INES INFORMATION SERVICE

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.

The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.

Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de
WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html
INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com
INES International Office, ines.office@web.de
INES Chair: Claus Montonen, claus.montonen@helsinki.fi
The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.




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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 4/2007, February 2007




1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- UK-US in talks on missile defence/Missile Defense: The Russian Reaction by Pavel Podvig


- People Power vs. Military Power in East Asia by John Feffer


- It's Time for a Plan to Abolish Nuclear Weapons by David Krieger


- A World Free of Nuclear Weapons by George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger and Sam Nunn


- Nuclear Weapons in Europe; Abolition 2000 Europe 




2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- World's largest science conference focuses on climate change


- New Tool for the Whistleblowers


- International Comparative Survey of Values in Science and Engineering




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- A new theory of climate change


- 23,000 elephants killed each year for ivory by Mark Henderson


- Asia's air-conditioning damages the ozone layer 


- International Polar Year program to chronicle climate change


- Farmer power the key to green advance by Michael Pimbert


- Climate change: scientists warn it may be too late to save the ice caps by David Adam




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- NASA climate guru: Don't build coal plants


- Briefly: India wants to sell nuclear reactors


- World's Youth Demand a Nuclear and Fossil Fuel-Free Energy Future by Jonas Hagen


- The palm-oil advantage in biofuel by Yusof Basiron


- Cheap and green: biofuels for mobile phone networks by Abiose Adelaja




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES

- Conference: Reflections on European Integration 50 Years of the Treaty of Rome; Febr 23-24, 2007; London


- Declaration of the Oslo Conference on Cluster Munitions




6. DOCUMENTATIONS ON BIOTERRORISM (Special in the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists)


- Helping the United Nations Combat Bioterrorism by Barbara Hatch Rosenberg


- Emerging technologies. Weapons lab. An interview with Matthew S. Meselson


- A brave new world in the life sciences by Eileen R. Choffnes, Stanley M. Lemon & David A. Relman


- The bioterrorist cookbook by Malcolm Dando




7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


- New Novel on the Creation of the Bomb




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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




UK-US IN TALKS ON MISSILE DEFENCE


Febr 23, 2007 - The UK and US have held high level talks on the possibility of putting a "Son of Star Wars" missile defence system on British soil. 


Read more:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/politics/6388713.stm




MISSILE DEFENSE: THE RUSSIAN REACTION by Pavel Podvig


The plan to deploy U.S. missile interceptors in Eastern Europe has toughened Moscow's rhetoric and threatens to further chill U.S.-Russian relations.


Read more:

http://www.thebulletin.org/columns/pavel-podvig/20070226.html



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PEOPLE POWER VS. MILITARY POWER IN EAST ASIA by John Feffer


Febr 13, 2007 - People power does not just trouble the sleep of dictators. It can also introduce an element of unpredictability and uncertainty into the security debate in pluralist societies. People, to put it bluntly, can be a problem for the military because civilians frequently come between a military and its objectives. 


Read more:

http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/3990



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IT'S TIME FOR A PLAN TO ABOLISH NUCLEAR WEAPONS by David Krieger


Jan 18, 2007 - In early January 2007, a surprising commentary appeared in the Wall Street Journal pleading for US leadership to move toward a world free of nuclear weapons. The surprise emanated from the identity of the writers: four prominent former high-level US foreign and defense policy officials, a bipartisan group with impeccable hawkish credentials - George Shultz, William Perry, Henry Kissinger and Sam Nunn. 


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, February 2007


Read:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/01/18_krieger_time.htm



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A WORLD FREE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS by George P. Shultz, William J. Perry, Henry A. Kissinger and Sam Nunn


Jan 4, 2007 - Nuclear weapons today present tremendous dangers, but also an historic opportunity. US leadership will be required to take the world to the next stage - to a solid consensus for reversing reliance on nuclear weapons globally as a vital contribution to preventing their proliferation into potentially dangerous hands, and ultimately ending them as a threat to the world.


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, February 2007


The full article you will find at:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/01/04_shultz_free.htm



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NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN EUROPE; Abolition 2000 Europe (http://www.abolition2000europe.org/)


Europe is currently one of the most heavily nuclearised continents on the planet. Four nuclear weapon states base nuclear weapons in Europe (US, UK, France, Russia). There are also a number of non nuclear weapon states that host US nuclear weapons under NATO nuclear sharing agreements.


You can find an overview of nuclear weapon in Europe on our clickable map (http://www.abolition2000europe.org/map/) and more details on each of the nuclear weapon states below.


