INES INFORMATION SERVICE

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.

The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.

Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de
WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html
INES Official Site, http://www.inesglobal.com
INES International Office, ines.office@web.de
INES Chair: Claus Montonen, claus.montonen@helsinki.fi
The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.
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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 7/2007, April 2007


1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT

- The ABCs of Nuclear Disarmament by Alice Slater
- Iran: the war ahead by John Pilger
- Iran offers to share nuclear expertise with GCC states by Barbara Bibbo'
- Liberia's Peace and Cultural Festival
- Japan sets up missile defense shield near Tokyo by Takanori Isshiki
- Arab leaders relaunch peace plan


2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS

- China and Europe form new bioethics alliance by Hepeng Jia
- Arab states sign ten-year science development plan by Wagdy Sawahel


3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE

- New project helps South Africa build capacity in development assistance
- Climate change will bring new health risks worldwide by Cesar Chelala
- Climate change: poor suffer as world gets hotter; FoE Press Release
- The Double-Headed Risk - Climate Change and Violent Conflict
- Palm oil: the biofuel of the future driving an ecological disaster now by Ian MacKinnon


4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES

- EU Lighting Needs Time to Go Eco-Friendly - Philips
- US to Help Build Vietnamese Nuclear Power Plant


5. INES ACTIVITIES: SEMINAR, LECTURE, COUNCIL

- Another science, other technologies are possible: Meeting the challenges; Seminar organised by INES and WFSW
- Public lecture: "Responsibilities of scientists in a dangerous world", Prof. Harold Kroto, Nobel Prize Laureate
- INES Concil and Executive Comittee meeting 2007


6. ANNOUNCEMENTS

- Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies
- 30 new cities have joined Mayors for Peace
- Petition: Appeal to European and world leaders to eliminate the nuclear weapons threat is now online!
- The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation Has an Opening for an Executive Director


7. IN MEMORIAM PROFESSOR GEORG ZUNDEL

- Obituary by Reiner Braun, member of the INES Council and Claus Montonen, Chair of the INES Executive Committee and Claus Montonen



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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT
THE ABCs OF NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT by Alice Slater
The chilling announcement that our government is preparing to replace our entire nuclear arsenal with new hydrogen bombs comes on the heels of a call for nuclear abolition by no less a peace activist than Henry Kissinger, joined by old cold warriors Sam Nunn, George Schultz, and William Perry in a recent Wall Street Journal editorial.
We've been pushing our luck for more than 60 years since the first and only two atomic bombs to be used in war were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, killing more than 214,000 people in the initial days, and causing numerous cases of cancers, mutations and birth defects in their radioactive aftermath, new incidences of which are still being documented today. During these sixty years of the Nuclear Age, every site worldwide, involved in the mining, milling, production and fabrication of uranium, for either war or for "peace," has left a lethal legacy of radioactive waste, illness, and damage to our very genetic heritage. Bomb and reactor-created plutonium stays toxic for more than 250,000 years and we still haven't figured out how to safely contain it.
Click here to read more:
www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/03/14_slater_ABCs_of_Nuc_Disarm.htm.
Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, April 2007

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IRAN: THE WAR AHEAD by John Pilger
April 16, 2007 - The sailors' ordeal was a diversion from the bigger danger. The US and UK identified their new enemy long ago and are preparing the propaganda for the war ahead.
Plus Rageh Omaar on how the Iran affair has weakened Britain's hand
Read:
http://www.newstatesman.com/200704160013

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IRAN OFFERS TO SHARE NUCLEAR EXPERTISE WITH GCC STATES by Barbara Bibbo'
April 13, 2007 - Doha: Iran is ready to share its nuclear technology with Gulf countries and open its research facilities to create confidence among neighbours and demolish the charge that the country is on its way to building a nuclear bomb, Iranian officials here said.
While supporting Iran's stance over the use of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes, Gulf countries have at times expressed concerns over a nuclear build-up in the region and the risks posed to the environment.
"Gulf countries know we are not building any nuclear weapons. They rather fear Bushehr plant [currently under construction] may cause an environmental disaster. But we invite them to visit us and to carry out investigations and inspections of our facilities," Alireza Shaikhattar, deputy foreign minister for economic affairs of Iran, told Gulf News.
More:
http://archive.gulfnews.com/articles/07/04/13/10117924.html

