INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi


The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.



Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi



The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html



-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Topics, INES, wnii, Issue No. 9/2006, April 2006



0. MISSING LINK


- Health Effects of Chernobyl



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- Security Council Report Organization: Update Report No. 7 - Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflicts


- Time's Arrow: The Coming Nuclear Epiphany in Persia by Chris Floyd


- Knowing Why Not To Bomb Iran Is Half the Battle by Martin van Creveld



2. 20TH ANIIVERSARY OF CHERNOBYL


- The Nuclear Dilemma and Lessons from Chernobyl by Anne Fitzpatrick


- IPPNW and INES Book


- Greenpeace Report


- Chernobyl.Info


- Find out if there is a nulcear plant near you



3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Gordon Brown's Climate Opportunity - World Bank Spring Meetings


- US Emissions Reach Record Levels


- Global Warming Hits Canada's Remotest Arctic Lands


- Green mini-car to beat congestion by Jonathan Fildes



4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Nuclear Energy Fact Sheet by Leslie Lai and Kristen Morrison


- Former Environmental Ministers call on UN to reform IAEA mandate and End the Nuclear Age


- India Rejects US Conditions on N-Testing



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- World Peace Forum 2006, Vancouver, Canada 23 - 28 June 2006


- 3rd ICBUW International Conference, Hiroshima August 3rd-6th, 2006


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


0. MISSING LINK




The English summary of the study of IPPNW Germany on "Health Effects of Chernobyl" is available at http://www.ippnw-europe.org/main/Health%20Effects%20of%20Chernobyl.pdf.


---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




SECURITY COUNCIL REPORT ORGANIZATION, UPDATE REPORT NO. 7 - PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS IN ARMED CONFLICTS


Source: http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/{65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9}/Update%20Report%2020%20April%202006_POC.pdf


The Security Council Report organization issued a new report: Update report No. 7 conerning the protection of civilians in armed conflict.


An open debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict was held on 9 December 2005. A draft resolution submitted by the UK met opposition, particularly within the five permanent members (P5). As a result it was agreed that negotiations should be processed at the bilateral level and among the P5 before a text came back to all Council members.


(For full background on the Council's work on this issue, please consult the December 2005 Forecast Report: http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/site/c.glKWLeMTIsG/b.1203269/k.4C3E/December_2005brProtection_of_Civilians_in_Armed_Conflict.htm).


For many Council members it was frustrating that the Council was having difficulties agreeing on language relating to the "responsibility to protect", especially since that concept had been endorsed by the Heads of State so recently in the September 2005 Summit Outcome Document (http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/{65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9}/Civilians%20ARES601.pdf).


The new draft will address all of the key issues relating to civilians, including:

- The reaffirmation of the responsibility to protect, which will be kept in an operative clause. This is the main achievement of the new draft, which seems to have overcome Russian and Chinese reluctance to have this principle reaffirmed by the Council. It seems that the new approach first gained Chinese acceptance and then Russia's support.


- The draft reaffirms the importance of continuing the Council's practice of ensuring that all UN Peacekeeping mission mandates should have provisions aimed at protecting civilians in their mandates. New is the provision that the protection of civilians, particularly those under imminent threat, would be given priority in the decisions about the use of available resources. The Council also directly expresses its intention, for the first time, of ensuring that those protection mandates be implemented.

The Council reiterates the necessity to allow full unimpeded access to humanitarian personnel to conflict areas (a principle already mentioned in previous resolutions on the protection of civilians).


- The Council emphasised the importance for humanitarian organisations to uphold the principles of neutrality, impartiality and humanity in their humanitarian activities. The new draft extends this provision to "all", which implicitly also includes state actors.


- Finally, the Council reaffirms its readiness to respond to situations where the deliberate targeting of civilians and the commission of flagrant violations of international humanitarian and human rights law in situations of armed conflict constitute a threat to international peace and security. This provision while initially resisted by the US during consultations, now seems widely accepted.


---------------------------------


TIME'S ARROW: THE COMING NUCLEAR EPIPHANY IN PERSIA by Chris Floyd


Source: http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig7/floyd1.html

Twelve hours. One circuit of the sun from horizon to horizon, one course of the moon from dusk to dawn. What was once a natural measurement for the daily round of human life is now a doom-laden interval between the voicing of an autocrat's brutal whim and the infliction of mass annihilation halfway around the world.


