INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi



The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi



The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html




------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 11/2006, June 2006




1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- Proposal Would Let Iran Enrich Uranium: Tehran Must Meet U.N. Guidelines by Karl Vick and Dafna Linzer


- SPIEGEL Interview with Iran's President Ahmadinejad


- Iran's Dress Code


- US Weapon Plans Threaten Missile Proliferation by Staff Writers


- Ballistic Missile Defense: The new Cold War by Martin Sieff


- Russian Missiles More than a Match for US "Shield': General


- Chinese Nuclear Forces by Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen


- The China Syndrome by Fred Kaplan




2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- Reiner Braun and David Krieger awarded ECOMIR Peace and Environmental Prize by Russian Academy of Sciences


- N-waste dumped in open: lawmaker


- The successes and failures of Pakistan's nukes by M. B. Naqvi


- European University Center for Peace and Conflict Studies (EPU) Offers New Trimester Program in Peace & Conflict Studies




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Green Goal kicks off today: Kick-off for environmentally friendly World Cup


- Friends of the Earth (FoE) Welcomes Business Demands for Climate Action


- Climate change photo competition launched


- Giant Airbus not the solution to aviation's climate impact


- Globalizing Security: A Challenge For Your Generation by Director General Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Global Uranium Resources to Meet Projected Demand


- Civil Society Review of the Final Report of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission


- Nobel Winner Sees Nuclear "Hypocricy" by Kevin Howe




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- Official Invitation to Abolition 2000 11th Annual General Meeting


- Nuclear Weapons Illegal? Conference to mark 10th Anniversary of World Court Opinion on Nuclear Weapons




6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- Film on Hiroshima


- Claude Pieplu Died


- 20 years of Chernobyl - Impressions of an International Conference by Reiner Braun and Dr. Ursula Schefler




---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




PROPOSAL WOULD LET IRAN ENRICH URANIUM: TEHRAN MUST MEET U.N. GUIDELINES by Karl Vick and Dafna Linzer


TEHRAN, June 6 - The confidential diplomatic package backed by Washington and formally presented to Iran on Tuesday leaves open the possibility that Tehran will be able to enrich uranium on its own soil, U.S. and European officials said.


More: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/06/06/AR2006060600685.html


---------------------------------


SPIEGEL INTERVIEW WITH IRAN'S PRESIDENT AHMADINEJAD


"We Are Determined"


May 30, 2006 - In an interview with SPIEGEL, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad discusses the Holocaust, the future of the state of Israel, mistakes made by the United States in Iraq and Tehran's nuclear dispute with the West.


More: http://service.spiegel.de/cache/international/0,1518,418660,00.html


---------------------------------


IRAN'S DRESS CODE


WHO IS LYING? AND FEEDING DISINFORMATION? WHO IS OPPRESSING WHOM?

Lies and Human Rights


May 21, 2006 - According to an article by Amir Taheri, published on May 19 in the National Post (Canada) and on 20 May in the New York Post (USA), the new "dress code" adopted at the start of the week by the Iranian parliament (Majlis) proposes to impose on Muslims, both men and women, a type of dress that conforms with islamic and Iranian tradition, and imposes on non-muslims the wearing of distinctive signs: a yellow band for Jews, a red one for Christians, and a blue one for Zoroastrians. Italian television, among others, passed on this news item. But according to an official Iranian denial today, it is "quite simply ridiculous" disinformation.


More: http://acdn.france.free.fr/spip/article.php3?id_article=193&lang=en


---------------------------------


US WEAPON PLANS THREATEN MISSILE PROLIFERATION by Staff Writers


Moscow (AFP), June 09, 2006 - US plans to develop low-yield nuclear weapons and to use ballistic missiles for carrying conventional warheads are threatening the world's nuclear non-proliferation regime, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov charged Wednesday.


More: http://www.spacewar.com/reports/US_Weapon_Plans_Threaten_Missile_Proliferation.html


---------------------------------


BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE: THE NEW COLD WAR by Martin Sieff (UPI Senior News Analyst)


WASHINGTON, May 26, 2006 - Over the past year we have repeatedly traced in these columns the growing polarization of the nations of Asia and the Pacific Rim, between major democracies like Japan, India, Australia and Taiwan that have enthusiastically embraced the U.S. ballistic missile defense program, and their strategic rivals, like North Korea, China and Pakistan that are racing to develop and expand their ballistic and cruise missile programs to overwhelm or outwit BMD defenses. A similar tense race already exists between Israel and Iran.


