INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi


The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html



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Topics, INES, wnii, Issue No. 4/2006, February 2006



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- Use of force debated amid diplomacy on Iran by Carol Giacomo


- IRNA: Appeal for Peaceful Solution


- Pentagon Cancels Controversial Nuclear Doctrine



2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- Lab officials excited by new H-bomb project by Ian Hoffman



3. SUSTAINABILITY


- Call for more forest plantings as Kyoto response


- Solar Thermal Starts to Shine in World's Deserts


- Energy Efficiency: The Antidote to the Energy Crisis



4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Russian Nukes Redux by Owen Matthews



- Sweden, a Leader in Renewable Energy, Aims to End Oil Dependency by 2020 by Mattias Karen



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- The World Peace Forum is now taking registrations



6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- Eurotopia: Focus on European Defence Issues


- Attachement: Urgent Appeal to Kofi Annan



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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




USE OF FORCE DEBATED AMID DIPLOMACY ON IRAN by Carol Giacomo, Diplomatic Correspondent


Source:

http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20060210/ts_nm/nuclear_iran_force_dc


WASHINGTON (Reuters) - In a private meeting with European diplomats this week, a former senior U.S. official raised the idea of launching a dozen B2 bombers in an air raid aimed at crippling key Iranian nuclear facilities.


The suggestion was at odds with current U.S. and European strategy, which has emphasized patient diplomacy to resolve a major security challenge for Western powers - keeping Tehran from acquiring a nuclear bomb.


But it underscored how questions about possible use of force persist even Iran has been reported to the  U.N. Security Council this month, triggering a new diplomatic phase that could lead to sanctions and later, anything more.


The military possibility "comes up whenever we've been around (Washington)," talking with administration officials and congressmen, a European diplomat told Reuters, but "we don't see the military option as being anywhere near in view."


Western powers accuse Iran of developing an atomic weapon, while Tehran insists it aims to produce only civilian energy.


U.S. President George W. Bush and top aides have said repeatedly that military action against Iran's growing nuclear infrastructure remains possible. Bush reaffirmed last weekend that Iran's nuclear ambitions "will not be tolerated."


But unlike the run-up to the Iraq war, when Bush touted a post-Sept 11 doctrine of pre-emptive action against a gathering threat, the administration has not played up the force option.


Especially in light of continuing turmoil in Iraq, talk of military action against Iran scares many foreign leaders, diplomats say. That made it harder for Western allies to secure last weekend's vote of the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency shifting Tehran's case to the more powerful Security Council.


Read more:

http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20060210/ts_nm/nuclear_iran_force_dc



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IRNA (Islamic Republic News Agency): APPEAL FOR PEACEFUL SOLUTION


Source:

http://www.irna.ir/en/news/view/menu-235/0602093961182753.htm


Over 215 Parliamentarians and Non- Governmental organizations are appealing for a peaceful solution on the issue of Iran's nuclear program.

They are headed by Tadatoshi Akiba, Mayor of Hiroshima, who launched the appeal Tuesday in Hiroshima, and include MEP Angelika Beer, President of the European Parliamentary delegation on Iran, and Gerard Onesta MEP, Vice-President of the European Parliament.


Non-governmental organizations that have signed the appeal include International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Greenpeace, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF),the Association of World Citizens, the International Fellowship of Reconciliation and Abolition-2000, a network of over 2000 NGO's calling for a worldwide ban on nuclear weapons.


The appeal has been organized by Friends of the Earth (Australia and Flanders in Belgium), Citizens Action for nuclear disarmament, and Mayors for Peace.


In Belgium the Flemish section of Friends of the Earth was able to get signatures of both nearly 20 MP's and over twenty mayors from the different democratic political parties in Belgium, said a statement issued by the group.


