INES INFORMATION SERVICE, Issue 15 - Nov 2007


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com

INES International Office, ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: David Krieger, dkrieger@napf.org

The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html


PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.




______________________________________________________________




Contents and Hotlinks, INES, WNII, Issue 15, Nov 2007




1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS



Nuclear Dangers and Challenges to a New Nuclear Policy by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/10/17_krieger_nuclear_dangers.php


INES Member and Sri Lankan Prof Mohan Munasinghe Shares Nobel Prize for 2007



______________________



2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT



- OPINIONS ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS


American and Russian Publics Strongly Support Steps to Reduce and Eliminate Nuclear Weapons

http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/pdf/nov07/CISSM_NucWeaps_Nov07_rpt.pdf


Global Public Opinion on Nuclear Weapons

http://www.angusreidstrategies.com/uploads/pages/pdfs/Simons%20Report.pdf



- PERSPECTIVES


Charming, not Disarming by David Cronin

http://commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/david_cronin/2007/11/charming_not_disarming.html


Statement of the Pugwash Council

http://www.pugwash.org/reports/pac/57/statement.htm



- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND THREAT


Former Secretaries of State Support New Warhead by Jon Fox

http://www.nti.org/d_newswire/issues/2007_11_15.html#C8DB7944


UN Blames Interpreter's Error for Report Syria has Nuclear Facility

http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/914117.html


Putin Declares New Nuclear Weapons Project by Rosalind Ryan and agencies

http://www.guardian.co.uk/russia/article/0,,2193786,00.html?gusrc=rss&feed=networkfront



- SPACE WAR


US Plans New Space Weapons Against China by Alex Spillius

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml;jsessionid=B4I31AES03B5PQFIQMFSFFOAVCBQ0IV0?xml=/news/2007/11/14/weapon114.xml


Missile Tit-For-Tat

http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Missile_Tit_For_Tat_999.html



- MISSILE DEFENSE


Russia May Deploy Nuclear Missiles in Belarus by Duncan Hooper and agencies

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/11/14/wrussia114.xml


US Defends European Missile Defense System



- IRAN


Report on Iran Safeguards Sent to IAEA Board

http://www.isis-online.org/publications/iran/IranIAEAreportNov15.pdf


US Peace Group Surprised by Reality

http://www.iran-daily.com/1386/2988/html/index.htm#s271644


IPB on Iran Situation - a Question of Justice, Law and Survival

http://www.ipb.org/


Bunker-Buster Request Prompts Iran Attack Fears


Appeal to All Europeans To Prevent War Against Iran by Michel Rocard, Yehuda Atai and Jean-Marie Matagne

http://acdn.france.free.fr/spip/article.php3?id_article=361&lang=en



- INDIA-PAKISTAN


Pakistani Sets Emergency Rule, Defying the U.S.

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/04/world/asia/04pakistan.html?adxnnl=1&%20adxnnlx=1194239534-ogJi0qh5yQ/4y9gjo+3fiA


India-Pakistan Nuclear War Could Kill One Billion

http://www.psr.org/site/DocServer/HelfandPaper.pdf?docID=2881



_______________________



3. THREE MORE NEWS



China Rules Out West's Democracy by Michael Bristow

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7043942.stm


Egypt unveils nuclear plants plan

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7067378.stm


Man Who Dropped Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Dies



_______________________




4. SCIENCE AND ETHICS



Group Demands Full Report on Impact of Livermore Lab Bioterrorism Research Facility by Sarah Morrison

http://www.dailycal.org/sharticle.php?id=26677


National Academy of Sciences Opposes Nuclear Reprocessing


First Committee Monitor

http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/political/1com/FCM.html


Expanding Military Influence Over Science and Technology is Marginalising Social and Environmental Programmes, says science group

http://www.sgr.org.uk/press/MoreSITL_21aug07.html



_______________________



5. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE



- CLIMATE CHANGE


ASEAN Leaders Adopt ASEAN Declaration on Environmental Sustainability

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-11/20/content_7115719.htm


IPCC TALKS TOUGH by Michael Hopkins

http://www.nature.com/news/2007/071119/full/news.2007.269.html


'Frightening' UN Climate Report May Be Too Optimistic by Volker Mrasek

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,518231,00.html


MEPs Fail to Back Tough Action on Aviation and Climate Change, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/meps_fail_to_back_tough_ac_13112007.html


Climate Change: Urgent Action and Robust Policies Must Match Dire Warnings, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/climate_change_urgent_acti_12112007.html



- POLLUTION


New Research Finds Out What's in the Waste Left after Reuse, Recycling and Composting, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/new_research_finds_out_wha_15102007.html



