INES INFORMATION SERVICE

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.

The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.

Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de
WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html
INES Official Site, http://www.inesglobal.com
INES International Office, ines.office@web.de
INES Chair: Claus Montonen,  claus.montonen@helsinki.fi
The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.




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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 6/2007, March 2007




1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- Pakistan: Karachi’s Madrasas and Violent Extremism; International Crisis Group


- Senate backs Iraq withdrawal date 


- Russia slams missile shield, wants talks with U.S. by Louis Charbonneau


- A Cluster Bomb Treaty: Again, It's the U.S. v. the World by Scott Stedjan and Laura Weis


- Middle East fears broken Iraq by Jeremy Bowen


- Analysis - U.S. missile shield touches raw nerve in Europe by Mark John


- Speech to the Organization of American States by David Krieger


- Beijing increases defense spending by Jim Yardley and David Lague    




2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- Climate change set to overwhelm the world’s poor; FoE Press Release


- Mushroom-Clouded Thinking by Devin Helfrich 


- Scientists urge MPs not to vote for Trident replacement; including a comment on the results of the vote




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Is Recycled Paper in Trouble? 


- PM puts climate on agenda for summit by Phillip Hudson and Stephanie Peatling


- Green cars: Motor industry still promoting gas-guzzlers; FoE Press Release


- Power of wood - biomass plan to tackle climate change


- "Green fuels" could be bad for the environment; FoE Press Release




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Nuclear energy "no answer to global warming"


- If we want to save the planet, we need a five-year freeze on biofuels by George Monbiot




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES 


- Another world is possible!


- 12th ASN World Convention at Columbia University New York on April 12-14, 2007




6. DOCUMENTATIONS on Iran


- Iran sanctions draw cool reaction 


- Q&A: Iran and the nuclear issue 


- In depth: Inside Iran




7. ANNOUNCMENTS


- Prof. Georg Zundel died





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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




PAKISTAN: KARACHI'S MADRASAS AND VIOLENT EXTREMISM; International Crisis Group


Policy Report, 29 March 2007 - A network of Pakistani madrasas supporting violent jihadi groups poses a significant threat to domestic, regional and international security.


Full report: 

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4742&l=1



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SENATE BACKS IRAQ WITHDRAWAL DATE


March 29, 2007 - The US Senate has passed a bill calling for all US combat troops to leave Iraq within a year, defying a veto threat.


More:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/6507801.stm



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RUSSIA SLAMS MISSILE SHIELD, WANTS TALKS WITH U.S. by Louis Charbonneau


March 27, 2007 - Russia said on Tuesday U.S. plans to deploy a missile shield in central Europe would undermine global non-proliferation efforts and demanded serious discussions on the issue with Washington.


Read more:

http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSL2735222720070327?feedType=RSS



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A CLUSTER BOMB TREATY: AGAIN, IT'S THE U.S. V. THE WORLD by Scott Stedjan and Laura Weis


March 23, 2007 - On March 6, 2007, the U.S. Department of State released its Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2006. This annual report to Congress details the human rights practices of foreign governments, from restrictions on free press in Iran, to extrajudicial killings in Pakistan, to spiraling violence in the Darfur region of Sudan. The Country Reports do not, however, "purport to assess any human rights implications of actions by the United States Government or its representatives." If they did, the reports would expose the grave consequences of U.S. policies in a world where the use and sale of inaccurate and unreliable weapons tends to trump humanitarian concerns. 


Read more:

http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/4103



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MIDDLE EAST FEARS BROKEN IRAQ by Jeremy Bowen


March 22, 2007 - There was a time in 2003, between the removal of Saddam Hussein and the start of the insurgency, when you could stroll through Baghdad down to one of the teahouses on the banks of the Tigris without worrying too much about getting kidnapped or blown up. 


More:

There was a time in 2003, between the removal of Saddam Hussein and the start of the insurgency, when you could stroll through Baghdad down to one of the teahouses on the banks of the Tigris without worrying too much about getting kidnapped or blown up. 



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ANALYSIS - U.S. MISSILE SHIELD TOUCHES RAW NERVE IN EUROPE by Mark John


March 21, 2007 - The long-cherished American dream of wrapping itself up in a missile defence shield has always had the power to jangle nerves in Europe.


Read more:

http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L2063063.htm



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SPEECH TO THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES by David Krieger


March 15, 2007 - It is a great honor to celebrate with you the 40th anniversary year of the Treaty of Tlatelolco, officially called the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. This Treaty was a great achievement, and has served your region well. 


The full article you will find here:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/03/15_kreiger_org_amer_states.htm



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BEIJING INCREASES DEFENSE SPENDING by Jim Yardley and David Lague


March 4, 2007 - China announced its biggest increase in defense spending in five years on Sunday, a development that quickly prompted the United States to renew its calls for more transparency from the Chinese military about the scope and intent of its continuing, rapid arms buildup.