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PENTAGON CANCELS CONTROVERSIAL NUCLEAR DOCTRINE


Source: http://www.nukestrat.com/us/jcs/canceled.htm


The Pentagon has formally cancelled a controversial revision of Doctrine for Joint Nuclear Operations after the doctrine was exposed last year in an article in Arms Control Today in September 2005 and the Washington Post. The revised draft included for the first time descriptions of preemptive use of US nuclear weapons, and caused the Senate Armed Services Committee to ask for a briefing, and 16 lawmakers to protest to President Bush.


The decision to cancel the doctrine document, and four other related documents, was confirmed today by the Pentagon. An official explained that the documents will not be published, revised, or classified. He added that they were not really doctrine documents but "pseudo documents" discussing nuclear policy issues. The public "visibility led a lot of people to question why we have them," he said.


The main document, formally known as Doctrine for Joint Nuclear Operations (Joint Pub 3-12) was first published in 1993 and updated in 1995. A revision has been under preparation since 2001. The 1995 version, which was publicly available on a Pentagon web site for a decade, was removed in October 2005 after the public disclosure of the revision. The following month, according to the Pentagon, the decision was made to cancel the documents.


In addition to the main document, the Pentagon also cancelled three other related documents: Doctrine for Joint Nuclear Theater Operations (Joint Pub 3-12.1) from 1996, Doctrine for Nuclear Weapons Effects (Joint Pub 3-12.2) from 1995, and Doctrine for Nuclear Weapons Effects (Notional) (Joint Pub 3-12.3) from 1996.


The cancellation of the doctrine documents was discovered after they disappeared from a Joint Chiefs of Staff overview of ongoing revisions. The previous overview from April 2005 included all three documents, but they were missing from a new overview published in January 2006.


Does the cancellation mean that U.S. nuclear policy has changed? No. The decision to cancel the documents simply removes controversial documents from the public domain and from the Pentagon's internal reading list. The White House and Pentagon guidance that directs the use of nuclear weapons remains unchanged by the cancellation.



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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




LAB OFFICIALS EXCITED BY NEW H-BOM PROJECT by Ian Hoffman


Source:

http://www.insidebayarea.com/oaklandtribune/localnews/ci_3480733


For the first time in more than 20 years, U.S. nuclear-weapons scientists are designing a new H-bomb, the first of probably several new nuclear explosives on the drawing boards.


If they succeed, in perhaps 20 or 25 more years, the United States would have an entirely new nuclear arsenal, and a highly automated fac- tory capable of turning out more warheads as needed, as well as new kinds of warheads.


"We are on the verge of an exciting time," the nation's top nuclear weapons executive, Linton Brooks, said last week at Lawrence Livermore weapons design laboratory.


Teams of roughly 20 scientists and engineers at the nation's two laboratories for nuclear-explosive design - Livermore and Los Alamos in New Mexico - are in a head-to-head competition to offer designs for the first of the new thermonuclear explosives, termed "reliable replacement warheads" or RRWs.


Designers are aiming for bombs that will be simpler, easier to maintain over decades and, if they fell into terrorists' hands, able to be remotely destroyed or rendered useless. Once the designs are unveiled in September, the Bush administration and Congress could face a major choice in the future of the U.S. arsenal: Do they keep maintaining the existing, tested weapons or begin diverting money and manpower to developing the newly designed but untested weapons?


Read the full article:

http://www.insidebayarea.com/oaklandtribune/localnews/ci_3480733



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3. SUSTAINABILITY




CALL FOR MORE FOREST PLANTINGS AS KYOTO RESPONSE


Source: Press Release: United Future NZ Party, Feb. 10, 2006

http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PA0602/S00130.htm


United Future MP and forestry spokesperson Gordon Copeland today called for a significant national increase in forest planting.


He was responding to reports that the cost of New Zealand's Kyoto commitments between 2008 and 2012 could soar to $600 million because of increasing deforestation.


"The answer is pretty simple really," said Mr Copeland "and that is to provide a financial incentive for new forest plantings by devolving carbon credits to the growers.


