INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.



Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi


The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi



The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html




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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 16/2006, October 2006



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- U.S. Plan for New Nuclear Weapons Advances by Walter Pincus


- Bush Sets Defense As Space Priority by Marc Kaufmann


- Lebanon: UN reports progress on securing Israeli withdrawal from final position


- More Countries Could Develop Nuclear Bombs: IAEA; REUTERS


- Europe considers U-turn on military use for "Galileo" by Stephen Castle


- India to purchase Israeli-made anti-aircraft missile systems by Yossi Melman


- Experts warn of an accidental atomic war by Eric Rosenberg



2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- UNICEF cautions about impact on children of DPR Korea sanctions


- Ph.D. course "The Role of Young Researchers in the 21st Century: Problems and Possibilities"



3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Climate Change "Will Cause Refugee Crisis" by Michael McCarthy


- Antarctic Ozone Hole Biggest on Record, US Reports


- Climate Change Is a Hot Topic in Education by Wayne Gumley


- Economists Warn Climate Change Will Cost World Trillions if Governments Fail to Act; FoE Press Release


- Senior UN official stresses the role of sport in helping attain global development




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- EU Sets "Ambitious" Energy Goals


- 100 Million US-Dollar Fund for Clean Energy in the South by Wagdy Sawahel



5. NOBEL PEACE PRIZE FOR 2006


- Press Release from "The Norwegian Nobel Committee" (Den Norske Nobelkomite)


- Big banks find little loans a Nobel winner, too by Mark Sappenfield and Mark Trumbull


- Interview with Muhammad Yunus



6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- Conference Documentation: "Thinking beyond Einstein. Scientific Responsibility and Peace in the 21st Century"


- The Arab-Israeli Conflict: To Reach a Lasting Peace by International Crisis Group



7. ANNOUNCEMENTS AND LINKS


- UN reacts to DPR of Korea's nuclear test


- Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament


- Immigration by Anup Shah



8. VACANCY


- Job at INES




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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT





U.S. PLAN FOR NEW NUCLEAR WEAPONS ADVANCES by Walter Pincus


October 20, 2006 - The United States took another step yesterday toward building a new stockpile of up to 2,200 deployed nuclear weapons that would last well into the 21st century, announcing the start of a multiyear process to repair and replace facilities where they would be developed and assembled and where older warheads could be more rapidly dismantled.


Read:

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/19/AR2006101901863_pf.html



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BUSH SETS DEFENSE AS SPACE PRIORITY by Marc Kaufmann


U.S. Says Shift Is Not A Step Toward Arms; Experts Say It Could Be


October 18, 2006 - President Bush has signed a new National Space Policy that rejects future arms-control agreements that might limit U.S. flexibility in space and asserts a right to deny access to space to anyone "hostile to U.S. interests."


The document, the first full revision of overall space policy in 10 years, emphasizes security issues, encourages private enterprise in space, and characterizes the role of U.S. space diplomacy largely in terms of persuading other nations to support U.S. policy.


More:

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/17/AR2006101701484_pf.html



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LEBANON: UN REPORTS PROGRESS ON SECURING ISRAELI WITHDRAWAL FROM FINAL POSITION


October, 17 2006 - The United Nations peacekeeping force in Lebanon today reported further progress towards securing Israel's withdrawal from the last position it still occupies in the south of the country after this summer's war with Hizbollah.


To the full story:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=20285&Cr=Lebanon&Cr1=UNIFIL



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MORE COUNTRIES COULD DEVELOP NUCLEAR BOMBS: IAEA; REUTERS


October 16, 2006 - As many as 30 countries may develop the capacity to produce nuclear weapons swiftly unless more is done to tackle the spread of the technology, the head of the United Nations' nuclear watchdog said on Monday.


More:

http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/world/international-nuclear-safeguards.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin



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EUROPE CONSIDERS U-TURN ON MILITARY USE FOR "GALILEO" by Stephen Castle


October 14, 2006 - Europe's satellite navigation system might be opened up for military use, the European Commission has suggested, in a policy shift that sets it on a collision course with Britain and the United States.


Billed as a civilian project, a rocket blasted the first of a constellation of 30 navigation satellites into space last December from a launch pad in Kazakhstan.


See:

http://news.independent.co.uk/world/science_technology/article1870884.ece



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INDIA TO PURCHASE ISRAELI-MADE ANTI-AIRCRAFT MISSILE SYSTEMS by Yossi Melman


October 7, 2006 - Indian Air Force Air Chief Marshal SP Tyagi has announced that India intends to purchase 18 Israeli-made SPYDER anti-aircraft missile systems to bolster its aging defenses.