- GENETICALLY-MODIFIED FOOD


U.S GMO Rice Found in China supermarkets: Greenpeace

http://uk.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUKPEK25292420071120


Proposed GM Maize Ban in Europe, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/friends_of_the_earth_direc_14112007.html



- GREEN TIPS


Green Tips to Put the Love Back into Christmas, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/green_tips_to_put_the_love_12112007.html


Holiday Lighting

http://www.seattle.gov/light/conserve/cv5_hlt.htm



_______________________



6. CONFERENCES AND COURSES



4th ESARDA Nuclear Safeguards and Non Proliferation Course


Workshop at the ECPR 2008 Joint Sessions of Workshops: Politics of Intellectual Property

http://www.rennes2008.visionmd.co.uk/index.html



_______________________



7. ACTIVITIES



Interesting Homepage

http://www.freerice.com


UN Security Council Must Listen to Iraqs People and Parliament


2008 Presidential Candidate Quotes

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/surveys/2008_pres_cand/cand_quotes_page.php



_______________________



8. ANNOUNCEMENTS



New DVD from the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation

http://www.wagingpeace.org/index.htm



_______________________



9. DOCUMENTATIONS



Africa's Missing Billions: International Arms Flows and the Cost of Conflict

http://www.oxfam.org/en/programs/campaigns/endpoverty/white_band_day_2007


2007 Global Fissile Material Report

http://www.ipfmlibrary.org/gfmr07.pdf




____________________________________________________________




1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS




Nuclear Dangers and Challenges to a New Nuclear Policy by David Krieger


It is worthwhile asking the question: What are nuclear weapons? In some respects the answer to this question may seem obvious, but this is not necessarily the case. To some, nuclear weapons are a scientific achievement that bestows prestige. This is the view that has been taken by each of the nuclear weapons states, with the exception of Israel. Most recently, this perspective was on display when India and Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in 1998.


To read more, visit: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/10/17_krieger_nuclear_dangers.php


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, Nov 2007



_______________________



INES Member and Sri Lankan Prof Mohan Munasinghe Shares Nobel Prize for 2007


Oct 12, 2007 -. As Vice Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Prof. Mohan Munasinghe shared the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize with other IPCC colleagues and Al Gore, for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change. Prof. Munasinghe is the first Sri Lankan to receive this coveted award.


The IPCC is a UN "Think Tank" consisting of the world's leading experts on climate change. It was created by the World Metorological Organisation (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) over 20 years ago. Prof. Munasinghe has contributed to all four of the authoritative assessments on climate change produced by the IPCC in 1990, 1995, 2001 and 2007.


In its recently released report, the IPCC states that global warming is unequivocal and very likely caused by human activities that have steadily increased atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (especially carbon dioxide) since the industrial revolution. Among the alarming outcomes are increased global average temperatures (around 3°C by 2100), sea level rise (about 0.4 metres by 2100), more severe droughts and floods, and increases in extreme weather events like cyclones and storms. Ironically, while GHG emissions from rich countries have contributed most to global warming, the poor countries will be hardest hit, and poor groups will be the most vulnerable. Thus, climate change will significantly worsen existing problems like poverty, hunger and disease. More generally, unchecked climate changes will alter and threaten the living conditions of the over 6 billion inhabitants of the planet, who are all stakeholders.


Through the scientific reports it has issued over the past two decades, the dedicated scientists in the IPCC have created an ever-broader informed consensus about the connection between human activities and global warming. Whereas in the 1980s global warming seemed to be merely an interesting hypothesis, the 1990s produced firmer evidence in its support. In the last few years, the connections have become even clearer and the dire consequences still more apparent.


Prof. Munasinghe has been in the forefront of the IPCC efforts recognized by the Nobel Prize award -- to integrate climate change policies into development strategy, and thereby make development more sustainable. He proposed the Sustainomic Framework at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rid de Janeiro, to practically achieve this goal, based on the sustainable development triangle (with social, economic and environmental dimensions). The methodology has been widely applied worldwide to jointly address climate change and sustainable development, the two pre-eminent issues of the 21st century.


Prof. Munasinghe is also Chairman of the Munasinghe Institute for Development (MIND), which has contributed to the work of the IPCC. MIND is a non-profit body which provides scholarships to Sri Lankan students and conducts research and training work worldwide on climate change and sustainable development.


By awarding the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007 to the IPCC Team and Al Gore, the Nobel Prize Committee is seeking to contribute to a sharper focus on the processes and decisions that appear to be necessary to protect the world's future climate, and thereby to reduce the threat to the security of humankind. Prompt action by world leaders and all concerned stakeholders is necessary now, before climate change moves beyond human control.




