INES INFORMATION SERVICE, Issue 14 - October 2007
The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.
The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.
Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS email@example.com
WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html
INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com
INES International Office, firstname.lastname@example.org
INES Chair: David Krieger, email@example.com
The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html
PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.
1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS
Meeting the Challenge of Abolishing Nuclear Weapons by David Krieger
A recent conference on "The Challenge of Abolishing Nuclear Weapons" brought together experts from 10 countries, including the US, Russia, China, India, Germany and Japan, for two days of intensive discussions. The conference, which was held in San Francisco, was sponsored by the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation and the Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research. The participants examined the obstacles in the way of achieving a world free of nuclear weapons.
To read more, visit:
Source: The Sunflower, e-Newsletter, Oct 2007
IPB Annual Seminar: Books or Bombs? Sustainable Development
Nov 11-12 2007 in Alexandria (Egypt)
New INES Activity Coordinator Reiner Braun is going to moderate a workshop and INES member Hamed El-Mously is gping to speak.
You are warmly invited to participate in an international seminar organised by the International Peace Bureau in cooperation with the Institute for Peace Studies, Bibliotheca Alexandrina (www.peacestudiesinstitute.org).
This seminar is the main international gathering in 2007 to showcase and to debate IPB's ongoing programme Sustainable Disarmament for Sustainable Development.
Through this work IPB is building a global network
- to pursue three objectives:
- to encourage states to shift resources away from military spending and towards greater investment in sustainable development;
- to draw attention to the negative impact of weapons on the development process and to promote disarmament; and
- to integrate these efforts into peace and social justice campaigns around the world.
The meeting will bring together experts and advocates, diplomats and students, journalists and civil society representatives from many countries. Linked to this seminar will be the annual IPB Council meeting (November 13). If you are interested please make your plans quickly, there is no time to lose. For more details about the programme, speakers, etc go to our NEW website www.ipb.org.
Also please see important document Practical Matters covering travel, visa, hotel etc arrangements.
(Mr) Colin Archer, Secretary-General
New web: www.ipb.org, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
For the 21st Century - Indo-US Peace Declaration, draft by INES member Dr. Dhirendra Sharma
Indian Parliament can replace the proposed Indo-US Agreementwith a non-controversial 21st Century Global Peace and Security Declaration.
The Centre seem in a hurry to purchase fighter jets and finalise the 123 nuclear deal. The Indo-US 123 Nuclear Agreement serves the best interest of the Nuclear Suppliers Group countries that were out of business since the Three-Mile and Chernobyl accidents. Huge commission aside, buying the fighters and the N-deal are not in the best interest of our people.
For the last 25 years, no nuclear reactor had been installed in the west, and no jet fighters were sold to any advanced country. Concerned scientists in the U.S. and European Parliament have opposed the revival of Nuclear Power. Consequently, the war-industries and the Nuclear Suppliers Group countries are anxious to dump their hardware on India. In the changed geo-political security environment,however, if the United States now seeks our friendship, and strategic alliance, let it support India's permanent seat at the UN Security Council. As a jesture of goodwill Washington could also vacate its Nuclear armed military base in the Indian Ocean at Dieago Garcia.
I shall welcome your comment on this communication.
Dr. Dhirendra Sharma
(Director, Centre for Science Policy, Convenor: Concerend Scientists and Philosophers for Global Responsibility, www.psaindia.org)
Draft: The 21st Century Global Peace and Security: Indo-US Declaration
India and the United States of America - the two Nuclear Weapons States - hereby reaffirm their resolve to work together for Nuclear Disarmament and to cooperate in the scientific fields of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful purposes.
We further resolve to work together in trust and friendship for mutual benefits and for World Peace and Global Environment Security.
We further resolve to strengthen the United Nations and to work in partnership for Space-exploration and shall colaborate in Research to overcome the threat of Global warming.
