INES WEEKLY INFORMATION SERVICE


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations an with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (wnii) is the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski: wnii@inesglobal.com

WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html

INES official site: http://inesglobal.com

INES international Office: ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: Claus Montonen: claus.montonen@helsinki.fi


The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at:

http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html



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Topics, INES, wnii, Issue No. 3/2006, February 2006



1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- "Reporting" Iran to the Security Council by Michael Spies


- Secretary-General warns against lurching "from crisis to crisis" on nuclear proliferation


- Nuclear Proliferation: A Gathering Storm by Conn Hallinan



2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- UN Nuclear Disarmament Votes 2005: Much Talk of Shared Danger But States Are Split on How to Respond



3. SUSTAINABILITY


- Bush Plan to Help Climate, but no Green Conversion by Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent


- From knowledge to action: ZEF's way of sustainable research



4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- US Firm Loses Nuclear Material, Fined 96,000 US-Dollar



- China's Massive Nuclear Energy Project Stalled



5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES


- The 50th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences, California/USA, July 9th-14th 2006



6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- Foreign Ministers Issue Statement on Iran



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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




"REPRTING" IRAN TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL by Michael Spies


Source:

http://disarmamentactivist.org/category/iran/


On Monday, January 23, British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw announced that the P5 permanent members of the UN Security Council, China, France, Russia, UK, US, padawan permanent member Germany, and the European Union have agreed on a compromise proposal to "report" Iran to the Security Council. The statement does not necessarily predetermine the language of any International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Board resolution, which will likely be tabled on Thursday and must be agreed to by a majority of states on the 35 member Board. Nor does it signal that any future Security Council action will necessarily involve the imposition of economic sanctions, contrary to the assumption of much of the U.S. media. However, it does indicate how the most powerful states on the Board will seek to shape how this matter is brought to the Security Council.


The major compromise on the part of the US was to agree "that the Security Council should await the Director General's report to the March meeting of the IAEA Board - before deciding to take action to reinforce the authority of the IAEA process". The US Permanent Representative to the UN, John Bolton, holds the rotating Security Council presidency for the month of February. Possibly a factor underwriting this compromise, the agreement thus ensures that this issue will not come the Council while Bolton has the authority to set its agenda, to the relief of anyone who hopes for a diplomatic and non-confrontational outcome to the Iranian dilemma (Paul Leventhal of the Nuclear Control Institute disagrees). Argentina, which voted in favor of the IAEA finding Iran in non-compliance in September, holds the Security Council presidency for March.


Read more:

http://disarmamentactivist.org/2006/02/01/%e2%80%9creporting%e2%80%9d-iran-to-the-security-council/#more-8



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SECRETARY-GENERAL WARNS AGAINST LURCHING "FROM CRISIS TO CRISIS" ON NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION


Source: UN News Service


With the international spotlight shining on Tehran's atomic ambitions, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan has appealed for a long-term and visionary approach to the problem of nuclear arms proliferation.


"Today's headlines concern Iran - rightly so, for basic treaty obligations and commitments are at stake", he said in London on Tuesday evening, stressing that for signatories of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the right to develop nuclear energy is conditional on the obligation not to build or acquire nuclear weapons, and to comply with standards set and monitored by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).


"But when we step back from the headlines, it should be clear that we cannot continue to lurch from crisis to crisis, until the regime is buried beneath a cascade of nuclear proliferation", he told an audience at the United Nations Association of the United Kingdom at Central Hall in Westminster.


He lamented missed opportunities to strengthen the foundations of the NPT regime, by agreeing on more robust IAEA inspections, saying: "We cannot afford any more such squandered chances".


In a question and answer session that followed, Mr. Annan was asked to reflect on his term as Secretary-General. "You cannot do this kind of job for as long as I have done in the world we live in and not have regrets", he replied bluntly. "I do have regrets. I regret that I was unable to breach the divisions amongst member States over the Iraq war. The divisions are still there. They are healing, but I was really deeply disappointed that I could not help bridge the differences", he added.


To read the full article see:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=17358&Cr=Iran&Cr1=nuclear



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NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION: A GATHERING STORM by Conn Hallinan


Source: www.fpif.org


"Each of the Parties to the Treaty undertakes to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and a Treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control".

(Article VI, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 1968)



"The United States will not use nuclear weapons against any non-nuclear weapon party state to the Non-Proliferation Treaty [...] except in the case of an attack on the United States, its territories or armed forces, or its allies, by such a state allied to a nuclear weapon state [...]."

(Addendum to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 1978, agreed to by the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and endorsed by France. Reaffirmed in 1980 and 1995)



"The leaders of states who use terrorist means against us, as well as those who would consider using, in one way or another, weapons of mass destruction, must understand that they would lay themselves open to a firm and adapted response on our part. This response could be a conventional one. It could be of a different kind."

