INES INFORMATION SERVICE

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com

INES International Office, ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: David Krieger,  dkrieger@napf.org

The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html


PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity information, outstanding documentations as well as announcements. 




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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 11/2007, July 2007




1. INES ACTIVITIES


- Imagine by David Krieger


- Update Wikipedia Article


- The 3rd Living Knowledge Conference, August 30 - September 1, 2007


- Now Online Available: "Science and Peace-responsibilities of Scientists in a Dangerous World" by Sir Harold Kroto


- Download: INESPE Lecture: Jean-Jacques Salomon - "The Social Irresponsibility of Scientists"




2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT



- We Want Results on Disarmament by UK Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett


- In Focus: The Middle East Diplomatic Quartet


- In Focus: Turkish Election


- Indonesian Papua: A Local Perspective on the Conflict, International Crisis Group Background Briefing


- Putin Makes Good On Threats, Pulls Russia Out of Arms Treaty, including information on CFE


- Missile Defense Collision Course by Daryl G. Kimball


- United States Removes Nuclear Weapons From German Base, Documents Indicate by Hans M. Kristensen 




3. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- Why Don't I Take Military Funding? Essay by Prof. Dr. Benjamin Kuipers


- Northern California Communities Defeat Bio-Warfare Agent Research Proposal at Livermore Lab Site 300


-  Of Peace, China and P-5 by J. Sri Raman




4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Live Earth


- Sea Levels May Rise by 9 Inches This Century, Scientists Warn by Steve Connor


- German Companies Discover the Environment by Dietmar Hawranek and Alexander Jung


- Romania Must Plant Trees to Avoid Desertification by Rupert Wolfe Murray


- Climate change action: Too little, too late? by Simon Hooper


- Nuclear Power No Sure Cure for Climate Ills - Groups




5. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Political Meltdown: German Mishaps Put Nuclear Power under Scrutiny


- Massive German-Spanish Solar Power Project Set to Grow, including further information on renewable energy (EUROSOLAR)


- India, US Overcome Differences on Many Issues in N-deal: Burns


- Lula Resumes Nuclear Program to Make Brazil 'World Power'


- North Korea Receives Funds and Says It Will Shut Down Its Main Nuclear Reactor by Choe Sang-Hun




6. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- Spread Peace - in 60 Seconds and Information on the 13th Annual Sadako Peace Day


- Think Outside the Bomb National Grassroots Conference, August 16-19, 2007




7. DOCUMENTATIONS



- Too Hot to Handle? The Future of Civil Nuclear Power by Frank Barnaby and James Kemp


- War and Occupation in Iraq – A New NGO Report (June 2007)  


- The Stockpile Stewardship Program: Fifteen Years On by A. Fitzpatrick and I. Oelrich


- Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe, Congressional Research Service Report




8. ANNOUNCEMENTS


- SIPRI Yearbook 2007




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1.  INES ACTIVITIES




IMAGINE by David Krieger


- Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand.  (Albert Einstein)


- Reality leaves a lot to the imagination.  (John Lennon)


Imagine there are still 27,000 nuclear weapons in the world, over 15 years after the end of the Cold War.


Imagine that 12,000 of these weapons are deployed, and that 3,500 of them are on hair-trigger alert, ready to be fired in a matter of moments.


Imagine that the use of a single nuclear weapon could destroy a city, and the use of a small number could destroy civilization.


Imagine the horror and devastation of Hiroshima, and multiply it by every city and country on earth.


Imagine that a nuclear war could end human life on our planet, and that the capacity to initiate a nuclear war rests in the hands of only a small number of men.


Imagine that nuclear weapons threaten the future of humanity and all life.


Imagine that nuclear weapons challenge as never before our capacity to control violence and live peacefully. 


Imagine that we are not helpless in the face of this threat, and that we can rise to the challenge of ending the nuclear weapons era. 


Imagine that together we can make a difference and that you are needed to create a nuclear weapons free world. 


Imagine a world without the threat of nuclear devastation, a world that you helped to create.


