INES Information Service

What's New In INES (WNII), Issue 8, September 2008


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit organisation committed to influence the role and the impact of science and technology on society. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics in science, responsibilities of scientists and the responsible use of science and technology, justice and sustainable development. Engineers and scientists play a key role, both in developing new knowledge that might threaten international security and in providing hope for the future.

The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.

Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, ines.news@gmx.de
INES Official Site, http://www.inesglobal.com
INES International Office, ines.office@web.de
INES Chair: David Krieger
INES Activities Co-ordinator: Reiner Braun

PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool.

DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.



INES Information Service

1.INES IN BRIEF


- IN THE BEGINNING AN ARTICLE BY THE INES-CHAIR


* NATO Nuclear Weapons: Power Without Purpose by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/08/14_krieger_nato_nuc_power.php?krieger


- NEW INES MEMBER ORGANISATION

http://www.jsa.gr.jp/intl/


- New INES-Blog

http://energysustainability.wordpress.com/2008/09/10/sustainable-energy-shifting-the-paradigm-5/


- INESPE EVENTS AND PUBLICATIONS

http://www.inespe.org


- AN INTERESTING LINK


* Recommended Reports by Martin Kalinowski

Global Fissile Materials Report 2008: http://www.ipfmlibrary.org/gfmr08.pdf

Country Perspectives: http://www.ipfmlibrary.org/FMCT-Perspectives.pdf



2. PEACE AND WAR - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT


- IRAN NUCLEAR CRISIS


* Q&A: Iran and the Nuclear Issue

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4031603.stm


* UN Nuclear Agency Criticises Iran

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7616744.stm


* Iran Renews Nuclear Weapons Development by Con Coughlin and Tim Butcher

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iran/2800255/Iran-renews-nuclear-weapons-development.html


* Russia Says Iran Nuclear Plant Nearing Completion

http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSL928538320080909


- US MISSILE DEFENSE


* US Missile Defense: The Magic Pudding That Will Never Run Out by George Monbiot

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/08/20_monbiot_magic_pudding.php


* Russia Threatens to Target US Missile Shield Sites: Reports

http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=080910093546.ixowy7j5&show_article=1


* Ballistic missile defence and European security by Margot Light

http://en.rian.ru/analysis/20080827/116319785.html


- GEORGIAN CONFLICT


* Assessing the Georgian Crisis by Richard Falk

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/08/18_falk_georgian_crisis.php


* Georgian Conflict Raises Nuclear Terror Concerns


- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION


* Nuclear Suppliers Group Considering US-India Deal


* After Nuke Deals It is now Defense Deals!

http://www.psaindia.org


* Congress Has the Last Chance to Say No to the US-India Nuclear Proliferation Deal by David Krieger

http://www.commondreams.org/view/2008/09/09-2


* U.S. Official Claims Extensive Links Between China and Pakistan Nuclear Programs


* New Poll Shows That Americans Believe Nuclear Weapons Make Them Less Safe

http://www.nuclearweaponsfree.org



3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


* 'Green' Energy Should Create 20 mln Jobs by 2030: U.N.

http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSTRE48N48O20080924



4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


* UN forecasts boom in 'green jobs'

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7634792.stm


* Getting Waste Out of the Bin: Friends of the Earth's New Report

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/recycling_report_18092008.html


* For a Greener Planet

http://www.cornnet.nl/~akmalten/Global_Warming/For_a_greener_planet.html#Samso_off_grid


* When the Going Gets Tough ... by John Vidal

http://www.guardian.co.uk/alloutonpoverty/hunger.challenges



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


* Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol Petition

https://www.ssl-hiroins.city.hiroshima.jp/pcf/en/form.htm


* Enact - Youth Enabling Action!

http://www.enact.org.nz/



6. DOCUMENTATION


- Berghof Foundation


* Nonviolent Resistance and Conflict Transformation in Power Asymmetries by Veronique Dudouet

http://www.berghof-handbook.net/uploads/download/dudouet_handbook.pdf



- CTBTO

http://www.ctbto.org/


* World Overview: History of Nuclear Testing

http://www.ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/history-of-nuclear-testing/world-overview/page-1-world-overview/

http://www.ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/history-of-nuclear-testing/nuclear-testing-1945-2006/page-1-nuclear-testing-1945-2006/


* Types of Nuclear Weapons Tests

http://www.ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/history-of-nuclear-testing/types-of-nuclear-weapons-tests/page-1-types-of-nuclear-weapons-tests/