______________________________________________




2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




- OPINIONS ON NUCLEAR WEAPONS



American and Russian Publics Strongly Support Steps to Reduce and Eliminate Nuclear Weapons


Large majorities of Americans and Russians favor taking nuclear weapons off high alert, sharply cutting the numbers of nuclear weapons, banning the production of weapons-grade nuclear material, and - once advanced methods of international verification are established - undertaking the complete elimination of nuclear weapons.


These steps correspond to key elements of a plan for "A World Free of Nuclear Weapons," tdeveloped by a bipartisan group that includes two former secretaries of state (George Schultz and Henry Kissinger), a former defense secretary (William Perry) and the former chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee (Sam Nunn) - sometimes called the "Reykjavik Revisited" plan. Some have been included in recent legislation, such as a bill introduced by Senators Chuck Hagel and Barack Obama (S.1977). A systematic, global endeavor to eliminate nuclear weapons has also been endorsed by former Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev, former British Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett, and US Presidential candidates.


Read the full report (pdf), http://www.worldpublicopinion.org/pipa/pdf/nov07/CISSM_NucWeaps_Nov07_rpt.pdf




Global Public Opinion on Nuclear Weapons


The Simons Foundation, a strong supporter of a nuclear weapons-free world, recently published a study detailing public opinion on nuclear weapons in six countries: Britain, France, Italy, Germany, United States and Israel.


The report shows noticeable differences in the way global citizens perceive nuclear weapons based on answers to 15 questions, ranging from the use of nuclear weapons to ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.


You can access a full copy of the survey online (pdf) at http://www.angusreidstrategies.com/uploads/pages/pdfs/Simons%20Report.pdf




- PERSPECTIVES



Charming, not Disarming by David Cronin


Nov 9, 2007 - Have Nicolas Sarkozy and other western leaders forgotten that they are in fact obligated to get rid of nuclear weapons?


Visit, http://commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/david_cronin/2007/11/charming_not_disarming.html




Statement of the Pugwash Council


Oct 27, 2007 - The threat posed to humanity by the vast destructive power of nuclear weapons remains as dangerous today as it was 50 years ago when the initiators of the Pugwash Movement first met in Pugwash, Nova Scotia. The need for "new thinking" on these matters is as urgent today as it was when the 1955 Russell-Einstein Manifesto, the founding document of Pugwash, first captured the world's attention with its direct and urgent appeal.


Go to http://www.pugwash.org/reports/pac/57/statement.htm



---------------------------------



- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND THREAT



Former Secretaries of State Support New Warhead by Jon Fox


Nov 15, 2007 - Two authors of an influential Wall Street Journal opinion piece calling for a world free of nuclear weapons offered limited support for the U.S. plan for a new nuclear warhead in series of letters written in August


Read: http://www.nti.org/d_newswire/issues/2007_11_15.html#C8DB7944




UN Blames Interpreter's Error for Report Syria has Nuclear Facility


Oct 18, 2007 - The United Nations on Wednesday blamed an interpreter's error for

an erroneous report that Syria said an Israeli airstrike hit a Syrian nuclear facility, a mistake that made headlines in the Middle East and heightened concerns over Damascus' nuclear ambitions.


Read, http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/914117.html




Putin Declares New Nuclear Weapons Project by Rosalind Ryan and agencies


Oct 18, 2007 - President Vladimir Putin said today that Russia is developing new types of nuclear weapons.


Mr Putin said during a live televised phone-in that the new missiles were part of a "grandiose" plan to boost Russian defences, Reuters reported.


More, http://www.guardian.co.uk/russia/article/0,,2193786,00.html?gusrc=rss&feed=networkfront



_______________________



- SPACE WAR



US Plans New Space Weapons Against China by Alex Spillius


Nov 15, 2007 - The Pentagon is spending billions of dollars on new forms of space warfare to counter the growing risk of missile attack from rogue states and the "satellite killer" capabilities of China.


To read the article, click here http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml;jsessionid=B4I31AES03B5PQFIQMFSFFOAVCBQ0IV0?xml=/news/2007/11/14/weapon114.xml




Missile Tit-For-Tat


The U.S. Air Force, on the other hand, will not even need to resume the production of Pershing missiles. It will be enough to restore low-cost ground facilities for conventional and permitted Tomahawk sea-launched cruise missiles, in this case nuclear-tipped by Andrei Kislyakov


Nov 13, 2007 - It looks as if Russia has long guessed the American moves to create a missile defense system in Europe, and is responding tit-for-tat and even figure-for-figure. On November 6, the Americans happily rejoiced after achieving their long-cherished ambition of hitting two target drones at the same time. The Russian reaction was not slow in coming. Russia is now poised to pull out of two basic international treaties on arms limitation.