New Publication by INES Member Professor John Scales Avery
The World Scientific and Imperial College Press pleased to announce the publication of a new book by Professor John Scales Avery (H C Ørsted Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark) entitled Energy, Resources, and the Long-Term Future. INES members will be given a special 20% discount off the regular price if they contact directly (Ms) Hooi Yean Lee (email@example.com).
The world is rapidly approaching the end of the fossil fuel era. This timely book reviews the historical background for this crisis and provides a comprehensive discussion of its important aspects. It contrasts the Utopian writings of Condorcet, Godwin and Adam Smith, with the more pessimistic views of Malthus and Ricardo. It then discusses the characteristics of mainstream industrialism, as well as the ecological counterculture. The final chapters of the book study the present position regarding both non-renewable and renewable resources, and the problem of reducing the economic trauma that will result from the depletion of fossil fuels, especially the future impact of high petroleum prices on agriculture in relation to global population growth.
For more information, please visit
Overview of INES activities by Guillermo M Eguiazu and Alberto Motta
From more of thirty year ago, Guillermo M Eguiazu and Alberto Motta, are working in the matter technological risks.
For the study of those risks, they fund the PROCABIE (Programa Calidad Biológica y Biopatológica del Entorno Humano - Biological and Biopathological Quality of the Human Environment). They began with the study of a natural contaminant, the Aflatoxin, because this contaminant can be present in the foods and it is of carcinogenic risk for the humans.
The extension of the research to similar cases such as pesticides, other substances of technological origin, electromagnetically processes and mutagens in general, confirmed and deduced that there does not exist a science for the prevention of now for they called Technogeny or Technopathogeny phenomenon. This is the adverse effects the human health which are expressed not immediately but over years or generations, as consequence of the exposition of environmental factors, also called Technopathogens,. entailed to the Technologies. The origin of the Technopathogens are the immanent and occult defects of the Technique. These occult defects are present because the knowledge for the development of the Technique, is imperfect. The early detection of this imperfection, needs a complex methodology.
Because they found that for the study of the technological not evident risks there is not an appropriate science, they fund the Technopathogenology. The new science for the study of the processes of genesis, detection and prophylaxis of the Technopathogeny phenomenon.
The developing of a specific method for the technopathogenology is fundamental to obtain the prevention and prophylaxis of the technopatogenic phenomenon already mentioned.
The application of the technopathogenological criteria to study and prevent the technopathogenic risks often turn the scientist to be a whistleblower. Also to the professionals that in his jobs can detect this problem. In this case support of INES/INESPE will be fundamental.
In future comments, this activity will be extend.
With best wishes, Alberto Motta
2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT
Preventing Mass Atrocities 'Sacred Calling' for UN and the World - Ban Ki-Moon
Oct 10 2007 - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today called for the entire United Nations system to be empowered to shoulder the responsibility of preventing mass atrocities, which he deemed one of the "most sacred callings" of the world body and the international community.
Peacebuilding Body Shows Progress but Needs more Support - Assembly President
Oct 10 2007 - The United Nations Peacebuilding Commission, set up to prevent countries that have emerged from conflict from sliding back into war, has achieved solid results since it began operations just over a year ago but needs more international support to boost its impact on the ground, the President of the General Assembly said today.
NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND THREAT
Washington is Sending Mixed Signals on Nuclear Agreements by Jimmy Carter
By abandoning many of the nuclear arms agreements negotiated in the last 50 years, the United States has been sending mixed signals to North Korea, Iran, and other nations with the technical knowledge to create nuclear weapons. Currently proposed agreements with India compound this quagmire and further undermine the global pact for peace represented by the nuclear nonproliferation regime.
To read more, visit www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/09/20_carter_washington_sending.php
Source: The Sunflower, e-Newsletter, Oct 2007
Derailing a Deal by Noam Chomsky
Oct 8 2007 - Nuclear-armed states are criminal states. They have a legal obligation, confirmed by the World Court, to live up to Article 6 of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, which calls on them to carry out good-faith negotiations to eliminate nuclear weapons entirely. None of the nuclear states has lived up to it.
