INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi


The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.



Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi



The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html




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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 15/2006, October 2006



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- World condemns N. Korean threat


- 26 Nations Begin The Building of Missile Defense to Defend Europe


- Nuclear Weapons: The Narrowing North-South Divide by David Krieger


- The Middle East and the World Five Years After 9/11 by Richard Falk





2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- The truth about the sword by Chandra Muzaffar


- Next Year In Jerusalem by Mairead Corrigan Maguire


- The Division of Ethics of Science and Technology Sector for Social and Human Sciences




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Science and Action on Climate Change Diverging - UK


- Climate costs top summit's agenda


- Record Ozone Loss Over Antarctic this Year - ESA


- EU condemned for forcing unfair trade on poor countries on International Stop EPAs day


- Regional and local development plans must be 'climate proofed'




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Government says no to nuclear energy in Ireland


- Emergency Shuts Down Swedish Reactor


- India resigned to wait as U.S. nuclear deal delayed by Y.P. Rajesh


- Nuke plant safety in dispute by William R. Levesque


- Central Asian States Establish Nuclear-Weapon-Free-Zone Despite U.S. Opposition by Scott Parrish and William Potter


- Wind vs nuclear energy? No competition by Zane Alcorn




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- 23rd Annual Evening for Peace


- Positive futures: Successful applications of ethical science, design and technology, SGR Conference and AGM 2006


- Global Scientific Challenges: Perspectives from Young Scientists. An international conference celebrating 75 years of ICSU




6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- 2006 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation's Annual Report Now Available


- Weapons of Terror: Freeing the World of Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Arms


- Visions for Security, Bulletin 48/1 by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)




7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


- IPB's MacBride Peace Prize 2006 Awarded to Mayors for Peace Campaign


- IPPNW homepage for Europe


- Reaching for a Critical Mass of Political Will for Nuclear Disarmament




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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT





WORLD CONDEMS N. KOREAN THREAT


Oct. 4, 2006 - The international community has sharply condemned North Korea's threat to carry out a nuclear test. The US said such a move would be a "provocative act" and would have consequences for the communist regime. The EU, Russia, Japan and China have urged Pyongyang to exercise restraint and not to undermine regional and international security. South Korea said it would not tolerate any North Korean nuclear test and urged its neighbour to return to disarmament talks. Pyongyang gave no precise date for the possible test, but said it wanted to hold one owing to increasing US hostility.


Source:

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/function/0,2145,12215_pg_2,00.html



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26 NATIONS BEGIN THE BUILDING OF MISSILIE DEFENSE TO DEFEND EUROPE


Sept. 19, 2006 - It was announced today by the Assistant Secretary General for Defence Investment of NATO, Mr. Marshall S. Billingslea, that the 26 member countries of NATO have begun building a 75 million euro over 6 years command and control system for missile defense as well as an integrated test bed for the security of all its 26 member countries.


More:

http://acdn.france.free.fr/spip/breve.php3?id_breve=195&lang=en



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NUCLEAR WEAPONS: THE NARROWING NORTH-SOUTH DIVIDE by David Krieger


Sept. 15, 2006 - ".nuclear bombs.violate everything that is humane; they alter the meaning of life. Why do we tolerate them? Why do we tolerate the men who use nuclear weapons to blackmail the entire human race?" --  Arundhati Roy


North and South are approximations, reflecting both a geographic and economic divide. There is no monolithic North, nor South. There is South within North and North within South, inasmuch as in the North there exists much poverty and in the South there is a stratum enjoying great wealth in most societies. In general, though, the North tends toward industrialization, wealth, dominance and exploitation, while the South, which has a long history of domination by the North in colonial and post-colonial times, tends toward poverty, including extreme and sometimes devastating poverty. Within both South and North powerful subcultures of militarism and extremist violence have emerged that, when linked to nuclear weapons, threaten cities, countries, civilization and the future of life.