Read, http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Missile_Tit_For_Tat_999.html



_______________________



- MISSILE DEFENSE




Russia May Deploy Nuclear Missiles in Belarus by Duncan Hooper and agencies


Nov 15, 2007 - A Russian general has hinted that Moscow may deploy its latest nuclear missiles in Belarus in response to US plans for a missile shield in eastern Europe.


More: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2007/11/14/wrussia114.xml




US Defends European Missile Defense System


On October 18, the State Department said that even if Iran gave up its uranium enrichment program, the US still would not alter its plans for a missile defense system in Europe.


Apparently mis-speaking in Brussels, Assistant Secretary of State Daniel Fried said, "This (missile defense) is a threat-based system and we would be affected if Iran gave up its (uranium) enrichment and worked with the international community, and had a different approach to things."


Clarifying Fried's comments, a State Department spokesperson said that the only circumstance in which the US would reexamine its missile defense shield would occur if there were a change in the overall threat posed by Iran, which includes its missile capability.


The State Department spokesperson said, "I think there has been a great deal of confusion and a great deal of misconstruing of remarks that may or may not have been made out in Brussels."


"The US position is clear -- there is a threat that exists from rogue states in terms of missiles, that includes missiles armed with convention munitions as well as potentially missiles armed with nuclear and other WMD (weapons of mass destruction) agents," he said.


"I saw some interpretations that seem to say if Iran suspends its enrichment activities, there would be a suspension or a halt or a decision not to proceed with the US missile defense systems. That's simply not true," he said.


Russia has adamantly opposed installing 10 missile interceptors in Poland and tracking radar in the Czech Republic. Recently, President Vladimir Putin made comments alluding to the US questioning whether to install the missile shield. "The latest contacts with the Americans demonstrate that a certain change in their point of view is possible," he told Iranian media during a landmark visit to Tehran. "We will continue our dialogue."


"US Says No Missile Defense Review If Iran Drops Nuclear Program," Agence France Presse, October 18, 2007.


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, Nov 2007



_______________________



- IRAN



Report on Iran Safeguards Sent to IAEA Board


Nov 15, 2007- IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei has circulated his latest report to the upcoming meeting of the IAEA Board of Governors on the Implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement and Relevant Provisions of Security Council Resolutions 1737 (2006) and 1747 (2007) in the Islamic Republic of Iran. The report covers developments since Dr. ElBaradei≈Ωs report of 30 August 2007.


The 35-member Board will consider the report at its next meetings beginning in Vienna 22 November. The report≈Ωs circulation is restricted and unless the IAEA Board decides otherwise it cannot be released to the public.


Download the report (pdf), http://www.isis-online.org/publications/iran/IranIAEAreportNov15.pdf


For the SC Resolution 1747 (2007), click here http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/Focus/IaeaIran/unsc_res1747-2007.pdf

and for the SC Resolution 1737 (2006), here http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/Focus/IaeaIran/unsc_res1737-2006.pdf




US Peace Group Surprised by Reality


Nov 11, 2007 - A group of American citizens named "People's Peace Delegation" visiting Iranian cities expressed surprise over the reality.The group, co-sponsored by the Virginia Anti-War Network and the Richmond Defender newspaper, has so far visited Shiraz, Yazd, Isfahan, Qom and Tehran, IRNA reported. The group, made up of five US anti-war activists, visited the Friday prayers in Tehran, the mausoleums of the two renowned Persian poets Sadi and Hafez in Shiraz and the world-renowned Naqsh-e Jahan Square in Isfahan as well as the residence of the late leader of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini, in Qom. They also had a meeting with Esfandyar Rahim-Mashaei, vice president and head of Iran's Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization. The group members said they did not expect to meet a high-ranking Iranian official. Organizer of the delegation and editor of Richmond Defender, Phil Wilayto, said the reality in Iran is quite different from what US politicians have led Americans to believe. "The US government's main goal is to prepare the US public opinion to accept policies aimed at pressurizing Iran, waging psychological warfare against the country and creating a negative image of its people and government," he said. Wilayto said the main obstacle to Iran-US relations was the US government's chain of lies in its quest for oil-related hegemony, adding that the main US goal is to deceive world public opinion about what is actually taking place in the Middle East.


Source: http://www.iran-daily.com/1386/2988/html/index.htm#s271644




IPB on Iran Situation - a Question of Justice, Law and Survival


Nov 7, 2007 - Last week six major powers agreed to draft a third UN Security Council resolution on sanctions against Iran over its nuclear programme. Officials from the US, Russia, China, France, Britain and Germany will meet on 19 November to assess UN and EU reports. Meanwhile, there are continuing rumours and warlike gestures, threatening strikes against Iran, and this against the background of revived international tensions and a re-launching of the arms race. These developments are causing grave concern around the world.


