INES INFORMATION SERVICE

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.

The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.

Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de
WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html
INES Official Site, http://www.inesglobal.com
INES International Office, ines.office@web.de
INES Chair: Claus Montonen,  claus.montonen@helsinki.fi
The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.




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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 5/2007, March 2007




1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- UN breakthrough on Iran sanctions


- B.M.D. Debate Heats Up in Europe


- What Chinese Threat? by James Nolt 


- Consequences of Regional-Scale Nuclear Conflicts by Owen B. Toon, Alan Robock, Richard P. Turco, Charles Bardeen, Luke Oman, Georgiy L. Stenchikov


- North Korea and US Reach Agreement


- Preventing War Against Iran by David Krieger


- The Nuclear Elephant in the Room: Why No One Talks About the US Nuclear Threat by James Dinwiddie




2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- Now is the time for international action on patents


- UNICEF seeks entries for children's television award on AIDS awareness




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Draft Climate Bill Published; FoE Press Release


- Interview - Icy Nordics Doubt Net Gains From Global Warming 


- EU can be green model for U.S., India, China: Merkel


- Climate talks "key moment" for EU; including the Presidency Conclusions


- EU must set tough climate change targets; FoE Press Release




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES



- EU agrees renewable energy target


- China Building Blitz Holds Key to Energy Saving by Emma Graham-Harrison




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES 


- Annual Meeting: The Role of the European Union in the Militarization of Space; March 23-24, 2007; Darmstadt, Germany




6. DOCUMENTATIONS 


- "Chernobyl 20", a film by Yelena Zmushko


- Report on RRW Warhead Program


- Report on Arms Control and Non-Proliferation




7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


- World's Longest Underground River Discovered in Mexico, Divers Say by John Roach




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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




UN BREAKTHROUGH ON IRAN SANCTIONS


March 15, 2007 - Diplomats at the UN have reached agreement in principle on a package of new sanctions against Iran, following its refusal to stop enriching uranium.


Read more:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6452545.stm



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B.M.D. DEBATE HEATS UP IN EUROPE


March 13, 2007 - After the United States last month officially initiated talks with Poland and the Czech Republic about the installation of missile defense facilities in their territories, a heated political debate on the issue followed in Europe. The Pentagon plans to establish radar bases in the Czech Republic and interceptor missiles in Poland.


More: 

http://www.pinr.com/report.php?ac=view_report&report_id=628



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WHAT CHINESE THREAT? by James Nolt 


March 9, 2007 - At the start of China’s parliament session this week, China’s Premier Wen Jiabao said, "China would advocate peace, development and cooperation, and always pursue an independent foreign policy of peace." Fine words indeed, but words are cheap. Americans are used to discounting such pronouncements. In fact, our media often ignores them altogether. On the other hand, time and time again, we hear that China is a "rising power," "growing threat" or "emerging superpower." Phrases like this are repeated so often by American politicians and media that most Americans believe China is a formidable military power and likely adversary.


More:

http://www.tompaine.com/articles/2007/03/09/what_chinese_threat.php



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CONSEQUENCES OF REGIONAL-SCALE NUCLEAR CONFLICTS by Owen B. Toon, Alan Robock, Richard P. Turco, Charles Bardeen, Luke Oman, Georgiy L. Stenchikov


Numerous deaths and dangerous climate effects would result from use of low-yield nuclear weapons being stockpiled in many parts of the world.This article gives the science about how nuking Iran Will Harm US --What it will do to the Iranians is not discussed.


Read:

http://www.worldproutassembly.org/archives/2007/03/consequences_of_1.html



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NORTH KOREA AND US REACH AGREEMENT


After a standoff of almost five years, the United States and North Korea have reached an agreement on taking steps toward the dismantlement of North Korea's nuclear production facilities. On Tuesday, 13 February, chief US negotiator Christopher R. Hill and North Korean negotiator Kim Kye-gwan agreed that the US would supply energy aid to North Korea in exchange for shutting down the Yongbyon nuclear facility and allowing inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency. The US will supply 50,000 tons of heavy fuel oil for the Yongbyon reactor. It will provide an additional 950,000 tons of fuel if North Korea declares and disables its nuclear facilities. The total cost of the fuel is estimated at $320 million. 