Twelve hours is the maximum time necessary for American bombers to gear up and launch an unprovoked sneak attack - a Pearl Harbor in reverse - against Iran, the Washington Post reports (http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/05/14/AR2005051400071_pf.html). The plan for this "global strike," which includes a very viable "nuclear option," was approved months ago, and is now in operation. The planes are already on continuous alert, making "nuclear delivery" practice runs along the Iranian border, as Seymour M. Hersh reports (http://www.newyorker.com/fact/content/articles/060417fa_fact) in the New Yorker, and waiting only for the signal from President George W. Bush to drop their payloads of conventional and nuclear weapons on some 400 targets spread throughout the condemned land.


And when this attack comes - either as a stand-alone "knock-out blow" or else as the precursor to a full-scale, regime-changing invasion, like the earlier aggression in Iraq - there will be no warning, no declaration of war, no hearings, no public debate. The already issued orders governing the operation put the decision solely in the hands of the president: he picks up the phone, he says, "Go" - and in twelve hours' time, up to a million Iranians will be dead.


Continue: http://www.lewrockwell.com/orig7/floyd1.html


---------------------------------


KNOWING WHY NOT TO BOMB IRAN IS HALF THE BATTLE by Martin van Creveld


Source: http://forward.com/main/article.php?ref=creveld20060419101


One of my teachers, a former chief of Israeli military intelligence, used to say that going to war is not like asking a girl out on a date. It is a very serious decision, to be made on the basis of carefully crafted answers to even more carefully crafted questions.

Some serious questions, then, about whether the United States should bomb Iran's nuclear installations.


The first and most obvious question is whether it is worth doing in the first place. [...] The second question that needs to be asked is whether bombing Iran's nuclear installations can successfully be accomplished. [...] The third question for Washington to consider is what Iran can do in response to the bombing of its nuclear installations. In essence, there are three possibilities: Tehran can step up aid to the Iraqi insurgents, strike out at the Gulf States and Israel, or send terrorists to commit acts of sabotage around the world.


Last but not least, before deciding to bomb Iran's nuclear installations the Bush administration must seriously question whether the intelligence on which its decision is based is reliable. Those of us who have followed reports on the development of Iran's nuclear program know that the warnings from American and other intelligence agencies about Tehran building a bomb in three and five years have been made again and again - for more than 15 years.


For 15 years, the intelligence agencies have been proven dead wrong. And to this gross exaggeration of Iran's true intentions and capabilities must be added the fairy tales the same intelligence agencies have been feeding the world regarding Saddam Hussein's alleged weapons of mass destruction.


The unabridged version of the article is available at: http://forward.com/main/article.php?ref=creveld20060419101.


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


2. CHERNOBYL 20TH ANNIVERSARY




THE NUCLEAR DILEMMA AND LESSONS FROM CHERNOBYL by Anne Fitzpatrick


Source: http://www.fas.org/main/content.jsp?formAction=297&contentId=543



Nuclear energy has always been both an extremely promising and problematic technology. Unlike coal and petroleum, nuclear energy produces no atmospheric waste gases, which are widely regarded today as a major cause of global warming. Yet nuclear energy technology is still not significantly more cost effective than traditional energy sources, and its implementation produces hazardous wastes that to this day have not found a permanent storage facility anywhere in the world.


Russia's political tinkering with gas supplies is one reminder of the drastically increasing energy needs our world faces with its growing population and globalizing economy. Whether or not it will be a solution to these problems, nuclear energy is long overdue for serious, organized, global reconsideration.


Only the Soviet Union could have contained the accident in such a rapid, and crude, but effective manner that took great risks and sacrificed many lives. Today, the ambient radiation in the Zone varies according to which area one is in, and is mostly within safe limits for short term visits. But the reactor core is still hot, so much that it is inaccessible for measurement. When the core burned and melted it destroyed the reactor's concrete base, fusing fissionable material with metal and concrete, burning its way through rooms below, and eventually hardening into undistinguishable shapes.


The Soviets often designed new towns around a theme reflecting the local industry or enterprise. Thus Prip'yat was decorated with huge public symbols touting atomic energy, such as stylized radiation hazard signs and atomic nuclei orbited by electrons. Behind what had been the "Energetic" town cultural center, sat an abandoned amusement park. A giant ferris wheel stood immobilized, a bumper car pavilion contained a few cars rusted and lying on their sides while the few remaining scraps of its canvas cover hung in rags. It seemed as though the fabled neutron bomb had hit, wiping out all of the human beings and their pets, leaving behind only the buildings.