More: http://www.wpherald.com/storyview.php?StoryID=20060526-105623-2155r


---------------------------------


RUSSIAN MISSILES MORE THAN A MATCH FOR US "SHIELD": GENERAL


Moscow (AFP), May 24, 2006 - The head of the Russian military's general staff gave a sharp response Wednesday to US proposals to set up a network of "interceptor" missiles in central Europe to ward off potential attacks.


More: http://www.spacewar.com/reports/Russian_missiles_more_than_a_match_for_US_shield_general.html


---------------------------------


CHINESE NUCLEAR FORCES 2005 by Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen


May/June 2006 - The Pentagon and the U.S. intelligence community expect China's nuclear arsenal to increase significantly over the next decade. But, past U.S. predictions about China's nuclear arsenal have repeatedly proven to be highly unreliable. While China continues to modernize its nuclear forces, its recent developments are less dramatic than many have suggested, write Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen. China's stockpile appears to have leveled out at approximately 200 warheads in the mid-1980s and remained at about that level ever since. (Credit: Jacques Langevin)


More: http://www.thebulletin.org/article_nn.php?art_ofn=mj06norris


---------------------------------


THE CHINA SYNDROME


Why the Pentagon keeps overestimating Beijing's military strength by Fred Kaplan


May 26, 2006 - Every day and night, hundreds of Air Force generals and Navy admirals must thank their lucky stars for China. Without the specter of a rising Chinese military, there would be no rationale for such a large fleet of American nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers, or for a new generation of stealth combat fighters-no rationale for about a quarter of the Pentagon's budget. In Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld's Quadrennial Defense Review, released this past February, the looming Chinese threat is the explicit justification for all the big-ticket weapons systems that have nothing to do with fighting terrorists or insurgents.


More: http://www.slate.com/id/2141966/




---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




REINER BRAUN AND DR. DAVID KRIEGER AWARDED ECOMIR PEACE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PRIZE BY RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

Wiley-VCH book "Einstein - Peace Now!" honored for combining scientific peace research, current challenges and historical background


May 25, 2006 - The two foreign recipients of this year's ECOMIR Prize are the Wiley-VCH authors Dr. David Krieger, President of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation and Reiner Braun, member of the International Network of Scientists and Engineers for Global Responsibility. The prize was awarded in the Russian Duma in Moscow.


In his speech Prof. Valery Petrosyan - head of the jury - pointed out that Reiner Braun was mainly honored for his work at the Max Planck Institute during the 2005 Einstein Year. The book Einstein - Peace now!, published by Wiley-VCH and edited by the two prizewinners, as well as the Einstein exhibition Albert Einstein - Chief Engineer of the Universe were chosen for combining scientific peace research, current challenges to peace and the relevant historical background.


The ECOMIR peace and environmental prize is awarded by the Russian Academy of Sciences, the city of Moscow, the Russian Duma and Lomonossow University to honor scientific and practical contributions towards "protecting life on planet earth", for science and research in sustainable development and for commitment to peace and the environment. The Russian laureates in 2006 are among others the principal of the Lomonosov University and the agriculture minister in the Russian Republic.


Source: https://www.wiley-vch.de/publish/en/librarians/news/6457/?sID=be5f2882209b4e67196f85ba4218c792


---------------------------------


N-WASTE DUMPED IN OPEN: LAWMAKER


Islamabad, May 24, 2006 - A Pakistani lawmaker yesterday accused the country's nuclear authorities of dumping radioactive waste near a village in central Punjab province, causing cancer, miscarriages, and infertility among villagers and livestock.


More: http://www.gulf-times.com/site/topics/article.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=88038&version=1&template_id=41&parent_id=23


---------------------------------


THE SUCCESSES AND FAILURES OF PAKISTAN'S NUKES by M. B. Naqvi


Karachi, May 28, 2006 - From the start Pakistan's nuclear programme was military-oriented and India-specific. Initial proposition was that Pakistan was a weaker rival of India and had business to transact with India that could require application of military force. Ambivalent nature of India-Pakistan relations is known, with its three wars and three semi-wars. Pakistan was decisively defeated in 1971 and concluded thereafter that there is no future in conventional wars with India because it is richer and can always outspend Pakistan. Pakistan therefore decided to go nuclear to offset India's advantages.


More: http://www.thedailystar.net/2005/05/28/d50528020429.htm


---------------------------------


EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR PEACE STUDIES (EPU) OFFERS A NEW TRISEMESTER PROGRAM IN PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES


A new EPU Trimester Program in Peace & Conflict Studies, that will offer improved contents embedded into research, science and practice and will consistent to the latest European ECTS standards.