* CTBTO Conducts Large On-Site Inspection Exercise

http://www.ctbto.org/specials/integrated-field-exercise-2008/


- INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP REPORTS


* Kosovo's Fragile Transition

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5695&l=1


* Reforming Haiti's Security Sector

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5681&l=1


* Nigeria: Ogoni Land after Shell

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5675&l=1



7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


* Pro Peaceful Energy Use

http://www.cornnet.nl/~akmalten


- NEW BOOKS


* At the Precipice: Catastrophe or Transformation? by David Krieger and Richard Falk

http://www.amazon.com/At-Nuclear-Precipice-Catastrophe-Transformation/dp/023060904X/ref=ed_oe_p


* The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and for All by Gareth Evans

http://www.brookings.edu/press/Books/2008/responsibilitytoprotect.aspx



8. IN THE END


* CODEPINK - Women for Peace

http://www.codepinkalert.org/index.php



1. INES IN BRIEF


- IN THE BEGINNING AN ARTICLE BY THE INES-CHAIR


* NATO Nuclear Weapons: Power Without Purpose by David Krieger


Europe is heavily armed with nuclear weapons. Both Britain and France possess their own nuclear forces and the United States has a long history of keeping nuclear weapons on European soil. Britain's nuclear force is estimated at under 200 weapons, with approximately 150 deployed on four Vanguard submarines and the remainder kept in reserve. France is thought to have approximately 350 nuclear weapons in its Force de frappe (strike force). The US keeps some 200-350 nuclear weapons in six countries: Belgium, Germany, Holland, Italy, Turkey and the UK. Recent unconfirmed reports indicate that the US has pulled its nuclear weapons out of the UK. If this is correct, approximately 240 US nuclear weapons remain in five European countries.


To read more, click here: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/08/14_krieger_nato_nuc_power.php?krieger


Source: The Sunflower e-Newsletter, Sept 2008



- NEW INES MEMBER ORGANISATION


The Japan Scientists' Association with more than 4.500 members in Japan recently joined INES.

For information about them check the following homepage: http://www.jsa.gr.jp/intl/



- New INES-Blog

http://energysustainability.wordpress.com/2008/09/10/sustainable-energy-shifting-the-paradigm-5/


The complete article "Sustainable Energy: Shifting the Paradigm - An Idea Whose Time Has Come" by Alice Slater you will find here: http://www.energysustainability.nl/



- INESPE EVENTS AND PUBLICATIONS


Check regularly the new events and publications of INESPE (International Network of Engineers and Scientists' Projects on Ethics.


INESPE is an international research network on science, engineering, and technology ethics. The network has as its purpose to undertake research and teaching activities in that area on an international level in collaboration with relevant partners. Our activities fall in three categories. INESPE ...


- organizes symposia and lectures on ethical issues related to the practise and teaching of modern technoscience,

- offers international and transdisciplinary PhD courses on techno-scientific ethics, and

- does consultancy work on ethical issues related to the scientific and technological development and practise.


INESPE is a registred project under International Network of Engineers and Scientists for global repsonsibility (INES), and is currently hosted by Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies at the University of Copenhagen (CPNSS); a center engaged in the interdisciplinary field of philosophy of science and science studies. CPNSS scholars teach an array of compulsory philosophy of science and ethics courses to science students at the University of Copenhagen. The INESPE network is lead by Ph.D. Tom Børsen, an external lecturer of CPNSS.


Click here: http://www.inespe.org



- AN INTERESTING LINK


* Recommended Reports by Martin Kalinowski


The following two reports are highly recommended:

Global Fissile Materials Report 2008: http://www.ipfmlibrary.org/gfmr08.pdf


Country Perspectives: http://www.ipfmlibrary.org/FMCT-Perspectives.pdf



2. PEACE AND WAR - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT


- IRAN NUCLEAR CRISIS


* Q&A: Iran and the Nuclear Issue

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4031603.stm



* UN Nuclear Agency Criticises Iran


Sept 15, 2008 - The International Atomic Energy Agency says it has not resolved questions about a possible military dimension to Iran's nuclear programme.


Read on: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7616744.stm



* Iran Renews Nuclear Weapons Development by Con Coughlin and Tim Butcher


Fresh evidence has emerged that suggests Iran has renewed work on developing nuclear weapons, according to Western security sources.


