INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi


The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Topics, INES, wnii, Issue No. 6/2006, March 2006



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT


- Key States Reaffirm Ridding the World of Nuclear Weapons


2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- Marshall Islands: President Note Calls For Full U.S. Settlement



3. SUSTAINABILITY


- New research shows a bright energy future is possible


- UK Must Push For Low Carbon EU Energy Policy


- Cutting methane emissions "will save 370,000 lives"


- Five Billion Dollars to End Child Hunger in Africa - WFP


- Himalayan melting risk surveyed



4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- British Comission on nuclear power: Forget it



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- ISA San Diego, March 22 - 25, 2006


- Transatlantic Conference on the Middle East in Berlin, March 27/28, 2006



6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- Open Questions on MEADS, HSFK Report No. 10/2005


- Expanding Arms Control



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




KEY STATES REAFFIRM RIDDING THE WORLD OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS


THE HAGUE - A strong commitment to ridding the world of nuclear weapons was made by high-level representatives of 21 states at special forum at The Hague, March 2-3.


Convened by the Middle Powers Initiative, the Article VI Forum was addressed by two former prime ministers - Ruud Lubbers of the Netherlands and Kim Campbell of Canada - and former UN Under Secretary General for Disarmament Affairs, Ambassador Nobuyasu Abe, and Marian Hobbs, the former Disarmament Minister of New Zealand.


The Forum is a program of the Middle Powers Initiative, a consortium of eight non-government organizations dedicated to the elimination of nuclear weapons. The two-day meeting, co-hosted by the Netherlands Institute of International Relations "Clingendael," was entitled Securing the Future: Strengthening the NPT. The Article VI Forum takes its name from the article of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in which the nuclear states commit themselves to the elimination of their nuclear weapons. States attending the session included Brazil, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, and Sweden. The first meeting of the forum took place at the United Nations in October 2005.


The second meeting of the forum was held as the United States and India concluded a nuclear technology deal, and international tensions concerning Iran's nuclear program continued.


Senator Douglas Roche, O.C., Chairman of the Middle Powers Initiative, said the Article VI Forum of like-minded states and NGOs has "opened up a new approach: to examine key legal, political and technical issues that need to be addressed to overcome security concerns of the Nuclear Weapon States, which are currently preventing them from commencing negotiations leading to complete nuclear disarmament." He added, "The very existence of the Article VI Forum is a sign of hope for the world community that wants to be freed from the spectre of nuclear warfare. Key states assembled here can indeed provide a jolt of energy into the nuclear disarmament process."


Tariq Rauf, Head of Verification and Security Policy Coordination for the International Atomic Energy Agency, said the priorities should be to "re-affirm the goals we established for ourselves in 1970 under the NPT, affirmed in 1995 and re-affirmed in 2000 [at the NPT Review Conferences], and send a clear-cut message that our commitment to these goals has not changed." Speaking in his personal capacity, he added, "We remain committed to ridding the world of nuclear weapons. We have zero tolerance for new States developing nuclear weapons, and we should ensure that all countries have the right to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes."


The forum was also attended by the distinguished nuclear physicists, Frank von Hippel and Jose Goldemberg, the co-chairs of the newly-formed International Panel on Fissile Materials. Members of the Panel oversaw a special plenary of the meeting dealing with proposals for a Fissile Materials Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) and the ramifications of verifying such a treaty.  Despite the position of one major nuclear power, the experts insisted that an FMCT is verifiable. They further argued a treaty would strengthen the NPT because it would create new standards for "international responsibility" and because it would reduce the discriminatory nature of the NPT since the nuclear weapons states would have more political and technical obligations under an FMCT than they now have under the NPT.


