INES INFORMATION SERVICE, What's New In INES (WNII)


The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.


The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.


Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de

INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com

INES International Office, ines.office@web.de

INES Chair: David Krieger, dkrieger@napf.org


PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements.



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Contents and Hotlinks, INES, WNII, Issue 2, February 2008



1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS


· Exhibition Launch: "The Nuclear Dilemma"

www.nucleardilemma.org


· Scientists for Global Responsibility Newsletter No 35, Winter 2008 - now available

http://www.sgr.org.uk/newsletter.html


· PrepCom: Young People for Simulation Searched


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2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT



- US CANDIDATES AND NUCLEAR WEAPONS POLICY


· Super Tuesday Primaries: Candidates and US Nuclear Weapons Policy

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/surveys/2008_pres_cand/cand_quotes_page.php



- PERSPECTIVES


· NATO Nuclear First Use Option by David Krieger

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/01/23_krieger_nato_first.php


· Toward a Nuclear-Free World by G. Shultz, W. Perry, H. Kissinger and S. Nunn

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/01/15_kissinger_nuclear_free.php


· New Report Calls For Steps Toward a Nuclear-Free World

http://www.fas.org/press/news/2008/2008feb_toward_true_security.html


· U.S. Nuclear Double Standards by Hugh Gusterson

http://thebulletin.org/columns/hugh-gusterson/20080221.html



- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND THREAT


· Top Brazilian General Pushes for the Development of Nuclear Weapons



- NAGPUR DECLARATION

http://www.socialsecuritynow.org/SSNOW%20WEBSITE/Nagpur%20Declaration.pdf



- U.S. SATELLITE


· Effort to Shoot Down Satellite Could Inform Military Strategy by Marc Kaufman and Walter Pincus

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/02/19/AR2008021902510.html


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3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES



- NUCLEAR POWER AND CLIMATE CHANGE


· Union of Concerned Scientists Analyzes Nuclear Power in a Warming World

http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/solutions/nuclearandclimate.html



- CANCER AND NUCLEAR ENERGY


· KiKK-Study: IPPNW Physicians Issue Warning

http://www.ippnw-europe.org/article/IPPNW_Physicians_Issue_Warning.html


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4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE



- WASTE


· EU Needs Waste Prevention and Recycling Targets to Tackle Climate Change, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/eu_needs_waste_prevention_14022008.html



- GM FOOD AND CLONED ANIMALS


· GM Crops Increase Pesticide and Fail to Alleviate Poverty, FoE Press Release

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/gm_crops_increase_pesticid_13022008.html


· The Next Green Revolution

http://www.economist.com/business/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10727808


· FDA gives Green Light to Milk and Meat from Cloned Animals

http://ucsaction.org/ct/odxpsVK1J4wT/



- SUSTAINABLE FARMING


Smaller Farms Are More Productive

http://ucsaction.org/ct/97xpsVK1J4wQ/



- CLIMATE CHANGE


· Climate Change Will Cut Fresh Water Availability: Scientist

http://www.hindu.com/2008/02/22/stories/2008022254130400.htm


· Climate Change Driving Mongolians From Steppe to Cities by Stefan L√∂vgren

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/02/080221-mongolia-herders.html


· UN Environment Group Sets Up Climate Neutral Forum by Gerard Wynn

http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnL21632892.html


· Meltdown in Your Wineglass? by Corie Brown

http://www.latimes.com/features/food/la-fo-conference20feb20,1,3861092.story?ctrack=1&cset=true


· Conservation Strategies Can Mitigate the Impact of Global Warming in the Amazon by Rhett A. Butler

http://news.mongabay.com/2008/0220-killeen_amazon.html


· Climate Change Threatens Human Rights of Millions: U.N. by Laura MacInnis

http://uk.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUKL1912377820080219


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5. SCIENCE AND ETHICS



- ROLE OF SCIENTISTS


· What Is the Role of Science in Developing Countries? by Jos√© Goldemberg

http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/279/5354/1140?ck=nck



- EXHIBITION


· Arts and Environment Combine in Whitechapel Exhibition. Cornelia Parker: 13 February - 30 March 2008.

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/arts_and_environment_combi_14022008.html


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6. CONFERENCES



· Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference

28 April - 9 May 2008 in Geneva, Second Session

http://www.un.org/NPT2010/SecondSession/


· ABOLITION 2000 Annual General Meeting

Saturday May 3, 2008, Geneva

http://www.abolition2000.org/site/c.cdJIKKNpFqG/b.3889575/


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7. TAKE ACTION



· International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN-UK)

http://www.ippnw-europe.org/article/Medact_ICAN.html


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8. DOCUMENTATION



· Global Summit for a Nuclear Weapon-Free World Report


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9. ANNOUNCEMENTS



- NEW IN THE WEB


· Hiroshima Peace Media Center

http://www.hiroshimapeacemedia.jp



- QUARTERLY JOURNAL


Disarmament Forum, the quarterly journal of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR)

http://www.unidir.org/html/en/disarmament_forum.php



- ESSAY CONTEST

http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/npr/contest/index.htm>http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/npr/contest/index.htm



