INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi



The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html




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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 17/2006, November 2006




1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- France: New Long-Range Missile Fired by John Tagliabue


- Depleted uranium risk "ignored"


- China backs ASEAN anti-nuke treaty by Richard McGregor


- Can We Change Our Thinking? by David Krieger


- North Korea's Nuclear Test: Turning Crisis into Opportunity by David Krieger


- North Korea Has Enough Plutonium for Multiple Bombs




2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- New discipline developed by Hebrew University researcher leads to 1st international study group


- Simple eye test can diagnose severe malaria


- Free Trade and Bio-Prospecting: Opportunities for Peru by Manuel Ruiz Muller




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- With clock ticking on climate change, Annan calls for preventive and adaptive steps now


- EU environment chief applauds Stern report by Anne-France White


- UNEP Launches Campaign to Plant a Billion Trees


- Young people say not enough is being done to tackle climate change; FoE Press Release


- The birth of a quieter, greener plane by Tim Bowler




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Nuclear not the answer; FoE Press Release


- World risks "dirty" energy future


- Six Arab Countries Look to Nuclear Power: Report by Reuters




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- INTED 2007 - International Technology, Education and Development Conference, March 7-9, 2007, Valencia, Spain


- Bombspotting: Getting rid of nuclear weapons




6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- The 2006 Human Development Report


- Most countries vote for an Arms Trade Treaty


- Israel/Hizbollah/Lebanon: Avoiding Renewed Conflict




7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


- New Book by Francis A. Boyle: "Destroying World Order. U.S. Imperaliasm in the Middle East Before and After September 11th"


- Interesting homepage: GRACE Energy Initiative


- Another interesting homepage: iGSE Project




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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT





FRANCE: NEW LONG-RANGE MISSILE FIRED by John Tagliabue


Nov. 10, 2006 - France successfully fired its new submarine-launched long-range M51 missile over the Atlantic in its first experimental test flight, the Defense Ministry said. The missile is designed to carry six thermonuclear warheads and has a range of up to 6,000 miles.


Source:

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/10/world/europe/10briefs-FRANCENEWLON_BRF.html?_r=1&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&adxnnlx=1163183854-hoX5uaiCFlVczXJbNMEVSQ



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DEPLETED URANIUM RISK "IGNORED"


Nov. 1, 2006 - Both British and US troops have used depleted uranium in Iraq

UK and US forces have continued to use depleted uranium weapons despite warnings they pose a cancer risk, a BBC investigation has found.


Scientists have pointed to health statistics in Iraq, where the weapons were used in the 1991 and 2003 wars.


Read the entire article:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6105726.stm



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CHINA BACKS ASEAN ANTI-NUKE TREATY by Richard McGregor


Oct. 30, 2006 18:57 - China on Monday announced that it would sign a treaty establishing a "nuclear weapons free" zone in south-east Asia, a largely symbolic move that signals its increasing willingness to forge closer ties with regional nations.


Read:

http://www.ft.com/cms/s/3bc51094-6847-11db-90ac-0000779e2340.html



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CAN WE CHANGE OUR THINKING? by David Krieger


Oct. 26, 2005 - I want to return to what may seem an old theme, but one that remains critically important. More than fifty years ago, Albert Einstein warned, "The splitting of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking, and thus we drift toward unparalleled catastrophe."  I would like to explore what Einstein meant in reference to changing our "modes of thinking."

I believe Einstein was referring to humankind's continued reliance on force as a means of settling differences as the old way of thinking. He believed that in the Nuclear Age reliance on force was pushing us toward catastrophe. Einstein's warning was a recognition that with the advent of nuclear weapons, the use of force - a long-standing currency in the international system - placed not only countries but civilization and even humanity itself at risk, making force as a means of resolving disputes between nations too dangerous to be acceptable. If we are to move away from reliance on force to resolve conflicts, we must substitute something else in its place. What must take the place of threat or use of force is honest diplomacy, a willingness to engage in continuous dialogue with the goal of resolving even major differences between nations. That was the purpose for which the United Nations was created in June 1945, less than a month before the first test of an atomic weapon by the United States.