More:

http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/03/05/asia/web-0305military.php




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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




CLIMATE CHANGE SET TO OVERWHELM THE WORLD'S POOR; FoE Press Release


March 29, 2007 - From 2-5 April 2007, the world's leading scientific experts are to gather in Brussels, Belgium, to launch the second volume from the UN's Fourth Assessment Report, which addresses climate impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. The report is expected to portray a bleak future for the world's poorest countries, which have done least to pollute the atmosphere. Despite the negligible historical emissions of greenhouse gases by the least developed countries their people will suffer most from climate change, as they are the most vulnerable to the impacts and least able to adapt.


Read more;

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/climate_change_set_to_over_29032007.html



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MUSHROOM-CLOUDED THINKING by Devin Helfrich 


March 21, 2007 - Over the past year , a group of nuclear physicists has been studying a site on the banks of a beautiful river. Hidden from international nuclear inspectors, they are drawing up plans for a new facility, possibly along this river, designed to perform research on plutonium and build new nuclear bombs by the year 2020.


More:

http://www.tompaine.com/articles/2007/03/21/mushroomclouded_thinking.php



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SCIENTISTS URGE MPs NOT TO VOTE FOR TRIDENT REPLACEMENT


Scientists for Global Responsibility (SGR) urges MPs not to support the Government's proposals to replace the UK's nuclear weapons system in tomorrow's parliamentary vote on the issue.


SGR Director, Dr Stuart Parkinson, said "The Government has not carried out a thorough consultation and has not allowed sufficient time for a full public debate on the issue. Last week's report from the House of Commons Defence Committee on this issue highlights many areas where there are unanswered questions. Indeed, technical evidence presented to the Committee from US nuclear scientists casts serious doubt on the need for the Government to make a decision on this issue at the current time. Hence, we call upon MPs at least to vote to defer the decision on a replacement system until we have had

time for a meaningful debate."


Contact: Dr Stuart Parkinson, e-mail: stuartp@sgr.org.uk



Notes


1. SGR is an independent UK organisation of approximately 850 members across the natural and social sciences, engineering, IT, architecture and design. Its main aim is to promote ethical science, design and technology - based on the principles of openness, accountability, peace, social justice, and environmental sustainability. 

For more information see: 

http://www.sgr.org.uk/


2. House of Commons Defence Committee (2007). The Future of the UK's Strategic Nuclear Deterrent: the White Paper. London: The Stationery Office Limited.

http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmselect/cmdfence/225/225i.pdf




Read a comment on the result of the vote:


TRIDENT PLAN WINS COMMONS SUPPORT 


The government has won Commons support for plans to renew the UK's nuclear submarine system, despite a large rebellion by Labour MPs.  


Read:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/6448173.stm






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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




IS RECYCLED PAPER IN TROUBLE?


March 2007 - The growing presence of recycled paper has led many people to believe that all paper is now made from recycled materials. This unfortunate misconception has actually decreased demand for recycled paper, causing manufacturers to produce less. As a result, more than 90 percent of printing and writing paper still comes from virgin tree fiber. 


Read:

http://www.ucsusa.org/publications/greentips/



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PM PUTS CLIMATE ON AGENDA FOR SUMMIT by Phillip Hudson and Stephanie Peatling


March 31, 2007 - John Howard has made climate change and clean development subjects for discussion at this year's Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation summit in Sydney, raising hopes the world's biggest energy users may strike a new climate change pact.


Read the entire article:

http://www.smh.com.au/news/environment/climate-on-agenda-for-summit/2007/03/30/1174761756919.html



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GREEN CARS: MOTOR INDUSTRY STILL PROMOTING GAS-GUZZLERS; FoE Press Release


March 30, 2007 - The Government and motor industry must do much more to promote fuel efficient cars, Friends of the Earth said today. The call follows a new survey by the environmental campaign group which reveals that most car ads in national newspapers are for gas-guzzling vehicles. It coincides with the opening of The Sexy Green Car Show, at the Eden Project in Cornwall (30 March - 15 April 2006). 


More:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/green_cars_motor_industry_29032007.html



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POWER OF WOOD - BIOMASS PLAN TO TACKLE CLIMATE CHANGE


March 28, 2007 - A plan to boost the supply of environment-friendly woodfuel to cut greenhouse gases and produce enough energy to power 250,000 homes was unveiled today.


More:

http://www.forestry.gov.uk/newsrele.nsf/AllByUNID/5D2EE5972693524B802572AB003B450E



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"GREEN FUELS" COULD BE BAD FOR THE ENVIRONMENT; FoE Press Release


March 19, 2007 - A misjudged push for `green' fuels could instead damage the climate and trash rainforests, according to the UK's largest environmental groups today. 


