INES INFORMATION SERVICE
The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.
The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.
Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS firstname.lastname@example.org
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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 18/2006, November 2006
1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT
- IAEA Chief Urges Ban on Nuclear Tests by Joseph Coleman
- Annan fears world paralysis on nuclear arms threat by Irwin Arieff
- The Next Act by Seymour M. Hersh
- Iran agrees to open nuclear records
- Two Sides of the Same Coin: Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Disarmament by the Foreign Ministers of Germany and Norway, Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Jonas Gahr-Støre
- Dangerous Nuclear Science, Editorial Daily Times
- Where the Bombs Are
2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS
- Tell the "Union of Concerned Scientists" about Emerging Abuses of Science
- 7th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates, Nov. 17-19; 2006; Rome
- Plutonium looks good for its age. Scientists report nuke resupply not urgent by Ian Hoffman
3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
- Climate Change Killed Australia Pre-Historic Animals
- U.S. Opposes European Global Warming Cuts Scheme for Airliners by John Heilprin
- Ghana: Promoting Development Through Ecotourism by Richmond d'Almeida
- EU Tries to Combat Climate Change with Tough CO2 Cut
- Global Warming Could Disrupt GPS Satellites, Study Says by Richard A. Lovett
- Anti-TB drug "could reduce HIV/AIDS deaths" by Gideon Munaabi
- Kyoto moves forward - at a slow pace, FoE Press Release
4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES
- The massive nuclear power plant in West Bengal scaring local people in Midnapur
- Implications of the US-India nuclear deal and the task for the international peace movement by Zia Mian
5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES
- Stop Complex 2030! Say No to New Nuclear Weapons! Take Action!
- Water and Development by Anup Shah
- Chechnya: Research Shows Widespread and Systematic Use of Torture
- Worst Month for Conflict Prevention; CrisisWatch No. 40, 1 December 2006
- NATO Summoned to Change its Nuclear Policy. European Complaint Action in over 50 Cities across Europe, Summary by Hans Lammerant
1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT
IAEA CHIEF URGES BAN ON NUCLEAR TESTS by Joseph Coleman
Nov. 30, 2006 - North Korea's testing of a nuclear device last month illustrates the need for a world ban on such tests, the head of the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency said Thursday.
Mohamed ElBaradei, head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, also called on established nuclear weapon states - such as the U.S. - to move toward nuclear disarmament.
ANNAN FEARS WORLD PARALYSIS ON NUCLEAR ARMS THREAT by Irwin Arieff
Nov. 28, 2006 - "Mutually assured paralysis" has replaced "mutually assured destruction" as the greatest nuclear threat as world leaders fail to act decisively to promote disarmament and stem proliferation, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan warned on Tuesday.
While governments are coming together to address many global threats, "the one area where there is a total lack of any common strategy is the one that may well present the greatest danger of all - the area of nuclear weapons," Annan said in a lecture at Princeton University.
Find the entire article at:
THE NEXT ACT by Seymour M. Hersh
Is a damaged Administration less likely to attack Iran, or more?
Nov. 27, 2006 - A month before the November elections, Vice-President Dick Cheney was sitting in on a national-security discussion at the Executive Office Building. The talk took a political turn: what if the Democrats won both the Senate and the House? How would that affect policy toward Iran, which is believed to be on the verge of becoming a nuclear power? At that point, according to someone familiar with the discussion, Cheney began reminiscing about his job as a lineman, in the early nineteen-sixties, for a power company in Wyoming. Copper wire was expensive, and the linemen were instructed to return all unused pieces three feet or longer. No one wanted to deal with the paperwork that resulted, Cheney said, so he and his colleagues found a solution: putting "shorteners" on the wire - that is, cutting it into short pieces and tossing the leftovers at the end of the workday. If the Democrats won on November 7th, the Vice-President said, that victory would not stop the Administration from pursuing a military option with Iran. The White House would put "shorteners" on any legislative restrictions, Cheney said, and thus stop Congress from getting in its way.
IRAN AGREES TO OPEN NUCLEAR RECORDS
Nov. 25, 2006 - Iran agreed on Thursday to open records to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on its uranium enrichment activities.
Iran's offer to open the operating records of pilot enrichment plant at Natanz could potentially yield key information to agency inspectors that has up to now been off limits.
