INES INFORMATION SERVICE, What's New In INES (WNII), Issue 3, March 2008


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, ines.news@gmx.de

INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com

INES International Office, ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: David Krieger, dkrieger@napf.org 


PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements. 



_________________________________________________________



Contents and Hotlinks, INES, WNII, Issue 3, March 2008



1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS


• "Our Goal is Perfection" by David Krieger


• Participants Searched


______________________________


2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT


- PEACE SYMBOL


• World's Best-known Protest Symbol Turns 50 by Kathryn Westcott

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/7292252.stm



- TIBET


• Information on History, Geography, Religion etc.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/guides/456900/456954/html/nn1page1.stm


• Tension in Tibet, key stories

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/asia_pacific/2008/tibet_tensions/default.stm


• Key places and events in Tibet unrest

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7305288.stm


• Stand with Tibet - Support the Dalai Lama

http://www.avaaz.org/en/tibet_end_the_violence/



- PERSPECTIVES


• Preventing Future Nuclear Catastrophes by David Krieger and Stanley K. Sheinbaum

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/02/22_krieger_sheinbaum_future.php


• Who's Going to Give Them Up First? by Bianca Jagger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/02/21_jagger_give_up.php


• Sarkozy: France to Cut Nuclear Arsenal

http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/03/21/france.nuclear.ap/index.html


• An Arms Treaty Nears Orbit by Mike Moore

http://www.independent.org/newsroom/article.asp?id=2141



- NUCLEAR WEAPONS CONVENTION AND TREATY


• Revised Model Nuclear Weapons Convention (pdf-file)

http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/legal/npt/prepcom07/workingpapers/17.pdf


• Arab League Vows to Drop Out of NPT if Israel Admits It Has Nuclear Weapons

 http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/961275.html



- ACTIVIST MOVEMENT TO END OCCUPATION IN IRAQ 


• Remarks at American University Teach-In by David Swanson

http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/node/32041



- MISSILE DEFENCE


• EXTRA: Russia, US talks on missile defence ends without agreement

http://wiredispatch.com/news/?id=91296


• To Placate Moscow, U.S. Would Keep Missile-Defense System Off for Now

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/17/washington/17gates.html?_r=2&ref=world&oref=slogin&oref=slogin



- IN SPACE 


• USAF Eyes Counter-ASAT System in 2011 by Amy Butler 

http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_generic.jsp?channel=awst&id=news/aw031708p2.xml&headline=USAF%20Eyes%20Counter-ASAT%20System%20in%202011


• Could Satellite Shoot-down Prompt Space Treaty? by Ben Bova 

http://www.naplesnews.com/news/2008/mar/15/ben-bova-could-satellite-shoot-down-prompt-space-t/


______________________________


3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES



- NUCLEAR WASTE


• Who’s Going to Clean Up?

http://www.indianexpress.com/story/282238.html


______________________________


4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE



• Thom Yorke Edits Climate Change Special Edition of the Observer Magazine, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/thom_yorke_edits_climate_c_20032008.html


• Kenya: Firm to Develop Maize That Resists Drought by Dave Opiyo

http://allafrica.com/stories/200803191163.html


• On World Water Day, a Mighty Global Thirst

http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0320/p14s01-sten.html


• 25 Environmental Threats of the Future by Catherine Brahic

http://environment.newscientist.com/channel/earth/dn13505-named-25-environmental-threats-of-the-future.html?feedId=online-news_rss20


• Chinese Biofuel 'Could Endanger Biodiversity' by Jia Hepeng

http://www.scidev.net/en/news/chinese-biofuel-could-endanger-biodiversity-.html


• Poor are Sidelined on Climate Change Solutions by Elisabeth Rosenthal

http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/03/18/business/greencol19.php


______________________________


5. CONFERENCES



• Think Outside the Bomb Conference in Washington, DC

http://www.thinkoutsidethebomb.org/menu/conference/dc_spring_2008/index.htm


______________________________


6. TAKE ACTION



• No Star Wars Online Petition

http://petice.nenasili.cz/?lang=en


• Stop the Bomplex!