(French President Jacques Chirac visiting the nuclear submarine Vigilant, Jan. 19, 2006)



Treaties are rarely scintillating, but the 30-year-old Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) has a certain sparseness of language and precision of meaning that makes it an engaging read. Boiled down, it commits the 177 non-nuclear nations that signed it not to acquire nuclear weapons and the Big Five nuclear powers - the United States, Britain, France, China, and the USSR - to dismantle theirs.


The theory behind it was simple: non-nuclear weapons states would forgo developing nukes on the conditions that, 1) they are never blackmailed with nuclear weapons, and 2) the Big Five get rid of their arsenals.


All of this seems to have gotten lost in the recent uproar over Iran. While Tehran is being accused of trying to scam the NPT by secretly developing nuclear weapons, the open flaunting of the Treaty by the major nuclear powers is simply ignored.



The full article in pdf is available under:

http://www.fpif.org/pdf/gac/0602storm.pdf



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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




UN NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT VOTES 2005: MUCH TALK OF SHARED DANGER BUT STATES ARE SPLIT ON HOW TO RESPOND


Source: http://abolition2000europe.org/index.php?op=ViewArticle&articleId=139


The 60th General Assembly heard much talk of old and new dangers facing the world "especially the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the possibility of terrorist use of weapons of mass destruction" but States remained divided on what to do on key issues. Of the 55 resolutions that emerged from Assembly's First Committee (Disarmament and International Security), 29 had to be voted upon. See this page for votes of members of the Conference on Disarmament. As in past years, nuclear issues proved the most controversial, accounting for nearly a third of the voted resolutions. Also in keeping with tradition, not a single resolution dealt with the arms industry which profits from global instability and conflict.


(Originally from: Disarmament Times, 2005/4 pages 1-5)



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3. SUSTAINABILITY




BUSH PLAN TO HELP CLIMATE, BUT NO GREEN CONVERSION by Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent


Source: http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/34821/story.htm


President George W. Bush's call to break a US addiction to oil is a step to curb global warming but does not herald conversion to a UN-led plan to slow climate change, experts said on Wednesday.

Bush said in his State of the Union address that he would seek to break dependence on Middle East oil via new technologies and jack up funding on energy sources including coal and nuclear power as well as wind and solar power, hydrogen and ethanol.


"This is fairly positive ... the very mention of solar, wind and other clean energies is a huge step," said Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany which accuses Bush of doing too little to stop global warming.


Bush argued that the United States would improve its national security by cutting what he called an addiction to oil, often imported from unstable parts of the world. He also said that the plan would "improve the environment".


But environmental researchers said Bush did not address threats of global warming linked to burning oil, coal or natural gas. Many US allies view climate change as the top environmental problem for coming decades.


"Whatever his arguments he is making the right investments for the climate," Schellnhuber said. "Maybe by the end of Bush's term (in 2009) we will have some steps in the right direction on climate policy without the administration admitting that they have grasped the problem."


Bush pulled out in 2001 of the UN's Kyoto Protocol, which seeks to cut rich nations' emissions of heat-trapping gases from burning fossil fuels. The United States is the world's top source of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas.


Bush said Kyoto would harm the US economy and that it wrongly excluded poor nations from first targets to 2012.


The unabridged article you will find at:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/34821/story.htm



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FROM KNOWLEDGE TO ACTION: ZEF'S WAY OF SUSTAINABLE RESEARCH


Source:

http://www.zef.de/module/news/media/44d9_PM_ZEF_01_2006.pdf


The Center for Development Research (ZEF) of the University of Bonn initiates founding of a non-governmental organisation (NGO) in Ethiopia.


The Ethiopian Coffee Forest Forum (ECFF) was officially registered as an NGO by the end of 2005. This initiative is a direct outcome of the research project "Conservation and use of wild coffee in the montane rain forests of Ethiopia". The project is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and is being carried out under the leadership of ZEF in close cooperation with several research partners from Ethiopia and the University of Bonn. The private sector is involved as well.


For more information on the wild coffee project see at:

http://www.coffee.uni-bonn.de/



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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




US FIRM LOSES NUCLEAR MATERIAL, FINED 96,000 US-DOLLAR


Source: The Sunflower, Monthly Newsletter of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, Jan 2005 / Issue No. 104,

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/sunflower/2006/01_sunflower.htm#10b


The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) fined the San Francisco-based Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) 96,000 US-Dollar on 21 December 2005 for violating requirements related to the storage of spent radioactive fuel and other radioactive material at its decommissioned Humboldt Bay reactor in Northern California. The NRC learned of the violations from a July 2004 PG&E report to the NRC which indicated three fuel rods as well as radioactive incore detectors could not be accounted for.


After learning of the violations the NRC conducted special inspections at Humboldt Bay to review the plant's physical security and to ensure proper corrective actions had been taken to prevent further violations. The NRC concluded that PG&E failed to keep adequate records of special nuclear material, failed to establish proper procedures for control and accounting, and failed to conduct adequate physical inventories of special nuclear material.