- JOB VACANCIES


· Outreach Coordinator, IEER



- POSTGRADUATE MASTER'S COURSE IN PEACE- AND SECURITY STUDIES

http://www.ifsh.de/IFSH_english/studium/mps.htm


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10. BOOK RECOMMENDATION



· Makhijani, Arjun: Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free: A Roadmap for U.S. Energy Policy

http://www.ieer.org/carbonfree/index.html


· Gerson, Joseph: Empire And The Bomb: How the U.S. Uses Nuclear Weapons to Dominate The World

http://www.plutobooks.com/cgi-local/main.pl



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1. INES ACTIVITIES AND PUBLICATIONS



· Exhibition Launch: "The Nuclear Dilemma"


26th February 2008 at the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum, Geneva.


"A unique visual-communication project about the history of nuclear technology; providing valuable tools for people to form clear perspectives on its past and present uses and enabling dialogue and research for a safer future."


Produced by REAL Exhibition Development. Co-produced by The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum, Geneva

Supported by INES


www.nucleardilemma.org, eMail: info@nucleardilemma.org


Press information, download here: http://www.inesglobal.com/News/exhibition/PRESS-GB-final.pdf


Upcoming presentations:


26th February - 29th July 2008

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Museum, Geneva.

http://www.micr.org


9th SEPTEMBER 2008 - 9th JANUARY 2009

Gernika Peace Museum, Spain

http://www.peacemuseumguernica.org



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· Scientists for Global Responsibility Newsletter No 35, Winter 2008 - now available


Copies are free to members and associate members of SGR - to join, see http://www.sgr.org.uk/joinsgr.html.


Alternatively, non-members can obtain copies by mail order for GBP 3.50 plus postage and packing 20% from the address below.


Back issues, and a sample article from the current issue can be downloaded free of charge from http://www.sgr.org.uk/newsletter.html.



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· PrepCom: Young People for Simulation Searched



Dear all,


INESAP and Darmstadt University of Technology will cooperate with Ban All Nukes generation (BANg, the European youth network that evolved from a group of youth participating in the NPT conferences 2004 and 2005), to stage a simulation game (Planspiel) on negotiations on a Nuclear Weapons Convention at the NPT PrepCom in Geneva (April 28 - May 9, 2008). We would like to have more, in particular international, young people to particpate in the project.


What's up?

A full day of simulated negotiations on a Nuclear Weapons Convention, using the existing model Nuclear Weapons Convention (drafted by experts from IALANA, INESAP, and IPPNW and introduced to the UN as an

official document) as the negotiation "object".


When:

Saturday, May 3, 2008, in Geneva, preceeded by a week of investigation, research, and preparations (obligatory for participants).


Who will participate?

At this point, it is foreseen that some 15 students from Darmstadt university about 10 BANg youth some students from Hamburg university, from IPPNW, from IALANA will participate.


How will the event be followed up?

Pressehuette Mutlangen plans to sponsor a 3-part documentation of the simulation game for later reference. I have just learned that two other groups consider five-day model negotiations on the Nuclear Weapons Convention with up to 150 students to be held in Geneva in autumn 2008; thus it would make sense to ensure that the results of our simulation game this May can be used as a building block for the next simulation.


What are you asked to do?

We would like to increase the number of youth and university students/young professionals participating in the simulation game to approx. 50. If you know of young people attending the first week of the PrepCom or considering bringing some with you, please think about supporting this event.


What is required from the participants?

All participants of the simulation game (we expect them to be no older than 28 years) should

- have some basic knowledge about the nuclear weapons issue,

- know basic facts about the Non-Proliferation Treaty and the international nuclear non-proliferation/disarmament regime,

- attend the BANg workshop on Sunday, April 27 (10 am - 15:30 pm),

- spend the first PrepCom week (April 28-May 3) in Geneva,

- be willing to prepare for the simulation game with considerable discipline (we assume 3-4 hours preparation each day),

- be willing to read the text of the model Nuclear Weapons Convention (ca. 60 - not too densely printed - pages), ideally the whole "Securing

Our Survival" book (http://www.inesap.org/books/securing_our_survival.htm),

- cooperate in a team to prepare for representation of an allocated country at the simulation game.


What is their reward?

They will participate in an exciting experiment, get support from world-class disarmement experts (among them some co-authors of the model Nuclear Weapons Convention), discuss the allocated country position with the real diplomats (hopefully!), learn a lot, and help promote an instrumental tool to achieve a

nuclear-weapons-free world: the Nuclear Weapons Convention. In addition, of course, they can follow the other official and NGO events at the

PrepCom and enjoy Geneva in May.


Please forward this information to any young people who might be interested in partipation! As to accommodation in Geneva, they could join the BANg

youth who will be staying in a nuclear weapons bunker close to the UN in Geneva (no kidding! for less than 15 Euro a day (including breakfast and

evening meal). Participants must find their own funding for travel and expenses.