But jobs were being eliminated at the Chernobyl plant: the closure of power-production reactor number 1 in late 2000 meant that many positions disappeared, even while the general decommissioning work carried on. Today a few hundred people still work in the area on monitoring or decommissioning tasks.


The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which manages the Chernobyl Shelter Fund, has been seeking pledges of support from many nations to build a new confinement structure that will cover the entire reactor and surrounding sarcophagus. Currently still in design phase, the new 20,000-ton steel shelter will consist of a 100-meter high steel arch with a span of 250 meters, looking like a mammoth quonset hut, where King Kong could comfortably lie down in. It will slide along rails to its final position over the sarcophagus. Once in place, robotic and human workers inside the shelter will begin to cut up the original wreckage and sarcophagus and organize and store the radioactive waste pieces. The huge shelter is intended to keep water out and contain radioactive dust for 100 years, until Ukraine can develop a permanent facility for the several hundred tons of waste materials remaining at the site. To build the new structure, the Chernobyl Shelter Fund is hoping to raise $1 billion (in US dollars) in the near future, in hopes that the confinement structure will be completed in 2008-2009.


Perhaps this is the biggest lesson to take away from Chernobyl today: Our nuclear waste products are not going to just disappear whether we build more power reactors or phase out nuclear energy entirely. These highly radioactive by-products will need to go somewhere, and for a long time. Where such a site might be located will be up to international political and business interests, which are too complex to predict right now. But the storage issue will need to move forward just as research towards more cost effective and renewable energy sources is absolutely essential. Solutions will come with the proper investment in people and technology.


For the full (pdf) version please see http://www.fas.org/ssp/Chernobyl20shortFAS.pdf


---------------------------------


IPPNW AND INES BOOK


20 years of Chernobyl - Myth and Truth, edited by Alexey Yablokov, Reiner Braun and Ute Watermann (ISBN 3-89688-278-3, 218 p.), a joint effort of IPPNW and INES, has been published by the Agenda Verlag (ww.agenda.de/neuerscheinungen/index.php). In addition to exposing the myths perpetuated by the nuclear industry, the book also discusses the dangerous connection between nuclear energy and nuclear weapons as well as ways to escape the global nuclear threat.


---------------------------------


GREENPEACE REPORT ON CHERNOBYL


Greenpeace recently published a report by 53 scientists whose research predicts approximately 270.000 cancers and 93.000 fatal cancer cases caused by Chernobyl. The report concludes that on the basis of demographic data, during the last 15 years, 60.000 people have additionally died in Russia because of the accident, and estimates of the total death toll for the Ukraine and Belarus could reach another 140.000.


Download the report as pdf http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/reports/chernobylhealthreport


---------------------------------


CHERNOBYL.INFO


This homepage includes almost everything surrounding Chernobyl.


Have a look: http://www.chernobyl.info/index.php?userhash=13293987&navID=1&lID=2


---------------------------------


FIND OUT IF THERE IS A NUCLEAR PLANT NEAR YOU


Go to http://www.insc.anl.gov/pwrmaps/map/world_map.php


and a table of nuclear reactors in the world you will find at http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/reactors.htm


------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




WORLD BANK URGES NEW BREED OF CLEAN ENERGY FUNDING by Gilbert Le Gras


Source: http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyid=2006-04-24T093320Z_01_N23375436_RTRUKOC_0_US-GROUP-ENVIRONMENT.xml


WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The World Bank is urging its steering committee to approve a new breed of loans and grants that would go to developing countries to help them make power generation cleaner and more efficient.


A report drafted for this weekend's meeting of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank at the request of Group of Eight leading nations already seems to have gained traction among some emerging countries.


See also the Press release of the Friends of the Earth: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/gordon_browns_climate_oppo_19042006.html


---------------------------------


US EMISSIONS REACH RECORD LEVELS


Source: Friends of the Earth Press Release, Apr 18, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/us_emissions_reach_record_18042006.html


The United States contribution to climate change has reached record levels, new government figures have revealed. The US Environmental Protection Agency reported this week that "greenhouse gas emissions during 2004 increased by 1.7 per cent from the previous year". Total US emissions have risen 15.8% from 1990 to 2004.