Read:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2006/09/15_krieger_northsouth.htm



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THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE WORLD FIVE YEARS AFTER 9/11 by Richard Falk


Sept. 13, 2006 - This is an excellent moment to evaluate what has happened since September 11, 2001. Five years have passed since the dramatic attacks on the highly symbolic American targets, the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. The US Government has launched wars against Afghanistan and Iraq. A third war, with likely graver consequences, is threatened in the months ahead against Iran. In a speech given in Atlanta, Georgia in early September, President Bush declared that "America is safer" than it was five years ago, "and America is winning the war on terror." Bush also insisted that this is not only a war against Islamic extremism, but is also "the decisive ideological struggle of the 21st century," a struggle that "threatens all civilized nations." The American president claimed that "today the civilized world stands together to defend our freedom..to defeat the terrorists" and thereby "secure the peace for generations to come." A sober appraisal of the facts do not support the American president on any of these contentions.


More:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2006/09/13_falk_after911.htm




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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS





THE TRUTH ABOUT THE SWORD by Chandra Muzaffar


Oct. 4, 2006 - It was Albert Einstein who once noted that it is easier to split the atom than to crack a prejudice.


One such prejudice that is deeply entrenched in the Western psyche relates to Islam and violence. At the root of this prejudice is the erroneous belief that Islam had spread through the sword.


Interested? Read more:

http://www.tehrantimes.com/Description.asp?Da=10/4/2006&Cat=14&Num=001



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NEXT YEAR IN JERUSALEM by Mairead Corrigan Maguire


Sept. 18, 2006 - On 7 September 2006, upon hearing of her unanimous appointment as the next Israeli Supreme Court President, Justice Dorit Beinisch said she would preserve "the Supreme Court's culture of values." She went on to say, "As for the talk of eroding public confidence in the court system, everyone from all walks of life comes to Court to ask for its help." She said the Supreme Court had no political agenda and protected basic values. I found these interesting comments from Justice Beinisch, who just the day before sat in the Israeli Court (together with Justices Chesine and Brunis) hearing the third appeal of Mordechai Vanunu, the Israeli nuclear whistleblower, against his restrictions.


Read:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2006/09/18_maguire_jerusalem.htm



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THE DIVISION OF ETHICS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SECTOR FOR SOCIAL AND HUMAN SCIENCES


UNESCO New publication: Social justice in Healthcare


The UNESCO Moscow Office has published the book "Social justice in healthcare: Bioethics and human rights". The book presents the

Proceedings of the International Conference on the same theme, organised by UNESCO on 7-8 November 2005 in Moscow, Russian Federation. The

contributions in the book are available in the Russian as well as English language. The first part of the book deals with the rights to

health as priority in health policy. The second part focuses on inter-sectoral partnership in the provision of social justice in health

care. The third part discusses ethical aspects of prevention of HIV/AIDS, while the final part addresses the protection of the health of

citizens.


The electronic version of the publication is available at the UNESCO Moscow Office website:

www.unesco.ru (Russian) OR http://www.unesco.ru/eng/index.php (English)




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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




SCIENCE AND ACTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE DIVERGING - UK


Oct. 3, 2006 - The gap between what countries are doing to address climate change and what scientists say they should be doing is widening, Britain's Environment Minister David Miliband, said on Friday.


More:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/38339/story.htm



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CLIMATE COSTS TOP SUMMIT's AGENDA


Oct. 3, 2006 - Energy and environment ministers from the world's top 20 polluting nations are meeting in Mexico to consider the economic impact of climate change.

Former World Bank chief economist Sir Nicholas Stern presented the initial findings of his review into the issue.


Sir Nicholas was expected to say that rich nations had to cut emissions, and help developing nations adapt.


The two-day gathering hopes to reach agreement on ways to meet future energy demands while cutting emissions.


The meeting in Monterrey is the latest round of talks on the G8 Gleneagles Summit's climate action plan.


Read:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/5398784.stm



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RECORD OZONE LOSS OVER ANTARCTIC THIS YEAR - ESA


Oct. 3, 2006 - A satellite has detected record losses of ozone over Antarctica this year, the European Space Agency (ESA) said on Monday, further damaging the shield that protects the Earth from cancer-causing ultraviolet rays.


