INES INFORMATION SERVICE, WNII, Issue 16, December 2007


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organisation concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organisation (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com

INES International Office, ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: David Krieger, dkrieger@napf.org

The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html


PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity information, outstanding documentation as well as announcements.



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Contents and Hotlinks, INES, WNII, Issue 16, December 2007



1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS


* INES Webpage

http://www.inesglobal.org


* A Response to Brown and Deutch by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/11/26_krieger_response_brown_deutch.php


* IPB Conference 'Books or Bombs' Supported by INES, Report by Reiner Braun (INES Activity Coordinator)



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2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT



- WARFARE


* Weather Warfare: Beware the US military's Experiments with Climatic Warfare by Prof. Michel Chossudovsky

http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=7561



- ARMS TREATY


* Russia Pulls Out of Arms Treaty by Stephen Fidler and James Blitz

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/22043711/



- MISSILE DEFENSE


* Russia Slams U.S. Written Proposals on Missile Shield, CFE

http://en.rian.ru/russia/20071123/89356224.html



- NUCLEAR WEAPONS


* An Explanation of Nuclear Weapons Terminology by Steven Starr

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/11/29_starr_explanation_terminology.php.



- PERSPECTIVES


* Seize the Moment for a Nuclear Free World - The Iran Opening by Alice Slater

http://www.counterpunch.org/slater12072007.html


* German Greens say "Yes" to ICAN

http://www.ippnw.eu/article/My_cup_of_tea.html


* *Nuclear Weapon Free - My Cup of Tea

http://www.ippnw.eu/article/My_cup_of_tea.html



- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND THREAT


* US Secretly Helping Secure Pakistani Nuclear Weapons



- HRW FOCUS


* China: End Child Labour in State Schools, Human Rights Watch Press Release

http://hrw.org/english/docs/2007/12/03/china17461.htm


* Sri Lanka: Rebels and Government Should Cease Attacks on Civilians, Human Rights Watch Press Release

http://hrw.org/english/docs/2007/11/30/slanka17448.htm


* Thailand: Denial of HIV Treatment Erodes Success on AIDS

http://hrw.org/reports/2007/thailand1107/



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3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES



- NUCLEAR PLANTS


* More Childhood Cancer Near Nuclear Power Plants

http://www.ippnw.eu/article/German_study.html


* Nuclear Safety Lessons from Japan's Summer Earthquake by M. V. Ramana and Ashwin Kumar

http://thebulletin.org/columns/m.v.-ramana/20071205


* Four New Nuclear Reactor Sites Revealed, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/four_new_nuclear_reactor_s_27112007.html



- RENEWABLE ENERGY


* European Renewable Revolution Undermined by Agro-Fuels Folly, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/european_renewable_revolut_07122007.html


* Dam on Red Sea Would Harm Environment

http://www.livescience.com/environment/071206-redsea-dam.html



- ABOLITION 2000 US-INDIA WORKING GROUP

http://cnic.jp/english/topics/plutonium/proliferation/usindia.html



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4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE



- MEETING IN BALI


* Bali Basics

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7140348.stm


* Kyoto Protocol Turns 10 in Bali

http://www.nature.com/news/2007/071211/full/news.2007.370.html


* Happy 10th Birthday Kyoto, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/happy_10th_birthday_kyoto_11122007.html


* Climate Talks Progressing Despite US Opposition to Targets, Benn Says

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2007/dec/12/bali.climatechange3


* Bali Blog: Why Biofuels Are Not a Solution

http://www.newconsumer.com/news/item/3252/


* Marchers Call for International Climate Action, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/marchers_call_for_internat_07122007.html


* Wars And Climate Change: National Interests Versus Global Emergency by Abdul Basit

http://www.countercurrents.org/basit051207.htm



- CLIMATE CHANGE


* Arctic Summers Ice-Free 'by 2013'

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7139797.stm


* Two Degrees is Too High - Our Many Strong Voices Must be Heard

http://www.innovations-report.de/html/berichte/umwelt_naturschutz/bericht-99945.html


* Climate Change Drying Up Western Rockies

http://uk.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUKN1156769320071212


* Climate Change 'Likely to Cause Wars'