Sept 12, 2008 - Nuclear experts responsible for monitoring Iran's nuclear programme have discovered that enough enriched uranium, which if processed to weapons grade level could be used to make up to six atom bombs, has disappeared from the main production facility at Isfahan.


More: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/iran/2800255/Iran-renews-nuclear-weapons-development.html



* Russia Says Iran Nuclear Plant Nearing Completion


Sept 9, 2008 - Iran's Bushehr nuclear plant is nearing completion and the start-up of its reactor will soon become "irreversible", the Russian state-owned company that is building the power station said on Tuesday.


Russia has already delivered nuclear fuel under a $1 billion contract to build the Bushehr plant, on the Gulf coast in southwest Iran, and Iranian officials say the reactor is likely to be started up soon.


Read on: http://www.reuters.com/article/topNews/idUSL928538320080909



- US MISSILE DEFENSE


* US Missile Defense: The Magic Pudding That Will Never Run Out by George Monbiot


It's a novel way to take your own life. Just as Russia demonstrates what happens to former minions that annoy it, Poland agrees to host a US missile defense base. The Russians, as Poland expected, respond to this proposal by offering to turn the country into a parking lot. This proves that the missile defense system is necessary after all: it will stop the missiles Russia will now aim at Poland, the Czech Republic and the UK in response to, er, their involvement in the missile defense system.


The American government insists that the interceptors, which will be stationed on the Baltic coast, have nothing to do with Russia: their purpose is to defend Europe and the US against the intercontinental ballistic missiles Iran and North Korea don't possess. This is why they are being placed in Poland, which, as every geography student in Texas knows, shares a border with both rogue states.


To read more, click here: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/08/20_monbiot_magic_pudding.php


Source: The Sunflower e-Newsletter, Sept 2008



* Russia Threatens to Target US Missile Shield Sites: Reports


Sept 10, 2008 - Russia could point missiles at strategic US targets in central Europe, including planned American missile shield sites in Poland and the Czech Republic, a senior Russian general said Wednesday.


More: http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=080910093546.ixowy7j5&show_article=1



* Ballistic missile defence and European security by Margot Light


Aug 27, 2008 - The agreement concluded between the United States and Poland on August 20th on the deployment of 10 interceptor missiles, part of America's planned Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) system, was an inadvertent (and possibly unanticipated) result of the Russian-Georgian conflict.


Read on: http://en.rian.ru/analysis/20080827/116319785.html



- GEORGIAN CONFLICT


* Assessing the Georgian Crisis by Richard Falk


After delays, the Russian promise to withdraw its military forces from Georgia seems to be taking shape. By the terms of the French-brokered ceasefire, Russian troops will remain in South Ossetia, plus occupy a security belt of undisclosed width in South Ossetia. The situation remains fluid and far from resolved. The South Ossetian leadership has indicated its unwillingness to have international monitors on its territory as was agreed in the ceasefire arrangement. There are also new indications of breakaway intentions on the part of Abkhasia, the other ethnic enclave hostile to Georgian claims of sovereignty, including the seizure of the Kodori Ridge, a strategic strip of land by Abkhas soldiers in the Caucasus Ridge. There is no doubt that at this point the territorial unity of the Georgian state has been shattered on a de facto basis as a result of the crisis, and that Russian power will act as a guarantor of South Ossetian and Abkhasian autonomy, which will achieve at minimum de facto independence for the

se two ethnic enclaves.


To read more, click here: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/08/18_falk_georgian_crisis.php


Source: The Sunflower e-Newsletter, Sept 2008



* Georgian Conflict Raises Nuclear Terror Concerns


Security agencies are expressing concern that terrorists could use the chaos that has resulted from the conflict between Georgia and Russia to acquire fissile material for a "dirty bomb."


"There is no fear of a nuclear bomb coming out of this region, but the bigger danger is that a small amount of uranium combined with conventional explosive terrorists could make a dirty bomb that would make an area the size of the [London] Square Mile unusable for 30 or 40 years," according to one security source. "The economic impact would be catastrophic."


In 2005, Georgia reported blocking several attempts to smuggle highly enriched uranium. Three years ago, there was an incident in the disputed southern Ossetia region where approximately 71 pounds of uranium was being sold.


"Georgian Conflict Raises 'Dirty Bomb' Fears," Global Security Newswire, August 18, 2008.


Source: The Sunflower e-Newsletter, Sept 2008



- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION


* Nuclear Suppliers Group Considering US-India Deal


On August 22, the international Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) rejected India and the United States' request to go forward with a nuclear trade agreement.