Read:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/38328/story.htm



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EU CONDEMNEC FOR FORCING UNFAIR TRADE ON POOR COUNTRIES ON INTERNATIONAL STOP EPAs DAY


Sep. 27, 2006 - ActionAid International and Friends of the Earth urged the European Union to halt its anti-development trade agenda and stop current EPAs negotiations today - International Stop EPAs day (27 September).


The environment and development organisations accused the EU of pushing for damaging bilateral deals with some of the world's poorest countries, reviving some of the trade terms already rejected at the World Trade Organisation.


The European Commission is pushing for Economic Partnership Agreements, which will liberalise trade, investment, public procurement, and competition policy - opening up developing countries' markets.


Press Release by FoE (Friends of the Earth), more:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/eu_condemned_for_forcing_u_27092006.html



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REGIONAL AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS MUST BE 'CLIMATE PROOFED'


Sep. 25, 2006 - New regional and local development plans must be `climate proofed' with binding carbon dioxide reduction targets and adaptation measures to help communities withstand extreme climate impacts including flood risk, the Town and Country Planning Association and Friends of the Earth said today.


Press Release by FoE (Friends of the Earth), read:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/regional_and_local_develop_25092006.html




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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




GOVERNMENT SAYS NO TO NUCLEAR ENERGY IN IRELAND


Oct. 1, 2006 - The Government has ruled out any use of nuclear energy in Ireland in the future.


A new green paper on energy launched today outlines other initiatives, such as support for families whose homes are energy efficient, and land set aside for renewable energy plants.


Minister for the Environment Dick Roche said today that nuclear energy is not efficient and we should focus on cleaner forms of power instead.


Source:

http://www.irishexaminer.com/breaking/story.asp?j=227486060&p=zz7486875&n=227486946&x=



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EMERGENCY SHUTS DOWN SWEDISH REACTOR


On 25 July 2006, a Swedish nuclear reactor was shut down due to a short circuit in a unit that supplies power to the reactor.


An initial report by the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, the department that monitors all nuclear activity in Sweden, stated that deficiencies in the Forsmark nuclear reactor should be taken seriously. The event leading to the shutdown was ranked a 2 on the International Nuclear Event Scale. The International Atomic Agency (IAEA) has established a ranking system for nuclear events. A ranking of 7 is considered the most serious.


Four of the ten nuclear reactors in Sweden that use the same backup power system as the one at Forsmark have also been shut down. Until their safety is secured and the cause of the short circuit established, they will remain shut down. These reactors are built with the same design and safety specifications as approximately 300 other nuclear reactors around the world.


Claes-Inge Andersson, in charge of communications for SKI which is the company that runs the plant, stated that these type of accidents are expected and accounted for in safety plans. "Two of the four back-up diesel generators failed to start automatically following on the short circuit, but the two functioning generators were sufficient to run the cooling system, which proves that the reactor safety functioned successfully," said Andersson.


Opponents of nuclear power in Sweden have stated that this incident clearly shows that nuclear energy is not safe. They have demanded that an independent investigation looking into the cause be launched.


Source:

The Sunflower Newsletter, September 2006

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/sunflower/2006/09_sunflower-mail.htm


Sderlindh, Lisa Monique, "Sweden: Emergency nuclear reactor shutdown fuels fears." Inter Press Service/Global Information Network, 9 August 2006.



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INDIA RESIGNED TO WAIT AS U.S. NUCLEAR DEAL DELAYED by Y.P. Rajesh


Oct. 1, 2006 - India sought to put on a brave face on Sunday over an unexpected delay in the approval of a landmark nuclear deal with the United States amid nervousness in New Delhi that the controversial pact could slip away.


The deal, which aims to give India access to U.S. civilian nuclear technology for the first time in three decades, had been expected to be approved by the U.S. Senate last week before it adjourned for elections in November.


More:

http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=politicsNews&storyID=2006-10-01T093347Z_01_DEL729_RTRUKOC_0_US-NUCLEAR-INDIA-USA.xml&WTmodLoc=PolNewsHome_C2_politicsNews-3



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NUKE PLANT SAFETY IN DISPUTE by William R. Levesque


Sept. 19, 2006 - A nuclear engineer says prolonged shutdowns at power plants show safety standards have been allowed to slip. No way, says the industry.