Friends of the Earth international's climate coordinator, Catherine Pearce said:


"The United States continues to be the world's biggest polluter. Despite the overwhelming evidence of the catastrophic consequences of global climate change, President Bush refuses to sign the Kyoto climate treaty and has allowed US emissions to reach record levels. This is despite calls from within the States urging action on climate change. US businesses, Mayors and Senators recognise the dire threat, and want the US to take its responsibilities seriously, invest in the solutions that already exist, and cut its emissions of greenhouse gases.


"Tony Blair must take action too. As well as urging the President to see sense, he must do far more to lead by example by ensuring that the UK develops a low-carbon, nuclear-free economy."


---------------------------------


GLOBAL WARMING HITS CANADA'S REMOTEST ARCTIC LANDS


Even in one of the remotest, coldest and most inhospitable parts of Canada's High Arctic, you cannot escape the signs of global warming.


See: http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/36098/story.htm


---------------------------------


GREEN MINI-CAR TO BEAT CONGESTION by Jonathan Fildes


Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4930794.stm


A tiny, three-wheeled car that could help solve city congestion has been demonstrated at the University of Bath. The prototype Clever (Compact Low Emission Vehicle for Urban Transport) car is one metre wide and less polluting than normal vehicles. It has a top speed of 100 km/h (60mph) and uses a novel tilting chassis to make it safe and manoeuvrable. The traffic-busting two-seater is the result of a 40-month project by researchers in nine European countries. The three-year, £1.5m EU-funded research project aimed to produce a totally different class of private motor vehicle specifically designed for the urban environment. "The only solutions at the moment are motorbikes or cars" said Ben Drew, a research officer at the University of Bath, one of the institutions involved in the project. "The idea is to try to marry the small size and efficiency of a motorcycle with the comfort and safety of a standard car," he said.


Read more: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4930794.stm


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




NUCLEAR ENERGY FACT SHEET by Leslie Lai and Kristen Morrison


Source: Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/issues/nuclear-energy-&-waste/start/fact-sheet_ne&w.htm


The Nuclear Fact Sheets informs about the basics of nuclear energy and therefore contains an introduction to nuclear energy for civilian purposes, a section on the scientific process behind nuclear energy as well as the risks and dangers of nuclear energy. Also the sustainable energy alternatives are mentioned. And finally you will find additional online resources on nuclear energy.


---------------------------------


FORMER ENVIRONMENTAL MINISTERS CALL ON UN TO REFORM IAEA MANDATE AND END THE NUCLEAR AGE


Source: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/press/releases/former-environmental-ministers


Vienna, Austria - In the run up to the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster, former European Environmental Ministers (1) and Greenpeace are calling on Secretary-General Kofi Annan and International Atomic Energy Agency Director Mohamed ElBaradei to reform the Agency's mandate and withdraw its promotion of nuclear technology, thereby eliminating the risk of another nuclear disaster of Chernobyl's magnitude.

This demand highlights the contradictory roles the IAEA plays in the international arena. On one hand, the IAEA is tasked with stopping the spread of nuclear weapons and providing technical assistance to support the nuclear disarmament process. On the other, the IAEA's mandate promotes the dangerous myth of peaceful nuclear power. The former environmental ministers call on the UN to propose amendments to the IAEA statute at the forthcoming IAEA Board of Governors and General Conference in mid September.


"The risk of nuclear arms proliferation seems to be growing rapidly. To be able to function effectively, the IAEA should end its schizophrenic role. It cannot effectively prevent nuclear arms proliferation when it, at the same time, promotes nuclear energy technology, which produces material for bombs. Therefore the time has come to make end of this double role of IAEA," said Mrs. Satu Hassi, Member of European Parliament and former Finish Environmental Minister.


"The United Nations should dedicate this reform to the thousands of people in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus whose lives were scarred forever on the morning of the 26th of April 1986. The 20th anniversary of the biggest nuclear disaster in history is an opportunity to remove the threat of nuclear disasters from the planet, starting with reforming the IAEA, said Felicity Hill, Nuclear Political Advisor for Greenpeace.  "Atoms for Peace sounds like a nice ideal, but we all know that the reality of atomic energy is anything but peaceful."


"The IAEA acts as a true promoter for the nuclear industry worldwide. By deliberately ignoring the interlink between civil and military nukes, it contributes to the proliferation of fissile materials. Nations are also responsible in this dangerous interaction. France particularly, must end its sales policy of nuclear materials and technologies to whomever is willing to pay. This trade jeopardizes world peace." concluded Mrs. Dominique Voynet, Senator and former French Minister for the Environment.