Approximately 20 out of the 45 countries that make up the consensus-based NSG rejected the US-India Deal that would allow nuclear trade without restrictions between the two countries. In order for the US-India Deal to move forward, all 45 members of the NSG must approve of the deal. The US is now required to revise its proposal and win NSG approval at their next meeting on September 4-5.


India has refused to sign the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, refused to allow international oversight of its nuclear weapons complex, and tested nuclear weapons in 1974 and 1998.


"Nuclear Suppliers Group Fails To Agree on Nuclear Trade with India," Xinhua, August 23, 2008.


Source: The Sunflower e-Newsletter, Sept 2008



* After Nuke Deals It is now Defense Deals!


India offers $50 Billion subsidies to the U.S. Weapons industries.


Soon after NSG clearance of 123 nuclear deals, Defense Minister A.K. Anthony flew to Washington for the first sale of American Harpoon missiles worth more than $170 million. Agents of U.S. major defense  companies - Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Raytheon and others had  already arrived in the corridors of power in New Delhi  commissioning agents with lucrative defense contracts including an estimated $ 10 billion sale of 126 fighter jests, $3 billion sale of 246 light helicopters. New Delhi had already bought ANTPQ37 weapon- locating radars, six Hercules C-130J transport aircraft and eighth maritime P-8 reconnaissance aircraft. And all this purchasing advanced military hardware at the time when no country in the world has threatened  Indian  security.

About $25 billion of Nuclear Deals and another $25 billion of Defence deal - and all this without discussion in Parliament and only a few months prior to  the General Election due in the country. There is recession in the U.S. and in India prices are high specially in food and agriculture sector. Education and health services  are suffering acute shortage of financial  crunch. At this juncture to grant $50 billion dollar subsides to the U.S. military industries is irrational anti-people politics. A historical betrayal of our national trust placed in Dr. Man Mohan Singh’s government.
Dhirendra Sharma

Dr. Dhirendra Sharma, Director, Centre for Science Policy, Dehradun 248009 (India), Convenor: Concerned Scientists & Philosophers, http://www.psaindia.org



* Congress Has the Last Chance to Say No to the US-India Nuclear Proliferation Deal by David Krieger


Sept 9, 2008 - India never joined the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Instead, it developed and tested nuclear weapons. It is a known nuclear proliferator. India is now thought to have an arsenal of some 60 nuclear weapons, and India's first nuclear test in 1974 led Pakistan to also develop and later test nuclear weapons. India's 1974 nuclear test also led to the formation of a Nuclear Suppliers Group, a group of 45 countries that agreed to ban nuclear technology transfers that would make nuclear proliferation more likely, particularly to countries such as India and Pakistan that were outside the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.


Read on: http://www.commondreams.org/view/2008/09/09-2



* U.S. Official Claims Extensive Links Between China and Pakistan Nuclear Programs


A former weapons lab official is arguing that China gave Pakistan the blueprint for an atomic bomb.


In a recent report featured in Physics Today magazine, former Air Force Secretary Thomas Reed, a former weapons lab scientist, claims that China gave extensive weapons support to Pakistan. He argues that the details given by China were far more detailed than a 2001 Defense Department report acknowledged about China's assistance in the Pakistani nuclear program.

"The Chinese nuclear weapons program is incredibly sophisticated," Reed says. "The scary part is how much Pakistan has learned from them." The Chinese and Pakistani embassies in Washington have not commented.

Reed is the co-author of a forthcoming book on the Chinese nuclear weapons program. Last year, Reed's co-author Danny Stillman won a lawsuit in which the Central Intelligence Agency was sued for classifying 23 pages of the book.

Vergano, Dan, "Report Says China Offered Widespread Help on Nukes," USA Today, August 28, 2008.

Source: The Sunflower e-Newsletter, Sept 2008



* New Poll Shows That Americans Believe Nuclear Weapons Make Them Less Safe


A new poll determined that an overwhelming majority of US adults believe that possession of nuclear weapons by some countries encourages others to develop nuclear weapons.


Of those who were asked, 68% said the possession of nuclear weapons by the United States, Russia, United Kingdom, France, China, Israel, India, Pakistan and North Korea encourages countries without nuclear weapons to develop them.


22% of adults said it had no impact, and 11 percent said it discouraged development.