Please note that the UN Office of Diarmament Affairs requires attendants of the NPT PrepCom to be 18 years of age or older. Please

also note that applications for PrepCom participation must arrive at that office no later than March 25. For further details, see http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/legal/npt/2008index.html.


You can contact me at:

Regina Hagen, INESAP Coordinator, inesap@hrzpub.tu-darmstadt.de

Tel. +49-6151-16 44 68

Darmstadt University of Technology,

Hochschulstrasse 4a,

64289 Darmstadt, Germany


Best regards

Regina



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2. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT



- US CANDIDATES AND NUCLEAR WEAPONS POLICY



· Super Tuesday Primaries: Candidates and US Nuclear Weapons Policy


Voters are heading to the polls in 24 states on Tuesday, February 5 to vote in the Presidential primaries. Do you know where the candidates stand on US nuclear weapons policy?


The Nuclear Age Peace Foundation has compiled quotes and voting records of the major candidates to show their position on the following five issues:


Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Disarmament

Missile Defense

New Nuclear Weapons

Use of Nuclear Weapons


Click here to see what the candidates are saying about issues that matter to you, http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/resources/surveys/2008_pres_cand/cand_quotes_page.php.


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, February 2008



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- PERSPECTIVES



· NATO Nuclear First Use Option by David Krieger


A recent article in The Guardian, "Pre-emptive nuclear strike a key option, Nato told," by Ian Traynor, January 22, 2008, refers to a report by a group of former senior military officers and strategists that calls for keeping open the prospect of resorting to the first use of nuclear weapons. The report's five authors - including John Shalikashvili, a former NATO commander and a chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the Clinton administration - argue that current threats and challenges require NATO to keep open this option. The report states, "The first use of nuclear weapons must remain in the quiver of escalation as the ultimate instrument to prevent the use of weapons of mass destruction." In their worldview, similar to that of President Bush, nuclear weapons are not just tools of deterrence; they are weapons that can be used preemptively.


To read more, visit: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/01/23_krieger_nato_first.php.


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, February 2008



· Toward a Nuclear-Free World by G. Shultz, W. Perry, H. Kissinger and S. Nunn


The accelerating spread of nuclear weapons, nuclear know-how and nuclear material has brought us to a nuclear tipping point. We face a very real possibility that the deadliest weapons ever invented could fall into dangerous hands.


The steps we are taking now to address these threats are not adequate to the danger. With nuclear weapons more widely available, deterrence is decreasingly effective and increasingly hazardous.


One year ago, in an essay in this paper [the Wall Street Journal], we called for a global effort to reduce reliance on nuclear weapons, to prevent their spread into potentially dangerous hands, and ultimately to end them as a threat to the world. The interest, momentum and growing political space that has been created to address these issues over the past year has been extraordinary, with strong positive responses from people all over the world.


To read more, visit: http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2008/01/15_kissinger_nuclear_free.php.


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, Febr 2008



· New Report Calls For Steps Toward a Nuclear-Free World


Febr 13 - The Federation of American Scientists, along with the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), and independent analysts, have issued a report, Toward True Security, that calls for immediately declaring that the sole mission for U.S. nuclear weapons is to deter nuclear attack, for taking all nuclear weapons off launch-ready alert, and for reducing the U.S. nuclear arsenal to a total of 1000 warheads, including reserves, as an immediately achievable, secure step toward a nuclear-free world.


According to the report, the greatest nuclear dangers to the United States are an accidental, unauthorized or mistaken Russian nuclear attack, the spread of nuclear weapons to more nations, and the acquisition of nuclear materials by terrorists. U.S. nuclear weapons policy, the report concludes, fails to adequately address these risks and too often exacerbates them.


Click here, http://www.fas.org/press/news/2008/2008feb_toward_true_security.html.



· U.S. Nuclear Double Standards by Hugh Gusterson


Febr 21 - My last column quoted unusually blunt remarks by Pakistani Brig. Gen. Atta M. Iqhman and his deputy Col. Bom Zhalot. They expressed concern about the inadequacy of U.S. procedures for handling nuclear weapons and condemned U.S. double standards about nuclear weapons. Attentive readers wondered why they had not heard of the Brigadier-General before and why the only source produced by a Google search on his name was my article. Does a person’s reality have to be affirmed by Google, Wikipedia, or Who's Who for his opinions to matter? Others asked if it would be possible to hear more from Atta M. Iqhman given his refreshing candor. Fortunately, I was able to win an exclusive interview with Iqhman.


The interview you will find here, http://thebulletin.org/columns/hugh-gusterson/20080221.html.



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- NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION AND THREAT



· Top Brazilian General Pushes for the Development of Nuclear Weapons


In a television interview in early November, a top Brazilian General, Barros Moreira, backed by Congressional Deputies of the Workers Party and the Popular Socialist Party, presented an argument for Brazil to develop nuclear weapons. Moreira, a four-star general, is currently a senior official in Brazil's Ministry of Defense and the former head of Brazil's War College.


