INES Information Service

What's New In INES (WNII), Issue 6, July 2008


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on

society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace,

ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly

100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall

give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, ines.news@gmx.de

INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com

INES International Office, ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: David Krieger, dkrieger@napf.org


PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool.

Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.



INES, WNII, Issue 6, June 2008, Contents and Hotlinks,

1. INES ACTIVITIES - BRIEF OVERVIEW AND PUBLICATIONS


- CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS


·  ESF

www.esf2008.org/registrations/international-network-of-engineers-and-scientists/?searchterm=INES


· International Workshop: Teaching Ethics and Peace to Science and Engineering Students

http://www.znf.uni-hamburg.de/ethics-and-peace.html"


- REPORTS


· INES Annual Report 2007 you will now find online:

http://www.inesglobal.com/_Publications/annual_reports/annual_report_2007.pdf"


· Report on the Military Influence in UK Universities by SGR

http://www.sgr.org.uk/ArmsControl/MilitaryInfluence.html"


· New INEASP Information Bulletin 28 released, edited by Jürgen Scheffran

http://www.inesap.org/pdf/INESAP_Bulletin28.pdf"


- APPEALS


· INES and NAPF Appeal to the University of California

http://www.inesglobal.com/_Appeals/California/Appeal_California.pdf"


· Mexico Appeal on Science for Peace and Sustainability

http://www.inesglobal.com/appeals.html"


· Petition against US Military Base on Czech Territory

http://www.nechciradar.cz/


· Petition of Concerned Citizens against Climate Change

http://www.stopwarming.eu/?petition=appeal


- ANNOUNCEMENT


· INES has a new Newsletter Editorial team: Dr. Jürgen Scheffran and Dr. Joachim Spangenberg


- FURTHER NEWS



2. PEACE AND WAR - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT


- PERSPECTIVES


· The Non Proliferation Treaty Turns Forty by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/07/02_krieger_npt_forty.php


· A Short Message to the UC Regents: Get Out of the Nuclear Weapons Business by David Krieger

http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2008/07/19/10461/


· Comparing the Positions of Senators Obama and McCain on Nuclear Disarmament by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/07/16_krieger_comparing_positions.php?krieger


· Is Japan Being Too Polite About Nuclear Disarmament? by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/07/09_krieger_japan_polite.php


· Debating Article VI by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/06/24_krieger_debating_article_vi.php


· US Conference of Mayors Adopts Resolution for Elimination Nuclear Weapons by 2020


- US-INDIA NUCLEAR DEAL


· Say No to the Nuclear Deal by Dhirendra Sharma


- US MIssile Shield in Europe


· Russia: will use military means if U.S. deploys shield by Guy Faulconbridge

http://in.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idINIndia-34433120080708


· A New Approach to Missile Defense in Europe

http://www.brookings.edu/opinions/2008/0702_missile_defense_pifer.aspx



3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


· An Idea Whose Time Has Come by Alice Slater

http://www.inesglobal.com/_News/Alice.pdf"


· Invest in the Future, Not in Nuclear Power by Patrick Detscher

http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2008/07/24/10577/


· ATTAC France:Nuclear Energy Is Not Clean Energy

http://acdn.france.free.fr/spip/breve.php3?id_breve=670&lang=en


· Q&A: Nuclear Fusion Reactor

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4627237.stm


· Five Myths About Nuclear Energy by Kristin Shrader-Frechette

http://americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=10884


· The Renewable Revolution: World's Biggest Solar Farm Is About to Open - Is the End of Oil Near?

http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2008/06/the-renewable-r.html"



4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


· Greentips

http://ucsaction.org/ct/o7xpsVK1n45J/


- AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH


· Investment in Agricultural Research Key to Solving Food Crisis

http://africasciencenews.org/asns/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=573&Itemid=2


· UN Food Agency Calls for Research on Tropical Root Crop

http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jZnI7o_k8olVhR_cL6q-k5nhPttQ


- ENDANGERED SPECIES


· In Pictures: Searching for Saharan Gazelles

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/08/sci_nat_searching_for_saharan_gazelles/html/1.stm