Read the full article:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2006/10/26_krieger_thinking.htm


Source: The Sunflower, November 2006, No. 112



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NORTH KOREA'S NUCLEAS TEST: TURNING CRISIS INTO OPPORTUNITY by David Krieger


Oct. 17, 2006 - To gain perspective on the North Korean nuclear test on October 9th, a global overview is helpful. Globally, there have been more than 2,000 nuclear tests since the inception of the Nuclear Age. The United States has conducted 1054 nuclear weapons tests, including 331 atmospheric tests. India and Pakistan joined the nuclear club in 1998 with multiple nuclear tests, and received much international condemnation. Today, however, the Bush administration wants to change the US non-proliferation laws as well as international agreements in order to provide India with nuclear technology and materials. The Bush administration is also silent on Israel's nuclear arsenal.


Clearly, the Bush administration does not treat nuclear weapons as the problem, but rather specific regimes that might possess them - acceptable for some countries, but not for others. In adopting this posture, the US promotes an untenable nuclear double standard. Countries like North Korea and Iran, having been branded as part of the "Axis of Evil" and having seen what happened to the regime in Iraq at the hands of the US, are encouraged to develop nuclear weapons if only to prevent US aggression against them.


Read more:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2006/10/17_krieger_korea.htm


Source: The Sunflower, November 2006, No. 112



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NORTH KOREA HAS ENOUGH PLUTONIUM FOR MULTIPLE BOMBS


Article in: The Sunflower, November 2006, No. 112


South Korea's Defense Ministry has reported that North Korea is believed to have a stockpile of 110 pounds of plutonium.


In a report leaked to the press on 27 October, the Defense Ministry stated that North Korea had enough plutonium to build six or seven nuclear weapons and 28 jet bombers that could be used to carry a nuclear bomb.


This report was presented the day after North Korea conducted its first ever nuclear weapons test. In the past few weeks, Pyongyang has been rebuked by the international community for its actions.  The report also claimed that North Korea's motives behind the test were to compensate for the failure of missile tests conducted earlier this year.


Most recently, many suspect that North Korean scientists are developing nuclear missile capabilities by integrating nuclear and missile technology. South Korean officials think that Pyongyang is still a few years away from this goal.


Recently, nuclear experts have expressed fears that Pyongyang's test and technology development could spark an arms race in South East Asia.


Sources:

"North Korea could return to nuclear talks, Putin says," Global Security Network, 26 October 2006.

"North Korea may have up to 50kg of plutonium," Agence France-Presse, 26 October 2006.




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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




NEW DISCIPLINE DEVELOPED BY HEBREW UNIVERSITY RESEARCHER LEADS TO 1st INTERNATIONAL STUDY GROUP


Nov. 11, 2006 - Movement ecology is on the move, with the world's first international research group on this topic having begun its work this fall at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Institute for Advanced Studies


Movement ecology is a developing academic pursuit, combining expertise in a variety of fields, including biology, ecology, botany, environmental science, physics, mathematics, virology and others.


For the full article please visit:

http://www.innovations-report.de/html/berichte/umwelt_naturschutz/bericht-73791.html



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SIMPLE EYE TEST CAN DIAGNOSE SEVERE MALARIA


Nov. 8, 2006 - Cerebral malaria can be diagnosed by a simple eye examination, a method that is both quick and cheap and could save thousands of lives in malarial regions, a new study shows.


Read:

http://www.scidev.net/content/news/eng/simple-eye-test-can-diagnose-severe-malaria.cfm



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FREE TRADE AND BIO-PROSPECTING: OPPORTUNITIES FOR PERU by Manuel Ruiz Muller


Oct. 27, 2006 - Opportunities to develop bio-prospecting in Peru are on the rise. This article describes the initiatives and proposals that have paved the way towards this development on the basis of current legislation. The Trade Promotion Agreement (TPA) with the United States contains potentials for this goal.