This agreement represents a breakthrough in negotiations between the two countries. Relations between the North Korean government and the Bush administration have always been poor. In 2002, the US accused Pyongyang of attempting to produce weapons grade plutonium. This accusation led to the collapse of the 1994 agreement between the Clinton Administration and Pyongyang in which the US traded energy for North Korean dismantlement commitments. This was followed by North Korea's withdrawal from the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. In October 2006, North Korea conducted an underground nuclear weapon test, making an agreement on disarmament seem even less likely. 


Many are skeptical whether this deal will hold up. In a conversation between US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Aso, Aso said "This is a first step. Whether it actually goes ahead remains to be seen. We do not know whether it will go ahead just because it has been signed." In 2005, a similar agreement was reached only to have Pyongyang back out after the US Treasury Department suspended certain North Korean bank accounts thought to be linked to money counterfeiting. 


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, March 2007



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PREVENTING WAR AGAINST IRAN by David Krieger 


Febr 16, 2007 - Why would the Bush administration contemplate a new war against Iran? How would a war against Iran in any conceivable way benefit the United States? There are no clear answers that explain the Bush administration's increased threats toward Iran. Yet, despite the president's statements that he will pursue "robust diplomacy," the possibility that the United States will launch an attack against Iran cannot be dismissed. 


The Bush administration has continued trumpeting the fear that Iran may develop nuclear weapons, a technological possibility because of the uranium enrichment program it is pursuing. This charge, however, is not credible, at least in the near-term. International Atomic Energy Agency chief Mohamed ElBaradei reports there is no evidence that Iran is developing nuclear weapons. The CIA indicates that it would take Iran a decade to develop nuclear weapons, if that were its intention. Thus, the charge that Iran is on the brink of becoming a nuclear weapons state appears farfetched. The charge, and the lack of evidence to support it, is ominously similar to the spurious claims the Bush administration leveled against Iraq as a cause for initiating that war. 


Read more:

http://wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/02/16_kreiger_preventing_war_against_iran.htm


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, March 2007



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THE NUCLEAR ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM: WHY NO ONE TALKS ABOUT THE US NUCLEAR THREAT by James Dinwiddie


Febr 9, 2007 - The Bush administration has imposed its famous love of secrecy on all matters pertaining to U.S. production, storage, and deployment of nuclear weapons. The American people, whose "security" is asserted as the reason for the enormous U.S. nuclear arsenal, are now prohibited from knowing about the size, content, deployment, or status of this world-threatening arsenal built in their name, even in historic terms. 


The imposition of a secretive "security" regime regarding nuclear weapons is nothing new. It has been employed since the beginning of the Nuclear Age to both ensure the unfettered development of nuclear weapons and to silence knowledgeable critics. One only has to regard the history of Robert Oppenheimer's purge from the nuclear establishment, or the sneering persecution of Nobel Laureate Linus Pauling, to understand the current reluctance of scientists and media professionals to speak openly about the threat implied by American nuclear weapons. The nuclear "security" regime is notoriously good at keeping its secrets, oversensitive to criticism, and vindictive towards its critics.


More:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/02/09_dinwiddie_nuclear_elephant.htm


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, March 2007




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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




NOW IS THE TIME FOR INTERNATIONAL ACTION ON PATENTS 


March 12, 2007 - Pressure is growing for a major shift in international intellectual property rules that addresses the interests of the poor.


Read more:

http://www.scidev.net/content/editorials/eng/now-is-the-time-for-international-action-on-patents.cfm



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UNICEF SEEKS ENTRIES FOR CHILDREN'S TELEVISION AWARD ON AIDS AWARENESS


March 8, 2007 - The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the International Academy of Television Arts & Sciences called for entries for the 2007 International Children’s Day of Broadcasting (ICDB) award honoring broadcasters for programming best reflecting the theme Unite for Children. Unite Against AIDS.