To read related articles, visit:

http://wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/archives/david-articles.htm



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UPDATE WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE


Dear all,


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Agenda_Coalition


contains a brief entry on the New Agenda Coalitions which needs urgent 

updating and expansion. Maybe someone wants to take up that task...


In peace

Regina



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THE 3rd LIVING KNOWLEDGE CONFERENCE, August 30 - September 1, 2007, Ecole des Mines, Paris

Communities Building Knowledge - Innovation through Citizens' Science and University Engagement


You will find all information about the conference at:

www.sciencescitoyennes.org


The conference is organised by the:

- International Science Shops Network

- Fondation Sciences Citoyennes

- International Network of Engineers and Scientists for global responsibility (INES)

- Centre of Sociology of Innovation of the Ecole des Mines

- Unit Political and Social Transformations related to Life Sciences of INRA


The conference...

- will provide a forum where information on community based research, carried out in both community and academic settings, on new forms of partnerships between research and civil society and on new modes of 

innovation can be shared and developed. It aims at disseminating and exchanging information on community based and participatory research, on citizens' science and cooperative innovation.


- will present the work of a whole range of structures and science-society interactions. This will include science shops, NGOs, universities and research institutions engaged with citizens, independent institutes, participatory action research centres, political bodies, and social movements - all responding to a growing demand for research coming from wider civil society. These groups undertake a comprehensive range of research topics, including research on local and global environment, health, safety, mobility, agriculture, poverty, minoritiesᅵ issues, disability, research on voluntary action and social capital, gender and international development.


- will address a number of key questions: How does citizens' research work, what kinds of knowledge does it produce with what xobjectives and consequences? How does citizensï¿œ research challenge traditional 

scientific frameworks and techno scientific paradigms? What new options does it open to scientists? What innovative ways does it explore (non proprietary, cooperative, bottom-up forms of innovation and production 

of knowledge in society)? What visions of society does this research promote? What are the social and policy contexts necessary to promote community based research activities? Where stands Europe in this 

development?


- will lead to the presentation of a large variety of experiences from across Europe and beyond that will reflect the social utility and richness, the innovative power and the scientific value of these initiatives. It will discuss the current societal context in which science is increasingly contested and will reflect on the conditions for a democratised research and socialised innovation.


- is aimed at attracting both people already active in or people interested in community based and participatory research - citizens, researchers, students, civil society organisations, administrative officers, policy makers, etc. Our intention is to build bridges between us, explore ideas, and discuss strategies in order to empower one another. The conference aims to share best practice amongst and link community based and participatory action research networks around the world.


Themes: 

During the conference we will discuss five main conference themes divided into numerous sub-themes.


1. University engagement with communities

2. Citizens' science and social movements

3. Research policy from local to global: towards science in society

4. Innovation and citizens - added values for communities

5. Participatory processes in science and technology



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"SCIENCE AND PEACE-RESPONSIBILITIES OF SCIENTISTS IN A DANGEROUS WORLD", public lecture by Sir Harold Kroto:


(Saturday, June 2, 2007 at 11.00 hours; venue: Conference room "Berlin 2", Hotel Stuttgarter Hof, Anhalter Strasse 8, D-10963 Berlin)



Listen to the lecture:

http://www.inesglobal.com/ -> Conferences -> scroll down to: Invitation to a public lecture: "Responsibilities of scientists in a dangerous world".

Speaker: Prof. Harold Kroto, Nobel Prize Laureate -> here you can download two mp3 files: part 1 (28.2 MB), part 2 (20,8MB)



Link to Harry Kroto's webpage:

http://www.kroto.info



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INESPE LECTURE

Jean-Jacques Salomon: "The social irresponsibility of scientists" 


(Thursday, March 29, 2007 at 14.15 hours; venue: Auditorium A, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen)


Abstract:

The future of the world depends upon scientists men and women who are constantly striving to advance our knowledge. Yet most of them claim to bear no responsibility for the consequences of their work: as J. Robert Oppenheimer, the "father" of the bombs that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, used to say, physics has known sin, but let's not confuse the actor and the instrument. Today, scientists play a variety of roles: as researchers, experts, strategists, diplomats, in the military and in trade, as industrialists or spies, even as traffickers or mercenaries; they are at home as advisors in government circles, military HQs and on boards of directors. Many are both warriors and missionaries for peace, defining a community in denial which questions whether there is still a place for socially responsible science or whether the courage of individual "dissidents" like Einstein, Bohr and Sakharov remains the only model for resisting the temptations and pressures from the military-industrial complex they nourish but also rely on. 