Following the special inspections, the NRC determined it is highly unlikely the missing fuel rods and incore detectors were stolen or pose any risk to the public, and were likely shipped to a low-level waste disposal site somewhere in the US.


Although the material was lost more than 30 years ago, PG&E's violations are considered the second most serious in the NRC's enforcement program. PG&E said it will not protest the fine and intends to pay the full amount.


(Originally from: "PG&E to Pay $96,000 Nuclear Plant Fine", Associated Press, 21 December 2005; US Nuclear Regulatory Commission)



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CHINA'S MASSIVE NUCLEAR ENERGY PROJECT STALLED


Source: The Sunflower, Monthly Newsletter of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation, Jan 2005 / Issue No. 104,

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/sunflower/2006/01_sunflower.htm#10b


Chinese officials originally planned to announce the winner of an 8 billion US-Dollar contract to build four new nuclear power plants in October 2005. On 20 December 2005, Chinese officials involved in the negotiations said they plan to postpone the bid indefinitely. It's likely the Chinese are delaying the bid to force the three international firms vying for the contract - Westinghouse Electric, Areva, and Atomstroiexport - to compete and lower their prices and relax their control over the transfer of nuclear technology. When the bid is announced, presumably in early 2006, it will confirm China's commitment to increase its nuclear power generating capacity 400 percent by the year 2020.


(Originally from: "China's 8 US-Dollar bln nuclear deal postponed indefinitely", Reuters, 20 December 2005)



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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES




THE 50th ANNUAL MEETING OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR THE SYSTEMS SCIENCES

Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, California, USA

July 9th - 14th 2006


Source: http://www.isss.org/conferences/sonoma2006/


The 50th anniversary conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences offers an opportunity to celebrate a half-century of theory and practice in the broadly defined field of systems, honoring the vision of the founders (Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Kenneth Boulding, Ralph Gerard, James Grier Miller, and Anatol Rapoport) and recognizing the contributions of leading systems thinkers. It is also a time to reflect upon what we have learned, and to collaboratively envision future directions.


In the past few years, many of the most influential figures have passed on. In many ways the ISSS is in the process of reinventing itself. Like any healthy organization it is continually evolving, and yet this 50th anniversary meeting provides a particularly auspicious occasion for reflection and renewal through a collaborative process of inquiry and design.


Under the general theme of Complexity, Democracy and Sustainability, the conference will address such questions as:


- What can the sciences of complexity teach us about social justice and sustainability?


- What is the nature of the relationship between information and consciousness?


- How do we manage information in a way that fosters effective decision-making processes?


- How do we nurture organizational structures that serve human needs while also protecting our resources for future generations?


The ISSS was initially founded to bring together scholars from a broad range of disciplines, to explore common patterns of organization in different kinds of systems. Over time it has evolved to incorporate methodologies for problem solving in complex systems. During the past fifty years, the field of systems research has exploded into a myriad of specialized fields and schools of thought, from complexity to collaborative design. The purpose of the Sonoma 2006 conference is to foster communication and collaboration between systems thinkers from these various traditions.


Conference details available at Sonoma 2006 on ProjectsISSS:

http://projects.isss.org/Main/Sonoma2006



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6. DOCUMENTATIONS




FOREIGN MINISTERS ISSUE STATEMENT ON IRAN


Source:

http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/News/2006/e3_eu_iranstatement.html


31 January 2006. The Foreign Ministers of China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States of America and the High Representative of the European Union met in London 30 January 2006 to discuss Iran´s nuclear programme.


Following the London meeting, UK Foreign Minister Jack Straw issued a statement:


"Ministers underlined their commitment to the NPT and their determination to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons; shared serious concerns about Iran´s nuclear program, and agreed that an extensive period of confidence-building was required from Iran; called on Iran to restore in full the suspension of enrichment-related activity, including R&D, under the supervision of the IAEA; agreed that this week´s Extraordinary IAEA Board meeting should report to the Security Council its decision on the steps required from Iran, and should also report to the Security Council all IAEA reports and resolutions, as adopted, relating to this issue; agreed that the Security Council should await the Director General´s report to the March meeting of the IAEA Board, which would include a report on the implementation of the February Board´s Resolution, and any Resolution from the March meeting, before deciding to take action to reinforce the authority of the IAEA process; confirmed their resolve to continue to work for a diplomatic solution to the Iran problem."


The 35-member IAEA Board of Governors meets in special session on 2 February in Vienna on the implementation of nuclear safeguards in Iran.


For more informations, please visit the following links:


Story Resources IAEA Board Meeting:

http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/MediaAdvisory/2006/MA200602.html


IAEA and Iran:

http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/Focus/IaeaIran/index.shtml


E3/EU Statement, 12 January 2006

http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Documents/Infcircs/2006/infcirc662.pdf