The poll, sponsored by the Campaign for Nuclear Weapons Free world, asked "Nine (9) countries - the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, Israel, India, Pakistan, and North Korea - currently have nuclear weapons. The major nuclear powers have attempted to persuade other nations to not develop nuclear weapons. What impact do you think the possession of nuclear weapons by these countries has on other countries that do not currently possess nuclear weapons - do you think it discourages them from developing nuclear weapons, encourages them to develop nuclear weapons, or has no impact on their developing nuclear weapons?"


"Nuclear Weapons for Some Encourage Nuclear Weapons for All," http://www.nuclearweaponsfree.org


Source: The Sunflower e-Newsletter, Sept 2008



3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


* 'Green' Energy Should Create 20 mln Jobs by 2030: U.N.



Sept 24, 2008 - Development of alternative energy should create more than 20 million jobs around the world in coming decades as governments adopt policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, according to a U.N. report released on Wednesday.


More: http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSTRE48N48O20080924



4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


* UN forecasts boom in 'green jobs'


Sept 25, 2008 - The UN says millions of new jobs will be created worldwide over the next few decades by the development of alternative energy technologies.


More: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7634792.stm



* Getting Waste Out of the Bin: Friends of the Earth's New Report


Sept 18, 2008 - Research examining the main components of residual waste - the waste left over after reuse, recycling and composting - has identified the measures needed at local authority, central Government and EU level to increase recycling.


Read on: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/recycling_report_18092008.html



* For a Greener Planet


Here is an amazing story, which of course is to be found on my new website, http://www.cornnet.nl/~akmalten/Global_Warming/For_a_greener_planet.html#Samso_off_grid


If they can do it, why then is it impossible for the rest of the World ?


Ak Malten,

Pro Peaceful Energy Use



* When the Going Gets Tough ... by John Vidal


Sept 24, 2008 - Rising oil prices and increasingly unpredictable weather patterns have dealt a major blow to global food supply - and, meanwhile, the world's population is still growing. What are the solutions?


More: http://www.guardian.co.uk/alloutonpoverty/hunger.challenges



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


* Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol Petition


Mayors for Peace, together with the Hiroshima Peace Culture Foundation, have launched a new petition urging the leaders of the nuclear weapon states to disarm and to ensure that cities are no longer targeted by nuclear weapons.


You can read the petition and sign online at https://www.ssl-hiroins.city.hiroshima.jp/pcf/en/form.htm



* Enact - Youth Enabling Action!


The Hon Nanaia Mahuta, New Zealand Minister of Youth Affairs, yesterday launched a youth peace website ENACT (http://www.enact.org.nz/) in conjunction with United Nations International Day for Peace.


The website - developed by the Peace Foundation, New Zealand secondary school students and other youth - includes information and initiatives for youth on promoting peaceful relationships at home, in the community and around the world.



6. DOCUMENTATION


- Berghof Foundation


* Nonviolent Resistance and Conflict Transformation in Power Asymmetries by Veronique Dudouet


The paper explores in which contexts and under which conditions nonviolent resistance can contribute to successful and sustainable conflict transformation processes. The author introduces the concept, aims and methods of nonviolent action and explores conceptual and empirical developments across the 20th and 21st century. Furthermore, she illustrates the potentials and limits of nonviolent resistance in transforming asymmetric power structures and in encouraging democratic practices, using the example of the Palestinian first intifada in the Israeli/Palestinian struggle.


Download (pdf) here: http://www.berghof-handbook.net/uploads/download/dudouet_handbook.pdf



- CTBTO

http://www.ctbto.org/


* World Overview: History of Nuclear Testing

http://www.ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/history-of-nuclear-testing/world-overview/page-1-world-overview/

http://www.ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/history-of-nuclear-testing/nuclear-testing-1945-2006/page-1-nuclear-testing-1945-2006/



* Types of Nuclear Weapons Tests

http://www.ctbto.org/nuclear-testing/history-of-nuclear-testing/types-of-nuclear-weapons-tests/page-1-types-of-nuclear-weapons-tests/



* CTBTO Conducts Large On-Site Inspection Exercise

http://www.ctbto.org/specials/integrated-field-exercise-2008/



- INTERNATIONAL CRISIS GROUP REPORTS


* Kosovo's Fragile Transition


25 Sept 25, 2008 - Kosovo has taken its first steps in state building, but the international community has failed to meet its commitments and prospects for a de facto partition of the state are growing.