- Download Prof. Salomon's CV

- Listen to the lecture; to questions and answers; and to more questions and answers

- Read the lecture 


Click here:

http://www.inespe.org/lectures/Salomon.mp3 



INESPE is an international research network on science, engineering, and technology ethics. The network has as its purpose to undertake research and teaching activities in that area on an international level in collaboration with relevant partners. Our activities fall in four categories. INESPE organizes symposia and lectures on ethical issues related to the practise and teaching of modern technoscience, offers international and transdisciplinary PhD courses on techno-scientific ethics, prepares contributions for the "Science and Ethcs"-section of the electronic newsletter "What is new in INES?", and does consultancy work on ethical issues related to the scientific and technological development and practise. INESPE is a registred project under International Network of Engineers and Scientists for global repsonsibility (INES), and is currently hosted by Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies at the University of Copenhagen (CPNSS); a center engaged in the interdisciplinary field of philosophy of science and science studies. CPNSS scholars teach an array of compulsory philosophy of science and ethics courses to science students at the University of Copenhagen. The INESPE network is lead by Ph.D. Tom Børsen Hansen, an external lecturer of CPNSS. 




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2.  WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




WE WANR RESULTS ON DISARMAMENT by UK Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett


What we need is both vision - a scenario for a world free of nuclear weapons. And action - progressive steps to reduce warhead numbers and to limit the role of nuclear weapons in security policy. These two strands are separate but they are mutually reinforcing. Both are necessary, both at the moment are too weak. Believing that the eventual abolition of nuclear weapons is possible can act as a spur for action on disarmament. Believing, at whatever level, that it is not possible, is the surest path to inaction.


To read more, please visit: http://wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/06/28_beckett_we_want_results..htm.


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, July 2007



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IN FOCUS: THE MIDDLE EAST DIPLOMATIC QUARTET


"The Quartet supports the efforts of responsible regional States to help calm the situation, and will continue to promote a negotiated, comprehensive, just and lasting Middle East peace in line with relevant UN Security Council resolutions." (Quartet Statement, 16 June 2007)




QUARTET GATHERS IN LISBON

Blair Debuts as Middle East Envoy


July 19, 2007 - Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair formally takes up his new position as special envoy for the Middle East Quartet Thursday when he chairs its meeting in Lisbon -- the first since Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip last month.


Read more:

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,495434,00.html




Visit the UN News Centre website:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/infocusRel.asp?infocusID=70&Body=Palestin&Body1




For information on the EU and the Middle East, go to:

http://ec.europa.eu/external_relations/mepp/index.htm



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IN FOCUS: TURKISH ELECTION


For features, background and more, go to:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6910444.stm




TURKEY GOES TO THE POLLS by Annette Grossbongardt

A New Election Comes with Old Problems 


July 20, 2007 - Sunday's elections in Turkey are a high-stakes game for the country. Erdogan's AKP is leading in polls, but the question of whether the party will gain enough votes to push through its presidential candidate remains an open one.


More:

http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/0,1518,495685,00.html




TURKEY'S POWERFUL PRIME MINISTER by Walter Mayr 

Who Can Challenge Erdogan?


July 16, 2007 - Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's AKP expects victory in this Sunday's parliamentary elections -- partly because his opponents are so weak. While intellectuals warn against the establishment of a theocracy, the old Kemalist elite is fighting for its privileges.


More:

http://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,495683,00.html



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INDONESIAN PAPUA: A LOCAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE CONFLICT, Background Briefing


July 19, 2007 - Local priorities in Papua are often quite different from those generally associated with the province.