http://capwiz.com/wagingpeace/issues/alert/?alertid=11088921&queueid=1787560256


• Join the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation on MySpace

http://www.myspace.com/nuclearagepeacefoundation


______________________________


7. DOCUMENTATION



• "No end in sight" - a movie

http://video.google.ca/url?docid=6182969183854471645&esrc=sr1&ev=v&len=6119&q=%22no%2Bend%2Bin%2Bsight%22&srcurl=http%3A%2F%2Fvideo.google.ca%2Fvideoplay%3Fdocid%3D6182969183854471645&vidurl=%2Fvideoplay%3Fdocid%3D6182969183854471645%26q%3D%2522no%2Bend%2Bin%2Bsight%2522%26total%3D433%26start%3D0%26num%3D10%26so%3D0%26type%3Dsearch%26plindex%3D0&usg=AL29H21I-AeYJNJvvvCN6yx7188hzCxrhQ 


______________________________


8. ANNOUNCEMENTS



- JOB ANNOUNCEMENT


• Franciscan nuclear abolition organization is hiring new Executive Coordinator (pdf file)

http://www.nevadadesertexperience.org/involved/announcementJOB2008.pdf


______________________________


9. IN THE END



- TWO ARTICLES BY DHIRENDRA SHARMA, Director of the Centre for Science Policy, Dehradun, he is author of India’s Nuclear Estate


• The Scientist Sage of Space Age Is No More 


• George Bush out-sourcing US-nuclear business to India - Fifty Years of Nuclear Renaissance  (1957-2007)



____________________________________________________________



1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS



• "Our Goal is Perfection" by David Krieger


On August 30, 2007, six nuclear-tipped cruise missiles were mistakenly loaded onto the wings of a B-52 aircraft and flown from Minot Air Force Base in North Dakota to Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana. It was a major error in the handling of nuclear weapons, leading to various investigations and the replacement of the commander of Minot Air Force Base. The new commander, Colonel Joel Westa, commented, "Our goal in this line of work is not to make errors. Our goal is perfection. It's one of those missions where the tolerance is very low for error. In fact, it is zero."


Colonel Westa sounds like a well-meaning fellow, but perhaps someone should explain to him that humans are prone to errors, not only of judgment but of memory and inadvertence. For example, on the same day that Colonel Westa was professing that there is zero tolerance for error, February 12, 2008, the US Secretary of Defense, surely not purposefully, slipped on ice outside his home and broke his humerus, the bone connecting the shoulder to the elbow. Accidents occur. 


Even Edward Teller, father of the H-Bomb, recognized, "Sooner or later a fool will prove greater than the proof even in a foolproof system." With 26,000 nuclear weapons still in the world and 3,500 of these weapons still on hair-trigger alert, ready to be fired in moments, and with policies of launch on warning in effect in the US, Russia and other nuclear-armed states, there is unfortunately fertile ground for proving Teller right about the fool proving greater than the proof.


Mikhail Gorbachev, who had his finger on the nuclear button for many years and who called in the mid-1980s for the abolition of nuclear weapons, offered sage advice when he stated, "The infinite and uncontrollable fury of nuclear weapons should never be held in the hands of any mere mortal ever again, for any reason."


Perfection is not possible, but it is possible to abolish nuclear weapons. Our choices are to play Russian Roulette with the human future, seeking an impossible standard of perfection for all possessors of nuclear weapons, or to recognize the wisdom in Gorbachev's words and eliminate the overwhelming danger posed by these weapons by eliminating the weapons themselves.


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, March 2008



______________________________________



• Participants Searched


Dear all, 


INES is a co-organizer of the event "Good Faith, International Law, and Elimination of Nuclear Weapons: The Once and Future Contributions of the International Court of Justice", Keynote: Judge Mohammed Bedjaoui, former president of ICJ on Thursday, May 1, in Geneva. This day-long workshop will close with a panel discussion that is planned for 4:30 pm. The organizers ask for participation by INESAP on the panel.


If any of you will be in Geneva for the PrepCom and available for the panel, please contact me as soon as you can.


Best regards, Regina (INESAP and iGSE Coordinator, eMail: inesap@hrzpub.tu-darmstadt.de)



____________________________________________________________



2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT



- PEACE SYMBOL


• World's Best-known Protest Symbol Turns 50 by Kathryn Westcott


It started life as the emblem of the British anti-nuclear movement but it has become an international sign for peace, and arguably the most widely used protest symbol in the world. It has also been adapted, attacked and commercialised.