The political dilemma explored in the sessions dealing with political elements is that while nuclear disarmament is vital, it is not on the agenda of leaders and subsequently not in the public realm. Consequently, the political discussion focused on what mix of policy options had the best chance of being considered by governments, would be effective if implemented and also be able to capture the attention of the general public. Some of those initiatives are implementing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, negotiating a FMCT, de-alerting, implementing norms for transparency and irreversibility in arms control agreements, and reducing the role of nuclear weapons in military strategies.


The legal session focused on the effect the implementation of international law has on promoting nuclear disarmament.  While it takes decades to build up the institutions of and respect for international law, panelists said, much can be done in the near term through improvement of national legal systems, and on the international level through respect for the NPT Article VI disarmament obligations. This is the tenth anniversary of the advisory opinion by the International Court of Justice on the legality of nuclear weapons; according to the panelists "the authoritative interpretation of Article VI of the NPT." The Court unanimously concluded that under Article VI states are obligated to pursue in good faith and bring to a conclusion negotiations on nuclear disarmament.  The disarmament obligations must be interpreted in light of the commitments made in 1995 and 2000. The most important are the principles of irreversibility, verification and transparency, the diminished role for nuclear weapons in security policies, and reduction in operational status of nuclear weapons.


In his speech, Rauf said, "It is time to abandon the unworkable notion that it is morally reprehensible for some countries to pursue nuclear weapons, but morally acceptable for others to rely on them. Our aim must be clear: a security structure that is based on our shared humanity and not on the ability of some to destroy us all."


At the invitation of the government of Canada, the third meeting of Article VI Forum will be held in Ottawa, September 28-29, 2006. The Middle Powers Initiative is a program of the Global Security Institute, headed by Jonathan Granoff.


Contact: James Wurst, MPI Program Director, jwurst@gsinstitute.org



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




MARSHALL ISLANDS: PRESIDENT NOTE CALLS FOR U.S. SETTLEMENT


Source:

http://www.pacificislands.cc/pina/pinadefault2.php?urlpinaid=20753


"Fifty-two years after the U.S. Government unleashed the largest nuclear weapon ever tested in the Marshall Islands, we are a nation that is still striving to come to terms with our nuclear legacy," declared RMI President Kessai H. Note during a weekend visit to the island of Kili, one of the island where the people of Bikini were moved 60 years ago by the U.S. Military.


"We are reminded of not only the sacrifice and suffering of those affected by the testing but also of the strength and survival of our people in the face of that suffering," Mr Note continued. "I am honored to pay tribute to our survivors and to say that this Administration will not rest until the unmet needs of all those affected by the testing are addressed."


President and First Lady Note joined Bikini Senator Tomaki Juda and the Bikini Mayor and Council Members and the people of Bikini on Kili Island, over the weekend, in commemorating 60 years since they were moved from their home for U.S. nuclear testing purposes.


Read the entire article:

http://www.pacificislands.cc/pina/pinadefault2.php?urlpinaid=20753



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



3. SUSTAINABILITY




NEW RESEARCH SHOWS A BRIGHT ENERGY FUTURE IS POSSIBLE


Source:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/new_research_shows_a_brigh_02032006.html


Friends of the Earth released new research today which shows that the UK can meet its electricity needs, reduce the need for imported natural gas, and tackle climate change without having to resort to new nuclear power.  The research, "A Bright Green Energy Future,' forms part of the organisation's submission to the Government's Energy Review which is investigating how the UK should meet its future energy needs.  Government consultation on the Energy Review is due to conclude in April.


Friends of the Earth used data from industry and academic research to model how Britain's energy sector could develop over the next 25 years if the Government is serious about tackling climate change. The model, which was reviewed by academics and industry representatives, showed that:


- The UK can reduce carbon dioxide emissions from generating electricity by between 48 and 71 percent by 2020 without resorting to nuclear


- Natural gas use for the power sector can be at least stabilised and in many cases reduced - meaning less of a reliance on imports


Friends of the Earth's "The Big Ask" Campaign is calling for the introduction of a new climate change law which would force the government to cut emissions of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, by three per cent every year.