· Saving the Wild Orchids of Borneo

http://www.innovationsreport.de/html/berichte/umwelt_naturschutz/bericht-114767.html"



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


· 12th International Animation Festival, August 7-11, 2008 in Hiroshima (Japan)

http://hiroanim.org/en/e02program/2-01_en.html"


· Biosecurity Conference

http://www.acsis.org/announcements.asp#1



6. DOCUMENTATION


· Preventing Corruption in Humanitarian Assistance

http://www.transparency.org/news_room/in_focus/2008/humanitarian_assistance


· iGSE Collected Historic Krypton-85 Emissions from 1945-2007

http://www.igse.net/index.php?id=64



1. INES ACTIVITIES - BRIEF OVERVIEW AND PUBLICATIONS


During the last 12 months, INES has participated in eight conferences - in Switzerland, Mexico, India, Egypt, Italy, Denmark (twice) and France. In the next WNII you will find this overview again - except they are sole INES informations - organised by topics below.



- CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS


· ESF

Currently we are preparing to participate at the European Social Forum (ESF) in Sweden in September 2008 where - together with partners.


We will hold three seminars and workshops:

1. Towards a Nuclear-Free Europe and a Nuclear-Free World: Hopes and Challenges for Today

2. The responsibility of scientists: From Einstein to Vanunu. Why whistleblowers are needed!

3. Military research in Europe. Development and strategies in the EU. Civil alternatives.

See www.esf2008.org/registrations/international-network-of-engineers-and-scientists/?searchterm=INES

In the following activities INES is also involved: http://www.esf2008.org/search?SearchableText=Ines.


· International Workshop: Teaching Ethics and Peace to Science and Engineering Students, University of Hamburg, 15 - 17 October 2008

The natural and engineering sciences produce knowledge and technology which can be abused or used to the better. Students of science and engineering are often unaware of related ethical and social dilemmas which they will face in their future careers. It is both a challenge and an opportunity to address this theme in university teaching to science and engineering students.

In October 2008 an international workshop "Teaching ethics and peace to science and engineering students" will be held at University of Hamburg.

The organizers are involved in teaching relevant to the topic at the Universities of Hamburg and Copenhagen and at the Hamburg Peace Research Institute (IFSH).

This workshop will be an excellent forum to evaluate pioneering approaches, to analyse structural obstacles and to exchange experience from best practice examples in order to strengthen related developments.

The workshop will bring together three target groups: (a) university teachers

who are already teaching respective courses, (b) university teachers who are interested in developing and implementing such courses and (c) decision makers and facilitators involved in curriculum development or in establishment, accreditation and evaluation of respective interdisciplinary

teaching programs.

Participation is limited to 30. The deadline for applications for participation is 30 July, 2008. Please use the web link for information on registration.

More information: http://www.znf.uni-hamburg.de/ethics-and-peace.html"


We are looking forward to a lively and productive workshop and would be happy if we caught your interest.


Dr. Tom Børsen, University of Copenhagen, Center for the Philosophy of Nature and Science Studies

Prof. Dr. Martin Kalinowski, University of Hamburg, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker Center for Science and Peace Research (ZNF)

Prof. Dr. Götz Neuneck, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (IFSH)

Prof. Dr. Hartwig Spitzer, University of Hamburg, Department of Physics and ZNF



- REPORTS


· INES Annual Report 2007 you will now find online:

http://www.inesglobal.com/_Publications/annual_reports/annual_report_2007.pdf"



· Behind Closed Doors

A Report on the Military Influence in UK Universities

New report by INES member "Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR)" published June 12, 2008.

A report by UK scientists reveals the secrecy surrounding the growing influence of the military on the research agenda in British universities.

Behind Closed Doors, published today by Scientists for Global Responsibility, is the result of an in-depth investigation into 16 of Britain's universities, including some of the most prestigious. Using new data gained under the Freedom of Information Act, the report's authors estimate that the average

level of military funding of UK universities is up to five times larger than government figures suggest.