Signatories of the Ministers' letter are the following former Environmental Ministers:

1. Former Ukrainian Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, Mr. Sergiy Kurykin

2. Former Russian Minister of Environment, Mr. Victor Danilov-Danilian

3. Former Belarusian Minister of Environment, Mr. Anatolii Dorofeev

4. Former Italian Minister of Environment, Mr. Edo Ronchi

5. Former Danish Environment and Energy Minister, Mr. Svend Auken

6. Former Belgian Minister of Environment, Ms. Magda Alvoet

7. Former Czech Minister of Environment, Mr. Ivan Dejmal

8. Former Finish Minister of Environment and Development Cooperation, Ms. Satu Hassi

9. Former French Minister of Environment and Regional Planning, Ms. Dominique Voynet

10. Former British Minister of Environment, Mr. Michael Meacher MP


A copy of the letter from the Ministers can be found at http://www.greenpeace.org/ministersletter


---------------------------------


INDIA REJCETS US CONDITIONS ON N-TESTING


Source: http://www.southasianmedia.net/index_story.cfm?id=287126&category=Frontend&Country=INDIA


NEW DELHI: India on Monday, April 17, 2006 rejected a US proposal to include a ban on nuclear tests in the proposed bilateral civil nuclear cooperation pact being negotiated by the two countries.


New Delhi would continue to follow its "commitment to a unilateral moratorium on nuclear testing" and underlined that this should not be construed as accepting any condition on its right to carry out nuclear tests, external affairs ministry spokesman Navtej Sarna told reporters.


At the same time, Science and Technology Minister Kapil Sibal, who recently made a nine-day trip to the US, said on Monday that he had found US Congressmen positive about the nuclear deal and hoped the pact would eventually get Congressional approval.


US President George W. Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice were committed to the deal, Sibal told reporters.


[...]


New Delhi has refused to sign the CTBT as it believes it is discriminatory and tends to divide the world into nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon states. Instead, it advocates universal nuclear disarmament.


India last conducted nuclear tests in May 1998, when it exploded five devices at the Pokhran range in Rajasthan. The country had conducted its first nuclear explosion, described as a "peaceful test", in 1974.


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




WORLD PEACE FORUM 2006, Vancouver, Canada 23 - 28 June 2006


The World Peace Forum 2006 is an international gathering of individuals, groups and civic governments from cities and communities to envision a living culture of peace and sustainability in our lifetimes.


The World Peace Forum 2006 will organize panels, workshops, public forums, arts and entertainment activities and networking events to offer all participants an open space for discussion and performance within the main theme of Cities and Communities: Working together to end war and build a peaceful, just and sustainable world.


The mission of the Forum is to create a global culture of peace. The proposal how to implement this is:


1. Publish a World Peace Forum statement, "Building a Culture of Peace and Sustainability," for the global community, outlining what individuals, communities, cities, groups, and nations can do locally to create a culture of peace and sustainability.


2. Create an ongoing legacy of bi-annual World Peace Forums, in cities around the world, to refine, promote, and expand the culture of peace and sustainability.


3. Encourage communities and nations to plan for peace, for example, by inaugurating  Departments of Peace at city, regional, and national levels of government.


4. Celebrate and protect diversity of culture locally and globally.


5. Make war abhorrent, peace popular, and the restoration and protection of our global ecosystems a priority.


The World Peace Forum 2006 program will follow these four guiding threads throughout the conference:

- Economy of Peace

- Social Justice and Peace

- Environment and Peace

- Culture and Peace



You can download the program draft at: http://www.worldpeaceforum.ca/uploads/-i/xD/-ixD67kTrF_7Zj0GzsOkeQ/WPF_Program_ON_web.pdf


For other detailed information please check the homepage of the World Peace Forum 2006: www.worldpeaceforum.ca


---------------------------------


3RD ICBUW INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, Hiroshima, Japan 3rd-6th August 2006


"Raising our voices together with those of the victims for a total ban on depleted uranium weapons". The International Coalition to Ban Uranium Weapons (ICBUW) will hold its 3rd Annual Conference this August in Hiroshima, Japan.


Objectives of the conference:

1.  To show our solidarity with the DU victims and raise a stronger voice for an effective ban


2. To clarify the scientific and legal issues on which the campaign depends


3. To map out further campaign strategies toward an effective ban on and total abolition of uranium weapons (including research and compensation issues)


Announcement and programme on www.bandepleteduranium.org