Biofuels - which are similar to petrol but less environmentally damaging because they are made from crops and wastes - could play an important role in tackling global warming. But, say bosses from the RSPB, WWF, Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth, the Government's dash for biofuels is ill thought out, lacks appropriate safeguards and could be creating more problems than it solves. 


More:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/green_fuels_could_be_bad_f_16032007.html




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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




NUCLEAR ENERGY "NO ANSWER TO GLOBAL WARMING"


March 27, 2007 - Environment ministers from Austria, Iceland, Ireland and Norway said on Monday that nuclear power was not the solution to global warming.


Read:

http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?click_id=31&art_id=nw20070326224024783C351478&set_id=



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IF WE WANT TO SAVE THE PLANET, WE NEED A FIVE-YEAR FREEZE ON BIOFUELS by George Monbiot


March 27, 2007 - It used to be a matter of good intentions gone awry. Now it is plain fraud. The governments using biofuel to tackle global warming know that it causes more harm than good. But they plough on regardless. In theory, fuels made from plants can reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emitted by cars and trucks. Plants absorb carbon as they grow - it is released again when the fuel is burned. By encouraging oil companies to switch from fossil plants to living ones, governments on both sides of the Atlantic claim to be "decarbonising" our transport networks.


More:

http://environment.guardian.co.uk/climatechange/story/0,,2043727,00.html




A response to the article you will find at:

http://environment.guardian.co.uk/energy/story/0,,2046280,00.html




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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES 




ANOTHER WORLD IS POSSIBLE!

Renowned international Intellectuals among the first signatories


At the beginning of June 2007, the governments of the seven most important industrialised countries and Russia will meet for the ‘G8 Summit’ at the Baltic seaside resort of Heiligendamm. The ‘Group of 8’ (G8) is an institution without legitimacy. Nevertheless, as a self-appointed informal world government, they make decisions which affect the whole of humanity. The policies of the G8 stand for a neoliberal globalisation and deregulation, economic policies oriented towards the capital returns of international financial investors and companies. (...) The world shaped by the dominance of the G8 is a world of war, hunger, social divisions, environmental destruction and barriers against migrants and refugees. At our mass demonstration on 2 June 2007 in Rostock, we want to protest against this and show the alternatives. Together with millions of people around the world we say: Another World Is Possible! (...) 


Globalisation in the interests of the majority of people requires a fair relationship between industrialised and developing countries, and means freedom, justice, social security, democracy and the conservation of the planet’s natural resources for the next generation.


Such an alternative globalisation will not result from exclusive and insular summit meetings, but rather from below out of the global movement of people and initiatives who stand up for another, better world. This global movement will make itself heard through numerous actions and events during the G8 Summit. At the International Demonstration on 2 June 2007 in Rostock, we will make the size, strength and diversity of our colourful and broad protests visible.


Visit:

http://www.heiligendamm2007.de/Demo_en/index_demo_en.html



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12th ASN WORLD CONVENTION at Columbia University New York on April 12-14, 2007


In Panel "Levels of Identity Construction in Central European Politics" Sabine Mannitz will present her paper "Redefining the Universal Soldier: From defense of the nation to defense of (post)national values?" on April 14th at the World Convention 2007. The convention is organized by the Association for the Study of Nationalities (ASN). 


More information and the program are available at: 

http://www.nationalities.org/




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6. DOCUMENTATIONS on Iran




IRAN SANCTIONS DRAW COOL REACTION


March 26, 2007 - The new UN Security Council resolution tightening sanctions against Iran was greeted by the media in many countries either with outright dismissal or guarded optimism.


In the Middle East region and other Muslim countries, some media accused the UN of being biased towards Israel, but one UNSC member state expressed optimism, saying there was still room for dialogue on the issue.


More:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6495373.stm



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Q&A: IRAN AND THE NUCLEAR ISSUE 


March 24, 2007 - The Security Council imposed further sanctions on Iran on 24 March 2007 following Iran's failure to comply with a 21 February 2007 deadline to stop the enrichment of uranium. 

The council had imposed sanctions in a resolution last December and said that further sanctions would be considered if a 60-day deadline for compliance was not met. 


Visit:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4031603.stm



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INSIDE IRAN


Special report on the country


http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/middle_east/2006/inside_iran/default.stm



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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS




PROF. GEORG ZUNDEL DIED


We regret to inform you about the death on March 11, 2007, of Georg Zundel, founding member and supporter of INES. Georg Zundel was professor of physical chemistry at the University of Munich, and a leading champion of peace in Germany. Through the Berghof-Stiftung, which he founded and subsequently led for many years, he supported peace and peace research, i.a. providing INES with funds for starting up its activities in the first half of the 1990's. His life's work is perpetuated by the Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management (www.berghof-center.org).


(Claus Montonen, INES Chair)