The next possible entry is in Spring 2007; the official application Deadline for both of the programs starting in Spring 2007 on 15 September 2006.


For questions, comments, and any other information contact the Team of the EPU

European University Center for Peace Studies (EPU), Phone: +43-3355-2498-515

Fax: +43-3355-2381, Email: epu@epu.ac.at, Web: www.epu.ac.at




-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




GREEN GOAL KICKS OFF TODAY

Kick-off for environmentally friendly World Cup


Green Goal, set up by the German Organizing Committee and whose squad includes the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Oeko Institute, agreed that environmental messages contained in a short and witty film will be presented on giant screens as part of the pre-match warm up before each and every match.


More: http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=477&ArticleID=5271&l=en


---------------------------------


FRIENDS OF THE EARTH (FoE) WELCOMES BUSINESS DEMANDS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE


Jun 6, 2006 - Calls by business for tougher Government targets to cut greenhouse gas emissions were welcomed by Friends of the Earth today (6 June 2006). The companies, including Standard Chartered Bank and Vodafone, are meeting Tony Blair amid concerns that other European companies are cornering the market in green technologies because their governments are giving more incentives to the sector to grow.


More: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/friends_of_the_earth_welco0_06062006.html


---------------------------------


CLIMATE CHANGE PHOTO COMPETITION LAUNCHED


May 19, 2006 - Friends of the Earth International announced today the launch of its first-ever photo competition, which will gather photos on the theme of climate justice from around the globe. The best shots will feature in a 2007 FoEI wall calendar and in a traveling photo exhibit.


More: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/climate_change_photo_compe_19052006.html


---------------------------------


GIANT AIRBUS NOT THE SOLUTION TO AVIOTION'S CLIMATE IMPACT


May 18, 2006 - The giant European A380 Airbus, which is due to land at Heathrow airport for the first time this afternoon, is not the answer to the growing impact that air travel is having on climate change, Friends of the Earth said today.


More: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/giant_airbus_not_the_solut_18052006.html


---------------------------------


GLOBALIZING SECURITY: A CHALLENGE FOR YOUR GENERATION by Director General Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei


Read: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2006/05/05_elbaradei_globalizing-security.htm




------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




GLOBAL URANIUM RESOURCES TO MEET PROJECTED DEMAND

Latest Edition of "Red Book" Predicts Consistent Supply Up to 2025


June 2, 2006 - Global uranium resources are more than adequate to meet projected requirements, according to the latest edition of a world reference guide on uranium resources published just recently.


Uranium 2005: Resources, Production and Demand - also called the "Red Book" - estimates the total identified amount of conventional uranium stock, which can be mined for less than USD 130 per kg, to be about 4.7 million tonnes. Based on the 2004 nuclear electricity generation rate of demand the amount is sufficient for 85 years, the study states. Fast reactor technology would lengthen this period to over 2500 years.


More: http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/News/2006/uranium_resources.html


---------------------------------


CIVIL SOCIETY REVIEW OF THE FINAL REPORT OF THE WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION COMMISSION


The Civil Society Review of the Final Report of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission is a joint project of the Lawyers' Committee on Nuclear Policy, Western States Legal Foundation and Reaching Critical Will/WILPF, in partnership with the Arms Control Association.  The WMDC final report , Weapons of Terror: Freeing the World of Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Arms , was released on June 1 by Commission Chair Hans Blix, at the United Nations in New York.  Our project will be producing an in-depth analysis of the report this fall.  In the meantime, you may be interested in our preliminary analysis:


Summary and Preliminary Commentary on the Blix Commission Report, available at: http://www.wmdreport.org/pages/policymemo.htm


Fact Sheet: Key Implications and Recommendations of the Blix Commission Report for U.S. Policy on Nuclear Weapons, available at: http://www.wmdreport.org/pages/keypoints.htm


Press releases, selected media coverage, upcoming events and additional analysis are available at our project website: http://www.wmdreport.org


The Commission's website, where you can find their report and additional information is: http://www.wmdcommission.org


---------------------------------


NOBEL WINNER SEES NUCLEAR "HYPOCRISY" by Kevin Howe

IAEA's ElBaradei urges disarmament


May 31, 2006 - For an international atomic superpower to tell other nations not to develop nuclear weapons "is like dangling a cigarette from your mouth and telling everybody to stop smoking."


Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mohamed ElBaradei's message in Monterey on Tuesday was that the road to world nuclear nonproliferation winds through the process of world nuclear disarmament.


More: http://www.montereyherald.com/mld/mcherald/news/local/14705203.htm



------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




OFFICIAL INVITATION TO ABOLITION 2000 11th ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING


The official invitation to join Abolition 2000 at its 11th Annual General Meeting on Friday, June 23, and Sunday, June 25, 2006, in Vancouver, Canada is available at: http://www.abolition2000.org/site/c.cdJIKKNpFqG/b.1711793/k.EFC8/A2000_AGM_2006_Invite.htm


This year, Abolition 2000 will meet as part of the World Peace Forum, an exciting and unique collaboration of movements and people in Vancouver. The forum includes plenaries, demonstrations, cultural events, and many, many workshops - especially on the abolition of nuclear weapons.


For more information on the World Peace Forum, visit http://www.worldpeaceforum.ca.


---------------------------------


NUCLEAR WEAPONS ILLEGAL?

Conference to mark 10th Anniversary of World Court Opinion on Nuclear Weapons


Thursday 6th and Friday 7th July 2006, European Parliament, Brussels


Read more: http://www.abolition2000europe.org/




----------------------------------------------------------------------------------




6. DOCUMENTATIONS




FILM ON HIROSHIMA


The Film "B Is for Bomb" made by Mary Becker - a member of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - is one of 10 shorts that are finalists in the 2006 Cannes Film Festival. You can watch it online at http://www.nfb.ca/cannes or http://www.silenceoncourt.tv/.


---------------------------------


CLAUDE PIEPLU DIED


Claude Pieplu, artist, big-hearted man, friend and activist for Nuclear Disarmament passed away


Read: http://acdn.france.free.fr/spip/article.php3?id_article=196&lang=en


---------------------------------


20 YEARS OF CHERNOBYL - IMPRESSIONS OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE by Reiner Braun and Dr. Ursula Schefler


Kiev in the spring, a beautiful city and when not looking too closely one will not suspect the disaster happing in 1986 and still continuing only 120 km far away. A city - more in the boom of modern capitalism - with all its inhuman "fringes" of the system, a socially burdened site of modern progress, but not a city in which every 2nd person suffers health consequences from the disaster in Chernobyl.


[...]


In that city, on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of this disastrous catastrophe the International Chernobyl Conference took place, which should analyse the consequences and develop an action plan for renewable energy source for the next years - with success. The summary of the conference is provided in the attached final statement.

The rejection of nuclear energy for civil usage is also the rejection of a technology that in principal is not controllable, not ecological, not economical, not responsible and not sustainable. Moreover, the problem of final storage which is not yet technically solved shifts the responsibility to the next generation - irresponsible of every responsible acting scientist and politician.

Furthermore, even if declared as civil usage, also military usage is covered - in Germany in Gronau, for the highly enriched research reactor in Garching as well as worldwide.


The rejection of civil and military usage of nuclear energy - the main statement of the congress - has to be communicated more clearly than before to science and politic, especially through the revival of the worldwide anti-nuclear-movement and through peace activities. This is a main task for INES in the future.


[...]


At the initiative of our new membership organization "Education for Peace and Understanding" we were invited to participate in the main event of the schools of Kiev to remember the disaster of Chernobyl, which was conducted at the school number 16.


Over 250 pupils from different schools in Kiev participated in that impressive event to present their projects around Chernobyl. With pencils, brushes, power point or pictures, with short movies or via slides, with theatre, words or poems or even with a minute of silence. Rarely have we experienced more impressive how mourning, sympathy or the attempt to support and understand has been tried expressed by 14 to 16 year old young adults. Deeply moved we have left the school.


[...]


Last - but for INES probably most important - the networking meeting. 15 Ukrainian citizens' initiatives from different institutions met with us to discuss future education projects and co-operation with INES.

Considered were:

· A school project for international peace and mutual understanding

· An international exhibition around Hiroshima compiled by schools from different countries

· A conference to exchange all results of scientific investigation of Chernobyl, its evaluation and ideological classification.



What remains, especially after the discussions with the pupils, was once said by Linus Pauling: "We are not only responsible for what we do, but also for what we accept without contradiction."


Even against great resistance in East and West a renaissance of nuclear energy can not be allowed: we need worldwide abandoning of civil and military usage of that irresponsible technology.


For the entire review please feel free to contact Kristin Kropidlowski (ines.news@web.de), editor of "What's New In INES".