INES INFORMATION SERVICE

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.

The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.

Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de
WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html
INES Official Site, http://www.inesglobal.com
INES International Office, ines.office@web.de
INES Chair: Claus Montonen, claus.montonen@helsinki.fi
The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.
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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 8/2007, May 2007



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT

- Iran, N.Korea cast shadow on nuclear treaty meeting by Mark Heinrich and Karin Strohecker

- Northern Uganda: Seizing the Opportunity for Peace; International Crisis Group, Africa Report No. 124

- Russian official dismisses U.S. shield cooperation by Kristin Roberts

- The End of START? by Jenifer Mackby and Edward Ifft

- Iran nuclear operations confirmed

- Defence as the Best Offence? Missile Defences and Nuclear Non-Proliferation by Lars van Dassen and Morten Bremer Mærli



2. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE

- Poor nations brake greenhouse gas rise: U.N. draft by Alister Doyle

- The rich world's policy on greenhouse gas now seems clear: millions will die; Comment by George Monbiot

- One-Minute Green Film Competition launched; FoE Press Release

- Options to tackle climate change to be presented in Bangkok; FoE Press Release / IPCC Reports Quick Action Can Avert Worst Climate Impacts

- Environment groups slam European Commission for failed green policies

- Deep sea fish growing slower due to global warming by Rhett A. Butler



3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES

- Environmentalists push for renewable energy and efficiency at climate change conference

- Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant not to be Taken out of Operation until 2010

- Countries Pursue Nuclear Energy for Water, Hydrogen Production

- Newest Attempt to Revive Nuclear Power by Karl Grossman



4. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES

- Add your face & join the million faces demand a global arms trade treaty



5. DOCUMENTATIONS

- Looking Towards 2010: What does the Nonproliferation Regime need? by Rebecca Johnson

- A Counter-Bioterrorism Strategy for the new UN Secretary-General by Barbara Hatch Rosenberg

- The 2006 Review Conference on Small Arms and Light Weapons: A Study in Frustration by Natalie Goldring

- NATO, Riga and Beyond by Martin Butcher



6. CONCERNING THE DEATH OF CARL FRIEDRICH VON WEIZSÄCKER

- Universalgelehrter: Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker gestorben

- German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker dies at 94



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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT



IRAN, N.KOREA CAST SHADOW ON NUCLEAR TREATY MEETING by Mark Heinrich and Karin Strohecker

Apr 29, 2007 - Haunted by the specters of Iran and North Korea and divided along rich and poor lines, members of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty gather on Monday to mull ways of preventing the pact from unraveling.

With memories strong of deadlock at the last NPT Review Conference in 2005, 188 nations will hold a Preparatory Committee session in Vienna to May 11 to help pave the way to the next full conference in 2010.

Source:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/29/AR2007042900487_pf.html


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NORTHERN UGANDA: SEIZING THE OPPORTUNITY FOR PEACE; International Crisis Group, Africa Report No. 124

Apr 26, 2007 - The peace talks which resume today in Juba (southern Sudan) may well be able to end the brutal twenty-year insurrection in northern Uganda but they need more robust international support.

Full report:
http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4791&l=1


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RUSSIAN OFFICIAL DISMISSES U.S. SHIELD COOPERATION by Kristin Roberts

Apr 24, 2007 - Russia's foreign minister on Tuesday dismissed a U.S. offer of cooperation in missile defence activities, marking a setback in Bush administration efforts to convince Moscow and allies of plans for a European shield.

More:
http://www.reuters.com/article/politicsNews/idUSL2420915720070424


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THE END OF START? by Jenifer Mackby and Edward Ifft

Apr 20, 2007 - The crowning international security agreement that reduced and stabilized nuclear forces in the former Soviet Union and the United States is set to expire in 2009. Indeed, the future of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) lies in limbo following recent meetings between Russian and the U.S. U.S. officials said they were not going to engage in Cold War-style arms control. With the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) under great stress (principally because of North Korea and Iran), Russia hinting it may withdraw from the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), fears that terrorists may acquire weapons of mass destruction and suspicions of cheating under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Conventions, the benefits of START should not be allowed to end.

Read more:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/19/AR2007041902773.html


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IRAN NUCLEAR OPERATIONS CONFIRMED

Apr 19, 2007 - Iran has started enriching small amounts of uranium gas at its underground plant at Natanz, according to the UN's nuclear agency, the IAEA.

More:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6570167.stm


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DEFENCE AS THE BEST OFFENCE? MISSILE DEFENCES AND NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION by Lars van Dassen and Morten Bremer Mærli

Apr 2007 - October 9, 2006, the nuclear club expanded its membership from eight to nine states. The North Korean nuclear test and earlier missile launches have accentuated western missile defences. Iranian nuclear developments have hardly lessened the interest: Contemporary and emerging missile threats differ fundamentally from those of the Cold War era. Missile defencesare by the US, and some of its allies, now regarded as an insurance against military surprises, diplomacy breakdowns, intelligence breaches, and deterrence failures, and a way to sustain dominance and avoid coercion.