"It's not rocket science. We either incentivise the creation of new carbon sinks and nitrate filters or we end up paying hundreds of millions of dollars to overseas countries.


"United Future policy is to plant permanent new forests along our rivers and around our lakes to soak up agricultural runoffs (thus reducing greenhouse gases) and creating new carbon sinks.


"At the same time we enhance water quality and provide shelter for farm animals; a win-win financially and environmentally.


"United Future is working with Climate Change Minister David Parker and others to achieve these outcomes for New Zealand," said Mr Copeland.



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SOLAR THERMAL STARTS TO SHINE IN WORLD'S DESSERTS


Source:

http://www.planetark.com/avantgo/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=35025


NEW YORK - People will soon cool their homes with power from the searing desert sun, according to companies investing in a little-used solar technology.

Deserts are becoming hot spots for solar thermal power in which futuristic troughs concentrate the sun's rays and create steam to run power-producing turbines at power plants. It is a different technology than rooftop solar panels.


Tiny experimental plants built in the 1980s in California ran into problems when energy prices dropped.


But as oil, natural gas and electricity costs soar, companies are racing to build commercial solar thermal plants that are the size of conventional power plants.


Mandatory caps and potential limits on emissions of greenhouse gases from fossil fuels have also promoted the new technology, industry officials said.


Utah-based International Automated Systems Inc. on Thursday signed an agreement to install a $150 million, 100-megawatt power plant for Solar Renewable Energy in Nevada.


And North Carolina based-Solargenix, in which Spanish building and services company Acciona SA is buying a 55 percent stake, will break ground over the weekend on a 64 MW, $100 million solar thermal plant called Nevada Solar One. The company said it will be the first US commercial solar thermal plant, coming on line in 2007.


Currently, all the types of solar energy provide only about 1 percent of US power. One hurdle is price. Solar thermal at present costs about 12 to 15 cents per kilowatt hour, Westerholt said, compared with natural gas power which costs 10 cents per KWH.


But as production grows, solar companies expect costs to slip to 8 cents per KHW in five years.


And solar thermal is growing globally.


A white paper produced by environmental group Greenpeace, the International Energy Agency's SolarPACES, and the European Solar Thermal Industry Association, claims that by 2040 solar power could satisfy more than 5 percent of the world's electricity demand. The best places for it are Australia, the United States, Spain, the Middle East and North Africa, which could export power from the sun to Europe on high-tech power lines, the report said.


Read the unabridged article:

http://www.planetark.com/avantgo/dailynewsstory.cfm?newsid=35025



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ENERGY EFFICIENCY: THE ANTIDOTE TO THE ENERGY CRISIS


Source:

http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=469&ArticleID=5143&l=en


Dubai/Nairobi, 9 February 2006 - Rapid and global improvements in the energy efficiency of buildings, factories and cars are needed to overcome the world's over-dependency on fossil fuels, environment ministers said today at the end of an international gathering.


Energy savings at home, at work and on the world's highways offer the "reatest immediate scope" for tackling the fuel crisis that is challenging the economies of the developed and the developing world, they said.


Saving energy and using it more efficiently also carries direct benefits in terms of fighting climate change and reducing health hazardous emissions in cities and in homes.


Energy efficiency codes and standards should be adopted world-wide for buildings, electrical appliances, cars and agricultural machinery, ministers concluded.


Governments should set the example by focusing their purchasing power on buying energy efficient goods, equipment and services, they said.


The conclusions came from delegates from over 150 countries at the end of the 9th Special Session of the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) Governing Council/Global Ministerial Forum.


They are contained in the chairman's summary which will be sent to the next session of the Commission on Sustainable Development to be held in New York in May.


Read the whole article:

http://www.unep.org/Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?DocumentID=469&ArticleID=5143&l=en



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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




RUSSIAN NUKES REDUX by Owen Matthews


Source: Newsweek International, Feb. 13, 2006 issue


Looking to recapture lost glory, Moscow is building a new nuclear warhead designed to evade U.S. defenses.