To download a copy of the report, go to: http://www.sgr.org.uk/ArmsControl/MilitaryInfluence.html"

To order a printed copy of the report, go to: http://www.sgr.org.uk/publications.html"

For further information, contact SGR at info@sgr.org.uk or 01303 851965


· New INEASP Information Bulletin 28 released, edited by J‚Äö√†√∂¬¨‚à´rgen Scheffran

Contents: Nuclear Winter; US Nuclear Weapons; Iran's Missiles; Missile Defense in Europe; Nuclear Weapons Convention; Fissile Cutoff; Uranium Detection; Scientific Advisory; Biological Weapons; Nanotechnology


Download here: c



- APPEALS


· INES and NAPF Appeal to the University of California

Stop your Involvement in the Development and Improvement of Nuclear Weapons!


To the President and Regents of the University of California:

Universities play an important role in society. They are institutions that bring together experts to transmit knowledge to successive waves of young adults coming of age. In the process, they train citizens and future societal leaders. Universities should set an example to the youth they train and to the general society, reflecting the highest standards of civilization and ethical behavior.

Read on: http://www.inesglobal.com/_Appeals/California/Appeal_California.pdf"


· Mexico Appeal on Science for Peace and Sustainability

On the occasion of the INES-UNAM Conference in Oaxtepec, Mexico, in March 2008, the Appeal on "Science for Peace and Sustainability" emerged.

We encourage you to sign: http://www.inesglobal.com/appeals.html"


· Petition against US Military Base on Czech Territory


Dear friends,

I would like to invite you as well as all members of INES EC, INES Council, member organisations, individual INES members and their friends to support our civic initiative and sign the electronic petition adressed to US and Czech Governments against the US military base on the Czech territory.

The petition with explanatory text is available in 9 languages at the address: http://www.nechciradar.cz/

Looking forward to seeing you at the earliest opportunity again

With my best regards, Jiri Matousek


· Global warming threatens the future of the earth. Act now, before it is too late

Petition of Concerned Citizens against Climate Change

The Arctic melts, as does the Greenland ice shelf. California burns, as did the forests of Greece. The poor of Mozambique and Bangladesh drown, as did those of New Orleans. The farmers of central Africa, whose fields are turning into desert, are exposed to starvation, exile and war. Much worse may be coming. Scientists have warned that the deadline for reversing the steady increase in greenhouse gas emissions may be as early as 2012, if we are to avoid the planetary catastrophe of warming in excess of two degrees centigrade. But in December 2007, while the rain forests of Sumatra and the Amazon were being destroyed, representatives of 180 states conferred in Bali without result on the steps to be taken after 2012. A month later, comprehensive plans of the European Union to limit the damage were watered down after intense pressure from industrial lobbies fearful of their nternational competitive position.

A catastrophe is unfolding. It is already happening, it is accelerating and broadening. What can be done to avert it?

Read and sign the petition: http://www.stopwarming.eu/?petition=appeal



- ANNOUNCEMENT


· INES has a new Newsletter Editorial team: Dr. Jürgen Scheffran and Dr. Joachim Spangenberg



- FURTHER NEWS


In 2007, INES addressed the G8-Summit Meeting with an appeal to act to reduce military dangers (http://www.inesglobal.com/_News/MerkelG8Appell.pdf" ) and supported the publication of the book, Joseph Rotblat: Visionary for Peace (http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/print/32692).

For more information on INES see our redesigned website. We urge you to visit it, if you haven't already, at www.inesglobal.com. There you will find more information on all subjects mentioned here. We also produced three regular INES Newsletters and one special issue for 2007 Preparatory Committee of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Two more special editions are in process.

And finally: The WNII editor Kristin Kropidlowski just graduated from Free University Berlin. She is now Political Scientist (Diploma). If anyone knows about an interesting job opening, please mail to ines.news@gmx.de.