For download visit (pdf):
http://www.atlanterhavskomiteen.no/



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2. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE



POOR NATIONS BRAKE GREENHOUSE GAS RISE: U.N. DRAFT by Alister Doyle

May 2, 2007 - Developing nations that are fast industrializing, such as China and India, have braked their rising greenhouse gas emissions by more than the total cuts demanded of rich nations by the U.N.'s Kyoto Protocol.

For the full article visit:
http://www.reuters.com/article/scienceNews/idUSL0243072520070502?feedType=RSS


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THE RICH WORLD'S POLICY ON GREENHOUSE GAS NOW SEEMS CLEAR: MILLIONS WILL DIE, Comment by George Monbiot
Our governments have set the wrong targets to tackle climate change using outdated science, and they know it

May 1, 2007- Rich nations seeking to cut climate change have this in common: they lie. You won't find this statement in the draft of the new report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which was leaked to the Guardian last week. But as soon as you understand the numbers, the words form before your eyes. The governments making genuine efforts to tackle global warming are using figures they know to be false.

Read:
http://www.guardian.co.uk/Columnists/Column/0,,2069393,00.html


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ONE-MINUTE GREEN FILM COMPETITION LAUNCHED; FoE Press Release

Apr 30, 2007 - Professional and amateur film-makers are being invited to enter a one-minute green film competition which is being organised by Friends of the Earth, in participation with Filminute - the international one-minute film festival and competition. Entries will be judged by a prestigious panel of experts including Lord Puttnam and Andrew Macdonald.

Read more:
http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/oneminute_green_film_compe_30042007.html


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OPTIONS TO TACKLE CLIMATE CHANGE TO BE PRESENTED IN BANGKOK; FoE Press Release

Apr 27, 2007 - The world's leading scientists and world governments are to meet in Bangkok, Thailand from 30 April ahead of publication on 4 May of the third part of a key United Nations report on climate change.

More:
http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/options_to_tackle_climate_27042007.html




IPCC REPORTS QUICK ACTION CAN AVERT WORST CLIMATE IMPACTS

May 4, 2007 - Catastropic global warming can be avoided without excessive economic cost but the world must begin to act at once, a UN climate change panel representing 2,500 international scientists said today.

The world community could slow and then reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases over the next several decades by utilizing cost-effective policies and current and emerging technologies, says the new assessment by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC.

Read more:
http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/may2007/2007-05-04-01.asp




OFFICIAL PAGE OF THE IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climmate Change)

See also:
http://www.ipcc.ch

Here you can download for instance the summary for policymakers, called "Mitigation of Climate Change" report.


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ENVIRONMENT GROUPS SLAM EUROPEAN COMMISSION FOR FAILED GREEN POLICIES

Apr 27, 2007 - Leading European environmental groups criticized the EU's head office on Friday, saying it had failed in its green policies and was not doing enough to promote ecological issues.

Find the full article:
http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/04/27/europe/EU-GEN-EU-Environment.php


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DEEP SEA FISH GROWING SLOWER DUE TO GLOBAL WARMING by Rhett A. Butler

Apr 23, 2007 - Changes in ocean temperature have altered the growth rates of commercially harvested fish over the past century, according to a new study published in this week's early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Read:
http://news.mongabay.com/2007/0423-fish_climate.html



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3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES



ENVIRONMENTALISTS PUSH FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY AND EFFICIENCY AT CLIMATE CHANGE CONGERENCE

May 2, 2007 - There's no shortage of ideas for high-tech measures to combat global warming: develop clean biofuels made of corn or palm oil, ramp up production of advanced nuclear power stations, or bury harmful carbon emissions in underground vaults.

More:
http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/05/02/asia/AS-GEN-Climate-Change-Solutions.php


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CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT NOT TO BE TAKEN OUT OF OPERATION UNTIL 2010

Apr 20, 2007 - Ukraine’s concerned officials paid a visit to the Chernobyl nuclear power plant on the eve of the anniversary of the tragedy. They hold the opinion that the decommission procedure is behind the schedule.

Vice-speaker of the parliament Nikolai Tomenko, the deputy minister for emergency situations, heads of involved committees and regional administrations held an international meeting on observance of the legislation on the Chernobyl accident management and social protection of accident victims.

Processing plants and spent fuel storage facilities are needed to make the nuclear plant safe. Projects of foreign companies are currently suspended.