World Is Entering Second Nuclear Age, Says NATO Expert
Oct 6 2007 - Michael Rühle, Senior Policy Advisor to the NATO Secretary General, said today (Saturday) that the world had entered a "second nuclear age" in which many of the rules that applied in the days of the Cold War stand-off between East and West no longer applied.
An Illogical Armageddon by Peter Preston
The new nuclear age has been made more chilling by a state of mutually assured incomprehension
Oct 1 2007 - Once upon a distantly recent time, the doctrines of nuclear weaponry seemed to make crude, crunching sense. If you splat me, I'll splat you - in our Mad old world. (That's Mad as in "mutually assured destruction".) But now the madness is more miasmic, dementia lacking discernible doctrine or even plain speaking. Take Iran, North Korea and the missile defence row currently consuming much of eastern Europe. And while you're at it, take Pakistan too.
Read the full article here,
For questions contact the author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nuclear Threat Intiative Report by Matthew Bunn
A new report titled "Securing the Bomb 2007," commissioned by the Nuclear Threat Initiative, finds a dangerous gap in efforts to thwart nuclear terrorism and calls for urgent global campaign to reduce the risk.
The report provides a comprehensive assessment of efforts to secure and remove vulnerable nuclear stockpiles around the world and a detailed action plan for keeping nuclear weapons and their deadly ingredients out of terrorist hands.
To read more, visit (pdf):
Source: The Sunflower, e-Newsletter, Oct 2007
- SPACE WAR
Russia Warns of Arms War in Space: Report
Oct 3, 2007 - Russia's military space commander vowed to retaliate with an arms race if any country started putting weapon systems into orbit, he said in
remarks published on Wednesday.
To read more,
Russia Promises Retaliation if Weapons Deployed in Space
Sep 27 2007 - Russia is ready to take appropriate measures if weapons are deployed in space, the commander of the Russian Space Forces
Missile Defense System Is Up and Running, Military Says by Thom Shanker
Oct 3 2007 - After a successful test last week, the tracking radars and interceptor rockets of a new American missile defense system can be turned on
at any time to respond to an emerging crisis in Asia, senior military officers said Tuesday.
Turkish MPs back attacks in Iraq
Oct 17 2007 - Turkey's parliament has given permission for the government to launch military operations into Iraq in pursuit of Kurdish rebels.
* "The Revolt of the Generals": Generals Opposing Iraq War Break with Military Tradition by Mark Sauer
Sep 27 2007 - The generals acted independently, coming in their own ways to the agonizing decision to defy military tradition and publicly criticize the Bush administration over its conduct of the war in Iraq.
To read the article, go to:
Putin warns against attacks on Iran
Vladimir Putin issued a veiled warning Tuesday against any attack on Iran as he made the first visit by a Kremlin leader to Tehran in six decades - a mission reflecting Russian-Iranian efforts to curb U.S. influence.
For an interesting comment visit the following page:
Middle Powers Initiative Statement on US/Iran Confrontation
Absent a Security Council resolution authorizing use of force, there is presently no basis in international law for the United States or any other state to respond to Iran's nuclear program with a military attack or to threaten such an attack.
Resolution of differences between the United States and Iran through diplomatic means has become imperative. The catastrophe of Iraq should inform us that the use of force under present circumstances will bring even greater tragedy to the war-torn Middle East. Any threat to unilaterally use overwhelming force is irresponsibly hazardous. There is no imminent threat posed by Iran. There is a practical, legal and moral obligation to obtain security through peaceful and law abiding means.
To read more, visit:
Source: The Sunflower, e-Newsletter, Oct 2007
Inflammatory Amendment on Iran Passes in the Senate
On September 26, the US Senate passed an inflammatory amendment, declaring the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran a terrorist group.
The Kyl-Lieberman amendment to the Senate Defense Authorization Bill passed by a vote of 76 to 22.