Kosovo’s Fragile Transition, the latest International Crisis Group report, says the international community has not found its footing since independence was declared on 17 February. Independence was supposed to be "supervised", based on the plan drafted by the UN Secretary-General’s special representative, former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari. But supporters have not kept their pledges because of Serbian and Russian opposition, insufficient political will and weak coordination.

"Major violence has been avoided but the calm is deceptive", says Alexander Anderson, Crisis Group’s Kosovo Project Director. "Divisions between Albanian and Serb areas have widened. If de facto partition continues, Kosovo’s Serbs south of the Ibar River will be at risk, pressure will mount to redraw borders on ethnic lines throughout the states of the former Yugoslavia, and EU membership prospects for these countries will fade".

The International Civilian Office (ICO) lacks the supremacy envisioned for it. The European Union agreed in February to set up its biggest security and defence policy operation to date (EULEX), but only a quarter of the expected 2,000 staff are on the ground. The UN still partially functions as an interim administration, and is negotiating special arrangements for Kosovo Serbs with Belgrade. How the UN will pull out and EULEX deploy in Kosovo Serb areas remains uncertain.

Serbia’s new government is eager to move toward EU membership, but it does not want an EU presence in Kosovo. It is pressing the UN General Assembly for an International Court of Justice opinion on the legality of Kosovo’s independence. The EU should use candidacy talks with Belgrade to ensure deployment of its mission throughout Kosovo. EULEX must deploy by 1 December and all sides must agree on transitional arrangements, to be reviewed by early 2010.

The repercussions on Kosovo from the recent events in Georgia remain to be seen. Russia has cited the Balkans case as part of its justification for unilaterally recognising the breakaway territories of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, but it is not yet clear whether Moscow will use its blocking capacities in the UN and encourage territorial fragmentation in the EU’s backyard, or show its cooperative side, after displaying its new and troubling self-confidence.

"Kosovo is proving to be a difficult, decisive test for EU security and defence policy, and the political will mustered before February is dissipating", warns Sabine Freizer, Crisis Group’s Europe Program Director. "At a time when the EU is engaged in tough talks with Russia about Georgia, it would be dangerous to show a lack of resolve so close to home".

More: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5695&l=1



* Reforming Haiti’s Security Sector

Sept 18, 2008: Operations led by the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSTAH) largely disbanded armed gangs in the slums of Haiti’s cities, but progress has been undermined by persisting crime, political instability and natural disasters.

Reforming Haiti’s Security Sector, the latest report from the International Crisis Group, examines the difficulties in strengthening the justice sector and establishing an operational and sufficiently staffed police force - two crucial elements for the country’s future stability and development.

"Making decisive and swift headway with security sector reform (SSR) is a vital part of any durable solution to Haiti’s political and economic, as well as security problems", says Bernice Robertson, Crisis Group’s Haiti Senior Analyst. "The process to create a 14,000-strong Haitian National Police (HNP) by 2011 must be speeded up".

The fall of Prime Minster Jacques-Édouard Alexis during last April’s protests, the drawn-out negotiations between President René Préval and parliament over his successor and new Prime Minister Michèle Pierre-Louis’s political difficulties have put Haiti’s fragile governance once again under severe strain. Drug traffickers, organised criminals and corrupt politicians have mobilised the population for their own benefit and a procession of hurricanes in August and September has caused enormous damage to Haiti’s physical infrastructure.

HNP vetting needs to be concluded, the number of police cadets has to be increased and officers should receive further training in specific skills, including anti-kidnapping, riot control, counter-drug, border control, forensics and intelligence gathering and analysis. Special crime chambers ought to be created to try serious offenders, and the inhumane prison conditions have to be improved quickly. MINUSTAH should maintain its present military component but increase the number of international police, and deploy UN civil affairs and police personnel with special experience in border control to assist HNP units along the frontier with the Dominican Republic.

"Haiti urgently needs a professional HNP as a prerequisite and bulwark if the new government is to move the country, with MINUSTAH and donor help, toward stability", says Markus Schultze-Kraft, Crisis Group’s Latin America Program Director. "But it also needs a justice system capable of upholding the rule of law and programs that provide swift, visible relief to families enduring extremely harsh living conditions and natural disasters".

To download the report please click here: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5681&l=1

Source: International Crisis Group e-Newsletter



* Nigeria: Ogoni Land after Shell


Sept 18, 2008 - The peace process in Ogoni land - a major test for efforts to bring stability to the oil-rich Niger Delta - is likely to fail if the Nigerian government refuses to consult local communities about new oil operations.