TWO SIDES OF THE SAME COIN: NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION AND NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT by the Foreign Ministers of Germany and Norway, Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Jonas Gahr-Støre
Nov. 10, 2006 - The security situation in Europe has changed dramatically over the last 20 years. The threat of nuclear annihilation, which dominated strategic thinking throughout the Cold War, has abated - fortunately. Unfortunately, the momentum for arms control and disarmament seems to have followed suit, and we are faced with a different more complex and less predictable - set of challenges to the international non-proliferation and disarmament regime
To read the Speech by Federal Foreign Minister Steinmeier to the German Bundestag on the subject of disarmament and non-proliferation visit
DANGEROUS NUCLEAR SIGNS, Editorial Daily Times
Nov. 6, 2006 - According to reports, at least six Arab countries are developing domestic nuclear power programmes to diversify their energy sources. Out of them, four, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Morocco and Algeria have shown interest in developing nuclear power primarily for water desalination. Since they are Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) members, the IAEA is bound by its charter to help them acquire nuclear technology, but under strict safeguards. The plans of these four for nuclear power plants are at a tertiary stage while those of the two other Arab states, the UAE and Tunisia, are at an infant stage.
For the full article:
WHERE THE BOMBS ARE
Ever wondered where all those nukes are stored?
A new review published in the November/December issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists shows that the United States stores its nearly 10,000 nuclear warheads at 18 locations in 12 states and six European countries.
2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS
TELL THE "UNION OF CONCERNED SCIENTISTS" ABOUT EMERGING ABUSES OF SCIENCE
Do you work in a federal agency or have you participated on a scientific panel where you have seen science compromised? Use the anonymous form to report abuses at:
UCS is an independent nonprofit alliance of more than 100,000 concerned citizens and scientists. We augment rigorous scientific analysis with innovative thinking and committed citizen advocacy to build a cleaner, healthier environment and a safer world. [...] UCS was founded in 1969 by faculty members and students at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology who were concerned about the misuse of science and technology in society. Their statement called for the redirection of scientific research to pressing environmental and social problems.
7th WORLD SUMMIT OF NOBEL PEACE LAUREATES; 17-19, 2006; Rome
The Rome Declaration of Nobel Peace Laureates
We, Nobel Peace Laureates and Laureate Organizations, gathered in Rome, Italy, have for years been deeply disturbed by the lack of public attention and political will at the highest levels of state paid to the need to eliminate nuclear weapons. There are over 27,000 of these devices threatening civilization, with over 95% in the hands of Russia and the US. This danger threatens everyone and thus every person must work to eliminate this risk before it eliminates us.
Download the Final Statement (pdf):
Plutonium looks good for its age. Scientists report nuke resupply not urgent by Ian Hoffman
Nov. 29, 2006 - An elite panel of scientists relying on research at the nations two nuclear-weapons design labs says in a report delivered to Congress as early as today that U.S. weapons plutonium lasts almost a century, virtually eliminating a top reason that Bush administration officials have offered for making new bombs and warheads.
The report says that plutonium in the United States nuclear arsenal remains viable at least 90 years for the most finely tuned warheads, much longer for bigger, beefier designs. Thats twice an earlier minimum estimate of plutonium lifetime of 45 years and almost three times the age of the oldest weapons in the arsenal.
3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
CLIMATE CHANGE KILLED AUSTRALIA PRE-HISTORIC ANIMALS
Dec. 01, 2006 - Giant kangaroos and wombats bigger than cars which once roamed Australia were killed by climate change and not human hunters, Australian scientists said on Thursday.
U.S. OPPOSES EUROPEAN GLOBAL WARMING CUTS SCHEME FOR AIRLINERS by John Heilprin
Dec. 01, 2006 - The Bush administration opposes European plans to require airlines to curb greenhouse gases on grounds it would unfairly disadvantage U.S. carriers.
GHANA: PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT THROUGH ECOTOURISM by Richmond d'Almeida
Nov. 30, 2006 - Ecotourism means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotation. It is also a concept-tourism movement and as a tourism section. It is typically defined as travel to destinations where the flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attraction.
Its conception dates back in the late 1980's, but came to the limelight in 2002, when the United Nations celebrated the "International Year of Ecotourism". This celebration was a watershed event, but was not created with those who had pioneered the niche.
EU TRIES TO COMBAT CLIMATE CHANGE WITH TOUGH CO2 CUT
Nov. 30, 2006 - The European Commission sharpened its main weapon for fighting climate change on Wednesday, drawing fire from EU governments after demanding cuts in their carbon dioxide emissions plans for 2008-2012.
Read the full article:
GLOBAL WARMING COULD DISRUPT GPS SATELLITES, STUDY SAYS by Richard A. Lovett
Nov. 29, 2006 - A buildup of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere could require changes in the way satellites are launched and might impact the function of global positioning systems (GPS), an international team of atmospheric scientists suggests.