Senator Jim Webb (D-VA) has continuously opposed the amendment, stating that the Bush administration could use it as an authorization of force against Iran. Additionally, this is the first time that a section of a nation's military has been designated a terrorist organization.
The amendment could further fray relations between Iran and the United States and delay talks with Iran about Iraqi security. Opponents of the amendment believe this is a similar legislative path as that taken to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, calling the amendment a backdoor to a military confrontation with Iran.
Source: The Sunflower, e-Newsletter, Oct 2007
The Best U.S. Weapon against Iran is Diplomacy by John Burroughs
Sep 26 2007 - On Friday at the United Nations, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice will discuss strategy regarding Iran's nuclear program with her counterparts from Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China. What is needed is not another UN Security Council resolution strengthening existing sanctions. Rather the Bush administration should talk directly with Iran, and soon, because the U.S.-Iran confrontation is heating up dangerously. Tensions over Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's visit this week are just the tip of the iceberg.
Burma 'still hunting protesters'
Oct 17 2007 - Burma's leaders say they will continue searching for protesters who took part in the recent anti-government uprising.
For the article, click here:
Security Council Calls for 'Genuine' Dialogue in Myanmar to Achieve Reconciliation
Oct 11 2007 - Strongly deploring Myanmar's recent use of violence against peaceful protesters, the Security Council today underscored the need for dialogue between the Government and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi to accelerate its national reconciliation process.
Secretary-General Dispatches Myanmar Envoy to Meet with Regional Partners
Oct 11 2007 - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today announced that he is sending his Special Adviser on Myanmar back to the region this weekend to meet with regional partners about the situation in the troubled South-East Asian nation.
To read more, visit:
Burma v. Myanmar?
Darfur: UN Envoy Warns Surge in Violence Must End Ahead of Peace Talks
Oct 11 2007 - The United Nations Special Envoy to Darfur today called for an end to the "vicious cycle of violence" engulfing the war-torn Sudanese region ahead of major peace talks later this month, warning that any delay to the negotiations between the Government and the rebels would only lead to further bloodshed.
Arms Continue to Flow into Darfur, Security Council Expert Panel Finds
Oct 10 2007 - The Sudanese Government and rebel groups in Darfur continue to violate the Security Council arms embargo, sending heavy weapons, small arms, ammunition and other military equipment into the war-torn region over the past year, a panel of experts set up to monitor the ban says in a new report.
The report you will find here:
For the article, go to:
3. SCIENCE AND ETHICS
Design Science Lab at UN and UN International School
Students and professionals work together developing peaceful, regenerative solutions to global and local problems under the general framework of the Millennium Development Goals.
See http://www.bigpicturesmallworld.com and http://www.designsciencelab.org for more information and free downloads of previous year's work.
Application for Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Graduate Fellowship Program
The programm is designed to engage graduate science, engineering, medical, veterinary, business, public policy, and law students in the analytical process that informs the creation of national policy-making with a science/technology element. As a result, students develop basic skills essential to working in the world of science policy.
Learn more about our program,
Applications are now being accepted for the 2008 sessions.
Nov 1 2007 (Winter Session)
March 1 2007 (Summer Session)
June 1 2007 (Fall Session)
4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
IPB Says "No Solution to Climate Change without Reclaiming Resources spent on the Military"
Oct 13 2007 - The International Peace Bureau congratulates the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Al Gore on the award of the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize.
"The work they have done in waking up the world has been decisive" said IPB President Tomas Magnusson, "especially over the last 12 months - although the scientific work underpinning the case for radical steps to save the planet from climate disaster goes back several decades".
Worldwide climate change is not only a peace question because of the risk of new conflicts that may follow, as stated by the Nobel Committee, but also on account of the enormous negative impact the military itself has on the environment - through pollution, use of scarce resources, and diversion of colossal sums of money away from sustainable development.