Read:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=21800&Cr=child&Cr1=





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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




DRAFT CLIMATE BILL PUBLISHED; FoE Press Release


March 13, 2007 - The publication of the Government's draft Climate Change Bill was welcomed by Friends of the Earth today (13 March). The campaign for a new climate change law has been led by Friends of the Earth through The Big Ask climate campaign (www.thebigask.com). The campaign was launched in 2005 to secure new legislation which would commit the Government to reducing its carbon dioxide emissions by an average of at least three per cent every year. 


Read:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/draft_climate_bill_publish_13032007.html



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INTERVIEW - ICY NORDICS DOUBT NET GAINS FROM GLOBAL WARMING


March 13, 2007 - Global warming could mean Scandinavia's farmers will be able to grow sweeter fruit but the consequences for herring fishermen could be dire, Norway's environment minister said. 


More:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/40818/story.htm



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EU CAN BE GREEN MODEL FOR U.S., INDIA, CHINA: MERKEL


March 10, 2007 - The European Union's adoption of measures to fight climate change this week could set an example for the United States, China and India, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on Saturday.


More:

http://uk.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUKL1011071020070310



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CLIMATE TALKS "KEY MOMENT" FOR EU


March 8, 2007 - The next few days could be a "defining moment for the EU" as its leaders consider tough new emissions targets, the EU Commission president says. 


Find the entire article:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6429097.stm





THE PRESIDENCY CONCLUSIONS of the Brussels European Council March 8/9, 2007 you will find at:


english

http://www.consilium.europa.eu/ueDocs/newsWord/en/ec/93135.doc


other languages

http://consilium.eu.int/cms3_applications/Applications/newsRoom/related.asp?BID=76&GRP=11556&LANG=1&cmsId=339



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EU MUST SET TOUGH CLIMATE CHANGE TARGETS; FoE Press Release


March 7, 2007 - Friends of the Earth is demanding that EU governments set a target for cutting domestic emissions of greenhouse gases, when they settle Europe's energy future at the EU Spring Council in Brussels at the end of this week. The environmental organisation is calling for cuts of at least 30 per cent by 2020.


More:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/london_7_march_2007_friend_07032007.html




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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




EU AGREES RENEWABLE ENERGY TARGET


March 9, 2007 - European Union leaders have agreed to adopt a binding target on the use of renewable energy, such as wind and solar power, officials say.


Read more:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6433503.stm



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CHINA BUILDING BLITZ HOLDS KEY TO ENERGY SAVING by Emma Graham-Harrison


March 7, 2007 - Forget how much coal it burns. Forget its double-digit economic growth. Forget subsidised prices and the fact that a new car hits China's roads every six seconds. 


More:

http://www.enn.com/today.html?id=12340




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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES 




ANNUAL MEETING: THE ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION IN THE MILITARIZATION OF SPACE; March 23-24, 2007; Darmstadt, Germany


The Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space will be holding its 15th annual space organizing conference. The group is made up of over 140 peace groups around the world who are working to oppose the introduction of weapons and nuclear power into space.  The theme for the annual meeting will be: The Role of the European Union in the Militarization of Space.


The Darmstädter Friedensforum, the International Network of Engineers and Scientists Against Proliferation (INESAP), and the Pressehütte Mutlangen will cosponsor the annual space conference. 


Activists will come to Germany from as far away as the U.S., India, Australia, England, Romania, Hungary, Sweden, and other European countries.  Of particular interest this year will be discussions about Bush administration attempts to put "missile defense" systems in Poland and the Czech Republic in spite of massive public opposition in those countries to the deployments.  Russia is particularly alarmed as they see the U.S. continually expanding military outposts eastward and has promised to respond in kind to U.S. military moves.


According to conference organizer Regina Hagen of INESAP, "Militarization of space is a vicious circle. The more one country depends on military use of satellites, the more others do the same as can currently be seen with the European Union’s development of the Galileo reconnaissance system.  And when the military depends on space systems, the next logical step is to protect these systems with weapons. This brings war to space.  This must be stopped."