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LIBERIA'S PEACE AND CULTURAL FESTIVAL
April 5, 2007 - Almost 10,000 people gathered in Liberia this March for the third and largest peace and cultural festival organised by International Alert and its local partners: The Press Union of Liberia, the Justice and Peace Commission and the Center for Justice and Peace Studies. Bringing together participants from Liberia, Sierra Leone, Cote d‚'Ivoire and Guinea, the annual festival aims to promote peace and reconciliation through a celebration of traditional culture and arts.
Read more:
http://www.international-alert.org/press/article.php?id=131

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JAPAN SETS UP MISSILE DEFENSE SHIELD NEAR TOKYO by Takanori Isshiki
March 29, 2007 - Japan trucked its first ballistic missile interceptors to an air force base north of Tokyo on Friday in an effort to beef up its defenses against its unpredictable neighbor North Korea.
Read:
http://www.boston.com/news/world/asia/articles/2007/03/30/japan_sets_up_missile_defense_shield_near_tokyo/

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ARAB LEADERS RELAUNCH PEACE PLAN
March 28, 2007 - Arab leaders holding a summit in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, have urged Israel to accept an Arab peace initiative first proposed in 2002.
More:
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6501573.stm

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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS
CHINA AND EUROPE FORM NEW BIOETHICS ALLIANCE by Hepeng Jia
April 12, 2007 - Chinese and European bioethicists and life scientists have formed a new expert group to promote ethical behaviour in biomedical research in both regions.
More:
http://www.scidev.net/content/news/eng/china-and-europe-form-new-bioethics-alliance.cfm

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ARAB STATES SIGN TEN-YEAR SCIENCE DEVELOPMENT PLAN by Wagdy Sawahel
March 30, 2007 - In a bid to narrow the science and technology divide between Arab states and industrialised nations, Arab leaders have approved a ten-year plan for scientific research and development.
Read more:
http://www.scidev.net/content/news/eng/arab-states-sign-ten-year-science-development-plan.cfm

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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
NEW PROJECT HELPS SOUTH AFRICA BUILD CAPACITY IN DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
Development workers to gain skills in aid delivery as donor role expands
April 16, 2007 - South African development professionals at various levels of seniority will gain experience in aid delivery and management and in organizing and assisting small-scale farmers, under an agreement signed today between the Government of South Africa and FAO.
More:
http://www.fao.org/newsroom/en/news/2007/1000462/index.html

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CLIMATE CHANGE WILL BRING NEW HEALTH RISKS WORLDWIDE by Cesar Chelala
April 16, 2007 - Much attention has been devoted in recent times to the environmental and economic effects of climate change. Much less attention, however, has been given to the possible effects of climate change, particularly global warming, on the health of the populations, particularly those from the poorest countries.
Read more:
http://www.gulf-times.com/site/topics/article.asp?cu_no=2&item_no=143873&version=1&template_id=46&parent_id=26

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CLIMATE CHANGE: POOR SUFFER AS WORLD GETS HOTTER; FoE Press Release
April 6, 2007 - Friends of the Earth International has demanded steep emissions cuts by all rich countries and more funding for climate change adaptation in developing countries, after the world's leading scientific experts today warned that the world's poor - who have done least to pollute the atmosphere - will suffer most as the planet heats up.
Read:
http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/climate_change_poor_suffer_13042007.html

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THE DOUBLE-HEADED RISK - CLIMATE CHANGE AND VIOLENT CONFLICT
April 4, 2007 - One of the least discussed aspects of climate change is the role it will play in generating violent conflict. Current data compiled by International Alert reveals that 61 states face this double-headed risk, just as a new official report on climate change impacts is due out this week.
Read:
http://www.international-alert.org/press/article.php?id=128

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PALM OIL: THE BIOFUEL OF THE FUTURE DRIVING AN ECOLOGICAL DISASTER NOW by Ian MacKinnon
April 4, 2007 - The numbers are damning. Within 15 years 98% of the rainforests of Indonesia and Malaysia will be gone, little more than a footnote in history. With them will disappear some of the world's most important wildlife species, victims of the rapacious destruction of their habitat in what conservationists see as a lost cause.
Read:
http://environment.guardian.co.uk/energy/story/0,,2049667,00.html

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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES
EU LIGHTING NEEDS TIME TO GO ECO-FRIENDLY - PHILIPS
April 4, 2007 - European Union plans to make homes, offices and streets use energy-efficient lighting by the end of the decade are unrealistic, the world's biggest lightbulb maker said on Tuesday.
More:
http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/41241/story.htm

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US TO HELP BUILD VIETNAMESE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT

On Monday, 20 March, the United States pledged to help Vietnam build a nuclear power plant if the country agreed not to use weapons grade uranium in its test reactor.