For Al Gore, under pressure to enter the US Presidential race, the challenge will be to live up to the widespread expectations generated by the new way of thinking, not only on climate issues, but also, for example, in withdrawing the American troops from Iraq.
The IPB is pleased to announce today the publication of a new IPB paper 'A Climate of War' which addresses these issues. In essence, the argument made in the paper is that there is a real danger that the growing competition for resources (resulting in part from climate change) may cause the lea-dership of the big powers to claim greater legitimacy for inflated military budgets - and even more dan-gerous weapons systems. This is absolutely not the way to go. The message of today's Prize is surely that we are all in the same boat and we had better develop peaceful ways of sharing our resources before the boat capsizes.
Oct 11 2007 - Governments world-wide are mishandling climate-change issues.
To read, please visit:
Study finds global warming affecting bird migration
Oct 11 2007 - Climate change may not be noticeable to all humans yet, but the behaviour of birds suggests the seasons have already changed.
Climate change disaster is upon us, warns UN
Oct 5 2007 - A record number of floods, droughts and storms around the world this year amount to a climate change "mega disaster", the United Nation's emergency relief coordinator, Sir John Holmes, has warned.
Indonesian women to plant 10 million tress to help overcome climate change
Oct 10 2007 - Seven woman organizations will plant an estimated 10 million trees throughout Indonesia starting on December 1, 2007, to help deal with climate change.
Government plans to plant 79 million trees by year-end
Oct 4 2007 - The government is embarking on a massive tree-planting campaign ahead of what will be the largest-ever global climate change conference in Bali in December.
Pollution Cuts Life Expectancy, Threatens Child Development In Europe
Oct 11 2007 - Environmental policy across the pan-European region is hampered by gaps in information and implementation, according to a new European Environment Agency (EEA) report.
China and India biofuels said threat to food output
Oct 11 2007 - Plans by China and India to raise biofuels production from irrigated maize and sugarcane could aggravate water shortages and undermine food output, an international report said on Thursday.
To read, visit:
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
* African countries join the patent game
Oct 11 2007 - Researchers in six African countries can now better protect their rights and benefit from the commercialisation of their research as a result of a project to improve their countries' capacity to address intellectual property issues.
UN Talks On Public Health Access and Innovation Face Challenges
Oct 10 2007 - Next monthâs round of negotiations on a United Nations plan to boost access to medicines for the worldâs poor are set for a rough ride, with countries and regions split on contentious issues such as intellectual property rights and how to spur drug innovation for the benefit of all.
For the full article, go here:
Indigenous Rights' Declaration Adopted at the UN General Assembly, plus some Video Clips
The United Nations General Assembly adopted the declaration of the rights of indigenous peoples. The votes were 143 in favor, 4 against. The 4 countries against the declaration were predictably Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States, long opposed to the declaration in its current form. A short update describes this. In addition, some video clips were added. One >from a representative of the Inuit in the Arctic region, another an interview with Evo Morales, president of Bolivia, and another with an Aboriginal elder. They all look at different aspects of indigenous people's struggles.
5. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES
US Nuclear Dump Plan in Danger after Seismic Shock by Fred Attewill
Sep 25 2007 - The most expensive public works project in the US was today in disarray after it emerged that a planned giant nuclear dump would be located on a faultline.
Rock samples from deep within Yucca Mountain, in Nevada, showed that the fault runs directly beneath the site where the US federal government planned to store 70,000 tonnes of highly radioactive waste.
For the whole article, go to:
Energy: Renewable Energy Cannot Replace Fossil and Nuclear Power?
This short update is a video clip from German renewable energy expert, Hermann Scheer, who argues that the reason why many still think renewable energy cannot replace fossil and nuclear power
is because those working in these industries have made efforts to propagate the notion.