Learn more:

http://www.sptimes.com/2006/09/19/Business/Nuke_plant_safety_in_.shtml



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CENTRAL ASIAN STATES ESTABLISH NUCLEAR-WEAPON-FREE-ZONE DESPITE U.S. OPPOSITION by Scott Parrish and William Potter


Sept. 5, 2006 - The five former Soviet Central Asian republics--Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan--have announced that they will sign a treaty establishing a Central Asian nuclear-weapon-free zone (CANWFZ) on September 8, 2006. The treaty will create the world's fifth nuclear-weapon-free zone (NWFZ), alongside those in Latin America and the Caribbean, the South Pacific, Southeast Asia, and Africa. The result of negotiations that began in 1997, the CANWFZ treaty text was finalized at talks held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan in February 2005. Reflecting the strategic importance of Central Asia, the eight-year process of negotiating the treaty has been heavily influenced by the nuclear weapons states, especially the United States and Russia. And while a date for the signing ceremony has been announced, continued opposition from the United States, United Kingdom, and France may yet derail the CANWFZ treaty. The United States is even pressuring the United Nations and other international bodies to withhold their support of the treaty.


More:

http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/week/060905.htm



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WIND VS NUCLEAR ENERGY? NO COMPETITION by Zane Alcorn


Despite PM John Howard's call for a "full-blooded debate" about energy, greenhouse and uranium mining, there has been little discussion about renewable energy sources such as wind power.


Please visit:

http://www.greenleft.org.au/back/2006/682/682p10.htm




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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




23rd ANNUAL EVENING FOR PEACE


The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation's 23rd Annual Evening for Peace will be held on Saturday, October 28, 2006. Human Rights campaigner Bianca Jagger will receive the Foundation's World Citizenship Award, and former Maryknoll priest and long-time peace activist Blase Bonpane will receive the Foundation's Distinguished Peace Leadership Award. For information on the event, please contact the Foundation at (805) 965-3443.


Source: The Sunflower Newsletter, September 2006

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/sunflower/2006/09_sunflower-mail.htm



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POSITIVE FUTURES: SUCCESSFUL APPLICATIONS OF ETHICAL SCIENCE, DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY

SGR Conference and AGM 2006


Saturday 21st October 2006, University of London Union, Malet Street, WC1


This year's conference will discuss case studies of positive contributions made by science, design and technology to peace, social justice and environmental sustainability.


Keynote speakers

- Making Peacebuilding Work: Prof John Sloboda, Executive Director, Oxford Research Group


- Implementing Sustainable Energy at a Local Level: Building solar villages and eliminating fuel poverty in Kirklees, West Yorkshire: Dr Philip Webber, Head of Environment Unit, Kirklees Metropolitan Council (& SGR)


Workshops

- Science and Positive Security: Tools for Change: Dr Chris Langley, SGR


- Finding an Ethical Career in Science, Design and Technology: Dr Stuart Parkinson, SGR


- Incompatible or Mutually Indispensable? SGR and Trade Union Movement: Dr Martin Levy, Northumbria University



For further information:

http://www.sgr.org.uk/conferences.html



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GLOBAL SCIENTIFIC CHALLENGES: PERSPECTIVES FROM YOUNG SCIENTISTS. AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CELEBRATING 75 YEARS OF ISCU


4-6 April 2007, Lindau, Germany


As part of its 75th anniversary celebrations, ICSU is organizing a conference for selected young scientists that will allow them to discuss some of today's important scientific challenges in a multidisciplinary and international environment. Participants in this conference, which will take place in Lindau in Germany from 4-6 April 2007, will be exclusively nominated and sponsored by ICSU Members and Interdisciplinary Bodies around the world.


The conference, "Global Scientific Challenges: Perspectives from Young Scientists", will bring together about 200 young scientists and will address the following topics:


1. International cooperation

2. Transdisciplinary collaboration

3. Public engagement

4. Science for policy

5. Scientific freedom and responsibilities

6. Science and the private sector.

7. The conference is planned to be a truly unique event that is quite different from traditional conferences that focus on just one discipline or topic. It should also provide unprecedented opportunities for networking amongst leading young scientists from a wide range of disciplines and countries.