Relationships are evermore apparent among conservation, sustainable profits of biodiversity and the possibilities of scientific, economic and social development. In that sense, bio-prospecting, bio-technology and intellectual property make up critical variables that interrelate in terms of the debate on access, use, rights and control of the components of biodiversity. This is especially true as far as their application and use in the field of research, in pharmaceutical and agro-industrial development, the cosmetic sector, nutritional supplements, bio-remedies, and the food industry, among others.


More:

http://www.livinginperu.com/blogs/business/190




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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




WITH CLOCK TICKING ON CLIMATE CHANGE, ANNAN CALLS FOR PREVENTIVE AND ADAPTIVE STEPS NOW


Nov. 9, 2006 - With a major United Nations conference on climate change underway in Nairobi, Kenya, amid new ominous reports on the global dangers involved, Secretary-General Kofi Annan is calling for urgent action now in both the preventive and adaptive fields before it is too late.


More:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=20545&Cr=climate&Cr1=change



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EU ENVIRONMENT CHIEF APPLAUDS STERN REPORT by Anne-France White


Nov. 9, 2006 - EU environment commissioner Stavros Dimas has lauded the Stern report on climate change, saying it has raised awareness of global warming.


The much-publicised report by economist Nicholas Stern, released on October 30, suggests that global warming could shrink the global economy by 20 per cent.


Read:

http://www.eupolitix.com/EN/News/200611/5de133b1-fbac-4279-972b-4b1c3ed58b6f.htm



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UNEP LAUNCHES CAMPAIGN TO PLANT A BILLION TREES


Wangari Maathai, Prince of Monaco and Agroforestry Experts Back Global Down-to-Earth Action to Combat Climate Change


Nov. 8 2006 - The vital importance of voluntary collective action in the fight against climate change is spotlighted today with the launch of a new campaign to plant a billion trees.


The Plant for the Planet: Billion Tree Campaign, coordinated by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), will encourage all sectors of society - from the concerned citizen to the philanthropic corporation - to take small but practical steps to combat what is probably the key challenge of the 21st century.


More:

http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=485&ArticleID=5417&l=en



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YOUNG PEOPLE SAY NOT ENOUGH IS BEING DONE TO TACKLE CLIMATE CHANGE; FoE Press Release


Nov. 6, 2006 - Almost two thirds of young people believe we aren't doing enough to tackle climate change, a new survey reveals today (6 November) [1]. Friends of the Earth polled 1000 young people asking them for their view on climate change as part of a Shout about climate solutions week from 6 - 10 November. This nationwide week of activity will see some 1800 schools and youth groups working on projects ranging from making mini wind turbines to carrying out their own school energy audit.


Read:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/young_people_say_not_enoug_03112006.html



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THE BIRTH OF A QUIETER, GREENER PLANE by Tim Bowler


Nov. 6, 2006 - More and more of us fly every year. As we do so, the political pressure to act to curb greenhouse gas emissions from planes is rising.


Now a team of researchers in Britain and the US has come up with a revolutionary new aircraft design that could make a dramatic contribution to curbing climate change.


Read:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/6113418.stm




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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




NUCLEAR NOT THE ANSWER; FoE Press Release


Nov. 7, 2006 - The International Energy Agency is right to warn of the economic and environmental threats of a continued use of dirty fossil fuels, Friends of the Earth said today, but the organisation said there was no case for nuclear power to be part of the future energy mix.


The environmental organisation said that nuclear power was a dangerous distraction from the safe solutions to the global crises of climate change


Read:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/nuclear_not_the_answer_07112006.html



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WORLD RISKS "DIRTY" ENERGY FUTURE


Nov. 7, 2006 - The world could be dependent on "dirty, insecure and expensive" energy by 2030, an influential report has warned.


More:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6107916.stm



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SIX ARAB COUNTRIES LOOK TO NUCLEAR POWER: Report by Reuters


Nov. 4, 2006 - At least six Arab countries are developing domestic nuclear power programs to diversify energy sources, a Middle East economic magazine reported on Saturday.


Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Morocco and Algeria have shown interest in developing nuclear power primarily for water desalination, the Middle East Economic Digest (MEED) quoted Tomihiro Taniguchi, deputy director-general of the Vienna-based International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), as saying.


More:

http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/world/international-nuclear-arabs.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin




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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




INTED 2007 - INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, EDUCATION AND DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE, March 7-9, 2007, Valencia, Spain


On behalf of theOrganizing Committee we would like to invite you to participate in the International Technology, Education and Development Conference in Valencia (Spain) on March, 7th, 8th and 9th , 2007


The general objective of theconference is the promotion of international collaboration in the field of technology, engineering and science education.provides an International Forum for researchers, engineers, professors, educational scientists and technologists in the areas of Education, Science and Technology. It will be an excellent opportunity to present, demonstrate and discuss research, development, applications, and the latest innovations and results in the field of Higher Education and Industry.


We would like to strongly encourage you to submit presentation abstracts and participate in the in Valencia to share your achievements in the fields of education and international collaboration. The deadline for submitting abstracts is December 1st, 2006.


In addition to the technical aspects of the program, ourwebsite provides you with tourist information about our beautiful city of Valencia and its surroundings.


We look forward to seeing you in Valencia in March, 2007!


The Organizing Committee.


For further information visit:

http://www.iated.org/inted2007/



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BOMBSPOTTING: Getting rid of nuclear weapons


Visit:

http://www.vredesactie.be/campaign.php?id=12




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6. DOCUMENTATIONS




THE 2006 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT

Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis


Throughout history water has confronted humanity with some of its greatest challenges. Water is a source of life and a natural resource that sustains our environments and supports livelihoods - but it is also a source of risk and vulnerability. In the early 21st Century, prospects for human development are threatened by a deepening global water crisis. Debunking the myth that the crisis is the result of scarcity, this report argues poverty, power and inequality are at the heart of the problem.


In a world of unprecedented wealth, almost 2 million children die each year for want of a glass of clean water and adequate sanitation. Millions of women and young girls are forced to spend hours collecting and carrying water, restricting their opportunities and their choices. And water-borne infectious diseases are holding back poverty reduction and economic growth in some of the world's poorest countries.


Beyond the household, competition for water as a productive resource is intensifying. Symptoms of that competition include the collapse of water-based ecological systems, declining river flows and large-scale groundwater depletion. Conflicts over water are intensifying within countries, with the rural poor losing out. The potential for tensions between countries is also growing, though there are large potential human development gains from increased cooperation.


The Human Development Report continues to frame debates on some of the most pressing challenges facing humanity. Human Development Report 2006:


- Investigates the underlying causes and consequences of a crisis that leaves 1.2 billion people without access to safe water and 2.6 billion without access to sanitation

- Argues for a concerted drive to achieve water and sanitation for all through national strategies and a global plan of action

- Examines the social and economic forces that are driving water shortages and marginalizing the poor in agriculture

- Looks at the scope for international cooperation to resolve cross-border tensions in water management

- Includes special contributions from Gordon Brown and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, President Lula, President Carter, and the UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan.


Visit:

http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/



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MOST COUNTRIES VOTE FOR AN ARMS TRADE TREATY


The majority of the world's countries at the United Nations General Assembly voted for the idea of an Arms Trade Treaty. Only the United States voted against it, while many other countries that were against the idea abstained. Such a treaty does not look to ban all arms trade, but hopes to close various loopholes and other weaknesses in existing codes of conduct to ensure arms do not make their way to human rights violators. Many arms sold by leading exporters, such as the US, Britain, France, Russia, China, and others have often been found in conflict zones.