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2007/12/10/eaclimate110.xml



- GM FOOD


* GM Soy in Brazil Will Kill the Amazon and Boost Global Warming by 50%

http://www.brazzilmag.com/content/view/8964/1/


* Poland Faces Fines on National GM Food Law

http://www.allaboutfeed.net/tsal/news/id102-32211/poland_faces_fines_on_national_gm_food_law.html


* Friends of the Earth Europe Opposes Attempts to Water Down EU GMOs Safety Standards

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/eu_can_feed_livestock_with_23112007.html



- TRAVEL


* Airlines Flying Longer Distances to Avoid Air Traffic Charges, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/airlines_flying_longer_dis_03122007.html



- BP


* 'The Biggest Environmental Crime in History'

http://environment.independent.co.uk/article3239364.ece



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5. CONFERENCE


* Russia: The 2020 Perspective

http://www.salzburgglobal.org/2008/sessions.cfm?IDSpecial_Event=1559



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6. TAKE ACTION against U.S.-led occupation force in Iraq

http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/iraq/mnfrenewal/2007/1119sampleletter.htm



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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


* Postcards for a Nuclear Weapons Free Europe

http://www.ippnw.ch/postkarten/popup.html



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1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS




INES Webpage


There are plenty of new information on our homepage, please check out at http://www.inesglobal.org




A Response to Brown and Deutch by David Krieger


On November 19, 2007, Harold Brown, a former Secretary of Defence in the Carter administration, and John Deutch, a former CIA Director in the Clinton administration, published an opinion piece in the Wall Street Journal. The title of their piece was "The Nuclear Disarmament Fantasy." Their article began by pointing out that the end of the Cold War has led "several former senior foreign policy officials who wrote on this page [that is, the Wall Street Journal opinion page]...to make the complete elimination of nuclear weapons a principal U.S. foreign policy goal...."


Brown and Deutch were referring to an article published in the Wall Street Journal on January 4, 2007, co-authored by Henry Kissinger, George Shultz, William Perry and Sam Nunn. The article was entitled "A World Free of Nuclear Weapons," and the authors made the case for US leadership for a nuclear weapons-free world. They argued, "Nuclear weapons today present tremendous dangers, but also an historic opportunity. US leadership will be required to take the world to the next stage - to a solid consensus for reversing reliance on nuclear weapons globally as a vital contribution to preventing their proliferation into potentially dangerous hands, and ultimately ending them as a threat to the world."


To read more, visit http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/11/26_krieger_response_brown_deutch.php



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IPB Conference 'Books or Bombs' Supported by INES, Report by Reiner Braun (INES Activity Coordinator)


Former vice UN-Secretary General Jayantha Dhanapala calls for a joint boycott of the 25 largest armament combines of the world.


During the conference 'Books or Bombs' of the International Peace Bureau (IPB) in the (new) historical library of Alexandria/Egypt, the former Vice UN-Secretary-General and newly elected President of the International Pugwash-Movement addressed the public with a remarkable appeal.


With respect to the dramatic increase of the armament budget up to 1,3 trillion US-dollars in 2007, the extensively growing exportation of armament and new plans for the development of weapons of all kind in many industrialised and newly industrialising countries on one hand as well as hunger, poverty and diseases, responsible for the death of thousands of human beings on the other hand, Jayantha Dhanapala called for a campaign to boycott the 25 largest armament combines of the world. 200 years after the abolition of slavery and the success of the boycott campaign against the apartheid regime in South Africa, according to Dhanapala a long-term campaign of the peace movement and other social movements is absolutely necessary. Only this way would make it possible to put an end to the dying of tens of thousands of human beings during and through the war. It is the only way to reach the millennium target verbalised by the United Nations in the year 2000 to halve the number of hunger and diseases. Only this way the social responsibility of the industry can be demanded. In the following, he listed the combines and their billion turnovers in detail.


He addressed the social movements in the world; within a new and unique coalition the campaign should be developed and implemented step by step. He invited scientists and trade unions to develop plans of conversion for the male and female staff of those combines.


During the discussion, Reiner Braun (INES) emphasised that the boycott campaign also shall mean to drastically restrict the research and development of armament and to immediately ban this kind of death research from all public universities - a contribution of science to the global boycott campaign.


Dhanapala emphasised the commitment of the citizens' movement as a decisive factor for international (long-term) changes and referred to the campaign as a possibility to follow in the footsteps of the large boycott movements of Mahatma Ghandi and Martin Luther King.


