INES INFORMATION SERVICE

The International Network of Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility (INES) is an independent non-profit-organization concerned about the impact of science and technology on society. INES was founded in 1991. INES' efforts focus on disarmament and international peace, ethics, justice and sustainable development. INES is affiliated with the United Nations and with UNESCO as a NON-Governmental Organization (NGO). INES has become a network of nearly 100 organisations and individual members.

The "What's New In INES" (WNII) is one of the main communication instrument of INES. It shall give the member organisations the possibility to publish their articles, and serve at the same time as a general overview of related international news.

Editor: Kristin Kropidlowski, NEW ADRESS ines.news@gmx.de
WNII is archived under: http://www.inesglobal.com/whats_new_in_ines/Whats_new_in_ines_main.html
INES Official Site, http://inesglobal.com
INES International Office, ines.office@web.de
INES Chair: Claus Montonen,  claus.montonen@helsinki.fi
The recent issue of the INES newsletter is available at: http://www.inesglobal.com/newsletter/Newletter_main.html

PLEASE REMEMBER: To meet the WNII-criteria (main communication instrument, general news overview) it is necessarily required that the members of INES use it as a communication tool. Please DO NOT HESITATE of just forwarding important news including conference and activity informations, outstanding documentations as well as announcements. 





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Topics, INES, WNII, Issue No. 2/2007, January 2007




1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMS RACE AND DISARMAMENT


- Iran and the Bomb by Norman Dombey


- Sanctions and War on the Korean Peninsula by Martin Hart-Landsberg and John Feffer


- Iran: Thinking the Unthinkable by Conn Hallinan 


- NGOs to sue US over WMD claims


- Nation on the cusp of chaos or resurrection by Nick Grono


- U.S. Selecting Hybrid Design for Warheads by William J. Broad, David E. Sanger and Thom Shanker


- India's Nuclear Disarmament Gets Critical by Praful Bidwai




2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS


- The Flawed Execution of Saddam Hussein by Richard Falk


- Hiroshima and Nagasaki for College Teachers


- Scientists try to save world's rarest creatures by Jeremy Lovell




3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE


- Idling Gets You Nowhere; GreenTips


- UN adviser backs Blair's view on climate change and air travel by Will Woodward


- EU Says Cannot Meet Emissions Goal Without China


- Call for an end to unfair trade deals; FoE Press Release


- Workers leave their green habits at home by Hilary Osborne


- Asian states sign key energy deal 


- Ski Resorts Go Green With Wind Power by Brian Handwerk




4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES


- Annual Reports of Nuclear Trafficking Doubled in Past Five Years


- Talks with North Korea End without Resolution




5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES 


- Frank K. Kelly Lecture on Humanity's Future


- Stop War Against Iran Petition




6. DOCUMENTATIONS


- A Bipartisan Plea for For Nuclear Weapons Abolition by David Krieger


- Rural mortality rates in China outpace urban areas by up to six-fold; UN-backed report


- "The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Moving Forward"; Crisis Group Speech




7. ANNOUNCEMENTS


- "Doomsday Clock" Moves Two Minutes Closer To Midnight, and "Doomsday Clock" Timeline




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1. WAR AND PEACE - ARMSRACE AND DISARMAMENT




IRAN AND THE BOMB by Norman Dombey


On 7 June 1981, Israeli aircraft bombed and completely destroyed the Iraqi nuclear research reactor Osirak. The French government, which had sold the reactor to Iraq, protested. Bertrand Barre, its nuclear attaché in Washington, explained that the reactor posed no proliferation risk and that "it was intended to be used . . . for testing or converting materials into isotopes, which have specialised uses in medicine." The UN Security Council strongly condemned the attack as being "in clear violation of the charter of the United Nations and the norms of international conduct". The United States, however, objected to the imposing of any sanctions on Israel.