Moreira urged Brazil to become a "global player," and emphasized the importance of keeping up with the technological and defensive "Joneses" to do so. He argued that Brazil's wealth in resources makes it a target for attack. He said, "The world lacks water, energy, food and minerals...Brazil is rich in all of these. For this reason we must put a strong lock on our door."


He also offered that no nation can truly feel safe without technology that "enables it to defend itself when necessary."


This heightened rhetoric emerged with the shift of the Workers Party government in terms of defense spending. The Defense Ministry requested a 50% increase in arms spending for 2008, military appropriations increased from $3.5 to $5 billion, and plans to purchase new fighter jets and develop a nuclear submarine are being examined. Some believe this heightened military emphasis is in response to vast defense spending by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, but the Lula government has denied this connection.


Van Auken, Bill, "Top General Urges Brazil to Develop Nuclear Weapons," November 19, 2007.


Source: The Sunflower, eNewsletter, February 2008



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- NAGPUR DECLARATION


The Third National Convention of the Coalition for Nuclear Disarmament and Peace (CNDP), India is held from 1st to 3rd February 2008 in Nagpur, which has a glorious tradition of mobilising for peace and justice. The two earlier conventions were held in Jaipur in 2004 November and in Delhi four years earlier. It bears reiteration that the CNDP was founded to consolidate the nationwide protests conducted in response to the May 1998 nuclear weapon tests by India, and then Pakistan. The CNDP opposes these tests and the acquisition of nuclear weapons by any country including India. It may be recalled that the era of nuclear threat began with the mindless atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the USA on 6th and 9th August 1945.


· Resist Indo-US Nuclear Deal!

· Free South Asia Of Nuclear Danger!

· Abolish Nuclear Weapons Worldwide Now!

· Resist Mindless Drive for Nuclear Power!


Download the declaration here, http://www.socialsecuritynow.org/SSNOW%20WEBSITE/Nagpur%20Declaration.pdf



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- U.S. SATELLITE



· Effort to Shoot Down Satellite Could Inform Military Strategy by Marc Kaufman and Walter Pincus


Febr 20 - The Bush administration's attempt to shoot down an out-of-control spy satellite as early as this evening will help the military advance its anti-missile and anti-satellite planning and technology, according to space weapons experts and analysts. Both fields are of high interest to the military and of high concern for many other nations.


More, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/02/19/AR2008021902510.html.



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3. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES



- NUCLEAR POWER AND CLIMATE CHANGE



· Union of Concerned Scientists Analyzes Nuclear Power in a Warming World


In the midst of a worldwide frenzy to develop answers to the problem of global warming, the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) released a report analyzing the dangers of increasing US reliance on nuclear energy. UCS argues that while the life-cycle of nuclear power results in relatively little global warming pollution, increasing dependence on this form of power by constructing new plants could result in heightened security threats.


The UCS report advised Congress on how to address issues of nuclear safety, waste management, and reprocessing. In the domain of nuclear safety, the report said that the US has strong safety standards for its nuclear power plants, but that these standards aren't upheld by the responsible organization: the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The report recommended that Congress mandate the hiring of managers outside the NRC to enforce the safety standards. The report also argued that while the US has among the world's highest safety standards, they are still inadequate to ensuring the protection of nuclear power facilities against credible threats. To remedy this flaw, UCS urged Congress to take the protection of nuclear power facilities away from the NRC and place the responsibility instead in the hands of the Department of Homeland Security.


In terms of nuclear waste management, UCS approved of the storage of spent fuel in dry casks on the condition that they would be heavily guarded and that this solution would be only short term. For the long term, UCS stressed the need for a geological repository site to store nuclear waste, and urged Congress to set aside political disputes and find a site other than Yucca Mountain.


In blunt terms, the report addressed the flaws in the Bush administration's fuel reprocessing plans. UCS argued that the proposed Global Nuclear Energy Partnership offers no benefits in the realm of waste disposal and will only result in increased risk of nuclear proliferation and terrorist attacks.


The report was co-authored by three UCS experts: David Lochbaum, Dr. Edwin Lyman and Dr. Lisbeth Gronlund.


"Nuclear Power in a Warming World," USA Today, December 12, 2007. The full report is available at the UCS website: http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/solutions/nuclearandclimate.html.


Source: The Sunflower, eNewsletter, February 2008



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- CANCER AND NUCLEAR ENERGY



· KiKK-Study: IPPNW Physicians Issue Warning


Young children living near to German nuclear power plants develop cancer and leukaemia more frequently than children living further away from them. There is a 60% increased rate of cancer and approximately 120% of leukaemia. These are the findings of the "Epidemiological Study of Childhood Cancer in the Vicinity of Nuclear Power Plants" (KiKK Study), commissioned by the German Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS). Although the design of the study, carried out by the Mainz Cancer Registry, is generally held to be correct, interpretation of the study's findings is vigorously disputed by the authors. Indications of an increase in the incidence of childhood cancer near nuclear power plants have been found for over 20 years, but they have not as yet been taken sufficiently seriously. The correlation has been unequivocally confirmed by the KiKK study. Now it is time to act.