Over 150 participants of more than 20 countries took the appeal of the President of the Pughwash-Conference as a great chance to re-create an international campaign of the peace movement. When accepting the variety of subjects and forms of the campaign, this movement could be an all-over uniting element und they pled for a global discussion of the idea.


The huge international peace meetings of the next months will be a great opportunity to deepen those thoughts and work pro-efficiently towards an international campaign.


The 25 largest armament combines (Dhanapala's list)


1. Boeing (USA): 28,050 billion $

2. Northdrop Grumman (USA): 27,590 billion $

3. Lockheed Martin (USA): 26,460 billion $

4. BAE Systems (UK): 23,230 billion $

5. Raytheon (USA): 19,800 billion $

6. General Dynamics (USA): 16,570 billion $

7. Finmeccanica (Italy): 9,800 billion $

8. EAds (Europe): 9,580 billion $

9. L-3 Communications (USA): 8,970 billion $

10. Thales (France): 8,940 billion $

11. United Technologies Corp (USA): 6,840 billion $

12. SAIC (USA): 5,060 billion $

13. DCN (France): 3,520 billion $

14. Rolls Royce (UK): 3,470 billion $

15. Computer Sciences Corp (USA): 3,400 billion $

16. ITT Industries (USA): 3,190 billion $

17. General Electric (USA): 3,000 billion $

18. Honeywell International (USA): 2,940 billion $

19. Halliburton (USA): 2,720 billion $

20. SAFRAN (France): 2,630 billion $

21. Dassault Aviation Groupe (France): 2,210 billion $

22. Mitshubishi Heavy Industries (Japan): 2,190 billion $

23. SAAB (Sweden): 2,110 billion $

24. Aliant Techsystems (USA): 2,060 billion $

25. Harris (USA): 1,870 billion $



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2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




- WARFARE



* Weather Warfare: Beware the US military's Experiments with Climatic Warfare by Prof. Michel Chossudovsky


* Climatic warfare has been excluded from the agenda on climate change.


Dec 7, 2007 - Rarely acknowledged in the debate on global climate change, the world' s weather can now be modified as part of a new generation of sophisticated electromagnetic weapons. Both the US and Russia have developed capabilities to manipulate the climate for military use.


Environmental modification techniques have been applied by the US military for more than half a century. US mathematician John von Neumann, in liaison with the US Department of Defence, started his research on weather modification in the late 1940s at the height of the Cold War and foresaw "forms of climatic warfare as yet unimagined". During the Vietnam war, cloud-seeding techniques were used, starting in 1967 under Project Popeye, the objective of which was to prolong the monsoon season and block enemy supply routes along the Ho Chi Minh Trail.


The US military has developed advanced capabilities that enable it selectively to alter weather patterns. The technology, which is being perfected under the High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP), is an appendage of the Strategic Defence Initiative - "Star Wars". From a military standpoint, HAARP is a weapon of mass destruction, operating from the outer atmosphere and capable of destabilising agricultural and ecological systems around the world.


Read online, http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=7561


Download (pdf), http://globalresearch.ca/articles/haarpecologist.pdf



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- ARMS TREATY



* Russia Pulls Out of Arms Treaty by Stephen Fidler and James Blitz


Nov 30, 2007 - President Vladimir Putin signed a law on Friday suspending Russia's participation in a key post-cold war arms treaty, triggering an angry reaction from the US, which declared the move a "mistake".


In a significant new indication of the worsening diplomatic relationship between Moscow and Washington, Mr Putin personally ratified a law that means Moscow will suspend the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty (CFE) in a little under two weeks.


Western military experts believe the CFE, first signed in 1990, is a significant treaty that limits the number of battle tanks, heavy artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters deployed and stored between the Atlantic and Russia's Ural mountains.



Read, http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/22043711/



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- MISSILE DEFENSE



* Russia Slams U.S. Written Proposals on Missile Shield, CFE


Nov 23, 2007 - The United States has gone back on previous initiatives concerning its missile shield in Europe in a written proposal earlier received by Russia, a source in Russia's Foreign Ministry said Friday.