Tyagi said the deal's finalization is pending the authorization of India's ministerial security committee.


SPYDER truck-mounted air defense system use a combination of active radar missiles and infrared missiles to track and intercept jets, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles and precision guided munitions.


Read:

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/771488.html



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EXPERTS WARN OF AN ACCIDENTAL ATOMIC WAR by Eric Rosenberg


Nuclear missile modified for conventional attack on Iran could set off alarm in Russia


October 6, 2006 - A Pentagon project to modify its deadliest nuclear missile for use as a conventional weapon against targets such as North Korea and Iran could unwittingly spark an atomic war, two weapons experts warned Thursday.


The entire article at:

http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/c/a/2006/10/06/MNGF9LJSMM1.DTL




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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




UNICEF CAUTIONS ABOUT IMPACT ON CHILDREN OF DPR KOREA SANCTIONS


October 13, 2006 - The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) warned today that any sanctions imposed against the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) should be crafted to minimize the negative impact on women and children and called for a "child impact assessment" before the international community acts.


Read the whole article:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=20254&Cr=DPRK&Cr1=



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Ph.D. COURSE "THE ROLE OF YOUNG RESEARCHERS IN THE 21st CENTURY: PROBLEMS AND POSSIBILITIES"


Please forward this message to Ph.D. students whom you think would be interested in attending this course! Thank you in advance.


November 6 to 10, 2006: Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies - in collaboration with International Network of Engineers and

Scientists for global responsibility - organises the Ph.D. course "The Role of Young Researchers in the 21'st Century: Problems and

Possibilities" at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark.


Ph.D. students within the natural sciences and the field of engineering constitute the target group of this course that aims at creating a space

where Ph.D. students can qualify their reflections on their role as young researchers in turbulent times where clear-cut distinctions

between pure and applied science can no longer be upheld. Four issues will be dealt with during the course: i/ Scientific Dishonesty, ii/

Instrumentalization of Science, iii/ Social Responsibility of Scientists, and iv/ Risk & Uncertainty.


More information on this course is available at www.inespe.frac.dk or www.inespe.org, then press "Ph.D. Course...".


We are looking forward to hearing from potential participants.


Tom Børsen Hansen



External Lecturer Tom Børsen Hansen, Ph.D.

Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies

University of Copenhagen

Niels Bohr Institute

Blegdamsvej 17

DK-2100 Copenhagen

Denmark

+45 353 25314

http://www.nbi.dk/~natphil/prs/tbh/Borseneng.HTML




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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




CLIMATE CHANGE "ILL CAUSE REFUGEE CRISIS" by Michael McCarthy


October 20, 2006 - Mass movements of people across the world are likely to be one of the most dramatic effects of climate change in the coming century, a study suggests.


The report, from the aid agency Tearfund, raises the spectre of hundreds of millions of environmental refugees and says the main reason will be the effects of climate - from droughts and water shortages, from flooding and storm surges and from sea-level rise.


The study, "Feeling the Heat", says there are already an estimated 25 million environmental refugees, and this figure is likely to soar as rain patterns continue to change, floods and storms become more frequent and rising tides start to inundate low-lying countries such as Bangladesh or some of the Pacific islands.


Tearfund says that without urgent action, world governments will lose the fight to tackle the world water crisis and the growing threat of climate-change refugees in catastrophic numbers.


More:

http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/article1904957.ece



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ANTARCTIC OZONE HOLE BIGGEST ON RECORD, US REPORTS


October 20, 2006 - This year's ozone hole over Antarctica is bigger and deeper than any other on record, US scientists reported on Thursday.


The ozone layer shields Earth from the sun's harmful ultraviolet rays, and the layer thins out over the South Pole each year, primarily because human-made compounds release ozone-eating chlorine and bromine gases into the stratosphere.


Source:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/38586/story.htm



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CLIMATE CHANGE IS A HOT TOPIC IN ECUCATION by Wayne Gumley


October 19, 2006 - AUSTRALIA'S largest business school, the Monash University faculty of business and economics, held a forum last week to consider what business students should be taught about ecological sustainability.


