types of engineers a country has and needs – which was beyond the scope of this Report);
- transform engineering education, curricula and teaching methods to emphasize relevance and a problem-solving approach to engineering
- more eﬀectively innovate and apply engineering and technology to global issues and challenges such as poverty reduction, sustainable development and climate change – and urgently develop greener engineering and lower carbon technology.
The Report shows that the possible solutions to many of these issues, challenges and opportunities are interconnected. For example, a clear ﬁnding is that when young people, the wider public and policy-makers see information and indicators show that engineering, innovation and technology are part of the solution to global issues, their attention and interest are raised they are attracted to engineering. The Report is an international response to the pressing need for the engineering to engage with both these wider audiences and the private sector in promoting such an agenda for engineering – and for the world.
Download full report: unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0018/001897/189753e.pdf