Full report: 

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4945&l=1



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PUTIN MAKES GOOD ON THREATS, PULLS RUSSIA OUT OF ARMS TREATY


July 14, 2007 - Russian President Vladimir Putin made true on earlier warnings to withdraw Russia's participation from the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) on Saturday.


More:

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2682497,00.html




WHAT IS THE CFE?


The Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (or CFE Treaty), signed in Paris on November 19, 1990, by the 22 members of NATO and the former Warsaw Pact, is a landmark arms control agreement that established parity in major conventional forces/armaments between East and West from the Atlantic to the Urals. 

It provides an unprecedented basis for lasting European security and stability. The original CFE Treaty (which is of unlimited duration) entered into force in 1992.


Following the demise of the Warsaw Pact and the enlargement of NATO in the 1990s, the then 30 CFE States Parties signed the Adaptation Agreement at the Istanbul OSCE Summit on 19 November 1999, to amend the CFE Treaty to take account of the evolving European geo-strategic environment.


Read more:

http://www.policyalmanac.org/world/archive/usnato_cfe.shtml




THE TREATY YOU WILL FIND HERE:

http://www.osce.org/documents/html/pdftohtml/13752_en.pdf.html



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MISSILE DEFENSE COLLISION COURSE by Daryl G. Kimball


When President George W. Bush withdrew from the 1972 U.S.-Soviet Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty five years ago, he asserted that "my decision to withdraw from the treaty will not, in any way, undermine our new relationship or Russian security." Now, Bush's latest proposal to site 10 ground-based interceptors in Poland and an advanced radar in the Czech Republic has severely compounded the Kremlin's anxieties about growing U.S. offensive and defensive strategic capabilities. 


Read the full article,

http://www.armscontrol.org/act/2007_07-08/focus.asp



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UNITED STATES REMOVES NUCLEAR WEAPONS FROM GERMAN BASE, DOCUMENTS INDICATE by Hans M. Kristensen


The U.S. Air Force has removed its main base at Ramstein in Germany from a list of installations that receive periodic nuclear weapons inspections, indicating that nuclear weapons previously stored at the base may have been removed and withdrawn to the United States.


If correct, the withdrawal reduces the number of U.S. nuclear weapons deployed in Europe to an estimated 350 B61 bombs, or roughly equivalent to the size of the entire French nuclear weapons inventory.


More:

http://www.fas.org/blog/ssp/2007/07/united_states_removes_nuclear.php




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3. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




WHY DON'T I TAKE MILITARY FUNDING? Essay by Prof. Dr. Benjamin Kuipers, University of Texas at Austin/USA.


Read more: 

http://www.cs.utexas.edu/%7ekuipers/opinions/no-military-funding.html



About the author: 


Benjamin Kuipers holds an endowed Professorship in Computer Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin. He received his B.A. from Swarthmore College, and his Ph.D. from MIT. He has held research or faculty appointments at MIT, Tufts University, and the University of Texas at Austin, where he served as Department Chairman. He is a Fellow of AAAI and IEEE. 

He investigates the representation of commonsense and expert knowledge, with particular emphasis on the effective use of incomplete knowledge. His research accomplishments include developing the TOUR model of spatial knowledge in the cognitive map, the QSIM algorithm for qualitative simulation, the Algernon system for knowledge representation, and the Spatial Semantic Hierarchy model of knowledge for robot exploration and mapping. 


More information you will find here:

http://www.cs.utexas.edu/~kuipers/



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NORTHERN CALIFORNIA COMMUNITIES DEFEAT BIO-WARFARE AGENT RESEARCH PROPOSAL AT LIVERMORE LAB SITE 300 

Activists and Business Owners Rejoice as Dept. of Homeland Security Rejects Livermore Lab Application for National Bio and Agro Defense Facility (NBAF); Claim Public Opposition Tipped the Scales


July 11, 2007 - Following a year of community outreach, meetings with elected officials, neighborhood "house parties", door to door petitioning, Tracy City Council action, and other escalating opposition, the Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS) apparently got the message. There is no "community acceptance" for a bio-warfare agent research facility in Northern California. 