2. PEACE AND WAR - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT


- PERSPECTIVES


· The Non Proliferation Treaty Turns Forty by David Krieger

July 1, 2008 marks the 40th anniversary of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) being opened for signatures.The true purpose of this treaty has always been two-fold: to prevent nuclear proliferation and to achieve nuclear disarmament; in other words, to create a level playing field in which there are no nuclear weapons.In the preamble to the treaty, the parties declare their intention to achieve at the earliest possible date the cessation of the nuclear arms race and to undertake effective measures in the direction of nuclear disarmament.


Read further: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/07/02_krieger_npt_forty.php


· A Short Message to the UC Regents: Get Out of the Nuclear Weapons Business by David Krieger

July 19, 2008 - Designing and developing weapons of mass annihilation should not be business as usual, especially for a great university. And yet, for the UC, it is business as usual. Since the beginning of the Nuclear Age, the UC has been in the business of providing management and oversight to the nation's

principal nuclear weapons laboratories, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The UC is now in that business with corporate partners such as Bechtel.

Read on: http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2008/07/19/10461/


· Comparing the Positions of Senators Obama and McCain on Nuclear Disarmament by David Krieger

Nuclear weapons do not and cannot protect their possessors. They can only be used to threaten or carry out massive retaliation. Retaliation does not constitute protection. It constitutes retribution of the worst sort, killing large numbers of innocent people. Further, when powerful states continue to rely upon nuclear arsenals for their security, they create an incentive to nuclear proliferation. When nuclear weapons proliferate to other countries, the chances are increased that they will end up in the hands of terrorist organizations that are suicidal, not locatable, and thus not subject to being deterred.

Read on: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/07/16_krieger_comparing_positions.php?krieger


· Is Japan Being Too Polite About Nuclear Disarmament? by David Krieger

Why is it that when the leaders of the G-8 go to Japan, they scrupulously avoid visiting Hiroshima and Nagasaki? The Japanese government doesn't invite their guests to these cities that suffered the atomic bombings in 1945, and the guests don't go out of their way to make such a visit. Perhaps Japanese

leaders think it would be impolite for the guests, many of whom have control of nuclear arsenals, to see first-hand, in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Peace Memorial Museums, the destruction that these weapons have caused. But then again, it might be highly educational for them.


More: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/07/09_krieger_japan_polite.php



· Debating Article VI by David Krieger

Christopher Ford's article, "Debating Disarmament, Interpreting Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons," (Nonproliferation Review, Vol. 14, No. 3, November 2007), ends with a disclaimer, "The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily represent those of the State Department or the US government." Ford's views, however, seem extremely closely aligned with those of the State Department, which he joined in 2003 and where he currently serves as the United States Special Representative for Nuclear Nonproliferation.

Article VI of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) states: "Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to the cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control." This article is the principal tradeoff in the NPT, in which the non-nuclear weapon states are given the promise that the playing field will be leveled by "negotiations in good faith on ... nuclear disarmament."

To read more, visit: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/06/24_krieger_debating_article_vi.php


· US Conference of Mayors Adopts Resolution for Elimination Nuclear Weapons by 2020

On June 23, 2008, the US Conference of Mayors (USCM), at its 76th annual meeting in Miami, Florida, unanimously adopted a far-reaching resolution entitled "Support for the Elimination of All Nuclear Weapons by the Year 2020." The resolution, submitted by Mayors for Peace Vice-President Donald Plusquellic (Akron, Ohio) and 9 co-sponsors, recommends that the U.S. government "urgently consider" an agreement - the "Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol" - as a means of "fulfilling the promise of the NPT by the year 2020, thereby meeting the obligation found by the International Court of Justice in 1996 to 'conclude negotiations leading to nuclear disarmament in all its aspects under strict and effective international control."

The resolution also encourages USCM members to participate in the delegation and activities being organized by Mayors for Peace at the third NPT Review Conference Preparatory Committee Meeting in New York in May 2009, and to sign the Cities Appeal being circulated in support of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol and to encourage other elected officials in their cities to do likewise.

You can find the full text of the resolution, as well as the Hiroshima-Nagasaki Protocol and the Cities Appeal at: http://tinyurl.com/3pdmv4.