Read more: http://www.ippnw-europe.org/article/IPPNW_Physicians_Issue_Warning.html


Read the whole article (pdf-file) http://www.ippnw.de/stepone/data/downloads/e8/00/00/kikk_engl.pdf


Read more in French http://www.ippnw-europe.org/article/Risque_de_cancer_infantile.html


Read more in Spain http://www.ippnw-europe.org/article/Cercan



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4. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE



- WASTE



· EU NEeds Waste Prevention and Recycling Targets to Tackle Climate Change, FoE Press Release


Feb 14 - A new study, released today, shows that proposed binding minimum EU recycling targets of 50% for municipal waste by 2020 could save emissions equivalent to more than 89 million tonnes (mt) of CO2 per year. This is the equivalent to taking 31 million cars off the road. The study builds on a UK report which found that most studies showed that recycling was better for the climate than incineration.


To read the article, visit: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/eu_needs_waste_prevention_14022008.html.



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- GM FOOD AND CLONED ANIMALS



· GM Crops Increase Pesticide and Fail to Alleviate Poverty, FoE Press Release


Feb 13 - Genetically Modified (GM) crops have led to a massive increase in pesticide use and have failed to increase yields or tackle world hunger and poverty, a new report by Friends of the Earth reveals today (Wednesday 13 February). [1] The report coincides with the annual release of biotech industry figures on GM crop cultivation around the world.


For the entire article, click here: http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/gm_crops_increase_pesticid_13022008.html.



· The Next Green Revolution


Feb 21 - Europe may not like it, but genetic modification is transforming agriculture


For a decade Europe has rebuffed efforts by biotechnology firms such as America's Monsanto to promote genetically modified crops. Despite scientific assurances that genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are safe for human consumption, and a ruling by the World Trade Organisation against national import bans in the European Union, many Europeans have yet to touch or taste them. But that may soon change, according to Iain Ferguson, boss of Tate & Lyle, a British food giant. "We sit at a moment of history when GM technology...is a fact of life," he said this week.


More, http://www.economist.com/business/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10727808.



· FDA Gives Green Light to Milk and Meat from Cloned Animals


The Food and Drug Administration has declared that milk and meat from cloned animals and their offspring are safe for human consumption. But the U.S. Department of Agriculture asked producers to continue the voluntary moratorium by not selling these products into the food supply. Many consumers remain opposed to the controversial technology, citing ethical or humane objections. Clones are frequently born with severe defects and may possess subtle genetic damage that harms their health and may compromise the safety of their milk or meat. A bill to label products from cloned animals has been introduced in Congress. Meanwhile, there is anecdotal evidence that despite the moratorium, cloned products have already entered the food supply.


Read more from the Washington Post at http://ucsaction.org/ct/odxpsVK1J4wT/, an opinion from the New York Times at http://ucsaction.org/ct/kdxpsVK1J4wo/, or UCS' comments on cloning at http://ucsaction.org/ct/o1xpsVK1J4wY/.



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- SUSTAINABLE FARMING



· Smaller Farms Are More Productive


Mid-sized and small farms are significantly more productive than large farms. But commodity payments go overwhelmingly to larger operations that are pushing them out of business.


Read more at: http://ucsaction.org/ct/97xpsVK1J4wQ/.



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- CLIMATE CHANGE



· Climate Change Will Cut Fresh Water Availability: Scientist


Febr 22 - Noted scientist on climate change Peter Rayner has said that the availability of fresh water in major river basins of Asia will decrease and the people in coastal areas may face increased flooding in the coming years due to adverse climatic conditions.


Delivering a talk on "Climate change - impact and implications to society" here on Thursday, Dr. Rayner, scientist at the Laboratory for Science of Climate and Environment, Paris, said: "climate change is real and potentially severe." The availability of fresh water would decrease drastically in various countries of Asia and people would be at risk of diarrhoeal diseases.


Interested? Click here, http://www.hindu.com/2008/02/22/stories/2008022254130400.htm.



· Climate Change Driving Mongolians From Steppe to Cities by Stefan L√∂vgren


February 21 - Lifelong herder Namdag lives in a traditional felt tent home or "ger" among some half dozen cars in various states of disrepair, an informal junkyard against the towering, snow-capped mountains that surround the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator).


More, http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2008/02/080221-mongolia-herders.html.



· UN Environment Group Sets Up Climate Neutral Forum by Gerard Wynn


Feb 21 - The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) launched a new online network on Thursday to help countries, cities and firms aiming to be "climate neutral" exchange ideas on ways to cut greenhouse gas emissions.


Read the article, http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnL21632892.html.



· Meltdown in Your Wineglass? by Corie Brown

A conference in Barcelona looks at the effects of global climate change on the world of wine.


Febr 20 - The "post-classic" era of winemaking is dawning, according to experts at the second Climate Change & Wine conference in Barcelona, Spain, at the end of last week. And it's going to be full of nasty surprises.


Go here to read the article, http://www.latimes.com/features/food/la-fo-conference20feb20,1,3861092.story?ctrack=1&cset=true.