Today, elected officials leaked the names of the 5 finalist locations for the Dept. of Homeland Security's National Bio and Agro Defense Facility, or NBAF. Livermore Lab's Site 300 is NOT on the list, despite heavy lobbying by the Lab and the University of California, which manages Livermore Lab and submitted its NBAF application. 


Read more:

http://www.trivalleycares.org/pressRelease/prjul07.asp



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OF PEACE, CHINA AND P-5 by J. Sri Raman


June 26, 2007 - Leaving India earlier this month as a representative of the country's peace movement and a member of a delegation of the Afro-Asian Peace and Solidarity Organization (AAPSO) on a goodwill tour of China, I had a little problem. What was I going to tell my hosts in this capacity?


India's peace movement is necessarily against nuclear weapons. The movement proceeds on the assumption that peace in the South Asian region has never faced greater peril than from the nuclear-weapon rivalry between India and Pakistan. While calling for a reversal of nuclear weaponization in the region, the movement also campaigns against the world's major nuclear powers as mainly responsible for nuclear proliferation.


Both peace organizations to which I belong - the Chennai-based Movement Against Nuclear Weapons (MANW) and the all-India Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament and Peace (CNDP) - count the P-5 (the five primary nuclear-weapon states) as the biggest culprits in this regard.


Read more:

http://www.truthout.org/docs_2006/062607P.shtml




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4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




LIVE EARTH


About the Event:

Live Earth was a 24-hour, 7-continent series of concerts which took place on 7/7/07 that brought together more than 100 music artists. 


The event was put together by the Alliance for Climate Protection, The Climate Group and other international organisations to encourage individuals, corporations and governments to take action to prevent climate change. Former U.S. Vice President Al Gore is the Chair of the Alliance and Partner of Live Earth. 


Live Earth took place at Giants Stadium in New York; Wembley Stadium in London; Aussie Stadium in Sydney; Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro; Maropeng at the Cradle of Humankind in Johannesburg; Makuhari Messe in Tokyo; the Steps of the Oriental Pearl Tower in Shanghai; and HSH Nordbank Arena in Hamburg. 


Find out more about the campaign at:

liveearth.org. 


Watch and listen Live Earth concerts:

http://liveearth.msn.com




For BBC'S SPECIAL on climate news, opinion and explanation, click here: 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/portal/climate_change/default.stm


And there are MORE WEBSITES:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/liveearth/about/links.shtml




MAYORS FOR PEACE is an International NGO Partner of Live Earth


See yourself:

http://www.2020visioncampaign.org/pages/100




GREENPEACE ANGRY OVER DAIMLER'S SPONSORSHIP OF LIVE EARTH  


July 6, 2007 - Environmental pressure group Greenpeace is up in arms over the fact that auto giant DaimlerChrysler is the main sponsor for the Live Earth concert taking place in Germany on Saturday.


The concerts themselves are supposed to highlight the sorry state of the planet and the increasing damage that the human race is doing to the environment. But the Live Earth shows which will take place around the world this Saturday are under fire due to the German event being sponsored by a major automotive company.


Read:

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2672970,00.html



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SEA LEVELS MAY RISE BY 9 INCHES THIS CENTRURY, SCIENTISTS WARN by Steve Connor


July 20, 2007 - The melting of mountain glaciers and ice caps as a result of global warming over the next century is likely to cause bigger than expected increases in sea levels. 


An assessment of the volume of water running into the oceans from melting ice caps suggests that sea levels could rise by two to three times the amount previously expected from this source. The study used satellite monitoring to assess the contribution to sea levels made by all land-based ice, except for the two continental-sized ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica.


More:

http://environment.independent.co.uk/climate_change/article2785477.ece



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GERMAN COMPANIES DISCOVER THE ENVIRONMENT by Dietmar Hawranek and Alexander Jung


July 18, 2007 - In the name of increasing profits, of all things, more and more German companies are discovering climate protection. With increasingly stringent emissions laws and energy prices higher than they've been in years, sustainability has suddenly become a factor in economic growth. But can the new trend last?