Global Network Coordinator Bruce Gagnon stated, "One key obstacle to international disarmament is U.S. determination to move the arms race into space.  With U.S. efforts to create full spectrum dominance other nations are saying that they must maintain their existing nuclear forces, or develop new nuclear arsenals and military space systems, as a deterrent to U.S. plans for control and domination via space technology."


The Global Network contends that the administration of George W. Bush has taken international cooperation off its foreign policy agenda.  "Current U.S. nuclear forces have essentially become an arsenal of hypocrisy as Bush lectures the rest of the world about the evils of weapons of mass destruction while the Pentagon builds more nukes, space weapons programs, and plans for preemptive attack on Iran," Gagnon said.




Full conference details are available at the Global Network’s website:

www.space4peace.org 


ans notice also the blog:

http://space4peace.blogspot.com




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6. DOCUMENTATIONS




"CHERNOBYL 20", a film by Yelena Zmushko


"Chernobyl 20", is a 28-minute documentary chronicle of Yelena Zmushko’s journey in search for truth about the Chernobyl accident and its consequences. It serves as a discovery of hidden pain that has been haunting her and was finally relieved when she removed herself from the area contaminated by radiation. While in Belarus she was not prepared to hear the truth and did not have access to information on the impact of radiation on the human body, psyche and environment. She lost her friend to cancer when she died at the age of 18 and her sister was diagnosed with anemia six years following the accident. Throughout the course of the film Yelena tells her story while incorporating interviews of experts, health professionals, activists, poetry, materials from the International conference leading up to the 20th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident hosted by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) and footage of the areas contaminated by radiation in Belarus, their residents, affected

 people and her family members. Yelena Zmushko was inspired to make a documentary "Chernobyl 20" which had given her hope to pursue advocacy for truth about the real threat of radioactive exposure and, possibly, inspire other people to search for their own personal truth. "Chernobyl 20" proffers a brave, activist agenda through a deeply personal view.


Yelena Zmushko is first time producer, writer, director, principal camera and editor of the documentary film "Chernobyl 20". Her artistic experience includes published poetry, unpublished fiction and poetry writing. In 2004 poem "Who is there behind?" was nominated for best poems by poetry.com. She attended the Linguistic University in Minsk, Belarus and holds a MSBA degree from San Francisco State University.  Filmmaking is her passion and medium for expressing her views and individuality. She took documentary filmmaking courses at Film and Arts Foundation of San Francisco and City College of San Francisco. Yelena Zmushko is originally from Mozyr, Gomel district, Belarus (former-USSR) where she lived in the area contaminated by radiation till the age of 21 before moving to the USA. "Chernobyl 20" is a personal search for truth about the effects of the Chernobyl catastrophe on her, her family and the generation of 90’s.


Go to:

www.chernobyl20film.com


View the trailer:

http://www.chernobyl20film.com/?page_id=10



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REPORT ON RRW WARHEAD PROGRAM



The Congressional Research Service (CRS) has recently released a report on the Reliable Replacement Warhead (RRW) program. This report follow the January CRS report that addressed possible justifications for the RRW program. The most recent report, which was released 8 February, evaluates the possible advantages or disadvantages of the RRW compared to the Life Extension Program (LEP). Also included in the February report is analysis on Congressional action on the RRW and an RRW timeline. 


Read the report here (pdf-file):

www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL32929.pdf 


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, March 2007



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REPORT ON ARMS CONTROL AND NON-PROLIFERATION


A report has been recently released by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) documenting the history of arms control. The patchwork of arms control that governs weapons of mass destruction and other arms is complex. The CRS breaks down arms control into three helpful categories: arms control between the United States and states of the former Soviet Union, multilateral nuclear non-proliferation activities, and non-nuclear multilateral endeavors. This is a helpful resource for surveying the broad field of arms control. 


Read the report at (pdf-file):

www.fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/RL33865.pdf 


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, March 2007




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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS




WORLD'S LONGEST UNDERGROUND RIVER DISCOVERED IN MEXICO, DIVERS SAY by John Roach


March 5, 2007 - Divers exploring a maze of underwater caves on Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula have identified what may be the longest underground river in the world. 


Read more:

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/03/070305-cave-river.html