Nuclear is Uneconomical by Amory B. Lovins
April 2007 - Existing technologies for more efficient end-use can save three-fourths of U.S. electricity at an average cost of around 1 cent per kilowatt-hour--cheaper than running a coal or nuclear power plant, let alone building one. Scores of utilities have demonstrated and implemented at scale, rapid, large, predictable, and extremely cheap "negawatts" (saved electricity). California's per-capita use of electricity has been flat for
30 years while per-capita real income rose 79 percent. Firms like DuPont, Dow, and IBM are saving billions of dollars by cutting energy intensity, sometimes as fast as 6-8 percent a year.
To read, visit:
Towards a Basic Income Society?
Oct 26/27 2007 in Oxford (United Kingdom)
Participants from a diverse range of disciplines discuss questions pertaining to the normative justification, institutional design, and political feasibility of a basic income society.
Organized by Centre for the Study of Social Justice (CSSJ)
More information here: http://social-justice.politics.ox.ac.uk/events/basicincome/
Contact name: David Casassas / Jurgen De Wispelaere
The Middle East in 2010
Oct 30 2007 in Washington, DC (United States)
Engaging panels on Palestinian refugees, post-Iraq War jihadists, Iran, and the future of US-Middle East relations. Speakers include: Richard Clarke, Benny Morris, Barbara Slavin, Francis Townsend and many more.
Organized by Middle East Institute
Contact name: JF Hulston
Public Conference: Disasters: Recipes and Remedies
Nov 1-2 2007 at The New School in New York (United States)
Everyday brings fresh news of another disaster that threatens our lives, our homes and our entire community. Please join us as leading experts discuss the conditions that amplify or reduce the affects of disasters, who is most affected by them and why, and what can be done to lessen the likelihood and the magnitude of disasters in the future.
1. Definitions: What We Talk about When We Talk about Disasters
2. Acquiring Vulnerabilities that Potentiate Disasters
3. Keynote by Nicholas Scoppetta, NYC Fire Commissioner
4. What "Really" Happens: Preparations and Responses
5. The Impact of Disasters on Human Development
Conference Tickets: $50 ($12 for a single session), Special for ACLU members: $35 ($8 for a single session), Special for Full-time Students: $15 ($5 for a single session), Special for New School Alumni: $15 ($5 for a single session)
Please visit www.newschool.edu/disasters or email email@example.com for more information.
A Simple Statement On Nuclear Power and Climate Change
We're getting a little tired hearing nuclear industry lobbyists and pro-nuclear politicians allege that environmentalists are now supporting nuclear power as a means of addressing the climate crisis. We know that's not true, and we're sure you do too. In fact, using nuclear power would be counterproductive at reducing carbon emissions. As Amory Lovins of Rocky Mountain Institute points out, "every dollar invested in nuclear expansion will worsen climate change by buying less solution per dollar..."
The simple statement below will be sent to the media and politicians whenever they misstate the facts. We hope you and your organization will join us and sign on in support here.
"We do not support construction of new nuclear reactors as a means of addressing the climate crisis. Available renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies are faster, cheaper, safer and cleaner strategies for reducing greenhouse emissions than nuclear power."
Sign the statement:
Print the statement:
In other languages (spanish, french, russian, ukrainian):
New NAPF Video - Nuclear Weapons and the Human Future
The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation is pleased to announce the release of its newest video, Nuclear Weapons and the Human Future. Co-edited by Foundation volunteers Ryan Roberson and Ivan Van Wingerden, the video outlines the Foundation's case against nuclear weapons.
Please contact Rick Wayman at firstname.lastname@example.org to order a free copy of this DVD.
You can preview the video online at:
Madagascar: Mapping One Of The Most Bio-Diverse Countries Of The World
Oct 9 2007 - The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and its partner organisations have used state-of-the art remote sensing technology and methodologies to produce the first vegetation atlas of Madagascar, one of the most bio-diverse and unique countries in the world.
Al Gore and IPCC Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
Oct 12 2007 - Friends of the Earth congratulates Al Gore and the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize today.