There are currently 6 "Nuclear Weapon Free Zones" (http://www.opanal.org/NWFZ/NWFZ's.htm) in the world, 5 of which cover continents in the Southern Hemisphere. We must work to ensure that such a Nuclear Weapon free zone becomes a reality in Europe as well.


Read the complete text on nuclear weapons in Europe:

http://abolition2000europe.org/index.php?op=ViewArticle&articleId=108&blogId=1





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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




WORLD'S LARGEST SCIENCE CONFERENCE FOCUSES ON CLIMATE CHANGE


Febr 16, 2007 -The world's largest science conference opened Thursday in San Francisco, courting political controversy with an emphasis on global warming and sustainability.


Read more:

http://jurnalo.com/jurnalo/storyPage.do?story_id=18225




Visit also the homepage of the AAAS:

http://www.aaas.org/



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NEW TOOL FOR THE WHISTLEBLOWERS


WikiLeaks has developed a new tool for whistleblowers so that they can leak confidential information they consider important to publish on grounds of protecting the environment, ensuring public safety, or promoting human rights or world peace. It is possible to upload documents on WikiLeaks without risking being traced by governments or multinationals. It is a risky business being a whislteblower, as numerous examples show. This important new tool makes it a little less hazardous to blow the whistle.


More info:

Paul Marks: "How to leak a secret and not get caught" in New Scientist, 12 January 2007:

http://www.newscientisttech.com/channel/tech/mg19325865.500-how-to-leak-a-secret-and-not-get-caught.html


WikiLeaks

http://www.wikileaks.org/


(If you use Microsoft Internet Explorer this link will not function. Instead you should use:

http://wikileaks.org/index.en.php)



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INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE SURVEY OF VALUES IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING


Jun Fudano, Professor and Director, Applied Ethics Center for Engineering and Science, Kanazawa Institute of Technology, (Member, World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology, 

UNESCO) is doing an International Comparative Survey of Values in Science and Engineering:


The Applied Ethics Center for Engineering and Science (ACES), Kanazawa Institute of Technology (KIT) with the sponsorship of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) is conducting an inquiry about values, principles, and/or behaviors that are important to scientists and engineers. In particular, we are conducting an international comparison survey of values in the field of science and engineering. We will 

identify diverse values in various countries and cultures with the goal to establish an international science and engineering ethics. To achieve this aim, we will identify values through the use of the "Delphi 

method". This technique is a method of collecting opinions from specialists, and through several iterations obtaining feedback, share insights, and make a final summary of opinions. We are asking 

knowledgeable individuals from around the world to share values that are important in their countries.


If you are able to participate, please answer the questions that follow this letter. After receiving and analyzing the responses, we will follow up with at least two rounds of additional input (Delphi method) to 

identify an international set. Your participation in this round and, if possible, additional rounds will be very helpful in developing information that will be helpful for ethical science and engineering applications around the world.


Responses will only be reported in aggregate form without identifying individual contributors.


Please respond to: Hidekazu Kanemitsu, kane@neptune.kanazawa-it.ac.jp (in charge of this survey) by March 3, 2007




International Comparison Survey of Values in the Field of Science of Engineering (First Round)


Individual information offered to you is used only for the purpose of the contact, and not used except the purpose of use without your agreement.


1. name (or name of institution, agency, organization and so on)

2. contact address

3. e-mail address

4. dial number/fax number

5. How do you think that when a scientist and an engineer make decisions what do they think as important? (For example, values, principles, and/or behaviors that scientists and engineers think as important.)

6. How do you think that when a scientist and an engineer make decisions what they should think most important? (For example, values, principles, and/or behaviors that scientists and engineers should think as most important.)


Thank you very much for your assistance.




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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




A NEW THEORY OF CLIMATE CHANGE


Febr 27, 2007 - The leader of Sun-climate research at the Danish National Space Center, Henrik Svensmark, puts together the findings reported by him and his colleagues in a dozen scientific papers, to tell how the climate is governed by atomic particles coming from exploded stars.


More:

http://www.innovations-report.de/html/berichte/physik_astronomie/bericht-79628.html



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23,000 ELEPHANTS KILLED EACH YEAR FOR IVORY by Mark Henderson


Febr 27, 2007 - Up to 5 per cent of Africa’s elephants are being slaughtered for their ivory each year, according to research which suggests that poaching threatens the animals with extinction despite a global ban on the sale of ivory. 