For more information about Mayors for Peace and its 2020 Vision Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, visit: www.mayorsforpeace.org and www.2020visioncampaign.org



- US-INDIA NUCLEAR DEAL


· Say No to the Nuclear Deal by Dhirendra Sharma

Foreign Policy and Science Policy perspectives do not support the Nuclear deal. Dr. Yashwant Sinha and Arun Shourie have rightly said that the Indo-US Deal have not accorded India co-equal nuclear power status. And New Delhi cannot and must not be a camp-follower of a neo-con occupant of the White House. India cannot be a party to the cold-war strategy against China in the Far East and the Pacific.

Much more serious objection is the timing. George Bush is a lame-duck president whose popularity graph has nose-dived within his own country and is the most despised leader internationally. He had defied the United Nations, attacked Iraq, revived the cold-war conflicts in Europe and ignored scientists' recommendations on CO2. Moreover, Bush has blamed India and China for global food crisis. In contrast to the scientists finding that the US was at the top of polluting countries, he believed India and China were guilty of the high carbon dioxide production. If Bush were sincere in his love for India he could have supported New Delhi for the Permanent Security Council membership. As a goodwill gesture, Washington could have vacated its military base in the Indian Ocean at Diago Garcia.

From the Science Policy perspective too the N-deal is not in the best interest of India. In the US there are 48 reactors nearing or waiting to be decommissioned. The cost of decommissioning is estimated to be around $40-50 billions and no state government in the US is willing to bear the cost of cleaning up and the waste management. For the last 30 years no new reactor is installed in the US. and it is confirmed by concerned authorities that no new reactor will be "made in the USA".

The oft repeated official claims that the N-deal would help India meet its high energy demand in 2025, is totally misleading. Whereas the nuclear industry is bankrupt in the US, Britain and Europe, the demand for non-nuclear Renewable energy resources is very high with strong attractive investments in research and development.

Nuclear power is capital-intensive requiring high government grants before construction, during operation and after de-commissioning of nuclear plants. But the designed life of a rector is 40-50 years. It takes 8-10 years to construct a nuclear power plant. Due to high radiation activities a totally accident or incident free operation is not possible. The public safety is, therefore, a very serious factor concerning Nuclear Power policy. For this reason there is no public investment in nuclear power industry, and no insurance company offers an Insurance policy against Nuclear accident.

In the US., in the UK., and in European Union countries young professionals are not available for the nuclear industry. In Britain, according to the House of Commons committee of Public Accounts report, to deal with the already created nuclear waste, it will cost £73 bn and it is highly likely that it will pass the £100 bn mark. But the Nuclear industry is bankrupt. Heavy burden of clean up the nuclear waste would be on the taxpayers. The objective of the 123 Nuclear Deal is, therefore, to outsourcing the bankrupt nuclear business to India.

Nonetheless, there is no advantage to push the deal now. As the high stakes are involved, the deal should not be made a politico-prestige issue. Prof. Man Mohan Singh is loved in our country and is highly respected abroad. New Delhi can wait for a new President in the White House. Meanwhile, the Prime Minister may invite an independent academic group of scientists to examine the 123 Nuclear draft with the futuristic perspective for the Indian Energy Policy.



- US MIssile Shield in Europe


· Russia: will use military means if U.S. deploys shield by Guy Faulconbridge

July 9, 2008 - Russia said on Tuesday it would use military means if the United States deployed a missile defence shield close to its borders, a threat analysts said was aimed at stoking European opposition to the shield.

Russia's Foreign Ministry said Moscow would be forced to use "military-technical methods" if a U.S. deal on building part of the shield in the Czech Republic was ratified by parliament.

Read more: http://in.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idINIndia-34433120080708


· A New Approach to Missile Defense in Europe

July 2, 2008 - The Bush administration sees missile defense as a central part of its legacy and thus has pressed aggressively to secure agreement to deploy a missile defense system in Central Europe. This has created tensions with U.S. allies and could deal another blow to relations with Moscow. Slowing the process offers a smarter way to manage the issue.