ANTI-TB DRUG "COULD REDUCE HIV/AIDS DEATHS" by Gideon Munaabi
Nov. 29, 2006 - A South African tuberculosis expert has called for a cheap and readily available drug for tuberculosis prevention to be given to all HIV-positive children not receiving antiretroviral treatment.
KYOTO MOVES FORWARDS - AT A SLOW PACE, FoE Press Release
Nov. 21, 2006 - Modest agreements were reached at the United Nations climate change talks that ended here today (Friday). Representatives from 165 countries discussed ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions beyond 2012 under the existing Kyoto Protocol, which is the only international legally binding treaty to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases
4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES
THE MASSIVE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT IN WEST BENGAL SCARING LOCAL PEOPLE IN MIDNAPUR
Nov. 18, 2006 - While it is good for West Bengal and India, the local people are really scared to have the radioactivity in their door step. They are concerned about pollution, India's inability to contain contamination of the environment and regard it as a natural disaster of huge proportion imparted on them by New Delhi.
IMPLICATIONS OF THE US-INDIA NUCLEAR DEAL AND THE TASK FOR THE INTERNATIONAL PEACE MOVEMENT by Zia Mian
Nov. 17, 2006 - The US Congress has passed legislation enabling the 2005 US-India nuclear deal to go forward. This deal may accelerate the nuclear arms in South Asia.
5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES
STOP COMPLEX 2030! SAY NO TO NEW NUCLEAR WEAPONS
Stop the Nuclear Bombplex
The Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), which is responsible for maintaining the United States' nuclear weapons arsenal, is designing new nuclear weapons. These new designs are being prepared under the so-called Reliable Replacement Warhead Program (RRW). To begin industrial production of these new weapons, the NNSA has proposed an expensive, dangerous and unnecessary overhaul of the current nuclear complex. The resulting Bombplex will mean new facilities for new nuclear weapons development and maintenance.
New nukes in the US mean new nukes in other countries!
Designing and building new nuclear weapons will encourage other countries to follow the same path, ultimately leading to a new nuclear arms race. At a time when the United States is trying to convince North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program, Iran to halt uranium enrichment and the rest of the world to abstain from developing nuclear weapons, we should not be taking actions that encourage other countries to develop or expand their nuclear weapons capabilities. We should be dismantling our existing weapons, not developing new ones.
The Bombplex and RRW violate international law!
Article VI of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, of which the United States is both a signatory and one of the chief architects, says that the United States is obligated to engage in effective multilateral efforts leading to nuclear disarmament. By defying international law and building a new generation of nuclear weapons, the United States is hindering international non-proliferation initiatives and crippling international nuclear disarmament efforts.
The NNSA is wasting money by replacing nuclear weapons that ARE proven reliable and that will last for decades!
The NNSA has said that the Reliable Replacement Warhead is necessary to replace aging nuclear weapons in the US arsenal. The NNSA already spends billions of dollars every year making sure our nuclear arsenal is reliable and will last for decades. The Government Accounting Office has estimated that simply building the Bombplex will cost an additional $150 billion. According to a currently unreleased study conducted by the nuclear labs themselves, the nuclear weapons we have now could last as long as 100 years! The reality is that we don't need to waste money on nuclear weapons that will continue to be functional long into the future.
The DOE is legally required to listen to what you have to say!
This is your chance to be heard! The DOE has released a Notice of Intent for the Bombplex. Until January 17, 2007, they are required to hold public hearings around the country where you can comment. You can also submit comments through this email! Write to the NNSA today to tell them that the Bombplex is wrong!
Public hearing schedule can be found at:
WATER AND DEVELOPMENT by Anup Shah
Much of the world lives without access to clean water. Privatization of water resources, promoted as a means to bring business efficiency into water service management, has instead led to reduced access for the poor around the world as prices for these essential services have risen. This article looks into this issue in further detail below
CHECHNYA: RESEARCH SHOWS WIDESPREAD AND SYSTEMATIC USE OF TORTURE
UN Committee against Torture Must Get Commitments From Russia to Stop Torture
Nov. 13, 2006 - Torture in both official and secret detention facilities is widespread and systematic in Chechnya, Human Rights Watch said in a briefing paper issued today, just as the UN Committee against Torture concluded its review of Russia.
WORST MONTH FOR CONFLICT PREVENTION; CrisisWatch No. 40, 1 December 2006
November overtook July 2006 as the worst month for conflict prevention since CrisisWatch began publication 40 months ago. Fourteen situations deteriorated in November, with seven conflict risk alerts (in anticipation of new or significantly escalated conflict). Improvements were noted during November in only three situations, and no new conflict resolution opportunities were identified for the coming month.