FoF Earth Director, Tony Juniper said: "We are delighted that Al Gore and the IPCC have been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Climate change is one of the biggest threats to global security that we face and it is absolutely right that this prize is awarded to individuals and organisations who are dedicated to addressing it.
Both Al Gore and the IPCC have done a huge amount to bring global attention to climate change and have set out positive steps for how we can tackle it. We hope the signal sent by the Nobel Foundation will be heard by politicians around the globe and that urgent action will be taken to address this threat before it's too late."
International Forum for Worldwide Nuclear Disarmament
For more information on the forum and its aims, click here:
Declaration of the European Conference in Defence of Peace (Lisbon Portugal, Sept 28/29 2007)
Declaration of the Conference of European Peace Organisations jointly convened by the World Peace Council (WPC), Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) and Portuguese Council for Peace and Cooperation.
Participants representing 20 Peace Organisations and Movements from 14 European countries gathered in Lisbon, Portugal at the same time as the informal meeting in Evora, Portugal of the ministers of Defense of the EU. The meeting of peace organizations after fruitful exchange of views issued the following declaration:
1. The peoples of Europe are facing growing threats to global peace and security resulting from militarization of international relations and increasing imperialist aggressions around the world. The peace conference demands an immediate cessation of these war driven policies. Instead, the peace conference upholds the promotion of peaceful relations in the continent and with the whole world and calls for improvements in the social well being of the peopleâs of Europe.
2. Considering the rejection of the European Constitutional Treaty in many societies, and in particular by referenda in France and Holland, participants in the peace conference declare that the reformed European Treaty continues to be a clear expression of the ongoing dangerous course towards increasing the concentration of political decision making power directed against the sovereignty of the peoples, pervasive intrusion of security agencies into civic life within the Union, and the projection of strengthened military might onto the world stage. The reformed Treaty ignores the views of the people and serves the interests of the corporations in all spheres. We demand that the will of the peoples of Europe and their democratic rights to be respected, and that any reform treaty should be submitted to referenda in every country of the Union.
3. The growing supremacy of the economic interest of corporations and the states is intimately connected to the militarization of Europe and has resulted in diminished civic, social and labour rights and the criminalization of civic resistance. The undermining of the quality of democratic rights and democratic institutions has paved the way for the intrusion and promotion of extremist doctrines and actions by aggressive criminal groups such as emerging xenophobic and Nazi gangs, on the one hand, and campaigns against and political persecution of progressive and peace forces, on the other, both being alien to the sentiments and interests of the social and peopleâs movements.
4. International relations are becoming more and more militarized. The European Union is more frequently taking aggressive stances in its international relations vis a vis the resolution of latent and emerging conflicts, or prolonged and ongoing wars. The complicity of the European Union with NATO, a self-appointed aggressive alliance of world jurisdiction, is not only a danger to peace in the world but as well a dangerous and self-destructive policy for the peoples of Europe.
The active military interventions by the EU in the Balkans, Central Asia and Middle East continue and are to be condemned. The presence of numerous European military bases and increased deployment of military forces in Africa (namely the EU mission in Chad and the Central African Republic) are cases for deep concern considering the past and in view of future developments in that continent.
5. The further militarization of the European Union, by the installation of military bases outside national borders, the creation of rapid deployment interventionist army battle corps and new naval groups designed to impose its political-economic will in Europe and elsewhere in the world, the development of new weapons and integrated military surveillance and command systems, the trade or supply of weapons to third parties to serve economic interests or gain economic or political leverage by use of force overseas, are all symptoms of an imperialist policy that represents an immoral and immense waste of resources and poses a perilous danger to international security and peace. To the contrary, the peoples of Europe demand a stop to the militarization of Europe.
6. Combined modern space and ground platforms allow for global intelligence, surveillance and command means that, in conjunction with available launch carriers and missiles empower the USA and some other military powers to lead the world into newer and unimaginable dangerous levels of warfare, in the core of the European continent, at its boundaries and beyond.