· Conservation Strategies Can Mitigate the Impact of Global Warming in the Amazon by Rhett A. Butler


Febr 19 - Careful design of protected areas to safeguard key "refugia" and allow for migration can increase the resilience of Amazon biodiversity to climate change, report researchers writing in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.


Read more, http://news.mongabay.com/2008/0220-killeen_amazon.html.



· Climate Change Threatens Human Rights of Millions: U.N. by Laura MacInnis


Febr 19 - Climate change threatens the human rights of millions of people who are at risk of losing access to housing, food and clean water unless governments intervene early to counter its effects, experts said on Tuesday.


Read, http://uk.reuters.com/article/environmentNews/idUKL1912377820080219.



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5. SCIENCE AND ETHICS



- ROLE OF SCIENTISTS



· What Is the Role of Science in Developing Countries? by Jos√© Goldemberg


After the Second World War, a small technical elite arose in developing countries such as India, Pakistan, Brazil, and Iraq who had been educated as scientists in the industrialized world. They thought that by pushing for Manhattan project-type enterprises in nuclear energy, electronics, pharmaceuticals, or space research they could leapfrog the dismally low level of development of their countries. India, for example, started a nuclear energy program that mobilized thousands of technicians and cost hundreds of millions of dollars but failed to meet power demands.


The author José Goldemberg is a physical sciences professor at the University of Saõ Paulo, Brazil. He has held Brazil's top government posts in science and education, the environment, and state education and has written many technical papers and books on nuclear physics, energy, and the environment.


Read more: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/279/5354/1140?ck=nck.



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- EXHIBITION



· Arts and Environment Combine in Whitechapel Exhibition. Cornelia Parker: 13 February - 30 March 2008.


Feb 13 - A new exhibition by Cornelia Parker opens at the Whitechapel on 13 February, organised in partnership with Friends of the Earth.


Cornelia Parker's latest work is a 40 minute film - Chomskian Abstract, 2007 -presenting her interview with world-renowned writer and theorist Noam Chomsky. By answering Parker's questions Chomsky addresses the failings of government, corporations, institutions and the media to take responsibility for the ecological safety of our planet. He urges us to take responsibility, change our lifestyles and bring about socio-economic change.


For more information click here, http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/arts_and_environment_combi_14022008.html.



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6. CONFERENCES



· Preparatory Committee for the 2010 Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference


28 April - 9 May 2008 in Geneva

Second Session


The Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) will hold its second session from 28 April to 9 May 2008 in the Assembly Hall at the United Nations Office in Geneva. This meeting is the second of three sessions that will be held prior to the 2010 Review Conference.


The PrepCom, open to all States parties to the Treaty, will address substantive and procedural issues related to the Treaty and the upcoming Review Conference in 2010. The Chairman of the second session is Ambassador Volodymyr Yel’chenko of the Ukraine.


The purpose of the PrepCom is to prepare for the Review Conference in terms of assessing the implementation of each article of the NPT and facilitating discussion among States with a view to making recommendations to the Review Conference.


The NPT, which entered into force in 1970 and was extended indefinitely in 1995, requires that review conferences be held every five years. The Treaty is regarded as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime. It was designed to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to further the goal of nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament, and to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.


Go here, http://www.un.org/NPT2010/SecondSession/.



· ABOLITION 2000 Annual General Meeting


Saturday May 3, 2008, Geneva, Switzerland

from 9 am TO 6:30 pm


More details will be forthcoming, http://www.abolition2000.org/site/c.cdJIKKNpFqG/b.3889575/.



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7. TAKE ACTION



· International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN-UK)


ICAN-UK is a new consortium of groups facilitated by Medact as the UK affiliate of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War. ICAN's aim is to draw attention to the feasibility of nuclear abolition through the model treaty outlined in Securing our Survival, the Case for a Nuclear Weapons Convention (NWC), and to generate political will for nuclear disarmament through educating and engaging the public and policy makers..


Read more http://www.ippnw-europe.org/article/Medact_ICAN.html.


Download the ICAN petition http://www.medact.org/article_wmd.php?articleID=663.


Read more in French http://www.ippnw-europe.org/article/OUI,_Je_peux_vivre_sans_armes_nucléaires!.html.


More information http://www.icanw.org.



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8. DOCUMENTATION



· Global Summit for a Nuclear Weapon-Free World Report


As part of the events to mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, CND hosted a Global Summit for a Nuclear Weapon-Free World at London's City Hall on the 16th and 17th of February 2008. Speakers ranged from the UN High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, Sergio Duarte, to Bianca Jagger, Chair of the World Future Council and Goodwill Ambassador for the Council of Europe, and leading activists from Israel, India, Pakistan, the US, Japan and elsewhere.


The Summit was opened by Mayor Ken Livingstone and included both activist and expert 'streams', with the former discussing how popular movements can help create the conditions for nuclear abolition, and the latter looking at the technical requirements to build a Nuclear Weapons Convention .