See:

http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/ArmsTrade/CodeOfConduct.asp



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ISRAEL/HIZBOLLAH/LEBANON: AVOIDING RENEWED CONFLICT,

International Crisis Group's Middle East Report No. 59, Now. 1, 2006


For an executive summary and recommendations visit:

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4484&l=1


The entire report you can download here (pdf):

http://www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/middle_east___north_africa/arab_israeli_conflict/59_israel_hizbollah_lebanon___avoiding_renewed_conflict.pdf



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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS




NEW BOOK BY FRANCIS A. BOYLE: "Destroying World Order. U.S. Imperaliasm in the Middle East Before and After September 11th"



Synopsis

Since the war in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom, Americans have been surprised to learn that much of the world now views the United States itself as a major threat to global peace. American international legal expert Francis A. Boyle examines the imperial dimensions of U.S. policy in the Middle East, past and present, which may help to account for these views.


In a hard-hitting commentary well-grounded in fact and in law, Boyle addresses the train of U.S. transgressions of international law, leading to havoc in the region, and destabilization of the world system as a whole.  By the presidency of George W. Bush,  U.S. policy had evolved to a public assertion of the right to preemptive war, and its actual implementation.


This book discusses U.S. assistance to Iraq during the Iran/Iraq war, U.S. conduct of the 1990 Gulf War, and the recent wars in Afghanistan and Iraq in relation to their violation of the laws of neutrality, humanitarian law, the laws of war -and the law of the U.S. Constitution.


The concluding chapter provides a guide to impeaching President George W. Bush for lying in leading the nation to war.



Author's Biography

Francis A. Boyle is a leading American professor, practitioner and advocate of international law. He was responsible for drafting the Biological Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989, the American implementing legislation for the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention. He served as Legal Advisor to the Palestinian Delegation to the Middle East Peace Negotiations from 1991 to 1993, served on the Board of Directors of Amnesty International (1988-1992), and represented Bosnia-Herzegovina at the World Court. Professor Boyle teaches international law at the University of Illinois, Champaign and is author of, inter alia, Palestine, Palestinians and International Law, The Criminality of Nuclear Deterrence, Defending Civil Resistance Under International Law, The Future of International Law and American Foreign Policy, Foundations of World Order: The Legalist Approach to International Relations 1898-1921, and The Bosnian People Charge Genocide.


Francis A. Boyle holds a Doctor of Law Magna Cum Laude as well as a Ph.D. in Political Science, both from Harvard University.



For further information visit:

http://www.bookmasters.com/clarity/b0024.htm



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Interesting homepage: GRACE ENERGY INITIATIVE


GRACE Energy Initiative promotes renewable energy, distributed generation, conservation and efficiency programs and the reforms necessary for effective solutions to our energy crisis. To accomplish real energy independence for the United States we advocate freedom from nuclear and fossil fuels and healthy, responsible, community based solutions to energy demand.


The GRACE Energy Initiative works on two fronts: advocating for the responsible phase-out of nuclear power and promoting the already available sustainable energy sources that can create a safe, effective and efficient energy system.


Visit:

http://www.graceenergyinitiative.org/



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Another interesting homepage: iGSE PROJECT


The project, which receives funding from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation for the first project phase (until the end of 2006), addresses the most significant gap and largest challenge for verification of nuclear non-proliferation: the detection of clandestine weapons-usable materials production. The iGSE has been formed to develop and demonstrate technologies and procedures for remote environmental sampling for clandestine nuclear-weapons-usable materials production and other novel methodologies.


The unique features of this project are the combination of the required expertise; the independence of scientists from governmental, diplomatic, and organizational interests; real demonstrations in field tests; coordinated research efforts and common applications for funding; and public availability of the project results.


Visit:

http://www.igse.net/pd.html