For more information go to:

http://www.thebigask.com.


A full copy of the report "Bright Energy Future" and background data can be downloaded from:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/reports/bright_future.pdf


Graphs showing changes in electricity over time can be downloaded from:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/evidence/bright_future_data.pdf




---------------------------------



UK MUST PUSH FOR LOW CARBON EU ENERGY POLICY


Source:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/uk_must_push_for_low_carbo_08032006.html


The UK Government must push renewables and energy conservation to the heart of the new EU energy policy, Friends of the Earth said on Wednesday 8 March following publication of the EU Commission's energy policy discussion document.


The "Basis for a New European Energy Policy" [1] will form part of discussions when Energy Ministers meet next week to discuss a new energy policy.  It will also be discussed by heads of state later this month. Friends of the Earth said the new policy should have a crucial role to play in tackling climate change in Europe - but that the current documents do not contain strong enough commitments to energy efficiency and renewable energy [2].


The UK Government has a key interest in the policy as the debate on a more integrated EU energy policy was initiated by Prime Minister Tony Blair at a European Council meeting in Hampton Court during the UK Presidency.


Friends of the Earth has identified five priority areas where the EU needs to take action to make Europe's energy more sustainable:


- Efficiency: Europe needs a binding target to cut energy consumption by 20 per cent through increasing efficiency, thereby also reducing energy costs for households and industry and curbing greenhouse gas pollution.


- Renewables: By 2020, Europe should meet 25 per cent of its primary energy demand from renewable sources, making Europe less dependent from imported fossil fuels and also reducing the hidden costs of conventional power generation.


- Transport: Europe must reverse the unsustainable growth trends in the transport sector that not only uses up 70-80 per cent of all oil imports into the EU but also accounts for about a third of Europe's total energy use.


- Nuclear Power: Phase out uneconomic and unsafe nuclear power that can not survive in a liberalised energy market, especially if the high costs of decommissioning and the long-term waste storage for thousands of years are taken into account.


- Subsidies: Remove perverse subsidies that keep dirty energy artificially cheap in comparison to its renewable competitors.


[1] The Green Paper on Sustainable, Secure and Competitive Energy Supply will be available from:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/dgs/energy_transport/index_en.html.

With the release of the Green Paper, the EU Commission aims to trigger a debate on the long-term strategy to secure energy supply in Europe, after which the Commission will table concrete proposals for action.


A Friends of the Earth Europe six-page briefing on the Green Paper is available at:

http://www.foeeurope.org/climate/download/briefing_GreenPaperEnergySupply.pdf[1]


[2] Europe can save 20 per cent of its energy consumption at no cost, equivalent to foreign gas imports worth 60 billion - this should be made a binding objective to guide our energy policy. Green Paper on Energy Efficiency: Doing more with less; European Commission 2005; available at:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/energy/efficiency/index_en.htm[2]


Friends of the Earth used data from industry and academic research to model how Britain's energy sector could develop over the next 25 years if the Government is serious about tackling climate change.  The research is available here:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/new_research_shows_a_brigh_02032006.html[3]




---------------------------------



CUTTING METHANE EMISSIONS "WILL SAVE 370,000 LIVES"


Source: CBD News - 08 March 2006


Reducing methane emissions by 20 per cent could prevent 370,000 deaths worldwide between 2010 and 2030, say researchers in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences this week (6 March).


More:

http://www.scidev.net/content/news/eng/cutting-methane-emissions-will-save-370000-lives.cfm



---------------------------------



FIVE BILLION DOLLARS TO END CHILD HUNGER IN AFRICA - WFP


CBD News - 08 March 2006


LONDON - Hunger and starvation among African children could be eliminated for $5 billion, the head of the World Food Programme (WFP) said on Tuesday.


Read more:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/35518/story.htm



---------------------------------



HIMALAYAN MELTING RISK SURVEYED


Source: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4762576.stm


A new weather station is expected to show the extent of warming in the Himalayas, one of the world's biggest deposits of ice and a key source of fresh water.