Read more, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/7292252.stm



______________________________



- TIBET


Tibet has become the focus of world attention after violent protests against Chinese rule.


It has long captured the West's imagination as the site of a mystical Utopia.


Geographically dramatic and remote, it has an average altitude of 13,000ft (4,000m) above sea level and is popularly referred to as "the roof of the world".


It is isolated not only geographically, but also diplomatically. China enforced a long-held claim to Tibet in 1950, and it was subsequently incorporated into Chinese territory.


Tibet's spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, fled to Dharamsala in northern India, where his supporters have set up a government in exile. Meanwhile Tibet itself is rapidly changing, as increasing numbers of Han Chinese arrive in search of work.


The BBC News website looks at some of the dominant issues in this unique community. 


Click here to find out more about history, geography, religion, culture etc., http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/guides/456900/456954/html/nn1page1.stm




• Tension in Tibet, key stories

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/asia_pacific/2008/tibet_tensions/default.stm




• Key places and events in Tibet unrest

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7305288.stm




• Stand with Tibet - Support the Dalai Lama


Petition to Chinese President Hu Jintao:


As citizens around the world, we call on you to show restraint and respect for human rights in your response to the protests in Tibet, and to address the concerns of all Tibetans by opening meaningful dialogue with the Dalai Lama. Only dialogue and reform will bring lasting stability. China's brightest future, and its most positive relationship with the world, lies in harmonious development, dialogue and respect.


Sign here, http://www.avaaz.org/en/tibet_end_the_violence/



______________________________



- PERSPECTIVES


• Preventing Future Nuclear Catastrophes by David Krieger and Stanley K. Sheinbaum


Throughout the Cold War, nuclear deterrence was at the heart of US nuclear policy. But deterrence has some important limitations that make it highly unreliable, particularly in a time of terrorism. The most critical shortcoming of nuclear deterrence is that the threat of even overwhelming retaliation is not credible against extremist groups that cannot be located. Further, even a credible threat of nuclear retaliation would not be effective against an enemy that was suicidal. Simply put, an enemy that is not locatable or that is suicidal cannot be deterred, no matter how large a country's nuclear arsenal or how clear its threats of retaliation.


To read more, visit: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/02/22_krieger_sheinbaum_future.php


Source: Sunflower e-Newsletter, March 2008




• Who's Going to Give Them Up First? by Bianca Jagger


The strategy of defending the manufacture and stockpiling of nuclear weapons, as an effective deterrent to others, is now recognized as a flawed argument. If they were once justified, as a means of American-Soviet deterrence, they are no longer. Nuclear weapons were considered essential to maintaining international security during the cold war, but that is no longer the case.


To read more, visit: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/02/21_jagger_give_up.php


Source: Sunflower e-Newsletter, March 2008




• Sarkozy: France to Cut Nuclear Arsenal


March 21, 2008 - President Nicolas Sarkozy announced a modest cut Friday in France's nuclear arsenal, to fewer than 300 warheads, and urged China and the United States to commit to no more weapons tests.


Story Highlights: 

President Nicolas Sarkozy says France will reduce nuclear weapons

He says number of airborne warheads to be cut by one third to fewer than 300

Sarkozy says he is firmly committed to France's nuclear deterrent


Click here, http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/03/21/france.nuclear.ap/index.html




• An Arms Treaty Nears Orbit by Mike Moore


March 6, 2008 - For more than 25 years, the United Nations General Assembly has been on record, nearly unanimously, favoring a ban on all space-related weapons. The United States has opposed such a treaty.


More, http://www.independent.org/newsroom/article.asp?id=2141



______________________________



- NUCLEAR WEAPONS CONVENTION AND TREATY


• Revised Model Nuclear Weapons Convention


A revised model Nuclear Weapons Convention is now available in the six UN languages on the UN Documents website at http://www.un.org/documents/ or here http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/legal/npt/prepcom07/workingpapers/17.pdf.


The model Nuclear Weapons Convention was submitted by Costa Rica to the United Nations Secretary General in 1997 (UN Doc. A/C.1/52/7). It sets forth legal, technical and political elements for the establishment and maintenance of a nuclear weapons-free world. It is therefore available in all official UN languages.