Nigeria: Ogoni Land after Shell, the latest policy briefing from the International Crisis Group, examines the political and economic implications of the Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) departure from Ogoni land and gives recommendations on resuming peaceful oil operations in the economically strategic and politically volatile region.  

"If handled carefully, this transition could persuade some of the Delta’s armed groups that non-violence can produce progress on their demands", says François Grignon, Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director. "If handled poorly, it will not only intensify the Delta armed insurgency but also set the stage for a new crisis between the Ogoni tribe and SPDC’s successor oil company".

The Nigerian government’s 4 June 2008 decision to replace Shell’s operation in Ogoni land was at first celebrated by the Ogoni as a victory for non-violent struggle and local communities over a multinational oil company. But the government soon announced the concession would be taken over by the Nigerian Petroleum Development Company. The Ogoni consider the government’s unilateral engagement of a new operator a further attempt to deny their stakeholder rights.

Additionally, very little has been done either to clean up environmental pollution resulting from over three decades of SPDC operations or to compensate the communities most adversely affected. President Umaru Yar’Adua stated that agreements have been reached on compensation, but Ogoni leaders say the issue has not even been discussed. A clean-up initiative involving the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) has stalled.

The federal government should take the lead in negotiating a tripartite agreement with the new oil companies and the Ogoni representatives on the benchmarks that must be met before operations begin. Details and modalities for reinvesting a portion of oil revenues in Ogoni land should be included. Moreover, it is vital to implement concrete socio-economic measures to revamp basic infrastructure and increase local training and employment.

"Although Ogoni land produces only a small fraction of Delta oil, the environmental effects of oil exploration and production there fuelled the armed insurgency", says Nnamdi Obasi, Crisis Group’s Senior West Africa Analyst. "The government must quickly address environmental clean-up and compensation for impacted communities and respond to the wider issues of political marginalisation and economic deprivation".


For the full report go here: http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=5675&l=1


Source: International Crisis Group e-Newsletter



7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


* Dear Abolition 2000 and other Friends,


I would like to introduce to you my new group: the Pro Peaceful Energy Use group.


The groups aim is to promote True Peaceful Energy forms and use.


True Peaceful Energy forms and use are, sustainable, endless, easy to be exploited - certainly on small scale and free for all, like solar -, wind -, water - and geothermal power, except for the means to exploit it, which even can by cheap for small of the grid systems AND are not related to War and/or Weapons, like oil, gas and/or nuclear energy forms and use.


the Pro Peaceful Energy Use group is open for membership by groups and individuals.


the Pro Peaceful Energy Use group used to be known as the Global Anti-Nuclear Alliance which ceased to exist as of September 2008.


the Pro Peaceful Energy Use group is member of the Abolition 2000 Network - A Global Network to Eliminate Nuclear Weapons


Ak Malten,

Pro Peaceful Energy Use


Contact:


the Pro Peaceful Energy Use group

c/o Ak Malten

Fangmanweg 66

6862EK Oosterbeek


ak.malten@hccnet.nl, http://www.cornnet.nl/~akmalten



- NEW BOOKS


* At the Precipice: Catastrophe or Transformation? by David Krieger and Richard Falk


About the book:
The book focuses on an even more urgent and "inconvenient truth" than global warming. It explores the present nuclear predicament, and how to step away from the precipice and assure humanity’s future. It examines the intersections between international law and national policies; and between nuclear proliferation, nuclear terrorism and nuclear disarmament. The book offers a way out if policy makers of leading countries can summon the vision and political will to move in a new direction.

The authors:
David Krieger is a founder of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, and has served as President of the Foundation since 1982. Under his leadership, the Foundation has initiated many innovative projects for building peace, strengthening international law and abolishing nuclear weapons. He has lectured throughout the US, Europe and Asia on issues of peace, security, international law, and the abolition of nuclear weapons.  He is the author or editor of 15 books and hundreds of articles on peace in the Nuclear Age. Dr. Krieger is Chair of the International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility, a member of the International Steering Committee of the Middle Powers Initiative, and a member of the Committee of 100 for Tibet. He serves on the Advisory Council of Free the Children International, Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation and the Right Livelihood Foundation among many others. He is a recipient of "Global Green's Millennium" Award for International Environmental Leadership and the "Peac
e Writing" Award of the Peace and Justice Studies Association and OMNI Center for Peace, Justice and Ecology.