The officials specified the year 2010 as the new date of commissioning of the facilities and beginning of teardown of the 4th nuclear unit.

Source:
http://www.chernobyl.info/index.php?userhash=21730115&navID=669&lID=2


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COUNTRIES PURSUE NUCLEAR ENERGY FOR WATER, HYDROGEN PRODUCTION
Experts Meet in Japan to Exchange Experience, Examine Options

Apr 13, 2007 - Automobiles running on hydrogen fuel cells and water purified from the sea are part of an unfolding future, and experts think nuclear energy can play a bigger role. Specialists are meeting this month in Japan at an international symposium keyed to applications of nuclear energy beyond the production of electricity.

Read:
http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/News/2007/nucleardesal.html


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NEWEST ATTEMPT TO REVIVE NUCLEAR POWER by Karl Grossman

Apr 2007 - There's again a move on to "revive" nuclear power. Every decade or so, those with a vested interest in this deadly dangerous technology seek to get the public to swallow the nuclear pill¬ and that's happening again. The promotion has consistently been based on falsehoods. For example, in a heavy push years back ¬ during a gasoline shortage that included lines at gas pumps, ¬ the claim was that if we had nuclear power somehow this wouldn't happen. In fact, only 3% of electricity in the United States is generated with oil. Nuclear power has nothing to do with oil or gas.

More:
http://www.mothersalert.org/grossman.2007.html



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4. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES



ADD YOUR FACE & JOIN THE MILLION FACES DEMAND A GLOBAL ARMS TRADE TREATY

Thousands of people are killed, injured, raped, and forced to flee from their homes as a result of the unregulated global arms trade. The Control Arms campaign is calling for an international, legally-binding Arms Trade Treaty to ease the suffering caused by irresponsible weapons transfers.

Since its beginning in October 2003, Control Arms has gathered the support of over one million people worldwide. In December 2006, 153 governments voted at the United Nations to start work on developing an international Arms Trade Treaty.

Now we need your support to make sure it's effective.

Join:
http://www.controlarms.org/



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5. DOCUMENTATIONS



LOOKING TOWARDS 2010: WHAT DOES THE NONPROLIFERATION REGIME NEED? by Rebecca Johnson

Here we go again: another year, another meeting for another NPT Review Conference.

Difficult though it may be, especially after the demoralising events of the 2005 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to raise enthusiasm for the next review process, the risk of nuclear proliferation is too grave for the international community to shirk its responsibilities. 2010 is the next benchmark for the NPT review process, but though this will be the focus of diplomacy, there is a parallel timeline that needs to be recognised - the proliferation timeline. Here, nuclear weapons are being revalued as instruments of political power projection and military coercion; and though the quantities are still being substantially decreased overall, the role and spread of these "weapons of terror" will continue to increase unless the nonproliferation regime can be rebuilt to meet the security needs of the 21st century, 40 years after the NPT was concluded.

Read:
http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd84/84npt.htm


Source: Disarmament Diplomacy, Issue No. 84, Spring 2007


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A COUNTER-BIOTERRORISM STRATEGY FOR THE NEW UN SECRETARY-GENERAL by Barbara Hatch Rosenberg

The global threat of bioterrorism requires a global response that only the UN can coordinate, as recognised in the global counter-terrorism strategy[1] adopted by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in September 2006. This called for several biological initiatives, including: mobilisation of biotechnology stakeholders to develop a programme to ensure that advances in biotechnology are not used for terrorist purposes; development, together with member states, of a single comprehensive database on biological incidents; and revitalisation of the Secretary General's capabilities for investigating allegations of the use of biological weapons. The latter is a vital resource for enforcing the ban on biological weapons, since the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC) has no investigational mechanism.

More:
http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd84/84bhr.htm

Source: Disarmament Diplomacy, Issue No. 84, Spring 2007


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THE 2006 REVIEW CONFERENCE ON SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS: A STUDY IN FRUSTRATION by Natalie Goldring

Opening statements to the General Assembly tend to be more than a little on the dry side, perhaps because the language may have gone through several levels of vetting and editing before receiving the go-ahead from the speaker's government. Watching from the visitor's gallery, high above the proceedings, it's easy to lose focus. Nonetheless, it is important for the governmental representatives to know that civil society is watching. At open sessions of important meetings, such as the First Review Conference of the 2001 Programme of Action on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in all its Aspects, representatives of concerned non-governmental organisations take turns sitting in the galleries, to monitor proceedings and ensure that citizens are visibly represented.

Read:
http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd84/84ng.htm

Source: Disarmament Diplomacy, Issue No. 84, Spring 2007


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NATO, RIGA AND BEYOND by Martin Butcher

In November 2006, the Heads of State and Government of members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) met in Riga, Latvia, with the ostensible purpose of plotting out a future course for the Alliance. The truth is that the Riga Summit was an exercise in papering over cracks, much more than it was ever a serious effort to decide on the future membership and core purposes of the Alliance at the beginning of the 21st century. Now, only months later, NATO members find themselves obliged to begin rethinking the future of the Alliance all over again.