The pdf-files can be downloaded as follows: 

Arabic, http://www.inesap.org/publ_nwc_arabic.pdf

Chinese, http://www.inesap.org/publ_nwc_chinese.pdf

English, http://www.inesap.org/publ_nwc_english.pdf

French, http://www.inesap.org/publ_nwc_french.pdf

Russian, http://www.inesap.org/publ_nwc_russian.pdf

Spanish, http://www.inesap.org/publ_nwc_spanish.pdf




• Arab League Vows to Drop Out of NPT if Israel Admits It Has Nuclear Weapons


March 5, 2008 - Arab countries will walk away from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty if Israel ever officially acknowledges it has nuclear weapons, the Arab League announced in a statement Wednesday.


As Arab foreign ministers met at the Cairo headquarters of the Arab League to prepare for their annual summit at the end of the month, they also issued a series of statements on regional issues, including extremely sensitive matter of Israel's refusal to join the NPT. 


Read more, http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/961275.html



______________________________



- ACTIVIST MOVEMENT TO END OCCUPATION IN IRAQ 


• Remarks at American University Teach-In by David Swanson


March 22, 2008 - Robert Dreyfuss's presentation that I now have to follow was tremendous and I learned a lot, but I disagree with his pessimism. I am fond of the saying "Let's save our pessimism for better times." It's a choice to be a pessimist, and it is a wrong one, always.


So, here we are again, a crowd dominated by old white people on a college campus in a black city. But on March 12th and 19th in this city I watched hundreds of college students and African Americans put their bodies in the way of arrest and abuse for peace. If I had to choose, I'd rather have people in the streets than in a teach-in.


To read more, go here http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/node/32041



______________________________



- MISSILE DEFENCE


• EXTRA: Russia, US talks on missile defence ends without agreement


Mar 18, 2008 - The day-long meeting between the US and Russian secretaries of defence and foreign policy ended Tuesday without compromise on vehemently disputed US plans to deploy a missile defence shield in Europe that Russia views as a threat to its security.


But the abundance of positive rhetoric ahead of the meeting appeared to transformed into promises for further rounds of negotiations. 


More, http://wiredispatch.com/news/?id=91296




• To Placate Moscow, U.S. Would Keep Missile-Defense System Off for Now


March 17, 2008 - Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said Sunday that the United States, in order to calm Moscow’s concerns over a proposed missile-defense system in Europe, would promise not to turn on elements of it until Iran had demonstrated it had a missile capable of reaching Europe.


Click here, http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/17/washington/17gates.html?_r=2&ref=world&oref=slogin&oref=slogin



______________________________



- IN SPACE 


• USAF Eyes Counter-ASAT System in 2011 by Amy Butler 


March 16, 2008 - The U.S. Air Force intends to field the first system explicitly designed to help counter anti-satellite missiles and other threats, a goal which has become more urgent since China's satellite shootdown in 2007.


The article you will find here, http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_generic.jsp?channel=awst&id=news/aw031708p2.xml&headline=USAF%20Eyes%20Counter-ASAT%20System%20in%202011




• Could Satellite Shoot-down Prompt Space Treaty? by Ben Bova 


March 15, 2008 - Are we heading for an arms race in space?


Last year, China surprised the world by destroying one of its own non-operational weather satellites in orbit. The United States and many other nations protested against the act.


Last month, the U.S. Navy shot down a defunct American satellite as it spiraled out of orbit and began to re-enter the atmosphere. China and many other nations - including Russia - protested.


The American satellite was a military "spy" bird, originally lofted to gather intelligence for the Pentagon’s National Reconnaissance Organization. These are large, bulky satellites, and when their orbits decay they don’t burn up completely upon re-entry; some of the satellite makes it all the way down to the ground - or ocean.


More, http://www.naplesnews.com/news/2008/mar/15/ben-bova-could-satellite-shoot-down-prompt-space-t/



____________________________________________________________



3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES



- NUCLEAR WASTE


• Who’s Going to Clean Up?


March 10, 2008 - As the Indo-US nuclear deal struggles to meet deadlines, two Democrats say the US itself has a lot of cleaning up to do at its ageing nuclear sites


Buried in President Bush’s proposed budget for next year is a story of broken promises. Bush wants to increase spending on every major category of the government’s nuclear programme except one: cleaning up the toxic legacy that lurks at nuclear reservations and facilities around the nation. The administration wants more funding for nuclear weaponry, nuclear energy, nuclear science and management. But it would spend $800 million less on environmental cleanups at 20 nuclear sites in 14 states. Its request for cleanups at nuclear sites in several states is the lowest since 1997. 