Read the entire article:

http://www.lrb.co.uk/v29/n02/domb01_.html



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SANCTIONS AND WAR ON THE KOREAN PENINSULA by Martin Hart-Landsberg and John Feffer


Jan 17, 2007 - The risk of war on the Korean peninsula remains high, and the U.S. government is raising it higher by opening an economic front. In September 2005, one day after regional negotiations produced an agreement with the potential to defuse North Korean-U.S. tensions, the U.S. government charged North Korea with counterfeiting $100 bills. Calling this alleged North Korean effort a direct attack on U.S. sovereignty and technically an act of war, Washington imposed an ever-tightening and ever-widening web of financial restrictions on the country.


Read more:

http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/3913

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IRAN: THINKING THE UNTHINKABLE by Conn Hallinan


Jan 15, 2007 - Is Israel, supported by the Bush Administration, preparing to launch an atomic war against Iran? On January 7, the London Sunday Times claimed that the Israeli government is planning to attack Iran's uranium enrichment facilities with tactical nuclear weapons. While the Israeli government denies the story, recent statements by top Israeli officials and military figures - along with recent White House threats against Iran and Syria and a shuffling of American commanders in the Middle East - suggest that the possibility is real. 


More:

http://www.fpif.org/fpiftxt/3910



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NGOs TO SUE US OVER WMD CLAIMS


Jan 14, 2007 - SOME 30 non-governmental organisations in Niger said overnight they are going to sue the United States for nearly two billion dollars for "unfairly accusing" Niger of selling uranium to the late Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.


Read:

http://www.news.com.au/heraldsun/story/0,,21057247-5005961,00.html



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NATION ON THE CUSP OF CHAOS OR RESURRECTION by Nick Grono


Radical Islam has been dealt a blow in Somalia but the country could still take the Afghanistan or Iraq route to anarchy


Jan 8, 2007 - Somalia is the world's undisputed failed state, having been without a functioning government for the past 15 years. In that time, the country has been torn apart by warring clans and their militias; hundreds of thousands have died as a result of the conflict and the country has become a byword for anarchy.


More:

http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,20867,21024337-601,00.html



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U.S. SELECTING HYBRID DESIGN FOR WARHEADS by William J. Broad, David E. Sanger and Thom Shanker


Jan 6, 2007 - The Bush administration is expected to announce next week a major step forward in the building of the country's first new nuclear warhead in nearly two decades. It will propose combining elements of competing designs from two weapons laboratories in an approach that some experts argue is untested and risky.


More:

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/01/07/washington/07nuke.html?ex=1325826000&en=dff24d01b945b797&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss



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INDIA'S NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT GETS CRITICAL by Praful Bidwai


Dec 28, 2006 - In October 2006, eight years after India and Pakistan crossed the nuclear threshold, the world witnessed yet another breakout, when North Korea exploded an atomic bomb and demanded that it be recognised as a nuclear weapons-state. Talks aimed at persuading Pyongyang to give up its nuclear weapons, in return for security guarantees and economic assistance, collapsed last week.


Read more:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2006/12/28_bidwai_india.htm


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, January 2007 No. 114




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2. SCIENCE AND ETHICS




THE FLAWED EXECUTION OF SADDAM HUSSEIN by Richard Falk


Jan 6, 2007 - Given the harsh brutality of Saddam Hussein's political career I would never have anticipated a certain measure of sympathy for the man at the end of his life. It was not only the unseemliness of executing a Muslim leader in the midst of the Hajj pilgrimages, but the perverse insensitivity of hanging Saddam Hussein at the start of Eid al-Adha for those of Sunni persuasion. The Eid holiday, the holiest of Islamic sacred observances, is supposed to be a solemn moment of sacrifice and forgiveness, as well as the end of the annual Muslim pilgrimage (hajj) at Mecca. The toxic sectarian element was injected by the fact that for Sunni Eid began at dawn on the morning that Saddam Hussein was executed, while for Shiia the four-day holiday does not begin until the following day. It was on this basis that the Iraqi leadership in Baghdad secured the approval of the Shiite clerics in Najaf to go ahead with the execution, after which the Prime Minister, Nuri al-Maliki, signed the fina

l execution order only six hours before the hanging took place.