More:
http://www.acronym.org.uk/dd/dd84/84nato.htm




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6. CONCERNING THE DEATH OF CARL VON WEIZSÄCKER



UNIVERSALGELEHRTER: CARL FRIEDRICH VON WEISZÄCKER GESTORBEN
Der Physiker, Philosoph und Friedensforscher Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker ist tot. Er starb nach Angaben seiner Tochter im Alter von 94 Jahren in seinem Haus bei Starnberg.

Starnberg - Der mit Auszeichnungen und Ehrungen überhäufte Kieler Diplomatensohn galt einigen Forschern als der letzte deutsche Universalgelehrte. In den Zeiten der Ost-West- Konfrontation wurde die Kriegsverhütung zu seinem zentralen Engagement.

Von Weiszäcker war lange Jahre Leiter des Max-Planck-Institutes in Starnberg. Schon früh beschäftigte sich der Physiker mit naturphilosophischen und politischen Fragen. Kein anderer Wissenschaftler hat sich als Zeit-Diagnostiker, Mahner und Vordenker der "Weltinnenpolitik" durch Jahrzehnte im öffentlichen Leben der Bundesrepublik vergleichbare Autorität erworben. Vor dem Hintergrund der Entdeckung der Uranspaltung und der damit verbundenen Möglichkeit, Atombomben zu bauen, lautete sein Leitmotiv: Die Wissenschaft trägt Verantwortung für die eigenen Ergebnisse - auch wenn deren Folgen nicht gewollt und nicht einmal absehbar sind.

Eine von der SPD und der FDP angetragene Kandidatur für das Amt des Bundespräsidenten lehnte der ältere Bruder des späteren Bundespräsidenten Richard von Weizsäcker (CDU) mit der Begründung ab, er wolle kein "Ersatzkandidat" gegen Karl Carstens (CDU) sein.

Source:
http://www.zeit.de/news/artikel/2007/04/28/101014.xml


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GERMAN PHYSICIST AND PHILOSOPHER CARL FRIEDRICH VON WEIZSAECKER DIES AT 94

April 28, 2007 - Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker, a physicist who helped research nuclear weapons for the Nazis during World War II, but later dedicated his life to pacifism and philosophy has died, his family said. He was 94.

Weizsaecker's family gave no cause of death, but said he had been severely ill for a long time.

Born in Kiel on June 28, 1912 into a nationally prominent family of lawyers and theologians, Weizsaecker studied physics and mathematics in Leipzig, Berlin and Goettingen, and went on to become a professor in physics and later, philosophy. His brother Richard served as President of the German Federal Republic from 1984 until 1994.

In 1937 Weizsaecker made a name for himself as a nuclear physicist, through the so-called "Weizsaecker Formula", a semi-empirical formula giving the binding energy of a nucleus as a function of the numbers of protons and neutrons that it contains .

He worked on the atomic bomb during World War II as a way to avoid being conscripted into the Nazi army, he later said, but insisted in later interviews he was grateful his team never had to use the deadly technology they were researching.

In July 1945, he was one of several German scientists captured by the Allies and held near Cambridge, England, to prevent them from siding and sharing their knowledge with the Soviets.

Transcripts released by the British in 1993 of conversations they had recorded by eavesdropping, quoted Weizsaecker as saying upon hearing the United States had drooped the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki: "If they were able to finish it by summer '45, then with a bit of luck, we could have been ready in winter '44-45."

After the war, Weizsaecker dedicated his energies to philosophy, becoming a professor at the University of Hamburg. He also remained a physicist, conducting research for Germany's Max Planck Institute, heading a division of the institute dedicated to research the "Living Condition in the Modern World."

In 1957, he joined 17 other leading German physicists to form the Goettinger 18, who protested against the idea of arming the West German army with nuclear weapons and urged the state to declare its rejection of any nuclear arms.

Influenced by his experiences and decisions under the Nazi regime, Weizsaecker also later developed a strong interest in questions of ethics and responsibility. He wrote several books analyzing the dangers of war in the contemporary world, that were translated into more than a dozen languages, including "The World View of Physics," "The Unity of Nature" and "The Politics of Peril."

Weizsaecker's later works were recognized with the Max Planck Medal in 1957, the Peace Prize of the German Booksellers in 1963 and the Theodor-Heuss Prize for Religion and Integration in Europe in 1988.

He is survived by four children.

Source:
http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/04/28/europe/EU-GEN-Germany-Obit-Weizsaecker.php