Click here, http://www.indianexpress.com/story/282238.html



____________________________________________________________



4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE



• Thom Yorke Edits Climate Change Special Edition of the Observer Magazine, FoE Press Release


March 20, 2008 - Radiohead front man, Thom Yorke is editing a climate change special edition of the Observer Magazine due out this Sunday (23 March 2008). Thom Yorke is guest editing the magazine as part of his work in support of The Big Ask, Friends of the Earth's campaign for a strong Climate Change Law.


To read more, visit http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/thom_yorke_edits_climate_c_20032008.html



______________________________



• Kenya: Firm to Develop Maize That Resists Drought by Dave Opiyo


March 20, 2008 - Crop failure in Kenya and other parts of Africa will soon be a thing of the past following the launch of an ambitious programme to develop a drought-resistant maize variety.


More, http://allafrica.com/stories/200803191163.html



______________________________



• On World Water Day, a Mighty Global Thirst


March 20, 2008 - Some 1.2 billion people worldwide lack access to safe drinking water. For World Water Day, a report.


More: http://www.csmonitor.com/2008/0320/p14s01-sten.html



______________________________



• 25 Environmental Threats of the Future by Catherine Brahic


March 20, 2008 - Forget genetically modified crops - the great environmental concerns of the future should be nanomaterials, manmade viruses and biomimetic robots.


So say researchers, policymakers and environmental campaigners, who have identified 25 potential future threats to the environment in the UK, which they say researchers should focus on.


In addition to well-publicised risks such as toxic nanomaterials, the acidification of the ocean and increasingly frequent extreme weather events, the list includes some more outlandish possibilities. These include:


- Biomimetic robots that could become new invasive species.

- Experiments involving climate engineering, for instance ocean 'fertilisation' and deploying solar shields

- Increased demand for the biomass needed to make biofuel.

- Disruption to marine ecosystems caused by offshore power generation.

- Experiments to control invasive species using genetically engineered viruses.


More: http://environment.newscientist.com/channel/earth/dn13505-named-25-environmental-threats-of-the-future.html?feedId=online-news_rss20



______________________________



• Chinese Biofuel 'Could Endanger Biodiversity' by Jia Hepeng


March 18, 2008 - Using China's forests and 'idle land' to produce biofuels could pose a threat to biodiversity, warned experts at an international meeting.


Read more, http://www.scidev.net/en/news/chinese-biofuel-could-endanger-biodiversity-.html



______________________________



• Poor are Sidelined on Climate Change Solutions by Elisabeth Rosenthal


March 18, 2008 - The mantra from businesses and politicians in the developed world is that technology will provide a solution to rising global emissions. Indeed, they say, fighting global warming can be good for business.


Read more: http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/03/18/business/greencol19.php



____________________________________________________________



5. CONFERENCES



• Think Outside the Bomb Conference in Washington, DC


April 12, 2008


In advance of the 2008 annual DC Days disarmament and nuclear abolition summit in Washington, DC, the Think Outside the Bomb network is proud to host a Think Outside the Bomb youth regional conference on Saturday, April 12th, 2008 at American University. This one-day conference brings youth and students together with experts in the fields of nuclear disarmament, nuclear power, and nuclear waste in order to build an atmosphere of education and resistance towards the nuclear weapons complex.


This conference in Washington, DC is the first announced of a series of spring regional conferences throughout the United States. These one-day regional conferences will bring youth and students in their respective communities together for a general education in nuclear issues and unite them for locally-oriented actions. Bookmark this page and check back regularly for further announcements regarding a spring regional conference in your area. 


Read more, http://www.thinkoutsidethebomb.org/menu/conference/dc_spring_2008/index.htm



____________________________________________________________



6. TAKE ACTION



• No Star Wars Online Petition


"I do not agree with the installation of a US military base on Czech Republic territory, as part of their NMD (National Missile Defense) project. The implementation of this project is increasing international tensions, generating a new arms race and is the first step towards the militarization and control of space. Since more than two thirds of the Czech population are against this project, I think it is only fair that the Czech people have the right to decide on such an important question by means of a referendum."