Download full report (pdf):
NATO SUMMONED TO CHANGE ITS NUCLEAR POLICY. EUROPEAN COMPLAINT ACTION IN OVER 50 CITIES ACROSS EUROPE
A Summary by Hans Lammerant
Bombspotting and Greenpeace activists notify today at NATO a citizens summons to NATO secretary general De Hoop-Scheffer, asking to change NATO nuclear policy at the Riga Summit by withdrawing and dismantling of the nuclear weapons still deployed in European NATO members.
This citizens summons concludes a month of complaint actions done all over Europe resulting from a joint Bombspotting and Greenpeace initiative. Citizens filed a complaint to stop the preparation of war crimes by deploying nuclear weapons and preparing for its use.
The citizens summons and the complaints filed all over Europe demand the enforcement of international humanitarian law. The International Court of Justice indicated in its Advisory Opinion from 1996 the rules of international law applying to nuclear weapons. The use or threat of nuclear weapons is contrary to these rules of international law, because nuclear weapons cause unnecessary suffering and are indiscriminate.The complaint points out the complicity of governments in NATO nuclear decision-making and consequent responsibility and requests that the police take the relevant national judicial route to hold governments accountable to the rules of international law. The citizens summons demands NATO to change its nuclear policy at the Riga summit by putting an end to the role of nuclear weapons in its strategy and withdrawing and dismantling all remaining nuclear weapons.
The complaint actions took place all over Europe:
In Spain, complaint actions in Valencia and Madrid triggered a series of actions across the country, from Alcoi and Avila to Salamca. The call for action even got across the sea and reached Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, where 10 people filed complaints on November 23rd. More complaints will be filed are today in Alaquas and Sevilla. (more on www.antimilitaristas.org)
Frankfurt am Main gave the kick-off for Germany. Actions in Stuttgart, München, Nürnberg, Wetzlar, Alpirsbach, Schwäbisch Gmünd and Ebersbach/Fils soon followed. In Wetzlar, peace activists did a demonstration before going to the police office, carrying a banner saying "Either we get rid of the bomb, or it gets rid of us." (more on www.pressehuette.de and www.gaaa.org)
In Norwich (Norfolk, UK), over 30 supporters turned up with colourful banners representing local groups including the Norwich Quaker Meeting, Norwich CND, the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), Norwich and District Peace Council and Norfolk Campaign against the Arms Trade (CAAT). They walked around part of the city centre and demonstrated in front of the police station while the letter of complaint was officially filed. Other complaint actions took place in the Bournemouth (Dorset), Bungay, Halesworth and Newmarket (Suffolk), Norwich (Norfolk), Plymouth (Devon) and Sussex. More complaint actions are to be expected today in Sussex, in at least 3 police stations in Essex, in Mildenhall (Suffolk), at MOD police at Lakenheath, Ipswich, Colchester, Cambridge, Cromer, Helensburgh and Bristol. (www.cnduk.org)
In Belgium hundreds of citizens collectively sent a bailiff with a citizens summons to Prime minister Verhofstadt. In earlier complaints actions in Belgium, in 2002 and 2004, more than a thousand complaints were filed. (more on www.bombspotting.be)
Italy will close this series of complaint actions. Local Greenpeace groups prepare for complaint actions in Rome, Padova, Firenze, Genova, Palermo, Modena, Arezzo, Milano, Como, Crema, Torino, Bari, Salerno, Cuneo, Ancona, Napoli, Genzano,... (www.greenpeace.it)
Also in Turkey and Portugal complaint actions took place
The legal complaints in 14 languages, and a step-by-step instructions page on how to file it, were put online on www.bombspotting.be This way, people could very easily join the complaint action. This accounts for several 'spontaneous' and individual complaint actions.
Last month NATO condemned North Korea's nuclear test as "an extremely serious threat to peace and security in the world. At the same time NATO continues to maintain these weapons in Europe. "Every day that US nuclear weapons remain in Europe and, that NATO maintains plans for their use, international law is being broken. While we support the criticism of North Korea in developing nuclear weapons the position of NATO is severely undermined by their own flagrant disregard for the law. NATO should put its own nuclear house in order and eliminate its own extremely serious threat to peace and security," said Bombspotting campaigner Fabien Rondal.
Wendel Trio from Greenpeace added "on 28th and 29th November NATO's state leaders will meet in Riga, Latvia, to begin a process to review the mandate of the Alliance. This is an opportunity for European leaders to meet their own obligation to disarm the world of nuclear weapons and to do what the majority of people in Europe want by removing US nuclear weapons from European soil."