Russia's foreign and defence ministers held talks on October 12 with their U.S. counterparts in Moscow, at which the U.S. side made 'counter proposals' in a bid to allay Russia's concerns over Washington's missile shield plans in Europe, including inviting Russian experts to inspect mooted missile defence sites


Read, http://en.rian.ru/russia/20071123/89356224.html



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- NUCLEAR WEAPONS



* An Explanation of Nuclear Weapons Terminology by Steven Starr


Discussions of nuclear weapons and the policies that guide them often utilise terminology that lacks standardised definition. Much of the nuclear jargon consists of words or phrases, which are essentially descriptive terms whose meaning is generally agreed upon, but in fact do not have precise technical definitions in any military or civilian dictionaries. Such imprecision in language has created confusion among those trying to comprehend nuclear issues and has even hindered the process of negotiation among nations.


A lack of precise terminology will continue to plague discussions of nuclear policy until adequate definitions are finally agreed upon by all parties.


To read more, visit: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/11/29_starr_explanation_terminology.php.


Source: The Sunflower, eNewsletter, Dec 2007



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- PERSPECTIVES



* Seize the Moment for a Nuclear Free World - The Iran Opening by Alice Slater


Dec 7, 2007 - The welcome news that US intelligence agencies have disavowed earlier reports that Iran was hell-bent on making nuclear weapons has given the world a breather. Rational people can now fortify the case against the Bush Administration's plans to unilaterally and pre-emptively attack Irans civilian nuclear facilities. It would be sheer folly to start yet another unauthorised war. Nevertheless, technology used to produce "peaceful" nuclear energy, an "inalienable right" guaranteed by the Non-Proliferation Treaty to its members, also gives countries the technology they need to manufacture nuclear bombs, as we have seen with North Korea, Pakistan, India, Israel, as well as other nations who started down that path but gave it up like South Africa, Argentina, and Libya:


For the article, go to http://www.counterpunch.org/slater12072007.html




* German Greens say "Yes" to ICAN


The global momentum for a Nuclear Weapons Convention continued to build throughout November, with the adoption of a dynamic nuclear abolition resolution by the German Greens party, the ouster of a virulently pro-nuclear government in Australia, the passage of a broad plank of disarmament resolutions by the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, and the endorsement of the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) by growing numbers of NGOs, grassroots activists, and prominent individuals.


Read more, http://www.ippnw.eu/article/German_Greens_say_yes.html


More Information about the campaign, http://www.icanw.org




* Nuclear Weapon Free - My Cup of Tea


On Sunday the 18th of November the Mayor of Hiroshima Hadatoshi Akiba visited Stockholm, Sweden. For his visit Swedish students in IPPNW arranged the first "Nuclear Weapon Free - my cup of tea" event. This is a new activity that can be done all over the world in IPPNW as a contribution to the ICAN campaign. There are still 27.000 nuclear weapons in the world. The purpose of each and every one of them is their potential of causing a major disaster. But in fact, they are causing disaster every day.


Read more, http://www.ippnw.eu/article/My_cup_of_tea.html


Download the flyer (pdf), http://www.ippnw.de/stepone/data/downloads/cc/00/00/Nuclear%20Weapon%20Free%20My%20Cup%20Of%20Tea.pdf


Source: IPPNW-Newsletter, Dec 2007



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- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND THREAT



* US Secretly Helping Secure Pakistani Nuclear Weapons


In November, the New York Times revealed that the US has secretly been assisting Pakistan in guarding its nuclear arsenal. For the past six years, the Bush administration has spent almost $100 million on a secret program that provided supplies and training to Pakistan in order to help secure its nuclear materials, warheads and laboratories.


According to US officials, one of the biggest problems with this program has been that there is no verification that the training and supplies are improving security. Often the Pakistani government has been hesitant to show American officials how and where gear is being used.


The program was created after 9/11 in response to fears that terrorists could obtain Pakistan's nuclear weapons. The Bush administration debated whether or not to provide Pakistan with nuclear protection technology called permissive action links or "PALS." This technology prevents the use of a nuclear weapon without using security codes. Also, Pakistanis were fearful that the US would be able to put a "kill-switch" on the weapons, rendering them useless.


While the New York Times has been aware of this program for more than three years, they have delayed publication of an article on it at the Bush administration's request. Given the recent political turmoil in Pakistan, questions over the security of Pakistan's nuclear stockpile have once again come up.