More:

http://www.spiegel.de/international/business/0,1518,495243,00.html



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ROMANIA MUST PLANT TREES TO AVOID DESERTIFICATION by Rupert Wolfe Murray


July 18, 2007 - The climate is changing in Romania. The land is being dried up by increasingly hot summers, torrential downpours are becoming the norm and the side-effects of rapid economic growth are damaging the environment.


To read comment, go to:

http://euobserver.com/7/24494



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CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION: TOO LITTLE, TOO LATE? by Simon Hooper


July 18, 2007 - "I want to scare you about climate change," says Fred Pearce, veteran environmental journalist and author. "We are probably the last generation to be able to rely on a stable climate."


Addressing a sympathetic audience at the Cheltenham Science Festival, Pearce is preaching to the converted about the reality and risks of climate change.


But it is his fear -- as the title of his new book, "The Last Generation: How Nature Will Take Her Revenge for Climate Change" (it is called "With Speed and Violence" in the U.S.), suggests -- that we still haven't fully realized the apocalyptic forces we have awoken and the reality of what is at stake if global warming continues untrammeled.


This is not just about warmer weather, environmental degradation and a looming refugee crisis, according to Pearce, but "about our survival as a species, as homo sapiens."


Read more:

http://www.cnn.com/2007/TECH/science/07/18/last.generation/



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NUCLEAR POWER NO SURE CURE FOR CLIMATE ILLS - GROUPS


May 3, 2007 - Nuclear energy may not live up to its promise as the solution for global warming, according to separate reports released this week by an environmental group and an independent think tank.


Read more:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/41673/story.htm




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5. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




MASSIVE GERMAN-SPANISH SOLAR POWER PROJECT SET TO GROW


July 22, 2007 - A solar power project in Spain will get even bigger: The Spanish group ACS and German partner Solar Millennium announced that they have begun the second phase of a solar power project near the city of Granada.


Read more:

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2681625,00.html




Further interesting INFORMATION ON RENEWABLE ENERGY you will find here:

http://www.eurosolar.de/en/


EUROSOLAR ...



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INDIA, US OVERCOME DIFFERENCES ON MANY ISSUES IN N-DEAL: BURNS


July 20, 2007 - WASHINGTON: Differences over "many" issues in the civil nuclear deal with India have been "overcome" and the two sides just need to go "extra couple of feet", the US has said as top officials continued talks to finalise the agreement. 


More:

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/World/The_United_States/India_US_overcome_differences_on_many_issues_in_N-deal_Burns/articleshow/2221307.cms



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POLITICAL MELTDOWN

German Mishaps Put Nuclear Power under Scrutiny


July 16, 2007 - The company at first said it was just a small fire. But the blaze at Vattenfall's Krümmel reactor has since become a political wildfire. Now, Germany's pro-nuclear energy politicians have gone into hiding.


Read the full article, here:

http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/0,1518,494707,00.html



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LULA RESUMES NUCLEAR PROGRAM TO MAKE BRAZIL 'WORLD POWER'


July 11, 2007 - President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva on Tuesday relaunched the country's nuclear program, promising to complete a nuclear submarine and a third atomic power plant both mothballed 20 years ago.


Read:

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/World/Rest_of_World/Lula_resumes_nuclear_program_to_make_Brazil_world_power/articleshow/2193094.cms



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NORTH KOREA RECEIVES FUNDS AND SAYS IT WILL SHUT DOWN ITS MAIN NUCLEAR REACTOR by Choe Sang-Hun


June 26, 2007 North Korea has said that it will fulfill its promise to shut down its main nuclear plant now that it has received the disputed $25 million that had been frozen in a Chinese bank. 


The $25 million given to North Korea is from funds that had previously been frozen by the US government. Last February, a deal was struck that in exchange for North Korea's promise to seal its nuclear reactor in Yongbyon and its adjacent fuel-reprocessing plant, certain North Korean bank accounts would be unfrozen. 