For the full article, go to http://www.ipb.org/




Bunker-Buster Request Prompts Iran Attack Fears


Oct 24, 2007 - Some Democratic lawmakers have questioned whether a new Bush administration request for $88 million to fit "bunker-busting" bombs to B-2 stealth bombers was part of preparations for an attack on Iran.


A Bush administration summary said the request was needed for "development of a Massive Ordnance Penetrator for the B-2 aircraft in response to an urgent operational need from theater commanders," but gave no details. The Massive Ordnance Penetrator is a conventional bomb designed to destroy hardened or deeply buried targets.


"My assumption is that it is Iran, because you wouldn't use them in Iraq, and I don't know where you would use them in Afghanistan; it doesn't have any weapons facilities underground that we know of," said Rep. Jim Moran, a Virginia Democrat who is on the House Appropriations Committee and intends to argue against the request.


Another Democrat, Rep. Jim McDermott of Washington, said the bunker-buster request worried him because of the rising tide of criticism of Iran coming from the Bush administration. Last week, Bush warned that a nuclear-armed Iran could lead to World War Three.


Susan Cornwell, "Bunker-Buster Request Prompts Iran Attack Fears," Reuters, October 24, 2007.


Source: Sunflower, eNewsletter, Nov 2007




Appeal to All Europeans To Prevent War Against Iran by Michel Rocard, Yehuda Atai and Jean-Marie Matagne


Nov 18, 2007 - Under the title "Europeans, let us prevent the war against Iran", the daily "Libération" devoted a full page of its Friday 16 November 2007 edition to this appeal launched by Michel Rocard, former French Prime minister, Member of the European Parliament, Yehuda Atai, member of the Israeli committee for a Middle East without weapons of mass destruction" and executive secretary of the "Mediterranean No Nuclear Neighbourhood" (MN3) network, and Jean-Marie MMatagne, doctor in Philosophy, president of the Action of Citizens for the total Dismantling of Nukes (ACDN).


Read, http://acdn.france.free.fr/spip/article.php3?id_article=361&lang=en



_______________________



- INDIA-PAKISTAN



Pakistani Sets Emergency Rule, Defying the U.S. reported by David Rohde, Jane Perlez and Salman Masood, and written by Mr. Rohde


Nov 4, 2007 - The Pakistani leader, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, declared a state of emergency on Saturday night, suspending the country's Constitution, firing the chief justice of the Supreme Court and filling the streets of this capital city with police officers.


More: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/04/world/asia/04pakistan.html?adxnnl=1&%20adxnnlx=1194239534-ogJi0qh5yQ/4y9gjo+3fiA




India-Pakistan Nuclear War Could Kill One Billion


Oct 4, 2007 - US medical expert Ira Helfand, co-founder of Physicians for Social Responsibility, concluded in a recent study that even a "limited" nuclear war between India and Pakistan could cause a billion deaths across the world.


Citing past studies, Helfand stated that a nuclear war would reduce the growing season in important grain-producing areas by 10 to 20 days. "Global grain stocks stand at 49 days, lower than at any point in the past five decades," he said, adding: "These stocks would not provide any significant reserve in the event of a sharp decline in production. We would see hoarding on a global scale."


He went on to say that the global death toll from a nuclear war in Asia "could exceed one billion from starvation alone." Food shortages could also trigger epidemics of cholera, typhus and other diseases, as well as armed conflicts, which together could kill "hundreds of millions."


Dr. Helfand's study (pdf) is available for download at: http://www.psr.org/site/DocServer/HelfandPaper.pdf?docID=2881


"Indo-Pak Nuclear War Could Cause One Billion Starvation Deaths," Times of India, October 4, 2007.


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, Nov 2007



_______________________



Man Who Dropped Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Dies


Nov 1, 2007 - Paul Tibbets, the man who dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in 1945, has died at the age of 92. He was the pilot and commander of the Enola Gay, the infamous plane whose nuclear cargo immediately killed 70,000-100,000 people.


Tibbets had requested no funeral and no headstone, fearing it would provide his detractors with a place to protest, according to a long-time friend.


Over the years, Tibbets has made comments about his unique position as the first person to use a nuclear weapon against humans.


In a 2005 interview, he said, "We had feelings, but we had to put them in the background. We knew it was going to kill people right and left. But my one driving interest was to do the best job I could so that we could end the killing as quickly as possible."


"I'm not proud that I killed 80,000 people, but I'm proud that I was able to start with nothing, plan it and have it work as perfectly as it did," he said in a 1975 interview. "I sleep clearly every night."


"Man Who Dropped Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Dies at 92," Associated Press, November 1, 2007.


Source: Sunflower, eNewsletter, Nov 2007



______________________________________________


3. TWO MORE NEWS




China Rules Out West's Democracy by Michael Bristow


China will never have Western-style democracy, a senior official said as the country began its most important political meeting in five years.