The Summit also heard from a survivor of the Hiroshima atom bomb, Mikiso Iwasa, who aged 16 lost both his mother and sister. Mikiso vividly described the utter devastation of the city, seen from his home only 1200 meters from the ground zero.


Speeches to the summit:

Bianca Jagger, Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador & Chair of the World Future Council

http://www.cnduk.org/images/stories/resources/globalabolition/summit/jagger-speech.pdf


Sergio Duarte, High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations

http://www.cnduk.org/images/stories/resources/globalabolition/summit/duarte.pdf


Hiroshi Taka, Secretary General, Japan Council against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs (GENSUIKYO)

http://www.cnduk.org/images/stories/resources/globalabolition/summit/hiroshtaka.pdf


Ma Wenpu, Executive Vice President of the Chinese People’s Association for Peace and Disarmament

http://www.cnduk.org/images/stories/resources/globalabolition/summit/mawenpu.pdf


Further information, http://www.cnduk.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=500&Itemid=163.



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9. ANNOUNCEMENTS




- NEW IN THE WEB



· Hiroshima Peace Media Center


On January 3, 2008, the Hiroshima Peace Media Center was launched on the Internet by the Chugoku Shimbun to provide the latest peace news in both Japanese and English. The Center provides multi-media resources to support its goal of the abolition of nuclear weapons.


The Chugoku Shimbun is one of the largest newspapers in Japan. It was founded in 1892 in Hiroshima. The 11-story building housing the newspaper was destroyed when the US dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Along with the deaths of 220,000 Japanese people, nearly one-third of the newspaper's workforce was killed. Since then, the Chugoku Shimbun has devoted itself to advancing world peace.


The Hiroshima Peace Media Center's website is a reliable media resource, providing current and historic articles and photos. Their web address is http://www.hiroshimapeacemedia.jp.


Source: The Sunflower eNewsletter, February 2008



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- QUARTERLY JOURNAL



Disarmament Forum, the quarterly journal of the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR)


Disarmament Forum offers clear, forward-looking and accessible analysis on disarmament and security issues to a worldwide readership comprising disarmament and arms control experts, government officials, diplomats, researchers, academics and students.


Each issue focuses on a specific topic related to disarmament and security. Since its launch in 1999, Disarmament Forum has covered a wide variety of topics - from small arms and cluster munitions to fissile materials and missiles, from Latin America to the Middle East, from sensitive technologies to terrorism. It is the sole regular UN publication dedicated to disarmament and security issues.


In addition to the free print edition, each issue is available online in its entirety. Disarmament Forum is also published in French (Forum du désarmement).


If you would like to receive Disarmament Forum, send your full mailing address to abletry@unog.ch or subscribe online at http://www.unidir.org/html/en/disarmament_forum.php.


Thank you in advance.



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- ESSAY CONTEST



The James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies and The Nonproliferation Review would like to remind you that there is still time to enter the Doreen and Jim McElvany 2008 Nonproliferation Challenge Essay Contest, featuring a US Dollar 10,000 grand prize and a US Dollar 1,000 prize for the most outstanding student essay (students are eligible to win the grand prize).


We are looking for the best new ideas on how to address contemporary nonproliferation challenges from nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including those involving both state and non-state actors.


Entries should not exceed 10,000 words (including endnotes) and must be the original, unpublished work of the author(s) and not under consideration for publication elsewhere.


The submission deadline is March 31, 2008.


Complete contest rules and instructions can be found at http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/npr/contest/index.htm>http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/npr/contest/index.htm.



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- JOB VACANCIES



· Outreach Coordinator


Organization: Institute for Energy and Environmental Research

Location: Takoma Park, Maryland

Education: Bachelors Degree

Type: Full-Time

Salary: Commensurate with experience, in the $30,000 to $40,000 range


Brief Description of IEER: Founded in 1985, the Institute for Energy and Environmental (IEER) is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that aims to further public involvement in and control over environmental problems through the democratization of science. IEER provides grassroots groups, policy makers, journalists, educators, and the public with accurate and understandable scientific and technical information and analyses on energy, environmental, and security issues. IEER conducts training workshops to increase grassroots activists' technical understanding. Our literature is widely regarded as informative and authoritative. IEER research and analyses have made important contributions to campaigns to stop nuclear weapons production, improve cleanup of nuclear weapons production sites, and get a modicum of justice for sick nuclear weapons workers.


Job Description: IEER seeks a qualified individual to assist with its outreach program. The program includes two campaigns. The first is based on a recent book, released by IEER entitled Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free: A Roadmap for U.S. Energy Policy. This is headed by IEER President, Arjun Makhijani, who wrote the book. The second is to strengthen radiation protection standards, so that they include women and children and not just "Reference Man," an adult male. This is headed by IEER Outreach Director, Lisa Ledwidge.


Responsibilities:

- Create and maintain web site for Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free (CFNF) campaign

- Develop electronic outreach initiatives

- Assist in disseminating materials to target recipients

- Field and process requests for IEER briefings, programs, etc.