Is energy the nuclear weapon of the 21st century? In recent months, Russia has shown that control of gas supplies to its neighbors can be a potent political tool. But when Vladimir Putin was asked exactly that question last week, he disagreed. "We still have plenty of nuclear rockets too," boasted Putin. "We recently carried out tests on new ballistic-weapon systems, weapons which no other country in the world has." The new Russian systems, he said, "don't care if there is a missile-defense system or not." In other words, for Putin, nukes are the nukes of the 21st century.


To continue the story:

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/11179135/site/newsweek/



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SWEDEN, A LEADER IN RENEWABLE ENERGY, AIMS TO END OIL DEPENDENCY BY 2020 by Mattias Karen, Associated Press


Source:

http://www.enn.com/today.html?id=9822


STOCKHOLM, Sweden. Feb. 07, 2006 - U.S. President George W. Bush may have surprised international observers by pledging in his State of the Union address to break his country's addiction to foreign oil - but Sweden was already one step ahead of him.


The environmentally progressive Scandinavian nation has announced one of its most ambitious goals yet: to completely end its dependancy on fossil fuels - and do it in the next 15 years.


"Our dependency on oil should be broken by 2020," said Mona Sahlin, the minister of Sustainable Development.


The utopian ambition - announced in September by Prime Minister Goran Persson -- has been met with applause from environmental organizations, but also with great skepticism from some experts who think the target is unrealistic.


The full article you can read at:

http://www.enn.com/today.html?id=9822



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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




THE WORLD PEACE FORUM IS NOW TAKING REGISTRATIONS


The World Peace Forum organizers are pleased to announce the launch of the online registration system. Participants from all over the world can access the registration form at the Forum's website.


The Forum staff receives hundreds of emails every week from individuals expressing interest in coming to Vancouver to attend the international event scheduled from 23 to 28 June, 2006. Starting this week, people and organizations will be able to use this electronic tool to confirm their attendance.


The registration is a simple process. Participants may enter their personal information and choose the top three topics of interest before submitting the form for registration. Payment can be made by PayPal, cheques from the US and Canada, and bank transfer from outside of North America. Register now and take advantage of the Early Bird fee until April 30. Don't miss this opportunity!


Visit the website at

http://www.worldpeaceforum.ca/forum/registration



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6. DOCUMENTATIONS




EUROTOPIA: FOCUS ON EUROPEAN DEFENCE ISSUES


In the second issue of the multi-lingual magazine supplement Eurotopia, the focus is on the EU's defence policies and the influence of the defence industry on the design of those policies. While this process is taking place without parliamentary or public debate, social movements are discussing how Europe can contribute to peace.


Eurotopia was born as a response to a shared sense of crisis about the state of democratic politics, and the realization that without creative initiatives by a radically democratic left, social and economic divisions will deepen, feelings of powerlessness will intensify and the far right will better be able to spread their racist and xenophobic poison.


Please see:

http://www.eurotopiamag.org



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ATTACHMENT: URGENT APPEAL TO KOFI ANNAN



Dear friends on the Global Council,


The attached appeal to Kofi Annan was initiated by an Iranian born Professor at Osnabrueck University, Mohssen Massarat, and is very widely supported by the NGO community in Germany.


It is also supported by IPPNW internationally, and the Abolition Now working group proposed that I should put it up on the Global Council List Serve.


We are looking for support for this appeal, and in particular support from very prominent figures that will draw Kofi Annan's attention to this proposal. Please sign the appeal for your organisation, but also think about who you might approach that might know Kofi Annan personally, and who might even be able to contact him directly to ask him to look at the proposal seriously.


We have a window of opportunity before El Baradei's deadline of March 6th, after which the Security Council will become active, if Iran has not cleared up the open questions. If Kofi Annan is to intervene, then he needs to get this appeal by the end of February at the latest. So we need you to act as fast as humanly possible to get some really good names.


Thanks,


Xanthe Hall, IPPNW Germany