Seen by the Bush administration as an advancement in non-proliferation efforts, the US has promised to help Vietnam with its energy needs. The Administration says that this will ensure that Vietnam does not produce nuclear weapons. This would be the first nuclear power plant in Vietnam.

The US and Vietnam have also agreed to convert a Soviet-built research reactor from a high enriched to a low enriched uranium reactor. According to a source that spoke on the condition of anonymity, "We've had a lot of broad-based discussions about various nuclear issues and providing assistance and cooperation to the Vietnamese, but there is no formal agreement at this point."

Source: "US to Help Build Vietnam's First Nuclear Plant," Associated Press, 20 March 2007.
copied from: Sunflower eNewsletter, April 2007

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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES

Another science, other technologies are possible: Meeting the challenges.
Seminar organised by INES (International Network of Engineers and Scientists for global responsibilities) and WFSW (World Federation of Scientific Workers)

Berlin, May 31st - June 1st, 2007
Glinkastrasse 5, 10117 Berlin

For a detailed program e-mail shortly to: ines.news@gmx.de or ines.office@web.de.

The term science has several meanings. We will not deal here with the wealth of facts and theories that constitute the present state of scientific knowledge. The conference is about science viewed as the role and directions assigned by society to scientific research, be it basic or applied, and as
the use of results from natural as well as human science.

We invite the scientific community (researchers, professors and teachers, students, engineers and technicians) and everyone else concerned with the future of scientific research and science in the society to this meeting.

The heads of the G8 member states (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States of America) will meet in Heiligendamm, Germany (close to Rostock, Germany) from June 8-10, 2007. The agenda of this meeting includes the issue "Knowledge: Education, Science, Innovation, and Industrial Development". This is a clear indication that these topics are not merely scientific but have become of great political significance. Therefore, the voices of the scientific community, citizens, activists, trade unionists, politicians are challenged and should be heard.

We believe that the role of science should not be determined by the sole decisions of a few economic superpowers. These decisions are too often presented to public opinions as the only possible ones, since they are supposedly scientifically based, but in fact, are even unable to provide solutions to the problems they claim to solve and furthermore they ignore many other problems that are crucial for the survival of mankind. We therefore believe the neoliberal orientations of the global economy and their consequences on the role science and its very future should be questioned.
We have to perform a critical analysis of the European science policy, as described in the framework program seven (FP7) of the European Commission. But we do not want to limit ourselves to a critic of the neoliberal mainstream of science policy and research. Our aim is instead to develop and discuss alternative ways, coherent with the ideas and part of a clear strategy of sustainable development, where cooperation will be preponderant over competition.
The sustainable development of the society as a whole raises problems related to water supply, energy, health, safety, climate, but also to poverty, freedom of movement (impediment in rich countries to the immigration coming from poor countries), and to the brain drain. These are just a
few examples. To find solutions to the great problems of humankind we need the efforts of social as well as natural scientists and their interdisciplinary work and research. This multitude of challenges and their pressing nature imposes a definite STOP to all kind of militarisation of science
and society.

Facing such challenges also implies calling upon knowledge other than scientific knowledge. In a knowledge based society, the knowledge cannot be the monopoly of science. Taking into consideration the perspective of sustainable development, we have to distinguish clearly on the one hand between problems relevant at the political level and on the other hand on responses that research could be able to bring. These raise the following questions: How can the citizens‚' voice be heard? How can democracy be promoted?

Berlin will be a starting point for everyone who want to take part in an a renewed analysis of the problems we face as a knowledge society with the objective of being able to act effectively in starting to address them.

Registration
Please register until May 24th, 2007 (best by e-mail to ines.office@web.de)

(seminar free of charge; costs for lunch buffets and coffee for both days: 40,- Euro)
Please indicate if you want the lunch buffets!