Read more, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7043942.stm




Egypt unveils nuclear plants plan


Oct 29, 2007 - President Hosni Mubarak has said Egypt is to build a number of nuclear power stations to generate electricity.


Read, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7067378.stm




______________________________________________



4. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




Group Demands Full Report on Impact of Livermore Lab Bioterrorism Research Facility by Sarah Morrison


Nov 1, 2007 - A local non-profit group is calling on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to re-draft an environmental impact report, which they are saying omitted or concealed the potential negative impact of a new bio-research facility proposed for the site.


Read more, http://www.dailycal.org/sharticle.php?id=26677




National Academy of Sciences Opposes Nuclear Reprocessing


On October 29, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) released a report urging President Bush to oppose the Department of Energy's proposed plan to resume nuclear waste reprocessing.


The proposed Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) is part of the Bush administration's push to dramatically expand the use of civilian nuclear power. GNEP, as planned, would involve several nations, including the US and Russia, supplying reactor fuel and reprocessing the spent nuclear fuel for other nations.


The 17-member NAS panel concluded that the technology needed for GNEP has not been proved and won't be ready in time. It said that "significant technical and financial risks" would be involved in going ahead with such a plan. So far, Congress has been somewhat receptive to concerns about GNEP and has not given full funding or authorization for the program.


Commercial nuclear reprocessing was abandoned in the United States in the 1970s due to its exorbitant cost, environmental risks and proliferation risks. The NAS panel stated that even if the program were to go forward as envisioned, it would not be ready in time to handle the more than 70,000 tons of commercial nuclear waste that is currently being stored on-site at reactors.


Josef Hebert, "Science Panel Calls for Bush to Dump Nuclear Waste Plan," Detroit Free Press, October 30, 2007.


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, Nov 2007




First Committee Monitor


Reaching Critical Will, a project of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), publishes a weekly summary of the proceedings at the UN General Assembly First Committee on Disarmament. The 2007 First Committee took place from September 18-November 2.


You can read the First Committee Monitor online at http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/political/1com/FCM.html




Expanding Military Influence Over Science and Technology is Marginalising Social and Environmental Programmes, says science group


Aug 21, 2007 - Flawed government thinking is driving a rapid expansion in the military influence over science and technology, says a new briefing from Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR). US government spending on military research and development (R&D) is soaring (up 57% since 2001), while the UK government has rolled out two new military technology strategies in the last two years. Factors such as these are contributing to an expansion of military involvement in UK universities.


Go to, http://www.sgr.org.uk/press/MoreSITL_21aug07.html




______________________________________________



5. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




- CLIMATE CHANGE



ASEAN Leaders Adopt ASEAN Declaration on Environmental Sustainability


Nov 20, 2007 - The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) took a leap forward here Tuesday towards greater engagement in environmental sustainability by signing ASEAN Declaration on Environmental Sustainability.


To read the full article, click here http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2007-11/20/content_7115719.htm




IPCC TALKS TOUGH by Michael Hopkins


New synthesis report aims to boost urgency of next month's Kyoto talks.


Nov 19, 2007 - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - the United Nations body that last month won the Nobel Prize for its efforts to boost understanding of climate change - has raised the tone of urgency with its latest report.


More, here http://www.nature.com/news/2007/071119/full/news.2007.269.html




'Frightening' UN Climate Report May Be Too Optimistic by Volker Mrasek


Nov 19, 2007 - UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has called the latest climate report "as frightening as a science-fiction movie." However, the IPCC report may already be out of date and the true situation could be even more serious than previously thought.


Read, http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,518231,00.html




MEPs Fail to Back Tough Action on Aviation and Climate Change, FoE Press Release


Nov 13, 2007 - EU plans to tackle aviation's increasing climate change impacts through the Emissions Trading Scheme remain inadequate after MEPs failed to significantly strengthen European Commission proposals in Strasbourg earlier today (13 November). Aviation is the fastest growing source of carbon dioxide in Europe, and failure to cut it will seriously jeopardise EU plans to cut European emissions by 30 per cent by 2020.


More, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/meps_fail_to_back_tough_ac_13112007.html




Climate Change: Urgent Action and Robust Policies Must Match Dire Warnings, FoE Press Release


Nov 12, 2007 - Friends of the Earth has called for tough action to combat the threat of climate change as national governments debate the adoption of a synthesis report on climate change at the symposium of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in Valencia, Spain on 12-17 November 2007.