More:

http://www.theage.com.au/news/business/climate-change-is-a-hot-topic-in-education/2006/10/18/1160850997894.html



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ECONOMISTS WARN CLIMATE CHANGE WILL COST WORLD TRILLIONS IF GOVERNMENTS FAIL TO ACT; FoE Press Release


October 13, 2006 - The cost of allowing global temperatures to increase by two degrees or more above pre-industrial levels will run into trillions of pounds and the environmental and social costs will be incalculable, a survey of over one hundred economic and scientific papers on climate change revealed today (13 October). The report, Climate Change - the Costs of Inaction, was compiled by leading economists at the Global Development and Environment Institute at Tufts University in the U.S. for The Big Ask, Friends of the Earth's climate campaign.


More:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/economists_warn_climate_ch_13102006.html



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SENIOR UN OFFICIAL STRESSES THE ROLE OF SPORT IN HELPING ATTAIN GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT


October 13, 2006 - The role of sport in helping attain United Nations global development goals, such as eradicating poverty and fighting disease, will be highlighted throughout this month's UN Global Youth Leadership Summit that will bring together hundreds of young leaders.


More:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=20256&Cr=sport&Cr1=




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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




EU SETS "AMBITIOUS" ENERGY GOALS


October 19, 2006 - An action plan to cut Europe's energy consumption by 20% before 2020 has been outlined by the European Commission.

More than 75 "ambitious" measures include tougher energy standards for electrical goods, a low-energy building strategy and more fuel efficient cars.


Read:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6060608.stm



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100 MILLION US-DOLLAR FUND FOR CLEAN ENERGY IN THE SOUTH by Wagdy Sawahel


October 10, 2006 - The European Commission last week (6 October) said it would dedicate US$100 million to help developing countries adopt energy-efficient technologies and make more use of renewable energy to combat air pollution and climate change.


Read:

http://www.scidev.net/content/news/eng/us100-million-fund-for-clean-energy-in-the-south.cfm




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5. NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 2006



PRESS RELEASE FROM "THE NORWEGIAN NOBEL COMMITTEE" (Den Norske Nobelkomite)


October 13, 2006 - The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2006, divided into two equal parts, to Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank for their efforts to create economic and social development from below. Lasting peace can not be achieved unless large population groups find ways in which to break out of poverty. Micro-credit is one such means. Development from below also serves to advance democracy and human rights.


Muhammad Yunus has shown himself to be a leader who has managed to translate visions into practical action for the benefit of millions of people, not only in Bangladesh, but also in many other countries. Loans to poor people without any financial security had appeared to be an impossible idea. From modest beginnings three decades ago, Yunus has, first and foremost through Grameen Bank, developed micro-credit into an ever more important instrument in the struggle against poverty. Grameen Bank has been a source of ideas and models for the many institutions in the field of micro-credit that have sprung up around the world.


Every single individual on earth has both the potential and the right to live a decent life. Across cultures and civilizations, Yunus and Grameen Bank have shown that even the poorest of the poor can work to bring about their own development.


Micro-credit has proved to be an important liberating force in societies where women in particular have to struggle against repressive social and economic conditions. Economic growth and political democracy can not achieve their full potential unless the female half of humanity participates on an equal footing with the male.

Yunus's long-term vision is to eliminate poverty in the world. That vision can not be realised by means of micro-credit alone. But Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank have shown that, in the continuing efforts to achieve it, micro-credit must play a major part.


Source:

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/press.html



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BIG BANKS FIND LITTLE LOANS A NOBEL WINNER, TOO by Mark Sappenfield and Mark Trumbull


The world of finance is realizing Muhammad Yunus's idea is more than mere charity - it is good business.


October 16, 2006 - Chris Brookfield can fairly say that this year's Nobel Peace Prize winner changed his life.

He is not one of the hundreds of well-wishers who thronged Muhammad Yunus's Bangladesh home this weekend to celebrate a bright moment for a troubled nation. Nor has he ever received one of Dr. Yunus's microloans - loans of as little as $30 that have helped raise millions from abject poverty.


More:

http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/1016/p01s03-wogi.html/


For further information on the Grameen Bank visit:

http://www.grameen-info.org



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INTERVIEW WITH MUHAMMAD YUNUS


"... poverty in the world is an artificial creation"

Telephone interview with Professor Muhammad Yunus immediately following the announcement of the 2006 Nobel Peace Prize, October 13, 2006. The interviewer is Adam Smith, Editor-in-Chief of Nobelprize.org.


Visit:

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2006/yunus-interview.html




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6. DOCUMENTATIONS




CONFERENCE DOCUMENTATION: "THINKING BEYOND EINSTEIN. SCIENTIFIC RESPONSIBILITY AND PEACE IN THE 21st CENTURY


Stephan Albrecht / Reiner Braun / Thomas Held (Eds.): Thinking Beyond Einstein. Scientific Responsibility and Peace in the 21st Century. Peter Lang Verlag:

Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, 2006.