Sign here, http://petice.nenasili.cz/?lang=en



______________________________



• Stop the Bomplex!


Bomplex = Nuclear Bombs Forever


The Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) wants to refurbish the industrial infrastructure responsible for building and maintaining nuclear weapons. DOE originally called this plan Complex 2030; they have now changed the name to Complex Transformation. We are calling it the Bombplex because it will ensure that the U.S. continues building new nuclear weapons indefinetely. The Bomplex is expensive ($150 billion) and dangerous.


Bomplex = Proliferation


Among other things, the Bomplex will give DOE the capacity to build new nuclear weapons like the Reliable Replacement Warhead. This will hinder international non-proliferation initiatives and cripple international nuclear disarmament efforts. If the DOE is designing new nuclear weapons and improving its ability to make them, the U.S. will not be able to convince other countries to abandon their nuclear weapons programs. "Do as we say, not as we do" is not good foreign policy. The Bomplex will result in more countries with nuclear weapons and ultimately jeopardize national security.


Help Stop the Bombplex: No Nukes is Good Nukes!


In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), DOE is required to accept and consider comments on the Bombplex. This is your chance to be part of a growing movement. More than 32,000 comments have already been submitted-a record for DOE! Tell your government to abandon their Bomplex plan and instead work towards eliminating nuclear weapons!


Take Action, http://capwiz.com/wagingpeace/issues/alert/?alertid=11088921&queueid=1787560256



______________________________



• Join the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation on MySpace


Are you one of the millions of people using MySpace to network with friends, family and organizations you support?


Go to http://www.myspace.com/nuclearagepeacefoundation and add the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation as a friend!




____________________________________________________________




7. DOCUMENTATION



• "No end in sight"


... is the title of an award winning documentary about Bush Administration mistakes in Iraq.  


Film download link:

http://video.google.ca/url?docid=6182969183854471645&esrc=sr1&ev=v&len=6119&q=%22no%2Bend%2Bin%2Bsight%22&srcurl=http%3A%2F%2Fvideo.google.ca%2Fvideoplay%3Fdocid%3D6182969183854471645&vidurl=%2Fvideoplay%3Fdocid%3D6182969183854471645%26q%3D%2522no%2Bend%2Bin%2Bsight%2522%26total%3D433%26start%3D0%26num%3D10%26so%3D0%26type%3Dsearch%26plindex%3D0&usg=AL29H21I-AeYJNJvvvCN6yx7188hzCxrhQ 



____________________________________________________________



8. ANNOUNCEMENTS



- JOB ANNOUNCEMENT


• Franciscan nuclear abolition organization is hiring new Executive Coordinator


Applications are due April 20, 2008


See more, http://www.nevadadesertexperience.org/involved/announcementJOB2008.pdf



____________________________________________________________



9. IN THE END



- TWO ARTICLES BY DHIRENDRA SHARMA, Director of the Centre for Science Policy, Dehradun, he is author of India’s Nuclear Estate


• The Scientist Sage of Space Age Is No More 


The 21st century Space Age was launched in 1968 by the 2001: A Space Odyssey, a science-fiction publication. The author of the Odyssey is Arthur C. Clarke who aged 90, took flight to his heavenly abode in Colombo, last Wednesday, the 19 March 2008. 


Astronomer Carl Sagan -himself with great interest in alien intelligence,


Was one of the many post-world war teenagers whose interest in science and science communication was profoundly influenced by Arthur Clarke’s astronomical work Interplanetary Flight. This book for the first time had outlined the technical feasibility for Space Flight.


In Indian science-fictions  (Puranas), the Vyas muni had imagined the space flights but only by divine bodies. The mortal bodies of the planet earth were not to enter the heavens in human body. Still it said that "rishi"- a scientist sage is he who visions a new mantra or paradigm (Rishayah mantra dristarah).


In this sense, in our times, Arthur Clarke was the Scientists Sage who gave us the mantra of Space journey and within his lifetimes, the space travels became a reality. 


The late Science editor Anthony Tucker, speaking about Clarke, said that convention meant very little to him but his mind was sharp like a razor, and his vision for space age was not sprang from fantasy but from clear scientific and technical understanding of material forces and human creative force.   Arthur Clarke was never, in any ordinary sense, quite a part of this world.