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Invitation to a public lecture: "Responsibilities of scientists in a dangerous world".
Speaker: Prof. Harold Kroto, Nobel Prize Laureate

Prof. Harold Kroto has been an active researcher for most of his life. In 1996, he got the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for co-discovering the C60 carbon molecule used in nanotechnology. "Having chosen something worth doing, never give up and try not to let anyone down", he uses to say. www.kroto.info

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INES Concil and Executive Comittee meeting 2007
June 2nd - 4th, 2007
Berlin /Germany

For the program write to: ines.news@gmx.de or ines.office@web.de



Contact:
INES office, Glinkastrasse 5, 10117 Berlin
e-mail: ines.office@web.de
Tel: +49 (0)30 20653831
Fax: +49 (0)30 20653837

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6. ANNOUNCEMENTS

HANDBOOK OF PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES

This new major Handbook provides a cutting-edge transdisciplinary overview of the main issues, debates, state-of-the-art methods and key concepts in peace and conflict studies today. The volume is divided into four sections, which include understanding and transforming conflict, creating peace, supporting peace, and peace across the disciplines. It includes an article on International Law by Foundation Chair Richard Falk, and an article on Nuclear Disarmament by Foundation President David Krieger.

To order the Handbook, visit the Routledge website at:
www.routledge.com.

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30 NEW CITIES HAVE JOINED MAYORS FOR PEACE

April 10, 2007 - 30 new Mayors have joined the Mayors for Peace network. Thus, the Conference involves 1,608 cities in 120 countries and regions around the world.

The new members are municipalities in Iraq (3), Turkey (1), Austria (2), Croatia (12), Belgium (1), Italy (3), The Netherlands (1), Spain (1), UK (1) and USA. (5).

The new members are Balisan, Shekhan and Koya in Iraq, Diyarbakir in Turkey, Mühlen and Weitensfeld im Gurktal in Austria, Etterbeek in Belgium, Biograd na Moru, Glina, Ivanic-Grad, Koprivinica, Kraljevica, Kutina, Mali-Losinj, Nin, Sibenik, Sisak, Virovitica and Vodice in Croatia, Poggibonsi, Rovigo (P) and Vigodarzere in Italy, Ameland in The Netherlands, Manrese in Spain, North Tyneside in the UK and finally 5 cities in the USA with Charlottesville (VA), Gloucester (MA), Louisburg (NC), Salem (MA) and Salt Lake City (UT).

Source:
http://www.2020visioncampaign.org/pages/182/30_new_cities_have_joined_Mayors_for_Peace

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PETITION launched by INES and partners
APPEAL TO EUROPEAN AND WORLD LEADERS TO ELIMINATE THE NUCLEAR WEAPONS THREAT is now online!

The threat of nuclear annihilation, by accident or design, remains the gravest threat to civilization confronting Europe and the World. The 480 US nuclear weapons based in Europe contribute to this threat. We call upon European and World leaders to take action in confronting and ending this threat. For the safety and security of the peoples of Europe and the World, we appeal: To the leaders of the non-nuclear European governments, to move toward the elimination of the threat of nuclear weapons in Europe and the World by calling upon the United States to remove all its nuclear weapons from European soil and adjoining waters and have these weapons returned to the US for dismantlement; To the leaders of NATO countries, including the three NATO nuclear weapons states, the US, UK and France, to abandon the NATO policy of first use of nuclear weapons and replace it with clear and legally binding No First Use policy; To the leaders of all nuclear weapons states, declared and de facto, to ini
tiate negotiations on the universal elimination of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.