More: http://www.brookings.edu/opinions/2008/0702_missile_defense_pifer.aspx



3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


· An Idea Whose Time Has Come by Alice Slater

Sustainable Energy: Shifting the Paradigm

Today's dominant world energy systems, relying on fossil, nuclear and biofuels, endanger the very existence of humanity. The world is faced with a crisis that requires a total transformation in the way we create energy, shifting to sustainable energy that flows freely from the sun, the wind, the tides, and the center of the earth.

Accelerating weather catastrophes - tsunamis, hurricanes, drought, the melting of the polar ice caps - underline the urgency to heed the scientific consensus that we are endangering our very survival on the planet with the continued use of carbon-based fuels

Read on: http://www.inesglobal.com/_News/Alice.pdf"

For information on the Preparatory Conference for the Foundation of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) check here: http://www.wcre.de/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=88&Itemid=3 and The World Council for Renewable Energy http://www.wcre.org/.


· Invest in the Future, Not in Nuclear Power by Patrick Detscher

Our government has studied ways to warn future generations of the danger of nuclear energy waste, "long after society and languages have changed," as government documents phrase it.

One idea was to invite the Native American tribes near the proposed disposal sites to pass the information related to this danger from generation to generation, by word of mouth. In other words, tradition might be one of the best ways to communicate that the yellow and black placard means death, and that it would be a good idea to stay away from this area for several thousand years.

Read more: http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2008/07/24/10577/



· ATTAC France:Nuclear Energy Is Not Clean Energy

July 23, 2008 - Nicolas Sarkozy, at present occupying the European Union presidency, is trying to gain acceptance for nuclear energy as clean energy and would like to have its production included in the quotas for renewable energy sources that have been established in the light of the battle against global warming.

Read on: http://acdn.france.free.fr/spip/breve.php3?id_breve=670&lang=en



· Q&A: Nuclear Fusion Reactor

A decision has finally been made to site the 10bn-euro (£6.6bn) Iter nuclear fusion reactor at Cadarache in France. The announcement in June 2005 brought to an end months of argument between the project partners - the EU, the US, Japan, Russia, China and South Korea. India has since also joined the project.

Read on: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4627237.stm


· Five Myths About Nuclear Energy by Kristin Shrader-Frechette

June 23, 2008 - A tomic energy is among the most impractical and risky of available fuel sources. Private financiers are reluctant to invest in it, and both experts and the public have questions about the likelihood of safely storing lethal radioactive wastes for the required million years. Reactors also provide irresistible targets for terrorists seeking to inflict deep and lasting damage on the United States. The government's own data show that U.S. nuclear reactors have more than a one-in-five lifetime probability of core melt, and a nuclear accident could kill 140,000 people, contaminate an area the size of Pennsylvania, and destroy our homes and health.


Read on: http://americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=10884


· The Renewable Revolution: World's Biggest Solar Farm Is About to Open - Is the End of Oil Near?

June 13, 2008 - The world's largest solar photovoltaic farm is strangely beautiful. Fields lined with solar panels tilting sunward seem almost like a massive environmental art project - one with an empowering message to the world. We can find ways to run the world predominantly on clean energy if we choose to. It's already beginning. By 2020, Portugal plans to generate over a third of its energy from renewables, with that percentage increasing every year.


Click here for more: http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2008/06/the-renewable-r.html"



4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


· Read Greentips online at http://ucsaction.org/ct/o7xpsVK1n45J/



- AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH


· Investment in Agricultural Research Key to Solving Food Crisis

July 25, 2008 - Investing in agricultural research and development is key to attainment of short and long-term goals for most governments and it is imperative that the agricultural sector ministries do so for meaningful redress of food security and poor livelihoods, Director of Kenya's Agricultural Research Institute, KARI has said.

More: http://africasciencenews.org/asns/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=573&Itemid=2


· UN Food Agency Calls for Research on Tropical Root Crop

July 25, 2008 - The UN food agency on Friday called for more research into the tropical root crop cassava as a way of helping poor countries threatened by soaring food and oil prices.