Today, we commonly use the term Globalisation. Arthur Clarke is the author of "Global Village". With advancing communication science and engineering, he was committed to bring the divided world nations and communities - races and religions - together. By publishing his lifetime philosophy and ideas into a volume he gave us the 21st century futuristic mantram:  How the world was one:  Beyond the Global Village. 


The Cold-war years were disturbing to this Sage of Science who had rightly believed that the satellite communications would bring humanity closer by better understanding and world peace. In 1964, he abandoned the west for the shore of the Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka became his resting homeland. Globally honored the author of hundreds of books and articles, the Science Sage was disturbed by religious, racial and narrow parochial violence waging in his dream Global Village. He could not believe that in his Space Age, the Jews and Arabs, Kashmiri and non-kashmiris, Hans (Chinese) and Tibetans, Marathis and Non-marathis, could be killings each other in his dream Global Village!  Last December, on his 90th birthday, he wished to see Peace restored in Sri Lanka.   In his last testament he asked the Tamilians and Sinhlas - to live in peace as brethren. Let us hope the LTTE could denounce the violence, give up arms and 


Agree to live with the other Sri Lankans brethren. 


The founder of the Global Village, Sir Arthur Clarke was born on December 16, 1917, in a small town Minehead, England. But he willed to be buried in his adopted homeland Sri Lanka, on Saturday, the 22 March 2008. Our best homage to Sir Arthur Clarke would be to rise above the dividing confines of narrow nationalism and religious, and regional loyalties.  




• George Bush out-sourcing US-nuclear business to India - Fifty Years of Nuclear Renaissance  (1957-2007)


On 25th February, Opening Parliament, President Mrs. Pratibha Patil reiterated the official intention to go ahead with the 123 Indo-US Nuclear Deals.  Foreign Affairs Minister, Pranab Mukherjee had earlier said that if the 123 Indo-US Deals  were not carried out India would face "isolation and sanctions". Spokesmen of the United States have expressed similar threats. The U.S. Ambassador in India, Mr. David C. Mulford has publicly and politically entered into the Nuclear policy debate. We would have welcomed here statements and opinions of the U.S. scientific community.   


Scientific opinion in the U.S. is strongly opposed to nuclear expansion and no new reactor is now made in the USA. In fact, the U.S. nuclear industry is bankrupt and is to lose more than 20,000 workers over the next five years. Just to support already existing nuclear power operations, the U.S. will require nearly 100,000 entries - level trained staff. But there is strong hesitation among the U.S. citizens to join the most hazardous industrial enterprise.  3,000+ organizations of concerned scientists and citizens in the US have written to president George Bush that "a central principle of environmental health protection - is missing from much of the U.S. regulatory framework for radiation". Executive Director of the American Public Health Association Dr. Georges C. Benjamin has asked the US government to acknowledge - the risk differential when looking at the dangers of radiation exposure among pregnant women and children, and also protect the health of these vulnerable populations".


In 1957, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was founded to turn the Atoms of War into Atoms for Peace. Pro-nuclear pundits had claimed that engineering of new reactors reached so high level of safety that only "one in the millionth" chance of an accident. We were also told that the Nuclear power was economical, eco-friendly, and necessary for the country’s energy requirement. But the 50 years of Nuclear Power Renaissance does not support the pro-nuclear arguments. 


In the U.S. e.g., 48 reactors are nearing or waiting decommissioning. They may be given 20 years extension to utilize their full potentials. But the public safety is the main concern in prolonging the life of these old reactors. The cost of decommissioning is estimated roughly  $40-60 billions (billions), and no State government in the US is willing to bear the cost of decommissioning. The Federal Energy Agencies do not know who will pay for the long-term management of the de-commissioned reactors. However, the Bush administration, in the Energy Policy Act 2005, made special provision for the first-of-a-kind new designs of nuclear reactors. But the chairman of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Dr. Dale Klein, in the IAEA official publication (vol.  49/1. Dsept. 2007) has stated the US nuclear industry sector has to recreate a nuclear design and  the construction industry that essentially has been dormant for the past 20 years. "Nuclear sector in the US have to rebuilt supply networks, craft workers and welders to be recruited and trained, component manufacturing shops to be built, and industrial infrastructures reinforced to revive the Nuclear Power programme," concluded Dale Klein.  