Visit, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/climate_change_urgent_acti_12112007.html



_______________________




- POLLUTION



New Research Finds Out What's in the Waste Left after Reuse, Recycling and Composting, FoE Press Release


Oct 15, 2007 - Friends of the Earth has today published a report which analyses what materials are likely to be in residual municipal waste after high levels of reuse, recycling and composting. The research [1], carried out by EnviroCentre Consultants, found that a large reduction in residual wastes could potentially be achieved by improving capture rates, and through addressing some specific high-tonnage waste streams.


Read: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/new_research_finds_out_wha_15102007.html



_______________________



- GENETICALLY-MODIFIED FOOD



U.S GMO Rice Found in China supermarkets: Greenpeace


Nov 19, 2007 - The environmental group, Greenpeace, said unauthorized genetically modified (GMO) rice from the United States was found in Beijing's supermarkets.


Visit, http://uk.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUKPEK25292420071120




Proposed GM Maize Ban in Europe, FoE Press Release


Oct 25, 2007 - Friends of the Earth has today welcomed the news that EU Environment Commissioner Dimas is for the first time proposing to ban two types of genetically modified (GM) maize because of the risks they pose to the environment. The environmental group is urging the whole of the European Commission to put environmental safety first and support the proposed ban.


For the full article, visit http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/proposed_gm_maize_ban_in_e_25102007.html



_______________________



- GREEN TRAVEL



• Friends of the Earth Director Names First Eurostar Train to Leave St Pancras, FoE Press Release


Nov 14, 2007 - Friends of the Earth executive director Tony Juniper joined Eurostar chief executive Richard Brown in naming the first Paris-bound train - Tread Lightly - to leave the newly re-opened St Pancras International station this morning. Friends of the Earth hailed the new high-speed service as a "landmark day for green travel."


Read more, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/friends_of_the_earth_direc_14112007.html



_______________________




- GREEN TIPS



Green Tips to Put the Love Back into Christmas, FoE Press Release


Nov 12, 2007 - This year, there's no need to let Christmas get you stressed and leave you skint. Friends of the Earth's green Xmas fairy is on hand with some ideas that will help you to put the love back into Christmas and go easy on the planet - as well as your purse strings. Here are some of her ideas for presents, parties and decorations that won't cost the earth.


Read, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/green_tips_to_put_the_love_12112007.html




Holiday Lighting


Visit, http://www.seattle.gov/light/conserve/cv5_hlt.htm




______________________________________________




6. CONFERENCES AND COURSES




4th ESARDA Nuclear Safeguards and Non Proliferation Course


April 14-18, 2008, Joint Research Centre in Ispra, Italy


The JRC Institute for the Protection and the Security of the Citizen (IPSC) organises the 4th academic course in Nuclear Safeguards and Non-Proliferation in collaboration with the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA). The course will take place from 14 to 18 April 2008 hosted by the IPSC Nuclear Safeguards Unit.


Top level teachers from the IAEA - Vienna, EURATOM Safeguards Office - Luxembourg, AREVA, national regulatory bodies in EU, high class EU research centres and Universities together with ESARDA assure the quality of the programme. A comprehensive overview of safeguards and non-proliferation matters in Europe and abroad is provided covering scientific, technical, legal, and some political aspects. In 2007, 60 students attended this course and a maximum of 75 can be accommodated, thus early registration is highly encouraged.


More details, including a detailed programme with announced lecturers and laboratory visits as well as a registration form can be found on the event website.


Contact: greet.maenhout@jrc.it




Call for papers. Workshop at the ECPR 2008 Joint Sessions of Workshops: Politics of Intellectual Property


Friday 11th - Wednesday 16th April 2008, University of Rennes, France


Convenors: Sebastian Haunss (University of Konstanz, Germany) and Kenneth C. Shadlen (London School of Economics, UK)


Intellectual property (IP) has become an issue of utmost importance in the contemporary global economy. How should the private or collective acquisition and control of knowledge be governed? Which frameworks for managing IP are optimal for stimulating the production of knowledge while also facilitating use? These overarching questions are increasingly the subject of political conflicts over what types

of knowledge can and should be privately owned, and about how much power owners should have to restrict access to privately owned knowledge.


You can download a pdf-version of this call at: http://www.ipgovernance.eu/conferences/CfP_ECPR_Rennes_IP.pdf


For more information see the ECPR website: http://www.rennes2008.visionmd.co.uk/index.html




______________________________________________




7. ACTIVITIES




Interesting Homepage


"For each word you get right, we donate 10 grains of rice through the United Nations to help end world hunger"


Go to http://www.freerice.com




UN Security Council Must Listen to Iraqs People and Parliament


The United Nations Security Council will soon consider re-authorization of the U.S.-led occupation force in Iraq. The Iraqi cabinet, led by Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, is about to send a letter to the Council requesting extension of the mandate of this so-called "multinational force." The U.S. government is drafting a Council resolution, and the vote will come up in a matter of days.