Read more:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/01/02_falkner_saddam.htm


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, January 2007 No. 114



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HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI FOR COLLEGE TEACHERS


Raymond G. Wilson, Ph.D., Emeritus Associate Professor of Wesleyan University, is offering a one-week workshop on "Hiroshima and Nagasaki for College Teachers." It includes resources and planning for a general education course or units dealing with All Things Nuclear and The Legacy of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It is being supported by the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and friends of the workshop. 


Read more:

http://titan.iwu.edu/~physics/Hiroshima.html


Source: Sunflower eNewsletter, January 2007 No. 114



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SCIENTISTS TRY TO SAVE WORLD'S RAREST CREATURES by Jeremy Lovell


Jan 15, 2007 - Scientists launched a bid on Tuesday to save some of the world's rarest and most neglected creatures from extinction.


With an initial list of just 10 - including a venomous shrew-like creature, an egg-laying mammal and the world's smallest bat - the programme will give last ditch conservation aid where to date there has been little or none.


Read more:

http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyID=2007-01-16T033027Z_01_L15265571_RTRUKOC_0_US-ENVIRONMENT-ANIMALS.xml





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3. SUSTAINABILITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE




IDLING GETS YOU NOWHERE; GreenTips


Jan 2007 - Would you drive a car that gets zero miles to the gallon? Of course not. Yet that is your mileage whenever your engine idles. Idling wastes money and fuel, contributes to air pollution, and generates carbon dioxide emissions that cause global warming. Some states even have laws limiting the amount of time cars can idle:


Read:

http://www.ucsusa.org/publications/greentips/



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UN ADVISER BACKS BLAIR'S VIEW ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND AIR TRAVEL by Will Woodward


Jan 16, 2007 - Tony Blair's view that climate change cannot be tackled by clamping down on personal air travel has won support from the UN's leading adviser on global poverty.


Jeffrey Sachs, the renowned American economist, told the Guardian: "Finding a way to achieve economic development and environmental sustainability is the biggest challenge we face globally and it doesn't lend itself to a simple answer. The climate change issue will not be changed by cutting air travel."


More:

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/green/story/0,,1991302,00.html



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EU SAYS CANNOT MEET EMISSIONS GOAL WITHOUT CHINA


Jan 16, 2007 - The European Union goal of a 30 percent cut in global greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 cannot be met without China, the European Commission said on Monday before launching talks on a broad new cooperation pact with Beijing.


Read the entire article:

http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/39838/story.htm



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CALL FOR AN END TO UNFAIR DEALS; FoE Press Release


Jan 15, 2007 - Friends of the Earth is calling on the UK and its EU partners to stop pushing unfair trade deals with developing countries at the World Social Forum in Nairobi, Kenya on 20-25 January 2007. The deals, known as Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), would force open African economies and natural resources to European multinational companies - damaging the environment and deepening poverty throughout the continent.


Read more:

http://www.foe.co.uk/resource/press_releases/call_for_an_end_to_unfair_15012007.html



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WORKERS LEAVE THEIR GREEN HABITS AT HOME by Hilary Osborne


Jan 15, 2007 - Workers who turn off lights and computers and adopt other green practices at home often fail to do the same in the office because they are put off by their employers' lack of action, a report said today.


Read:

http://environment.guardian.co.uk/ethicalliving/story/0,,1990942,00.html



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ASIAN STATES SIGN KEY ENERGY DEAL


Jan 15, 2007 - Leaders at an East Asian summit have signed an agreement to promote energy security and find alternatives to conventional fuels.


More:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6261875.stm



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SKI RESORTS GO GREEN WITH WIND POWER by Brian Handwerk


Jan 9, 2007 - Skiers love white winters, but this year some of their favorite resorts are going "green."


Many ski areas nationwide are turning to wind power to reduce their environmental footprint.


Twenty-two resorts in seven states now use wind power credits to supply 100 percent of their electricity demands.