Read on: http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jZnI7o_k8olVhR_cL6q-k5nhPttQ



- ENDANGERED SPECIES


· In Pictures: Searching for Saharan Gazelles

July 25, 2008 - A team of Tunisian and British biologists have carried out the first survey of its kind to focus on the slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros).

More: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/08/sci_nat_searching_for_saharan_gazelles/html/1.stm


· Saving the Wild Orchids of Borneo

July 22, 2008 - Borneo (Kalimantan) is the third largest island in the world. It is rich with a variety of indigenous orchid species that grow in the forests. Borneo's rain forests are also home to some extremely rare species of orchids, all highly valued for their exotic aromas and aesthetic beauty.

It has been estimated that 2500 to 3000 orchid species grow in the forests of Borneo.

Read on: http://www.innovationsreport.de/html/berichte/umwelt_naturschutz/bericht-114767.html"



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


· 12th International Animation Festival, August 7-11, 2008 in Hiroshima (Japan)

The program and more you will find here: http://hiroanim.org/en/e02program/2-01_en.html"


· Biosecurity Conference in Amman (Jordan), October 27 to 29, 2008

The International forum on biosecurity will be held in Amman (Jordan) under the title "Confronting Biological Threats: Biosecurity, Biological Weapons Nonproliferation, and Regional Cooperative Mechanisms". This forum will take place in Amman, Jordan on October 27-29, 2008. The event brings together academic experts and practitioners from governments, inter-governmental organizations, academic institutions, civil society and the private sector.


The meeting will focus on the following topics:

- The Emerging Biological Weapons Threat and Means to prevent BW Proliferation

- Biosecurity Hazards and Risks

- Biosecurity and Preparedness

- National and Regional Legislation Implementation

- Disease Surveillance and Syndromic Surveillance

- Developing a Regional Policy on Biosecurity: Key Features and Follow-up Mechanisms


Individuals and organizations interested in participating in the event (or submitting papers) should submit an Expression of Interest Form.

For additional information, kindly contact:

Conference Committee


info@acsis.org

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6. DOCUMENTATION


· Preventing Corruption in Humanitarian Assistance

Humanitarian assistance is a lifeline that brings food, shelter and other basic services to millions of people caught in the worst of circumstances through war, famine or natural disaster. However, it often takes place in challenging environments which may include endemic corruption. The sudden injection of large amounts of resources and the urgency of a crisis also create risks of corruption in the delivery of humanitarian aid.

The stakes are high. Humanitarian budgets have nearly doubled since the beginning of the decade and now account for up to 14 percent of official development assistance, reaching more than US $10 billion in 2006. But financial mismanagement is not the only form of corruption. Power can also be abused in many other ways, causing disastrous and long-term effects on the humanitarian mission. Detecting and preventing corruption in relief processes is an urgent priority in order to maximise relief efforts and truly help those in dire need.

Transparency International's efforts in the area of humanitarian assistance arise as a follow-up to debates on the need to combat corruption in post-tsunami relief in Asia and in earthquake reconstruction in Pakistan.

In 2008, TI with several leading providers of relief and reconstruction assistance analysed the corruption risks faced by humanitarian agencies and the measures they use to address those risks. A handbook of anti-corruption practices and tools in humanitarian assistance will be published in the spring of 2009.

More: http://www.transparency.org/news_room/in_focus/2008/humanitarian_assistance


· iGSE Collected Historic Krypton-85 Emissions from 1945-2007

In support of the independent Group of Scientific Experts (iGSE) our Center for Science and Peace Research has collected the historic krypton-85 emissions from 1945 to 2007. The emission inventory covers all 28 relevant reprocessing facilities worldwide that ever produced any plutonium for peaceful or military applications.

We have now put this database on the iGSE homepage. For each facility you can find a document containing the data and a histogram chart for the atmospheric releases as well as some background information, in particular the location of the facility and a satellite image as proof.


This database is made available for everybody interested in using it. In particular it is suited for evaluation of atmospheric transport models and for demonstration of krypton-85 as an incidator for plutonium separation.


For more details of the sources and the released activities please visit http://www.igse.net/index.php?id=64