But the Iraqi constitution clearly calls for ratification by the parliament of any such international agreement. And the parliament is demanding a voice. Last April, 144 members, a majority of Iraq's parliament, signed a letter calling for a timetable for withdrawal of occupation forces. And the same letter denounced as "unconstitutional" a move by the al-Maliki cabinet to unilaterally request a mandate renewal without consulting the parliament. As the current mandate comes closer to expiring, it appears that al-Maliki, under pressure from the U.S., is about to repeat the same unconstitutional and illegal process.


In May, by majority vote, the Iraqi Parliament passed a law reaffirming the Constitution's requirements - that the cabinet must get two-thirds majority approval from parliament for any force renewal request to the Security Council. An overwhelming majority of Iraqis want a complete withdrawal of all the occupation forces, as numerous polls have shown. While the Bush administration insists that it wants to "build democracy," it is ignoring the Iraqi people and their elected representatives. Washington wants to renew the UN mandate without approval of the Iraqi parliament-- another illegal step to justify and prolong the U.S.-led occupation.


TELL YOUR GOVERNMENT TO STOP UN SUPPORT FOR OCCUPATION!


ANY EXTENSION OF THE UN MANDATE MUST BE RATIFIED BY THE IRAQI PARLIAMENT AND INCLUDE A TIMETABLE FOR TROOP WITHDRAWAL.


People worldwide should take action. Nations sitting on the UN Security Council are particularly important: United States, United Kingdom, Russia, China, France, Belgium, Congo, Ghana, Indonesia, Italy, Panama, Peru, Qatar, Slovakia, South Africa


For background, see: http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/iraq/mnfindex.htm


TAKE ACTION! See sample letter at http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/iraq/mnfrenewal/2007/1119sampleletter.htm


Jim Paul, Global Policy Forum

Gael Murphy, Code Pink

Medea Benjamin, Global Exchange

Leslie Cagan, United for Peace and Justice

Phyllis Bennis, Institute for Policy Studies

Emira Woods, Foreign Policy in Focus

Anna Polo, Europe for Peace

Alice Slater, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, NY

Alfred Marder, International Association of Peace Messengers

Bruce Gagnon, Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space

Anna Goodhun, Fairbanks Coalition for Peace and Justice

Stacey Fritz, No Nukes North

John Burroughs, Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy

Jacqueline Cabasso, Western States Legal Foundation




2008 Presidential Candidate Quotes


On June 27, 2007, the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation sent out a survey on nuclear weapons issues to the major candidates in the Republican and Democratic parties.We have selected quotes and voting records that we feel best summarize each candidate's position on the issues, using the results of our own survey and other available information. All candidates involved in the nationally televised debates have been included in the results. If your search terms do not bring up quotes for a certain candidate, that is because we have not yet encountered any instances in which that candidate has taken up a position on our chosen categories. If you have discovered a quote outlining a candidate's position which you do not see featured within one of our categories, we encourage you to share the information with us. Please send your quotes to our program director, Rick Wayman. This project is for informational purposes only, and does not imply support for any particular candidate or political party.


Visit, http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/surveys/2008_pres_cand/cand_quotes_page.php




______________________________________________



8. ANNOUNCEMENTS




New DVD from the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation "Nuclear Weapons and the Human Future"


Click here, http://www.wagingpeace.org/index.htm


10 facts and 10 myths about nuclear weapons you will find here http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/10/facts_myths.pdf




______________________________________________



9. DOCUMENTATIONS




Africa's Missing Billions: International Arms Flows and the Cost of Conflict


Africa suffers enormously from conflict and armed violence. As well as the human tragedy, armed conflict costs Africa around $18bn per year, seriously derailing development. The most commonly used weapons in Africa's conflicts are Kalashnikov assault rifles. The vast majority of these weapons and their ammunition - perhaps 95 per cent - come from outside Africa. To protect lives and livelihoods, the 2008 UN Group of Governmental Experts working on the Arms Trade Treaty must ensure swift progress towards a strong and effective Treaty. All governments have a role to play in ensuring its success.


Download the study (pdf), http://www.oxfam.org/en/programs/campaigns/endpoverty/white_band_day_2007




2007 Global Fissile Material Report


This is the second report of the International Panel on Fissile Materials (IPFM). The IPFM analyzes the technical basis for practical and achievable policy initiatives to secure, consolidate, and reduce stockpiles of highly enriched uranium and plutonium.


These fissile materials are the key ingredients in nuclear weapons, and their control is critical to nuclear disarmament, halting the proliferation of nuclear weapons, and ensuring that terrorists do not acquire nuclear weapons.


You can read the report (pdf) online at, http://www.ipfmlibrary.org/gfmr07.pdf




______________________________________________