Richard Falk is Albert G. Milbank Professor Emeritus of International Law at Princeton University and Visiting Distinguished Professor in Global and International Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His most recent book, The Great Terror War (2003), considers the American response to September 11, including its relationship to the patriotic duties of American Citizens. In 2001 he served on a three person Human Rights Inquiry Commission for the Palestine Territories that was appointed by the United Nations, and previously, on the Independent International Commission on Kosovo. He is the author or coauthor of numerous books, including Religion and Humane Global Governance; Human Rights Horizons; On Humane Governance: Toward a New Global Politics; Explorations at the Edge of Time; Revolutionaries and Functionaries; The Promise of World Order; Indefensible Weapons; Human Rights and State Sovereignty; A Study of Future Worlds; This Endangered Planet; coeditor of Crimes of War. He serves as Cha
ir of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation's Board of Directors and as honorary vice president of the American Society of International Law. Falk also acted as counsel to Ethiopia and Liberia in the Southwest Africa Case before the International Court of Justice. He received his B.S. from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania; L.L.B. from Yale Law School; and J.S.D. from Harvard University.


You can pre-order a copy of the book by clicking here: http://www.amazon.com/At-Nuclear-Precipice-Catastrophe-Transformation/dp/023060904X/ref=ed_oe_p



* The Responsibility to Protect: Ending Mass Atrocity Crimes Once and for All by Gareth Evans


About the book:

After the Holocaust, the world vowed it would "never again!" permit such atrocities to occur. Yet many mass atrocity crimes have since gone unchecked, from the killing fields of Cambodia to the machetes of Rwanda to the ongoing nightmare in Darfur. In this new book, International Crisis Group President Gareth Evans shows how the emergence of the new Responsibility to Protect (R2P) norm has fundamentally changed this landscape and can effectively mean an end once and for all to such large scale suffering.


The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) concept was born out of the catastrophes in Rwanda and the Balkans in the 1990s and captures a simple and powerful idea. The primary responsibility for protecting its own people from mass atrocity crimes lies with the state itself. State sovereignty implies responsibility, not a license to kill.


But when a state is unwilling or unable to halt or avert such crimes, the wider international community then has a collective responsibility to take appropriate action, not excluding the use of military force in extreme and exceptional cases.


R2P was unanimously adopted by the UN General Assembly at the 2005 World Summit. But many misunderstandings persist about its scope and limits, compounded by its use and misuse in debates about the appropriate reaction to recent events, for example, in Iraq, Darfur, Myanmar and Georgia. And much remains to be done to solidify political support and to build institutional capacity.


The book examines how big a break R2P represents from the past, and how, with understanding of its scope, and its acceptance in principle and effective application in practice, the promise of "never again!" can at last become a reality.


The Author:

Gareth Evans has been President and CEO of the International Crisis Group since 2000, after serving eight years as Australia's Foreign Minister. Evans co-chaired the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty that initiated the Responsibility to Protect concept in 2001, and he was a member of the UN Secretary-General's High Level Panel in 2004 that successfully proposed its adoption by the 2005 UN World Summit. He won the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order for his 1994 Foreign Policy article,"Cooperative Security and Intra-State Conflict."


More information and order: http://www.brookings.edu/press/Books/2008/responsibilitytoprotect.aspx



8. IN THE END


* CODEPINK - Women for Peace


CODEPINK emerged out of a desperate desire by a group of American women to stop the Bush administration from invading Iraq. The name CODEPINK plays on the Bush Administration's color-coded homeland security alerts - yellow, orange, red - that signal terrorist threats. While Bush's color-coded alerts are based on fear and are used to justify violence, the CODEPINK alert is a feisty call for women and men to "wage peace."


CODEPINK is a women-initiated grassroots peace and social justice movement working to end the war in Iraq, stop new wars, and redirect our resources into healthcare, education and other life-affirming activities. CODEPINK rejects the Bush administration's fear-based politics that justify violence, and instead calls for policies based on compassion, kindness and a commitment to international law. With an emphasis on joy and humor, CODEPINK women and men seek to activate, amplify and inspire a community of peacemakers through creative campaigns and a commitment to non-violence.


Get more information: http://www.codepinkalert.org/index.php




Kristin Kropidlowski (Editor WNII) * eMail: ines.news@gmx.de * Homepage: http://www.inesglobal.com