Read the entire article:

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/science/article1443967.ece



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ASIA'S AIR-CONDITIONING DAMAGES THE OZONE LAYER


Febr 26, 2007 - An explosion in demand for air-conditioning units in Asia - particularly in India and southern China - could be slowing the healing of the ozone layer.


Read more:

http://www.scidev.net/features/index.cfm?fuseaction=readfeatures&itemid=585&language=1



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INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR PROGRAMM TO CHRONICLE CLIMATE CHANGE


Febr 26, 2007 - Thousands of scientists from more than 60 countries will head to the Arctic and Antarctic regions in an ambitious two-year project beginning Thursday to study the effects of global warming.


More:

http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2007/02/26/science-poles.html



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FARMER POWER THE KEY TO GREEN ADVANCE by Michael Pimbert


Febr 23, 2007 - Behind several kinds of environmental damage lurks the hand of the farmer. The key to better prospects for them and the environment, argues Michel Pimbert in the Green Room, is giving them more control over what they do. 


Visit:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6387975.stm



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CLIMATE CHANGE: SCIENTISTS WARN IT MAY BE TOO LATE TO SAVE THE ICE CAPS by David Adam


Febr 19, 2007 - A critical meltdown of ice sheets and severe sea level rise could be inevitable because of global warming, the world's scientists are preparing to warn their governments. New studies of Greenland and Antarctica have forced a UN expert panel to conclude there is a 50% chance that widespread ice sheet loss "may no longer be avoided" because of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.


More:

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/story/0,,2016242,00.html




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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




NASA CLIMATE GURU: DON'T BUILD COAL PLANTS


Febr 27, 2007 - One of the world’s top climate scientists called for an end to building new coal-fired power plants in the United States because of their huge role in spewing out greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.


Read more:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/17359704/




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BRIEFLY: INDIA WANTS TO SELL NUCLEAR REACTORS


Febr, 27 2007 - Nuclear Power Corporation of India said that it is in talks to sell small nuclear reactors to Malaysia and other Asian nations if an international embargo on Indian technology ends.


For the entire article visit:

http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/02/27/bloomberg/sxbriefs.php



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WORLD'S YOUTH DEMAND A NUCLEAR AND FOSSIL FUEL-FREE ENERGY FUTURE by Jonas Hagen


"Children and youth, as the future generations, do not wish to inherit a toxic, radioactive, dirty and carbon-driven world", said Juan Hoffmaister of the Global Youth Coalition speaking in a conference room packed with delegates, including representatives of UN agencies and non-governmental organizations. With the 15th Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD) slated to begin at the end of April 2007, stakeholders held a preparatory meeting at UN Headquarters in New York on 26 February. 


Read more:

http://www.un.org/Pubs/chronicle/2007/webArticles/022607_energy.htm



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THE PALM-OIL ADVANTAGE BIOFUEL by Yusof Basiron


Febr 26, 2007 - The high prices of petroleum have stimulated the rapid development of the biofuel industry in the European Union, United States and to some extent in Malaysia. Biofuel offers strategic advantages for different sectors and stakeholders.


The full article you will find here:

http://www.checkbiotech.org/root/index.cfm?fuseaction=news&doc_id=14522&start=1&control=205&page_start=1&page_nr=101&pg=1



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CHEAP AND GREEN: BIOFUELS FOR MOBILE PHONE NETWORKS by Abiose Adelaja


Febr 16, 2007 - Mobile phone companies in Nigeria and India aim to boost rural development and expand their mobile networks by using biofuels as a cheap and green way to power networks.


Read more:

http://www.scidev.net/content/news/eng/cheap-and-green-biofuels-for-mobile-phone-networks.cfm




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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




REFLECTION ON EUROPEAN INTEGRATION 50 YEARS OF THE TREATY OF ROME

Friday 23rd - Saturday 24th March 2007, Foreign & Commonwealth Office, London


This event coincides with the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957. The conference, co-funded by the European Commission, will provide an occasion to reflect on the evolution of European integration since the Treaty of Rome was signed and the dynamics that have underpinned this evolution.


The conference will bring together scholars and practitioners from across the EU and beyond in a process of reflection that will run through the conference to provide diverse, yet valuable, perspectives from a range of disciplines on how and why the original European Economic Community created by the Treaty of Rome has evolved and how the academic attempts to explain the unique phenomenon that is the European Union have contributed to developing a deep and convincing understanding of the process.