(Sanger, David E. and William J. Broad, "US Secretly Aids Pakistan in Guarding Nuclear Arms," New York Times, November 17, 2007)


Source: The Sunflower, eNewsletter, Dec 2007




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- HRW FOCUS



* China: End Child Labour in State Schools, Human Rights Watch Press Release


'Work and Study' Programs Put Hundreds of Thousands of Children at Risk


Dec 3, 2007 - The Chinese government should abolish the use of income-generating child labour schemes in middle and junior high schools because of their chronic abuses, Human Rights Watch said today. Many programs interfere with children's education, lack basic health and safety guarantees, and involve long hours and dangerous work.


Click here, http://hrw.org/english/docs/2007/12/03/china17461.htm




* Sri Lanka: Rebels and Government Should Cease Attacks on Civilians, Human Rights Watch Press Release


Nov 30, 2007 - The armed opposition Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and the Sri Lankan government are deliberately and indiscriminately targeting attacks on civilians, Human Rights Watch said today. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) bombings in Colombo and a Sri Lankan government aerial bombing of an LTTE radio station this week resulted in more than two dozen civilian deaths.


Read more, http://hrw.org/english/docs/2007/11/30/slanka17448.htm




* Thailand: Denial of HIV Treatment Erodes Success on AIDS


Drug Users Driven Away From Effective HIV Programs


Thailand's failure to address the HIV epidemic in the hardest-hit population, drug users, is jeopardising its record as a leader in the global fight against AIDS, Human Rights Watch and the Thai AIDS Treatment Action Group said today in a report released in advance of World AIDS Day.


For the Press Release, go here http://hrw.org/english/docs/2007/11/28/thaila17427.htm


And the report you will find here http://hrw.org/reports/2007/thailand1107/




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3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




- NUCLEAR PLANTS



* More Childhood Cancer Near Nuclear Power Plants


The German section of IPPNW has initiated a study, which unveil that children under the age of five living near nuclear power stations have contracted cancer at a higher rate than the national average. The study was paid for by the German Federal Radiation Protection Agency (BfS), the government's main adviser on nuclear health. It was conducted by the German Register of Child Cancer, an office in Mainz which is funded by the 16 German states and the federal Health Ministry.


Read more, http://www.ippnw.eu/article/German_study.html


Source: IPPNW-Newsletter, Dec 2007




* Nuclear Safety Lessons from Japan's Summer Earthquake by M. V. Ramana and Ashwin Kumar


Dec 5, 2007 - On July 16, 2007, an earthquake with a magnitude of somewhere between 6.6 and 6.8 struck Japan. Its epicentre was about 16 kilometres north of the Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP), the biggest such plant in the world. The known results of the earthquake include a fire and leaks of radioactivity. However, news of damage to the reactors continues to emerge, the most recent being the discovery of a jammed control rod in Unit-7. Though there was no major release of radioactivity, the many failures and unanticipated events that occurred at the reactor after the earthquake have important implications for nuclear safety world-wide.


To read the full article, click here http://thebulletin.org/columns/m.v.-ramana/20071205




* Four New Nuclear Reactor Sites Revealed, FoE Press Release


Nov 27, 2007 - British Energy announced today that four existing sites have been earmarked for new nuclear reactors. British Energy said Sizewell in Suffolk, Dungeness in Kent, Hinkley in Somerset and Bradwell in Essex were the most likely sites for new reactors.


More, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/four_new_nuclear_reactor_s_27112007.html



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- RENEWABLE ENERGY



* European Renewable Revolution Undermined by Agro-Fuels Folly, FoE Press Release


Dec 7, 2007 - European plans to provide 20 per cent of EU energy from renewable sources - which are contained in a leaked draft of the EU renewable energy directive [1] - have been warmly welcomed by Friends of the Earth. But, the environmental campaign group warned that plans for a huge increase in agro-fuels (biofuels) [2] seriously undermine the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help the world's poor.


More, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/european_renewable_revolut_07122007.html




* Dam on Red Sea Would Harm Environment


Dec 6, 2007 - Damming the Red Sea could alleviate growing energy demands in the Middle East, engineers say, but such a massive project could also have untold ecological impacts, like those brought about by other major dams world-wide.


More: http://www.livescience.com/environment/071206-redsea-dam.html



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- ABOLITION 2000 US-INDIA WORKING GROUP



Abolition 2000 US-India Working Group


On 5 May 2007, at Abolition 2000's Annual General Meeting, held in Vienna during the NPT PrepCom, the network decided to establish a working group to campaign on the US-India nuclear deal. This page is part of the working group's website. There is also a page on Abolition Caucus's official web site.