- Handle communications with conference and workshop participants

- Work with IEER staff to plan technical training workshop and CFNF conference

- Work with IEER staff and with partner organizations and key individuals within the energy and environmental community on collaborative promotional efforts

- Proof read and copy edit newsletter


Requirements:

- Bachelor's degree. Marketing or Communications or Environmental Science or Environmental Policy degree a plus

- Demonstrated proficiency with Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, PowerPoint) and web development

- Must be Internet savvy

- Excellent interpersonal skills

- Extremely organized and detail-oriented

- Creative

- Some knowledge of energy and climate issues is very desirable

- Legislative experience and interest in energy and environmental issues a plus

- Some travel required

- Ideal candidate will have the ability to synthesize the content of IEER reports and books (especially Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free) into a variety of promotional materials that reflect the level of technological understanding and interest of the target audience(s).



Salary commensurate with experience. Benefits include vacation and personalleave, and health and dentalinsurance.


To Apply: Send resume with three references to office@ieer.org


Position will be filled as soon as possible. Applications accepted until position is filled.



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- POSTGRADUATE MASTER'S COURSE IN PEACE- AND SECURITY STUDIES



We offer you

- The possibility to obtain a "Master of Peace and Security Studies" in just one year. The postgraduate course "Master of Peace and Security Policy Studies" (M.P.S.) is conducted by the University of Hamburg in cooperation with the Institut für Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik (IFSH) and other scientific institutions and partners of the network "Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik" (KoFrieS).

- A trans- and interdisciplinary orientated course. The M. P. S.-course is meant as a combination of "hands on" and classroom-based learning. The course aims at introducing highly qualified humanities and sciences graduates from German or foreign universities as well as academically qualified, experienced practitioners to problems of peace- and security-policy and to fundamental issues relating their practical application.

- A profound preparation in order to work in peace-studies research and teaching or in practical work for national and international organisations, administrations, associations, and businesses (e. g. in the fields of peace-keeping, monitoring, verification, development aid, mediation, arbitration, conversion, administration).


We expect from you

- Interest in the fields of peace studies or peace- and security-policy.

- 240 points ECTS (usually a four-year course in no matter what discipline) and you must have achieved an honours degree at a German or foreign university.

- Preferred professional interest and scientific or practical experience in fields related to problems of peace and international security.

- Sufficient knowledge of English and German. Students may choose whether to complete coursework and examinations, including their master‚Äôs thesis, in English or German. Concerning German language skills, the German Language Examination for Foreign Students' Admission to University (Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang ausländischer Studierender) (DSH), the examination German as a Foreign Language, or any examination of equal value are accepted. Concerning English language skills, the TOEFL (230 points/ 570 paper-based) (www.toefl.org), the IELTS (5.5), the Advanced C, or any examination of equal value are accepted. Only applicants who are German or English native speakers are not required to prove their skills in their native language.


More information about the studies

- Detailed information about the course are found at: http://www.ifsh.de/IFSH_english/studium/mps.htm or on our website under FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions).

- Applicant who have already procured a scholarship (e. g. a GAES scholarship, see http://www.daad.de/deutschland/foerderung/02055.en.html or from a (political) foundation, see FAQ) may also apply.


Required documents

- application form (available online for download) with photo

- curriculum vitae

- school-leaver’s certificate qualifying for university (German "Abitur" or equivalent)

- certifications of academic degrees and, if at hand, references from previous employers

- certificates of language skills

- written acknowledgement of willingness to pay, assuming one’s application is successful, Euro 500,- per semester as a contribution to expenses


Certificates and other documentary evidence must be provided in German or English. Translations must be officially certified. Only complete documents received on time will be accepted. The covering letter should be handed in with the complete post address, e-mail address, home number and cell phone number.


The distribution of financial assistance to students, where such is available, will be determined by the joint committee of the programme of study in agreement with the sponsor.


Applications for the academic year 2008/09 must be received between December 15th, 2007 and March 15th, 2008.


Written applications to:

Kooperationsverband Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik

Institut für Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik an der Universität Hamburg

Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans J. Giessmann

z. Hd. Frau Annelisa Cotone

Beim Schlump 83

D-20144 Hamburg


Please direct any inquiries to:

Dr. Patricia Schneider from the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy (IFSH)

Beim Schlump 83, D-20144 Hamburg

Phone: +49 (0)40-866077-20, Telefax: +49 (0)40-866 36 15, E-mail: schneider@ifsh.de



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10. BOOK RECOMMENDATION



· Makhijani, Arjun: Carbon-Free and Nuclear-Free: A Roadmap for U.S. Energy Policy


A Joint Project of the Nuclear Policy Research Institute and the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research.


Free download here (pdf, large file): http://www.ieer.org/carbonfree/CarbonFreeNuclearFree.pdf.


For further information, go here: http://www.ieer.org/carbonfree/index.html.



· Gerson, Joseph: Empire And The Bomb: How the U.S. Uses Nuclear Weapons to Dominate The World, Pluto Press.


Visit the publisher's homepage: http://www.plutobooks.com./cgi-local/main.pl.




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