George Bush, has therefore, hiked his support for the nuclear industry by out-sourcing the nuclear business to Dr. Man Mohan Singh.


The Cambridge Energy Research Associates (CERA) in the U.S. confirmed that no new power reactor has been ordered during the last 28 years. Long-term life threatening nature of radiation deserves objective assessment. Head of the IAEA Planning and Economic Studies Section, Mr. Hans-Holger Rogner has admitted that "the arguments against the nuclear power" cannot be denied. Here we must note that the Kyoto Protocol did not include nuclear power in  implementation projects for the Clean Development Mechanism. The Kyoto Protocol while enlisting good energy technologies excluded nuclear power from "the menu of climate change mitigation energy options".


As far as the cost of nuclear electricity generation is concerned there are no verifiable official figures made available in this country. No Parliamentary Committee had discussed the reliability and performance of our Nuclear activities and our "peaceful" nuclear power programme remains beyond the purview of Energy Planning Commission. How much the Nuclear Sub-government cost the nation?  Who is responsible for the public safety? Which department or ministry   will be responsible for the radioactive waste management and at what cost?


According to Mr. Lothar Wedekind, Editor-in-Chief and Head of the IAEA News and Information Section, Division of Public Information, (Vienna):


"Challenges are formidable, the future (of Nuclear Power is) uncertain. One thing looks clear - the next generation of (nuclear) plants will not be made in the USA."


However, without parliamentary debate, the Man Mohan Singh government wants to enter into the 123 nuclear deal, which will facilitate purchase of nuclear fuel from foreign countries and Australia. But Australia though rich in uranium has neither nuclear power nor a nuclear weapon. Its Foreign Minister   Stephen Smith has reaffirmed the policy not to export uranium to nation states that are not signatory to the Non-Proliferation Treaty. Nonetheless, Australian scientists are engaged in the newest research reactor called OPAL that will revolutionize biology science and help understand atomic structure using neutrons at a scale not previously available to scientists. There are scientists engaged in research for alternatives sources of energy. Instead of the 123 nuclear deal, I suggest, India enter into collaboratory arrangements to research including advanced hydrogen and fusion energy systems with Australia and other friendly states.


During the last 50 years, Indian Department of Atomic Energy received averaging 15-30 percent of National Research and Development grants. (Reports, 1995-2000). In contrast the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources received 0.1 percent of the Scientific Research and Development funds. I believe economical alternative energy resources are available within the country that has not been adequately funded. In the US. And in other advanced countries Green Energy engineering have taken off with massive grants and subsidies to non-nuclear energy Research and Development.


We do not doubt the high caliber of our scientists and engineers but during the 50 years of Nuclear Renaissance and especially since the Chernobyl accident  (1986), sufficient scientific data is now available indicative biological hazards including genetic effects of exposure and migration of radioactivity through air, water and the food chain. In formulating the futuristic Energy Policy, it is incumbent, therefore, to consider its cost-benefits, and the long-term social and political implications. The designed life of a reactor is 40-50 years. Thereafter de-commissioning of reactors and cleaning up the areas pose extremely serious technical challenge. Safe keeping of the nuclear waste radioactive material would require well-organized and properly trained human resources to guard the entombed reactors (Sarcophagus) and the disposal sites, for hundreds of years extending to 25,000 years. The Indo-US Nuclear deal has been presented to us as an attractive offer to help India meet its high-energy demand in 2025.   But   the CERA study confirmed that nuclear power is capital-intensive requiring governmental high funding "before construction, during operation and after de-commissioning of nuclear plants".  


Long-term nuclear waste management and disposal still remains unsolved technical problem. High-level waste storage solutions need to move towards resolution. While on-site storage of spent fuel is a technical viable solution for most nuclear plants, progress towards a permanent waste disposal plan is important for public support,’ concluded the Directors of the CERA report (June-Lin Wang and Christopher J. Hansen).


We do not know what kind of social, economic and political organization or agencies would be required for maintenance of the decommissioned reactors, which will have no utility for the civic society. NO government is likely to divest millions of grants for the protection of useless burial sites of the nuclear wastes. But unguarded they would endanger the life and liberty of unsuspected future generations. India still has time to rethink its nuclear policy.


____________________________________________________________