US-India Working Group action (media, lobbying, etc since the working group was set up).


Have a look, http://cnic.jp/english/topics/plutonium/proliferation/usindia.html




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4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




- CLIMATE-CHANGE MEETING IN BALI



* Bali Basics


Delegates from nearly 190 countries are meeting for two weeks in Bali to discuss climate change.


A principal objective is to agree a "Bali roadmap", a process leading to a successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol, whose targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions expire in 2012.


Where do the talks fit into wider moves to curb global warming? What are the main issues on the table?


Read more, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7140348.stm


For latest news click here, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7141660.stm


Climate Maps you will find here, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/629/629/6528979.stm




* Kyoto Protocol Turns 10 in Bali


12 Dec 12, 2007 - As celebrations got underway to mark the tenth anniversary of the Kyoto Protocol, disputes over whether its successor will be a bigger, better deal intensified at the UN climate-change conference in Bali, Indonesia.


More, http://www.nature.com/news/2007/071211/full/news.2007.370.html




* Happy 10th Birthday Kyoto, FoE Press Release


Dec 11, 2007 - On the 10th anniversary of the agreement of the Kyoto Protocol, Friends of the Earth International urged industrialised countries to celebrate by announcing a commitment to agree further cuts in greenhouse gas emissions of at least 40 per cent by 2020.


Read here, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/happy_10th_birthday_kyoto_11122007.html




* Climate Talks Progressing Despite US Opposition to Targets, Benn Says


Dec 12, 2007 - A stand-off between the United States and Europe over carbon reduction targets should not overshadow the "significant" progress made on a new climate deal, Hilary Benn said today.


More, http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2007/dec/12/bali.climatechange3




* Bali Blog: Why Biofuels Are Not a Solution



Dec 11, 2007 - Anne Petermann, Co-Director of the Global Justice Ecology Project, is in Bali for the UN's Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).


More: http://www.newconsumer.com/news/item/3252/




* Marchers Call for International Climate Action, FoE Press Release


Dec 7, 2007 - World leaders gathering at the UN climate talks in Bali this week must seize the historic opportunity to create a robust international framework to tackle climate change and safeguard the future for generations to come, Friends of the Earth urged today.


Read, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/marchers_call_for_internat_07122007.html




* Wars And Climate Change: National Interests Versus Global Emergency by Abdul Basit


Dec 5, 2007 - This is an appeal to World Leaders and Scientific Community, who have gathered in Bali, Indonesia for the United Nations Climate Change Conference.


While global community and scientists are greatly concerned about the consequences of global warming and climate change on the existence of mankind and habitability of earth, a few nations like USA, Israel and Iran are pursuing the war agenda and preparing for a new round of encounters. As the world nations and UN are seriously considering new regulations and policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and are preparing comprehensive measures to counter climate change in the UN Climate Change Summit being held in Bali, the worlds sole superpower and its allies are pondering about enforcing new sanctions against Iran and are openly discussing the prospects of World War III. What we see in the International arena are the two extremes. On the one hand we see the ever-increasing signs of climate change like floods, Hurricanes, forest fires, inundation of coastal areas due to rising sea-levels, melting glaciers, growing poverty due to mounting climate refugees and reduced agricultural output, threat to extinction of species and bio diversity: all of which are proving a serious challenge to existence. On the other hand, as if these problems and crises are not enough, the major discussions in the International forums and among the media are about the method to counter the threats of Iran from attaining nuclear expertise. These countries consider Irans nuclear crises as priority over the serious existential crises which mankind as whole is facing. This lack of priority and confusion is prevalent in all International venues. The UN General Assembly held last September were most of the media attention was focused on Ahmednejads address to Colombia University than the conference on Climate Change proves this point.


Go to, http://www.countercurrents.org/basit051207.htm


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- CLIMATE CHANGE



* Arctic Summers Ice-Free 'by 2013'


Dec 12, 2007 - Scientists in the US have presented one of the most dramatic forecasts yet for the disappearance of Arctic sea ice.



More, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7139797.stm




* Two Degrees is Too High - Our Many Strong Voices Must be Heard



Dec 12, 2007 - The worlds indigenous peoples do not accept the much advocated target of limiting the global temperature increase to 2 degrees Celsius.


More, http://www.innovations-report.de/html/berichte/umwelt_naturschutz/bericht-99945.html




* Climate Change Drying Up Western Rockies


Dec 12, 2007 - By 2040, climate change will have melted the glaciers of Glacier National Park in Montana and the spring snowpack in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, scientists said on Tuesday.


Read the article, http://uk.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUKN1156769320071212





* Climate Change 'Likely to Cause Wars'


Dec 11, 2007 - Climate change is likely to aggravate old conflicts and trigger new tensions that could spill over into war or violence in many parts of the world, a report for the United Nations Environment Programme said.


More, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/main.jhtml?xml=/earth/2007/12/10/eaclimate110.xml



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- GM FOOD



* GM Soy in Brazil Will Kill the Amazon and Boost Global Warming by 50%


Dec 11, 2007 - As genetically modified soybeans take over vast tracts in Brazil and all over South America and reports flow in of genetic contamination of local corn in Mesoamerica, grassroots resistance to biotech crops has also grown.


For the article, go here http://www.brazzilmag.com/content/view/8964/1/




* Poland Faces Fines on National GM Food Law


Dec 11, 2007 - The deadline for Poland to respond to European Commission (EC) claims that its ban on genetically modified (GM) food products violates EU law is swiftly approaching.


Read here, http://www.allaboutfeed.net/tsal/news/id102-32211/poland_faces_fines_on_national_gm_food_law.html




* Friends of the Earth Europe Opposes Attempts to Water Down EU GMOs Safety Standards


Nov 23, 2007 - Friends of the Earth Europe today warned EU Farm Ministers not to slacken safety rules for imports of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). The issue is up for debate at the Agriculture Council on Monday and follows a lobbying campaign by the animal feed and biotechnology industries to persuade politicians that Europe could run out of animal feed as a result of the EU's strict line on GMOs an argument which Friends of the Earth Europe strongly disputes.


For the full article, click here http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/eu_can_feed_livestock_with_23112007.html



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- TRAVEL



* Airlines Flying Longer Distances to Avoid Air Traffic Charges, FoE Press Release


Dec 3, 2007 - Friends of the Earth has expressed strong concern following BBC revelations that some airlines are avoiding air traffic control charges by flying longer, more indirect routes to and from the UK, and consequently pumping out more environmentally damaging carbon dioxide.


Click here for the full article, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/airlines_flying_longer_dis_03122007.html



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- BP



* 'The Biggest Environmental Crime in History'


Dec 10, 2007 - BP, the British oil giant that pledged to move "Beyond Petroleum" by finding cleaner ways to produce fossil fuels, is being accused of abandoning its "green sheen" by investing nearly £1.5bn to extract oil from the Canadian wilderness using methods which environmentalists say are part of the "biggest global warming crime" in history.


More: http://environment.independent.co.uk/article3239364.ece




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5. CONFERENCE




* Russia: The 2020 Perspective


Apr 5-10, 2007 in Salzburg (Austria)


Russia is back on the world stage but where it is heading? While Russia's economic recovery has been generally welcomed, its

geopolitical comeback on the world stage has aroused concerns about what kind of country Russia becomes. How Russia will evolve-socially, economically, militarily and politically-over the next decade is therefore of great significance not only to the Russian people and neighbouring countries but also to the international community as a whole. Convened shortly after Russia's presidential elections in March 2008, this session will concentrate on exploring scenarios for Russia in 2020 with a view to shaping both short and longer term strategies vis-à-vis this country of such vital geopolitical importance.


The Session will bring together a high-level international contingent of foreign policy experts, business representatives, scholars, journalists, and government officials to focus on the following questions concerning Russia's future.


For more information visit the website of the Salzburg Global Seminar, http://www.salzburgglobal.org/2008/sessions.cfm?IDSpecial_Event=1559





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6. TAKE ACTION




The United Nations Security Council will soon consider re-authorisation of the U.S.-led occupation force in Iraq. The Iraqi cabinet, led by Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, is about to send a letter to the Council requesting extension of the mandate of this so-called "multinational force." The U.S. government is drafting a Council resolution, and the vote will come up in a matter of days.