More information you will find at:

http://www.uaces.org/Rome.htm


For the programme  visit:

http://www.uaces.org/D410702Programme.htm



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DECLARATION OF THE OSLO CONFERENCE ON CLUSTER MUNITIONS


Febr 21, 2007 - A clear commitment to develop, negotiate and conclude a new treaty by 2008 must emerge from the government meeting on cluster munitions in Norway this week, the Cluster Munition Coalition said today. Under the watchful eye of 50 civil society organisations from all over the world, government delegates from almost 50 states gather in Oslo from 21 - 23 February. The Oslo Conference on Cluster Munitions (OCCM) aims to launch a new international process for a treaty rejecting the use of cluster munitions and dealing with the devastating effects of these weapons. 


Read more:

http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/news.asp?id=49




WHAT IS CLUSTER MUNITION?

Cluster munitions spread bomblets or submunitions over wide areas threatening civilians as well as soldiers during attacks. They also leave unexploded bombs that threaten civilians for decades after a conflict. This page provides information and resources for individuals and organisations to take action to stop cluster munitions, a weapon with indiscriminate effects that is proliferating rapidly around the world.


You can find more information about the Conference on the home page of Cluster Munition Coalition:

http://www.stopclustermunitions.org/




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6. DOCUMENTATIONS ON BIOTERRORISM (Special in the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists)




HELPING THE UNITED NATIONS COMBAT BIOTERRORISM by Barbara Hatch Rosenberg


Three ways new U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon can prevent terrorists from using biological weapons.


More:

http://www.thebulletin.org/columns/barbara-rosenberg/20070221.html




For the "Global Counterterrorism Strategy" of the U.N. visit:

http://www.un.org/terrorism/strategy-counter-terrorism.html



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EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES. WEAPONS LAB. AN INTERVIEW WITH MATTHEW S. MESELSON


Every major technology has been exploited for military purposes. Will biotechnology be any different?


Thomas Dudley Cabot Professor of the Natural Sciences at Harvard University, Matthew Meselson is a geneticist and molecular biologist whose work was critical in discovering how DNA replicates, recombines, and is repaired in cells. He has also been one of the leading scientists involved in chemical defense and arms control for more than four decades. He has served as an adviser to many U.S. government agencies and codirects the Harvard Sussex Program, which promotes informed public policy toward chemical and biological weapons (CBW). Managing Editor John Rezek spoke with Meselson to map the current CBW terrain.


Download the interview (pdf):

http://thebulletin.metapress.com/content/p19h171515721q17/fulltext.pdf



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A BRAVE NEW WORLD IN THE LIFE SCIENCES by Eileen R. Choffnes, Stanley M. Lemon & David A. Relman

The breadth of biological threats is much broader than commonly thought and will continue to expand.


For thousands of years, humans have manipulated plant and animal stocks - first by accident and later selectively - to meet changing societal and environmental needs. But the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953, followed by the invention of DNA recombinant technology two decades later, made it possible to manipulate genetic material in a directed fashion and to alter the "nature" of an organism within a single  generation. Then, in 2001, scientists finished the initial draft of the human genome sequence, opening a portal to vast possibilities, such as gene therapy. This pattern of rapid, punctuated technological advancement reflects a revolutionary change in the way people attempt to understand biological systems and a growing capacity to manipulate them. As physicist and author Gregory Benford has observed, just as physics dominated and shaped the contours of the twentieth century, so too may we now be at the start of the "biological century."


The full text please find at (pdf):

http://thebulletin.metapress.com/content/410w98718u532h72/fulltext.pdf



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THE BIOTERRORIST COOKBOOK by Malcolm Dando

The chances of a massive bioterrorism attack remain low. It's the small-scale attacks that warrant real concern.


No doubt, Lawrence Wein, a professor of management science at Stanford Business School, did not expect to be at the center of a national controversy over censorship. His research paper, which was slated to be published on May 30, 2005, in the prestigious Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), was intended as a thought experiment - a mathematical model of the supply chain providing milk to consumers in the United States and how it might be contaminated by a terrorist using botulinum toxin.1 The New York Times thought his findings significant enough to invite him to publish an editorial titled "Got Toxic Milk?"


Read more (pdf):

http://thebulletin.metapress.com/content/r3718x47p16p4083/fulltext.pdf




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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS




NEW NOVEL ON THE CREATION OF THE BOMB


Best-selling author Nora Gallagher has released a new book, Changing Light. The novel follows two characters, a painter and a scientist AWOL from the Manhattan Project, as their lives converge in the New Mexico desert. Nora Gallagher’s essays, books, reviews, and journalism have appeared in The New York Times Magazine, The Washington Post, Double Take, The Los Angeles Times, and elsewhere. 


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, February 2007


For more information on events and readings, visit:

www.noragallagher.org