More than 600 participants attended the Berlin International Conference on Science and Peace in October 2005. Thinking Beyond Einstein means to confront his questions and answers with today's scientific identity. Weapons of mass destruction and current threats still require an active policy of peace and disarmament.

Einstein's fighting pacifism and his committed stand against nuclear weapons are important points of reference to think beyond in order to name wrong developments in time and to point out alternatives. The conference was particularly influenced by the death of Joseph Rotblat, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize and

founder of the Pugwash movement, to whom this book is dedicated.


Contents:

- Peace by Sustainability

- Key Technologies as Social Challenges

- Ambivalence and Military Use of Science and Technology

- Open Discourse as Prerequisite for Responsible Science

- Arms Control

- Abolition of Nuclear Weapons?

- Privatized Wars and Governmental Intervention

- Pacifism

- The Idea of World Government and the Practice of World Organization

- Redefining World Order



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THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: TO REACH A LASTING PEACE by International Crisis Group


Middle East Report No. 58


October 5, 2006 - If there is a silver lining in the recent succession of catastrophic developments in the Middle East, it is that they may impart renewed momentum to the search for a comprehensive settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict. It is, admittedly, a slender hope. Since the collapse of the peace process in late 2000, none of the region's parties has displayed the requisite capacity or willingness to reach an acceptable compromise, while the international community has shown more fecklessness than resolve. But the Lebanon war must serve as a wake-up call: so long as the political roots of the Arab-Israeli conflict are not addressed, it will remain a bottomless source and pretext for repression, radicalisation and bloodletting, both in the region and beyond. Now is the time for an international push to launch a new peace initiative.


Please visit for the executive summary and recommendations:

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4427&l=1


Or download the report:

http://www.crisisgroup.org/library/documents/middle_east___north_africa/arab_israeli_conflict/58_the_arab_israeli_conflict___to_reach_a_lasting_peace.pdf





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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS AND LINKS




UN REACTS TO DPR OF KOREA'S NUCLEAR TEST


See:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocusRel.asp?infocusID=69&Body=Korea&Body1=democratic



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CAMPAIGN FOR NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT


The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) is one of Europe's biggest single-issue peace campaigns, with over 32,000 members in the UK. CND campaigns for the abolition of all nuclear weapons everywhere


Have a look:

http://www.cnduk.org/



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IMMIGRATION by Anup Shah


Immigration seems to be making more headlines in recent years. As the world globalizes in terms of nations' economies, trade and investment, borders are opened up more easily for "freer" flow of goods and products. People are supposedly freer to move around the world, too.


This web page has the following sub-sections:

- Introduction-Worldwide Immigrants Statistics

- Why do people emigrate?

- Effects of Immigration

- United States

- United Kingdom (Media Coverage; Opinions reflect hype - especially during election time)

- United Europe


If you are interested see:

http://www.globalissues.org/HumanRights/racism/immigration.asp




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8. VACANCY



JOB DESCRIPTION FOR INES WEBMASTER


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) by its international nature requires a high quality presence on the World Wide Web. The Website of the NGO must perform a variety of functions from describing who we are and what we do to providing resources to anybody interested by the relationship between ethics and science. In addition to this we need to recognise that the website can spearhead some of our "activist" activities such as petitions and campaigns. To ensure that these objectives are met we must have a high quality website which is accessible, aesthetically pleasing and up-to-date. The webmaster should be responsible of the technical aspects of the website and as such is expected to perform the following tasks.


Tasks breakdown and description:


Establish INES' presence on the World Wide Web

- Rent the domain names required by INES and ensure that they do not lapse.

- Arrange for webhosting of the website at a suitable company (price and services wise).

- Provide e-mails linked to the domain name to the council members if they require it.


Maintain the website

- Put the newsletter online every month in both pdf and html format.

- Add articles/info/links submitted by the council.

- Establish petitions online (ensuring laws concerning privacy are respected) when required.

- If a change of design is decided by the council, perform transfer of the old website content to the new design.


Transparency of operations and link with the Executive Committee:

- The webmaster will provide to the designated EC member all the parameters (login name, password, references of contract) related to INES web presence.

- The webmaster will inform each month the treasurer of the time spent performing the above described tasks (with a detailed breakdown).

- Every 3 months, the webmaster will send to the executive secretary a back-up CD containing an up-to-date version of the website.


To apply for the position please send an Email including your CV to:

Gabriele Krauskopf, INES Office, ines.office@web.de