But the Iraqi constitution clearly calls for ratification by the parliament of any such international agreement. And the parliament is demanding a voice.


Last April, 144 members, a majority of Iraq's parliament, signed a letter calling for a timetable for withdrawal of occupation forces. And the same letter denounced as "unconstitutional" a move by the al-Maliki cabinet to unilaterally request a mandate renewal without consulting the parliament. As the current mandate comes closer to expiring, it appears that al-Maliki, under pressure from the U.S., is about to repeat the same unconstitutional and illegal process.


In May, by majority vote, the Iraqi Parliament passed a law reaffirming the Constitutions requirements - that the cabinet must get two-thirds majority approval >from parliament for any force renewal request to the Security Council.


An overwhelming majority of Iraqis want a complete withdrawal of all the occupation forces, as numerous polls have shown.


While the Bush administration insists that it wants to "build democracy," it is ignoring the Iraqi people and their elected representatives. Washington wants to renew the UN mandate without approval of the Iraqi parliament -- another illegal step to justify and prolong the U.S.-led occupation.


TELL YOUR GOVERNMENT TO STOP UN SUPPORT FOR OCCUPATION!


ANY EXTENSION OF THE UN MANDATE MUST BE RATIFIED BY THE IRAQI PARLIAMENT AND INCLUDE A TIMETABLE FOR TROOP WITHDRAWAL.


People world-wide should take action. Nations sitting on the UN Security Council are particularly important: United States, United Kingdom, Russia, China, France, Belgium, Congo, Ghana, Indonesia, Italy, Panama, Peru, Qatar, Slovakia, South Africa


For background. see http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/iraq/mnfindex.htm


See sample letter at http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/iraq/mnfrenewal/2007/1119sampleletter.htm


Jim Paul, Global Policy Forum

Gael Murphy, Code Pink

Raed Jarrar

Medea Benjamin, Global Exchange

Leslie Cagan, United for Peace and Justice

Phyllis Bennis, Institute for Policy Studies

Emira Woods, Foreign Policy in Focus

Herbert Docena, Focus on the Global South

Anna Polo, Europe for Peace

Alice Slater, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, NY

Alfred Marder, International Association of Peace Messengers

Bruce Gagnon, Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space

Anna Goodhun, Fairbanks Coalition for Peace and Justice

Stacey Fritz, No Nukes North

John Burroughs, Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy

Jacqueline Cabasso, Western States Legal Foundation

Kathy Wan Povi Sanchez, Tewa Women United

John Hallan, People for Nuclear Disarmament NSW Nuclear Flashpoints Project, Australia

Jean Stokan, Policy Director, Pax Christi USA - Washington, D.C.

Paul Saoke, Physicians for Social Responsibility, Kenya

Jean-Marie Matagne, Action des Citoyens pour le Désarmement Nucléaire (ACDN), France

Dr Sue Wareham OAM, President, Medical Association for Prevention of War, Australia

Lois Barber, Earth Action

Lisa Clark, Beati i costruttori di pace / Blessed Are the Peacemakers, Italy

Kate Hudson, Chair, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, UK

Dr. Kathleen Sullivan, Educational Consultant, UN Office for Disarmament Affairs, NY

David Swanson, AfterDowningStreet.org

Steve Staples, Global Secretary, Abolition 2000

Pierre Villard, Mouvement de la Paix (France)

Richard Salvador, Abolition 2000, Pacific

Pamela Meidell, Atomic Mirror

Achin Vanaik, Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament and Peace (India)

Gretel Munroe, Grassroots Actions for Peace

David Krieger, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation

Walden Bellow, Focus on the Global South

Aseel Albanna, Iraqi Voices for Peace

Nicola Bullard, Focus on the Global South

Zainab Salbi





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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS




* Postcards for a Nuclear Weapons Free Europe


The NATO doctrine ist outdated and detrimental to European security. European Non Nuclear Weapons States should raise their voice for elimination of Nuclear Weapons in Europe. We need a Nuclear Weapons free Europe! Join us in our fight for a Nuclear Weapons free Europe! IPPNW Sweden and Switzerland have produced four Postcards for a Nuclear Weapons free Zone.


Read more, http://www.ippnw.ch/postkarten/popup.html


Download postcards (pdf), http://www.ippnw.ch/content/pdf/PostkartenSet.pdf


Source: IPPNW-Newsletter, Dec 2007