The International Atomic Energy Agency will meet in Pyongyang to discuss a timetable for shutting down the reactor and technical details of monitoring and verification. "As the funds that had been frozen at Macao's Banco Delta Asia have been transferred as we demanded, the troublesome issue of the frozen funds is finally resolved," the official North Korean KCNA press agency quoted a Foreign Ministry spokesman as saying. "We too will start implementing the Feb. 13 agreement on the principle of action for action."


North Korea said it would use the released money "for improving the standard of people's living and humanitarian purposes," as the United States demanded. But neither the US or North Korea spoke of any type of method of verifying how the money is spent.


Read the article:

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/26/world/asia/26korea.html?ex=1340510400&en=eadef0d6da50ea19&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, July 2007




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6. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES 




SPREAD PEACE IN 60 SECONDS


Most people around the world want peace. We want our governments to work together to reduce and ultimately eliminate weapons of mass destruction , especially nuclear weapons. But many people don't know what they can do to make a difference. Some even despair of making any progress towards peace. 



Yet history is full of seemingly impossible goals which became achievable because people made their voices heard. The Vietnam War ended after public pressure. Global warming is now very much on the political agenda in Washington because of public pressure. Peace can rise to the top of the priority scale, too. 


You can make a difference. And we can change the course of the world. 


Here's an easy way to start:


Send a Message or Prayer of Peace. It will take you about 60 seconds, maybe a little longer. All you have to do is follow this link to our website: 

www.wagingpeace.org/sadako_message.htm


Next month, we will hold our 13th Annual Sadako Peace Day. Your message of peace will become part of our annual recognition of the Japanese girl named Sadako Sasaki who inspired efforts toward peace around the world even as she was dying from the effects of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.



This is what the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation will do with your message:


- List it on our website. Read some of the messages we've already received:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/programs/public-events/sadako-peace-day/2007/sadako_msg_list.php.


- Choose a selection of messages to read at our Sadako Peace Day Ceremony on August 9th. 


- Send all the messages of peace we receive to the President of the United States of America. 


- In this way, you can follow Sadako's inspiration, and write out your hopes for peace so they may fly all over the world (via the Internet). See Sadako's story:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/programs/public-events/sadako-peace-day/2007/sadako_be_a_messenger.htm. 



People often ask us how they can increase the peace. Sadako showed us one way. She never relinquished her hope for a better world. All we need to do is follow her lead. 


One voice can become a powerful force for change when it joins millions of others all seeking the same thing.


Thank you for your time,


Rick Wayman

Director of Programs

Nuclear Age Peace Foundation




13th ANNUAL SADAKO PEACE DAY


On August 9th the Foundation will host its 13th Annual Sadako Peace Day. The day will commemorate the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki as well as Sadako, a girl who has inspired millions to fold paper cranes in the name of peace and nuclear disarmament. Please join us for poetry, song and reflections. This is a free event, open to the public. It will be held from 5:00 to 6:00 p.m. at the Sadako Peace Garden, La Casa de Maria, 800 El Bosque Road, Montecito.


For more information, please call the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation at (805) 965-3443 or visit the website at:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/programs/public-events/sadako-peace-day/2007/index.htm



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THINK OUTSIDE THE BOMB NATIONAL GRASSROOTS CONFERENCE, August 16-19, 2007



The Think Outside the Bomb network is pleased to announce its third annual conference at the University of California, Santa Barbara. The four-day event will provide a backdrop for nuclear abolitionists, peace activists, ecologists and other advocates of social justice and a livable planet to learn in-depth about the threat of nuclear weapons, the destruction caused by the nuclear fuel chain, and current political opportunities to move toward nuclear disarmament. We will develop detailed strategies to guide the network's work for a nuclear-weapons free world. 


The conference will feature discussion panels, workshops, dialogues and skills trainings. These sessions will be designed to help participants attain a detailed understanding of how to continue building a powerful grassroots movement for nuclear abolition. Speakers will include leading grassroots activists, nuclear weapons specialists, a Hiroshima atomic bomb survivor, leading advocates of indigenous sovereignty and many others. 