Developments on European territory or elsewhere, that result in military escalation, namely in the domain of land and space platforms that carry warfare to outer space, are to be deeply rejected as hegemonic and imperialist, challenging peace and security and provoking further military threats.
7. We have witnessed a renewed expansion of the global military expenditures over the past decade, at an annual growth rate of nearly 4%, reaching $ 1,200 billion USD in 2006 (half of this accounted for by the USA). Only one part of that huge destructive expenditure would have been sufficient to implement the Development Goals agreed by the UN Millennium Summit in the year 2000 aimed at the eradication of poverty and securing basic education and health conditions in the world.
8. It is in the earnest interest of the peace loving peoples of Europe and the world in general that the European Union renounces any kind of neo-colonialist or paternalistic attitude vis a vis third parties. Instead, the Union ought to engage in open and mutual relations with neighbouring countries and all those with whom they share economic and political interrelations. In no case can any country invoke "national interest" and resort to aggression in order to gain access to essential resources or commodities.
9. Europe ought to promote an open dialogue among nations, fostering demilitarization and denuclearization, through international consultation within the framework of the UNO and of the OSCE. This should be undertaken while respecting past treaties and their enforcement, in particular those treaties that have contributed to diminishing the growth of military threats and that promoted détente along the past decades.
All parties ought to abide by their commitments and neither renounce nor impose them unilaterally, as some nuclear powers have done and are doing. European nuclear powers in particular, ought to be active parties in reducing and in renouncing the possession, deployment or use of such weapons of mass destruction.
Our urgent purpose and resolve is to establish nuclear weapons free zones and finally attain complete banishment of nuclear weapons all over the world.
10. The peoples of Europe have repeatedly expressed their desire for a better future and their opposition to military interventions, aggressions and occupations where their countries are involved. As well they have expressed their active solidarity with the peoples who are the victims of aggression or any form of oppression. We express our solidarity with all the peoples of the former Yugoslavia who confront the consequences of imperialist interference and aggression aimed at converting their countries into protectorates of the USA, EU or NATO and who are compelled to host foreign military bases. We denounce the US and EU plans to recognize an independent Kosovo as a clear violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia and an open violation of international law.
11. Peace movements all over Europe are expressing their support and solidarity with the peoples of Poland and the Czech Republic, who are rejecting the deployment of US "Missile Defense Shield" bases in their countries. The growth of NATO is proving to be a pretext for expanding its military infrastructures into Poland, the Czech Republic, Romania and Bulgaria, accelerating a trend of militarization of the whole European territory and the lives of their people, promoting an aggressive posture vis a vis neighboring countries and threatening others elsewhere in the world.
This course of events contradicts the desire for peace of the peoples of Europe who reject aggressive alliances and demand that immediate steps be taken to effect the dismantling of NATO.
12. The capitalist economic system is depleting natural resources at a fast rate. There is a growing military competition among capitalist states for access and possesion of the remaining resources. War is not only immoral, it also fails to accomplish the perverse purposes of sustaining economically the great political powers and economic interests that engage in war to appropriate and exploit the riches of other countries.
The history of the late colonial wars, the Vietnam-war and the more recent wars on Afghanistan, Iraq and Lebanon, the ongoing genocide in Palestine, prove that military might cannot force the peoples to submit and surrender their inalienable and legitimate right to resist the aggressors.
In this context we vehemently reject any move, by whatever pretext, that promotes an attack on Iran and declare it to be one more flagrant violation of international law and the UN Charter. We likewise demand a halt to the involvement of European countries and the EU in Afghanistan, siding with the USA and NATO (in ISAF), and firmly reject the idea of an EU-lead EUROPOL mission there.
13. It is our peaceful resolve to renounce the ongoing arms race and to fight for the de-militarization and disarmament of Europe, to promote equitable political relationships among nations, free of military threats and imperialist domination.
That vision encompasses a continent free of foreign military bases and disengaged from any military alliance.
World Peace Council
Homepage: http://www.wpc-in.org, e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org