Read the entire article:

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/01/070109-green-skiing.html




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4. NUCLEAR AND RENEWABLE ENERGIES




ANNUAL REPORTS OF NUCLEAR TRAFFICKING DOUBLED IN PAST FIVE YEARS


According to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the number of reported incidents involving the trafficking and mishandling of nuclear material worldwide has doubled over the last few years.


On 25 December, Vayl Oxford, nuclear detection director at DHS, said that the number of reported incidents involving the illegal diversion, purchase, sale, transport or storage of nuclear material had increased >from 100 incidents in 2000 to 215 incidents in 2005. According to his statement, this is largely attributed to heightened awareness and more extensive screening that has occurred since September 11, 2001.


This report contradicts the International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA) report released earlier in the year that only 103 incidents had occurred in 2005. The discrepancy in reported incidents is thought to be a product of the way in which incidents are reported to each organization. The IAEA only reports incidents that its members have confirmed and then chosen to acknowledge, while DHS includes suspected incidents determined by a broad network of allied nations.


Some experts are concerned that this increase could mean an increased likelihood that terrorists could obtain weapons-grade nuclear material. According to Jeffrey Lewis, director of the Project on Managing the Atom at Harvard University's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, "We're only seeing the dysfunctional part of the market - the supplier who's dumb enough to try to sell it to the police."


Jarrod Agen, a Homeland Security spokesman stated, "Only a handful of the known illicit nuclear/radiological trafficking incidents involved weapons-usable nuclear materials. Of the known smuggling incidents to date, the vast majority were profit-motivated scams involving bogus materials."


Among the incidents sited by homeland security was a case in New Jersey where 3.3 grams of weapons-grade highly enriched uranium (HEU) were lost when a lab worker accidentally threw out packaging that contained the uranium. It was later determined that the HEU had ended up in a landfill. The company received a small fine.


Sources: Willing, Richard, "Nuclear traffic doubles since 90's," USA Today, 25 December 2006. "Nuclear trafficking reports double in 5 years: Official," Reuters, 26 December 2006.


published in: Sunflower eNewsletter, January 2007 No. 114



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TALKS WITH NORTH KOREA END WITHOUT RESOLUTION


On 22 December 2006, six-party talks aimed at convincing North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons program ended without any progress.


The negotiations have been mired in distrust. The United States and North Korea have each blamed the other nation for betraying expectations. US representatives wanted to rehash a 2005 agreement in which North Korea would receive aid and security assurances in exchange for nuclear disarmament, while North Korea wanted to focus on lifting US financial curbs. In September 2005, the US Treasury Department froze certain North Korean bank accounts due to reports of money laundering.


Chief US negotiator Christopher Hill said, "Alas, by the end of the week, it was clear the DPRK...team did not have the instructions that they needed to go forward and to agree to the proposals. They were not prepared to engage on the actual agreement."


The chief negotiator for North Korea said at a briefing, "The U.S. is now jointly undertaking dialogue and pressure, carrots and sticks. And we are standing against them with dialogue and shields. The shield is to improve our deterrent."


Source: Buckley, Chris, "North Korea nuclear talks end without deal," Reuters, 22 December 2006


published in: Sunflower eNewsletter, January 2007 No. 114




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5. CONFERENCES AND ACTIVITIES 




FRANK K. KELLY LECTURE ON HUMANITY'S FUTURE


This endowed lectureship is named for Frank K. Kelly, a founder and senior vice president of the Foundation.  The lecture, focusing on hope and inspiration for a positive future for humanity, is presented annually by a distinguished individual and is subsequently published and distributed by the Foundation.  The lecture was inaugurated in 2002 by Frank Kelly himself.  In 2003, the lecture was given by Princeton Professor Emeritus and Foundation Board Chair Richard Falk; in 2004, by Body Shop founder and Board member, Dame Anita Roddick; and in 2005, by Prof. Robert Jay Lifton.

The 2007 lecture will be presented on February 21st byJakob von Uexkull at the University of California, Santa Barbara.  The title of his lecture will be "Globalization: Values, Responsibility and Global Justice."


More:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/programs/public-events/frank-kelly-lecture/index.htm


Source:

Sunflower eNewsletter, January 2007 No. 114


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6. DOCUMENTATIONS




A BIPARTISAN PLEA FOR NUCLEAR WEAPONS ABOLITION by David Krieger


Jan 5, 2007 - An amazing and important commentary appeared in the January 4, 2007 issue of the Wall Street Journal, co-authored by four high-level architects of the Cold War: George Shultz, William Perry, Henry Kissinger and Sam Nunn.  The article, entitled "A World Free of Nuclear Weapons," was amazing not so much for what it proposed, but for who was making the proposal.  The four prominent former US officials reviewed current nuclear dangers and called for US leadership to achieve the abolition of nuclear weapons.  Their argument was as follows:


1. Reliance on nuclear weapons for deterrence is becoming increasingly hazardous and decreasingly effective.

2. Terrorist groups are outside the bounds of deterrence strategy.

3. We are entering a new nuclear era that will be more precarious, disorienting and costly than was Cold War deterrence.

4. New nuclear weapons states lack the safeguarding and control experiences learned by the US and USSR during the Cold War.

5. The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty envisioned the elimination of all nuclear weapons.

6. Non-nuclear weapons states have grown increasingly skeptical of the sincerity of the nuclear weapons states to fulfill their Non-Proliferation Treaty obligations to eliminate their nuclear arsenals.

7. There exists an historic opportunity to eliminate nuclear weapons in the world.

8. To realize this opportunity, bold vision and action are needed. 

9. The US must take the lead and must convince the leaders of the other nuclear weapons states to turn the goal of nuclear weapons abolition into a joint effort.

10. A number of steps need to be taken to lay the groundwork for a world free of nuclear threat, including de-alerting nuclear arsenals; reducing the size of nuclear arsenals; eliminating tactical nuclear weapons; achieving Senate ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and encouraging other key states to also do so; securing nuclear weapons and weapons-usable materials everywhere in the world; and halting production of fissile materials for weapons, ceasing to use enriched uranium in civil commerce and removing weapons-usable uranium from research reactors.


More:

http://www.wagingpeace.org/articles/2007/01/05_krieger_plea.htm



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RURAL MORTALITY RATES CHINA OUTSPACE URBAN AREAS BY UP TO SIX-FOLD; UN-backed report


Jan 12, 2007 - Mortality rates in China's least developed rural areas, where just under half the country's 1.3 billion people live, are four to six times higher than urban areas, accounting for three quarters of total mortality, and the Government should give priority to ensuring universal maternal and child health care, according to a United Nations-backed report launched in Beijing. 


More:

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=21220&Cr=china&Cr1=health



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"THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: MOVING FORWARD"; Crisis Group Speech


Remarks by Gareth Evans to Concluding Plenary Session, Madrid plus 15 Conference, Towards Peace in the Middle East: Addressing Concerns and Expectations, Madrid, 12 January 2007


Full speech: 

http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4614&l=1



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STOP WAR AGAINST IRAN PETITION


Politicians of both parties have joined the chorus of hostility and demonization of Iran, repeating the same falsehoods used to justify the war against the people of Iraq. Join us to demand "No War on Iran."


Sign the petition:

http://stopwaroniran.org/petition.shtml




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7. ANNOUNCEMENTS




"DOOMSDAY CLOCK" MOVES TWO MINUTES CLOSER TO MIDNIGHT


Jan 17, 2007 - The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (BAS) is moving the minute hand of the Doomsday Clock two minutes closer to midnight. It is now 5 minutes to midnight. Reflecting global failures to solve the problems posed by nuclear weapons and the climate crisis, the decision by the BAS Board of Directors was made in consultation with the Bulletin's Board of Sponsors, which includes 18 Nobel Laureates.


Read more:

http://www.watch-inc.com/articles/doomsday.html




"DOOMSDAY CLOCK" TIMELINE:

http://www.thebulletin.org/weekly-highlight/timeline.html