See the article:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4762576.stm



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




BRITISH COMMISSION ON NUCLEAR POWER: FORGET IT


INDEPENDENT, UK - Tony Blair's backing for nuclear power suffered a blow when the Government's own advisory body on sustainable development came down firmly against the building of a new generation of reactors. Despite the Prime Minister's well-known support for the nuclear industry, the Sustainable Development Commission concluded that a new nuclear program was not the answer to the twin challenges of climate change and security of supply. In a hard-hitting report, the 15-strong Commission identified five "major disadvantages" to nuclear power:


- The lack of a long-term strategy for dealing with highly toxic nuclear waste;


- Uncertainty over the cost of new nuclear stations and the risk that taxpayers would be left to pick up the tab;


- The danger that going down the nuclear route would lock the UK into a centralized system for distributing energy for the next 50 years;


- The risk a new nuclear program would undermine efforts to improve energy efficiency;


- The threat of terrorist attacks and radiation exposure if other countries with lower safety standards also opt for nuclear.


The commission's report comes just three months before the Government publishes the results of its latest energy review, which is widely expected to pave the wave for a new generation of nuclear stations.


Read the unabridged version:

http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/article349711.ece



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




ISA, San Diego, March 22 - 25, 2006


Several PRIF researchers will follow the call of the International Studies Association (ISA) to its 47th annual convention entitled "The North-South Divide And International Studies" to San Diego. Lothar Brock will chair the panel "The Politics of Democracy Promotion: Between Principles and Opportunism" on which Bruno Schoch, Hans-Joachim Spanger and Jonas Wolff will lecture. Simone Wisotzki also will chair a panel and present a lecture. Additionally, ISA will benefit from papers held by PRIF staff members Nicole Deitelhoff and Klaus Dieter Wolf.


For further information, please see

http://www.isanet.org/sandiego/



---------------------------------



TRANSATLANTIC CONFERENCE ON THE MIDDLE EAST, Berlin, March 27/28, 2006


From March 27 to 28, 2006, the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt hosts its "Second Transatlantic Conference on the Broader Middle East" in Berlin. This international meeting of high-ranking diplomats and researchers is an effort to build bridges and discuss relevant issues together with representatives from the conflict region, while highlighting different perspectives of the various actors involved. The conference is organized by Bernd W. Kubbig. Please register before March 13.


More information:

http://www.hsfk.de/static.php?id=3929&language=en



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



--------------------------------------------------------------------------------



6. DOCUMENTATIONS




OPEN QUESTIONS ON MEADS


In HSFK Report No. 10/2005 "Raketenabwehrsystem MEADS: Entscheidung getroffen, viele Fragen offen" ("Anti-Ballistic Missile System MEADS: Decision Taken, Many Questions Open") Bernd W. Kubbig analyzes the deficits of the anti-ballistic missile project MEADS and develops suggestions for future steps regarding this project. This report is available as a printed copy for 6 ,- euro (excl. postage for international mailing).


A free download as a pdf-file can be taken from

http://www.hsfk.de/publication_detail.php?publicationid=2957&language=en




---------------------------------



EXPANDING ARMS CONTROL


In "Kleinwaffen ohne Grenzen. Strategien jenseits der Rüstungskontrolle gefordert" ("Small Arms and Light Weapons Without Borders. Strategies Beyond Arms Control Necessary") Simone Wisotzki shows that classic instruments of arms control fail to abolish the complex reasons that generate supply and demand of small arms. Instead, classical arms control should be supplemented with elements that promote state building, conflict prevention, and poverty reduction. Additionally, they should be integrated into development cooperation and crime reduction strategies. This report is available as a print copy for 6,- euro (excl. postage for international mailing).


A free download as a pdf-file can be found at

http://www.hsfk.de/publication_detail.php?publicationid=3116&language=en