For more information on the conference, please visit:

www.thinkoutsidethebomb.org, or contact Will Parrish at youth@napf.org.




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7. DOCUMENTATIONS




TOO HOT TO HANDLE? THE FUTURE OF CIVIL NUCLEAR POWER  

Frank Barnaby and James Kemp, with a foreword by David Howarth MP, July 2007 


Supporters of nuclear power claim that the security risks can be managed. However, this briefing paper clearly shows that a worldwide nuclear renaissance is beyond the capacity of the nuclear industry to deliver and would stretch to breaking point the capacity of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to monitor and safeguard civil nuclear power. 


Even a failed terrorist attack on one of the first new builds would most probably cause subsequent new build to halt in many countries. If this happened, the authors argue that governments would need to again review energy policy - minus civil nuclear power - further delaying progress towards a sustainable and secure energy policy and possibly causing the UK and other countries to miss the window of opportunity to tackle climate change.


This briefing paper is one of a series of reports and factsheets published as part of ORG's Secure energy project. 


Download the report:

http://www.oxfordresearchgroup.org.uk/publications/briefing_papers/toohottothandle.php



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"WAR AND OCCUPATION IN IRAQ" - A NEW NGO REPORT (June 2007)  


As the Iraq crisis deepens, this new NGO report provides a comprehensive and original analysis of the conflict. Prepared by Global Policy Forum and co-sponsored by 30 NGOs, the report sheds new light on the US Coalition role in the country and the terrible violence there. 


Public discussion on Iraq too often focuses on the violent conflict among Iraqis. The US-led occupation is increasingly misunderstood as a humanitarian enterprise to establish peace and democracy. The report presents a starkly different view. It emphasizes the responsibility of the US Coalition for much of the violence, corruption and sectarian division in Iraq. 


Drawing on a wide variety of sources, including official reports, this twelve chapter document provides a unique and compelling approach to understanding the conflict, with an emphasis on violations of international law by the US Coalition. 


Because the UN Security Council gave the Coalition a mandate as a "multinational force," the Coalition forces have a particularly important responsibility to adhere to international law, the report argues. Yet there have been constant and gross violations without accountability. The Security Council has avoided all meaningful oversight, despites numerous scandals such as torture at Abu Ghraib, urban destruction at Falluja and atrocity at Haditha. 


The report covers the round-the-clock air strikes, destruction of neighborhoods and cities, interruption of food, water and medical supplies, and unlawful detention of an increasing number of Iraqis in crowded and abusive jails and prison camps. Among other topics covered are: destruction of Iraq's world-class cultural heritage, the huge refugee and displacement crisis, the Coalition's use of illegal and indiscriminate weapons, and the construction of permanent US military bases. 


The report concludes with recommendations that call for a speedy and complete withdrawal of all Coalition forces from Iraq. 


Download the full report: at www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/iraq/occupation/report/full.pdf


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, July 2007



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THE STOCKPILE STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM: FIFTEEN YEARS ON by A. Fitzpatrick and I. Oelrich


This report, published by the Federation of American Scientists in April 2007, is a review of Stockpile Stewardship experiments. The report looks at the necessity of Stockpile Stewardship Experiments to maintain confidence in the current nuclear stockpile. 


For information, go to 

http://www.fas.org/2007/nuke/, which also has a link to the full report in PDF format.


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, July 2007



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LONG-RANGE BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE IN EUROPE, Congressional Research Service Report


This report, written by Steven A. Hildreth, Specialist in National Defense Foreign Affairs, and Carl Ek, Specialist in International Relations Foreign Affairs, from the Defense and Trade Division of the Congressional Research Service, is an analysis of missile defense programs planned for Europe. It is an analysis of the ground-based mid-course defense (GMD) element of the larger Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) that would be deployed in Europe. 


Further information here: 

http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/weapons/RL34051.pdf.




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8. ANNOUNCEMENTS




SIPRI YEARBOOK 2007


The Yearbook is SIPRI's annual compendium of data and analysis of developments in security and conflicts, military spending and armaments and non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament.


More information here:

http://yearbook2007.sipri.org/





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