Visit:
http://www.pugwash.eu/petition/

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THE NUCLEAR AGE PEACE FOUNDATION HAS AN OPENING FOR AN EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation has an opening for an Executive Director. We are looking for an enthusiastic, articulate and well-organized person knowledgeable about nuclear weapons issues and our mission related to the abolition of nuclear weapons. The person should have a commitment to work for a world free of nuclear weapons. The candidate should have management and fundraising experience, and be able to inspire and lead the staff in their work to further the goals of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. For more information about the Foundation, see the Foundation's web site: www.wagingpeace.org

The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation is a non-profit 501(c)(3) education and advocacy organization. Its mission is to work for the abolition of nuclear weapons, the strengthening of international law, and the empowering of a new generation of peace leaders. The Foundation was established 25 years ago and is headquartered in Santa Barbara, California. The Foundation has an office in Washington, DC and has affiliated groups in several countries. It works in collaborative activities with other national and international organizations with similar goals and missions

The Foundation has a collegial and cooperative atmosphere, with staff sharing a variety of responsibilities and tasks. The Executive Director will work directly with the Foundation President in the administration of the Foundation. The Executive Director, in coordination with the President, will facilitate long-term strategic planning and implementation of the Foundation's mission. Responsibilities include:

- Managing staff and overseeing human resource procedures

- Budget development for programs

- Facilitating communication between east and west coast staff

- Strategic planning and implementing strategies to promote the Foundation's mission

- Developing and implementing fundraising activities to meet the Foundation's development goals

- Grant writing

- Coordinating annual Foundation events

- Overseeing the publication and dissemination of Foundation materials, including Annual Report

- Overseeing the Foundation's communication strategies

- Researching and developing material for the Foundation's website and newsletter

- Working with key Board Committees

Excellent writing and communications skills are a necessity, with working ability of Microsoft Word and Excel. Knowledge of nuclear and foreign policy issues is desirable. Acquaintance with computer web/graphic design is desirable. Salary competitive + benefits.

Email with references to vstevenson@napf.org

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7. IN MEMORIAM PROFESSOR GEORG ZUNDEL

Georg Zundel, a founding member and generous supporter of INES, died on March 11, 2007 in Salzburg/Austria at the age of 76 years.

We will remember him as an attentive observer of the environment and society, as well as of himself. Through various initiatives and personal engagement he contributed to a more humane society and a more peaceful co-existence of countries. Quite early on he was aware of the enormous danger for our planet posed by the nuclear threat and the environmental and resource crisis.

Georg Zundel studied physics and in 1967 he became Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Munich. He dedicated his scientific work mainly to research on the hydrogen bond, mainly using infrared spectroscopy. He discovered the cation H5O2+ and its electrochemical relevance as well as the "Zundel Continuum", a strong absorption feature in the infrared. Today the cation H5O2+ is known as the "Zundel ion" in the scientific literature.

As many other citizens the young Georg Zundel opposed the nuclear armament of Germany as it was being pursued by the government of the day. zundel decisevly rejected nuclear weapons for political and ethical reasons. The US bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were a dire warning for him. The "Göttinger Erklärung" (Göttingen Declaration) of April 12, 1957, an appeal of 18 well-known German nuclear physicists - including a commitment to not engage in developing nuclear weapons - was a guiding motivation for his own actions against nuclear mass destruction weapons. Georg Zundel became part of the peace movement of the fifties - distributing flyers at the university, participating and organizing protest actions and demonstrations.

All his life he remained convinced that a peaceful world has to be a world without nuclear weapons and that scientists carry a responsibility to inform the public about the dangers of weapons of mass destruction. In the first half of the 1990's he actively contributed to the foundation of the International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES). Through the Berghof Foundation (see below) he generously supported INES throughout its first years.

From the beginning of the early seventies he passionately participated in societal discussions. He supported peace initiatives on national and international levels and conflict resolution projects in various countries in the world.

He dedicated a great part of his power to the Berghof Foundation for Conflict Research whose founder he was in 1971. The foundation developed into a corner-stone of peace research in Germany. With his whole heart he was engaged in sustaining and protecting the environment. An ecological consciousness marked his personal and public activities.

The responsibility of the scientist might have been the essential motivation for his work, the support of whistleblowing and whistleblowers a central challenge. Influenced by the founder and initiator, the Berghof Foundation mainly promotes interdisciplinary, practically oriented projects for constructive conflict resolution as well as projects on key questions of science and ethics. The Berghof Research Center (www.berghof-center.org) was founded in 1993. It is supported by the Foundation and pursues activities in the area of conflict work.

Georg Zundel was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in the year 2003 honouring his life's work.
With him we lose a selfless and always supportive, a courageous and fighting spirit for a peaceful world.

By Reiner Braun, member of the INES Council and Claus Montonen, Chair of the INES Executive Committee