Nominated scientists will under 35 years old. The scientists will also have shown a genuine and active interest in at least one of the scientific topics to be discussed at the conference, which are environmental change, sustainable development, human health and basic research and discovery.


The aim is to include scientists who work in a variety of different settings, such as universities, government laboratories, industry, science policy and management, and science communication. The working language of the conference is English.


Important notice: Please note that participants will be nominated only by ICSU National Members, Scientific Unions and Interdisciplinary Bodies. Please do not submit unsolicited applications to the ICSU secretariat.


More information please find at:

http://www.icsu.org/10_icsu75/75ANNIV_Young.html#doc




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6. DOCUMENTATIONS




2006 ANNUAL REPORT NOW AVAILABLE


The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation's 2006 Waging Peace Annual Report is now available. The report, published annually, provides information on important issues of peace and international law, as well as information on Foundation activities. Donors will receive the Waging Peace Annual Report via mail. Back issues of Waging Peace can be ordered from the Foundation. To order a copy, please send an e-mail to frontdesk@napf.org.


PDF-File to download

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/publications/wp-2006-vol-16-1.pdf



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WEAPONS OF TERROR: FREEING THE WORLD OF NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL AND CHEMINCAL ARMS


The Independent Commission on Weapons of Mass Destruction, chaired by Dr. Hans Blix, has released a report that addresses the proliferation, existence and use of weapons of mass destruction. The report gives 60 recommendations to reduce the threat that these weapons pose to all people on earth.


Read more:

http://www.wmdcommission.org/



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VISIONS FOR SECURITY, Bulletin 48/1 by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency)


Today, the road to security is a cross-cutting interchange of paths and approaches. The IAEA travels these paths everyday through its global reach. In this edition of the IAEA Bulletin, contributors offer their views on ways to move ahead. They don't always agree on which way to go, but they do agree on the urgency of going forward.


Find out more:

http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull481/index.html




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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS




IPB's MacBride PEACE PRIZE 2006 AWARDED TO MAYORS FOR PEACE CAMPAIGN


The International Peace Bureau has awarded the 2006 MacBride Peace Prize to the Mayors for Peace organisation, founded and led by the Mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The ceremony took place in Helsinki on Friday Sept 8th, within the framework of the IPB's Triennial Conference. Mayor Tadatoshi Akiba of Hiroshima received the medal from IPB President Cora Weiss, on behalf of Mayors for Peace. Also present were two representatives of Varkaus City and Mariehamn (Finland), whose communities are members of the Mayors for Peace network.


At a second ceremony, Mayor Iccho Itoh of Nagasaki will receive the MacBride Prize in Nagasaki in October.


The Mayors for Peace Campaign is an innovative initiative uniting leaders of over 1400 local governments in 119 countries in a common quest to liberate the world from nuclear weapons. More information at: www.mayorsforpeace.org



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IPPNW HOMEPAGE FOR EUROPE


Sept. 21, 2006: IPPNW's homepage for European affiliates is now online (check: www.ippnw.eu online) with a new layout and in three languages. The pages in each language, however, differ from one another in their content and reflect the work of the various affiliates. For instance, the German pages contain mostly articles about the work of the German, Austrian and Swiss affiliates, the French pages are from the French, Belgian and Swiss affiliates and the English pages cover the European work generally and specifically the work of Medact, the UK affiliate. The web site is divided into the following thematic areas: "abolition of nuclear weapons", "nuclear energy and

security", "prevention of war" and "social responsibility".


The sitemap offers an overview of the structure of the web site. There is also the possibility to view the pages in printer-friendly modus, to print them or to send them to a friend or acquaintance. You can also subscribe to the European IPPNW newsletter that will be published quarterly. The new search engine makes researching specific topics easier. Moreover, the new IPPNW web site is friendly for handicapped users. Enjoy surfing!


For further information please contact: Xanthe Hall +49-30-698074-12, or xanthe@ippnw.de



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REACHING FOR A CRITICAL MASS OF POLITICAL WILL FOR DISARMAMENT


Interesting Homepage:

http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/index.html